The Nature of Appearance in Kant’s Transcendentalism: A Seman- tico-Cognitive Analysis
The concept of appearance within the framework of the transcendental distinction between “appearance” and “thing in itself” is the cornerstone of Kant’s transcendental philosophy. However, its conceptual status seems largely uncertain. This uncertainty is ...
The Concepts of “Appearance” and “Phenomenon” in Transcendental Philosophy (Kant, Husserl, Fink)
This study aims, first, to delimit the seemingly synonymous concepts of “phenomenon” and “appearance” and second, to trace the functions of each in Kant’s philosophy and the phenomenological tradition. The analysis is based on Immanuel Kant’s Critique of Pure Reason and the central works of Edmund Husserl and Eugen Fink. Kant does ...
Kant’s appearance as an objective-objectual [gegenständlich] representation
This article analyses the features of Kant’s [transcendental] philosophy, which Kant himself described as transcendental idealism. On the one hand, Kant’s transcendentalism rests on the distinction between things-in-themselves and appearances. On the other hand, our method of cognition is representative in that is based on representations — subjective and objective (objectual) ones. A synthesis of the above considerations suggests that Kant’s transcendentalism rests on the ...
Report of the ‘Transcendental Turn in Contemporary Philosophy 2’ International Seminar (Moscow, 27—29 April 2017)
This is a report of the international workshop «Transcendental Turn in Contemporary Philosophy 2: Kant’s Appearance, Its Ontological and Epistemic Status» (April 27—29, 2017, Moscow), the tasks of which was (1) to discuss the specificity of transcendental idealism, (2) to study the nature of one of Kant’s important concepts — that of appearance — ...
The territorial structure and appearance of Kaliningrad
This article combines two approaches to the analysis of the appearance and territorial structure of Kaliningrad. One approach is based on the field study, the other — on the examination of documents. The former helped define a number of integral regions that were later considered from a historical point of view ...
A research on the influence of the B-spline order on the surface appearance
This article considers the effect of the order of B-splines on the appearance of surface and smoothness degree. The surfaces based on B-splines of 2 x 2, 3 x 3, and 5 x 5 orders are presented.
Кochinа A., Slobodyanyuk M
B-splines, programming, modeling, smooth surfaces, computer graphics.
Kant’s transcendentalism and concept of the thing in itself
... transcendentalism implies a transcendental turn from studying [empirical] objects to analysing the [transcendental] conditions of their cognition. Metaphysically, Kant’s transcendentalism rests on the crucial distinction between the thing in itself and the appearance. To give a more precise definition of Kant’s thing in itself, this article considers three theses. Firstly, Kant’s thing in itself is not an object in the usual sense. It is a methodological notion rather than an actual object. There are ...
A development of the low power engine for work on a krypton
Addressing such space mission as station keeping at the orbit, satellite orbit rising, debris deorbiting, cargo transportation and development of thrusters for deep space missions, electric propulsion appears to be an undisputed alternative for the chemical thrusters. Also, even the best solutions provided by electric propulsion technology still require optimization despite its more than of half a century history. Currently xenon is the propellant ...
The Name of Prophet Abraham in the Old Russian Literature of XI—XIII centuries
... example of free reference is a comparison of the events of the recent past with an episode from Abraham’s life. Examples of formulaic references include cases like "Abraham bosom", "children of Abraham", where Abraham not only appears as a forefather of the sacred people, but also personifies the afterlife. The name of Abraham is described in the historical chronology, in which the prophet appears as the emblem of time or a genus. Depending on the context, the formulaic and ...
Alchemic symbols as a means of psychoanalytical description in N. Kononov's story «Source of Injury»
... considered in terms of their alchemical symbolism. This point of view makes it possible to identify the psychological function of each character as a reflection of a certain aspect of their psyche. Ovechin, whose image is dominated by the solar symbolism, appears as a projection of Ego and of momentary consciousness. Olya, who is associated with the images of the moon and air, appears as a projection of the Anima, which refers to the subconscious. The narrator and his character play the role of the conscious ...
The philosophy of the text as texts of philosophy
... they are arranged by eras and cultural-ethnic factors. In this regard, it seems fruitful and justified not to build various rationalistic constructions but to take an open look at the very existence of philosophizing. From such perspectives, philosophy appears not so much a single, monolithic, and strictly ordered system as a ‘system of systems’ that are interrelated, interconnected, and reminiscent of Ludwig Wittgenstein's ‘family of language games’. Philosophy is a universal, ultimate understanding ...
Some remarks on the concept and function of Kant’s theory of schematism in the Critique of Pure Reason
... conceives of schematism as something entirely new to the Transcendental Deduction of the Categories, namely, as preparation for the use of categories as predicates in sentences known as the ‘Principles of Understanding’ referring to phaenomena (appearances in time and space) rather than the undetermined concept of objects in general. To support this interpretation, the author addresses main concepts of the schematism theory (for instance, those of schema, imagination, homogeneity, and time-determination) ...
The Spectral Dependence of Skin Sensitivity to Light in Immature LYMNAEA STAGNALIS L. Specimens
By carrying out a quantitative evaluation of appearances of the shadow reflex, we obtained a spectral dependence of skin light sensitivity of immature specimens of Lymnaea stagnalis L. We performed experiments on juvenile specimens with a maximum shell size of 15 mm, to rule out the influence of ...
Analytic philosophy: a historico-critical survey
... Wien, 1934.
6. Fodor J. The Language of Thought. N. Y., 1975.
7. Gellner E. Words and Things, A Critical Account of Linguistic Philosophy and a Study in Ideology. With an Introduction by Bertrand Russell. L., 1959.
8. Goodman N. The Structure of Appearance. Cambridge (Mass.) , 1951.
9. Moore G. E. The Nature and Reality of Objects of Perception. Reprinted in Moore G. E. Logical Studies. L., 1922.
10. Moore G. E. Wittgenstein’s Lectures in 1930—33. I-III // Mind. 1954—1955. Vols. 63, 64....
Conceptual picture of the world and the specificity of its formation
In the article the concept is presented as a mental multimodal nonlinear product. Changing of the figure-background relations as a basic mechanism of the perception of any kind of information appears as a ground of the transformation of the meaning of the concept.
Когнитивная семантика. Тамбов, 2000.
Мышление и речь // Психология ...
“Svetotomy” N. М. Kononov and Plato’s “The feast”: a dialogue of cultures
... demonstrates the search for truth, love is understood as a desire for beauty and for eternity. The friendly feast in Kononov’s story is a feast of sinful flesh, “a feast during the plague”. The artistic images of the story are simulacra, attractive in appearance, but morally corrupted.
Kamalova A. A., Unguryanova E. A.
N. M. Kononov, Plato, dialogue, intertextuality, feasting narrative, Eros, postmodernism
A man a seen by a man in modern Russian chanson
... chanson. Two types of such portrait are identified: the lyrical one that is reconstructed on the basis of the songwriter’s self-expression and the objective one that develops when the songwriter looks at a man as another. In these circumstances, a man appears as a philosopher striving to comprehend life and his place in it.
1. Берестнев Г. И. Женщина глазами мужчины в современном русском шансоне // Вестник Балтийского федерального ...
When to expect the unexpected singularities: the anthropic principle and the dark energy universe
... but not earlier than in a trillion years. However, a decreasing scalar field can lead to unexpected singularities with a finite value of the scale factor. We analyze this situation using the example of SFS and get an unexpected result: the time of appearance of such features of the same order as the lifetime of the observed universe.
Yurov A. V., Yurova A. A., Yurov V. A.
dark energy, scalar fields, singularity, anthropic principle
Teaching as a path in J. Joyce’s novel “A Portrait of the Artist as a Young Man”
... protagonist’s path to maturing considering the impact that home tutoring, educational institutions of various types as well as self-education had on him. In the schools under the tutelage of the Jesuit Order the values instilled by home education appear to conflict with those imposed by the British educational system. A study of the school system features shows that it is unable to lead Stephen to the creation of a full-fledged ideal which he could follow. At the same time the home loses its significance ...
The dynamics of ground-level aerosol lidar observation in Kaliningrad
... two-wavelength (532, 1064 nm) atmospheric lidar (LSA-2S). The observations were made in December 2011 — January 2012 in the morning (8—10 h LT) in order to study the dynamics of aerosol during of the solar terminator period. In the observations revealed that appear aerosol characteristics oscillations with periods of 15—20 min during the period of the solar terminator. It is assumed that these oscillations can be caused by the excitation of internal gravity waves in the solar terminator.
1. Коршунов ...
Feminization of lexical changes as a problem of gender linguistics
The main aim of the article is to describe the problem of feminization of lexical changes in the light of gender linguistics. The article analyses the
means of expressing gender in the modern French by studying feministic neologisms which appeared in the language as a result of word-building processes and metaphorical transfer of meaning. In order to prove the universality of the feminization tendency of lexical changes for the European languages the facts of German and English are also ...
Subjective modality of the literary text: ontological status in author’s conception of the world
A literary text is considered by modern linguistics as a dynamic communicative unit, in connection with which it becomes necessary to study its constituents. Subjective modality appears in a literary text as a communicative-semantic category that allows one to comprehensively represent the author’s attitude to the communicated instance. The purpose of the article stays with the need to substantiate the ontological status of ...
Estonia’s party system today: electoral turbulence and changes in ethno-regional patterns
A well-developed party system has emerged in Estonia over the decades of independence. There are, however, distinct geographical patterns of voting. A number of new political parties have appeared in the country; the regional and ethnic patterns of voting (the latter matter much in Estonia) have changed dramatically. This study aims to analyse the recent changes in the Estonian party system as well as the causes of these changes and the ...
Iconostasis of the Late Middle Ages: East Slavic crossroads
... social and political ideas of their creators in terms of cultural and confessional affinity. The author emphasizes the role of mutual influences during periods of ideological crises. The role of Western Russian innovations in the development of the appearance of Moscow iconostases of the late 17th century is demonstrated.
1. Архив Юго-Западной России. Киев, 1859. Ч. 1.
2. Бусева-Давыдова И. Л. Русский иконостас XVII века: генезис ...
Kant im Diskurs der „Technologien der Hoffnung“. Aus Anlass der 5. Wiederkehr der Verleihung der Kaliningrader Universität den Namen Kants
Kant's 'Technique of hope' appears to be the 'most genuine hope of the Enlightenment' for the moral intersubjectivity of being. Its immense significance becomes obvious against the background of Kant's 'Copernican Revolution', which resulted in the new subject-oriented ontology....
The spectral characteristics of shadow response in mature adults of Lymnaea stagnalis
Comparative research on spectral dependence between the appearance of shadow defensive reflex in intact and eyeless adults of Lymnaea stagnalis proved the excitatory role of dermal photoreception and the inhibitory role of the ocular one. The shape of the curve and the modified spectral maximum of the absorption ...
Историческое развитие современной финансово-биржевой системы, существенно повлиявшей на глобализацию мировой экономики
... других стран раскрывают специфику возникновения мировых биржевых кризисов.
This article focuses on the origin of world crises of stock exchange and finance and credit systems, which appear to fall into an established pattern. Only through understanding the origin of such systems, one can model and forecast the dynamics of monetary and credit processes and assess the possibility of overcoming crises. Historically, the greatest influence ...
Kant and the Problem of Revolution. A Report of the International Conference (Kaliningrad, 9—10 November 2017)
... Russian and Western philosophy at the IKBFU’s Institute for the Humanities. The reports presented at the conference focused on the analysis of the phenomenon of revolution from Kant to the present day as well as the conceptions of revolution that appeared around the time of the Russian Revolution in 1917. The report summarises all the presentations and discussions that took place at the conference in accordance with the thematic clusters. The conference confirmed that Kant’s ideas on the state ...
Kantian Transcendentalism in Contemporary Philosophical Discussions. Report of the “Transcendental Turn in Contemporary Philosophy-3” International Workshop
... XIX/1, 2. New York: Springer Science+Business Media; Den Haag: Martinus Nijhoff.
Kant, I., 1998. The Critique of Pure Reason. Edited and translated by P. Guyer, A. W. Wood. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.
Katrechko, S. L., 2018. The Nature of Appearance in Kant’s Transcendentalism: A Semantico-Cognitive Analysis. Kantian Journal, 37(3), pp. 31-55.
Katrechko, S. L., Shiyan, A. A., eds. 2018. Proceedings of the International Workshop “Transcendental ...
Normal connections of the L-subbundle of a strongly mutual distribution of the projective space
The special class of the threefold distributions of the projective space Pn — VH -distribution — is considered. In each center X of VH -distribution the incidence relation of the elements of the -, M-, H-subbundle has an appearance X r Mm Hn1, where r m n 1. This class is characterized by the fact that the pairs (, ), (L, ), (M, E) of the main structural subbundles of this threefold distribution are mutual. Invariant dual normal ...
The body in the autobiographical portrayal in “Mademoiselle’s Memoirs”
The paper considers the body representation as an important constituent of self-portrait in the autobiography “Memoirs” (published 1717) by Mademoiselle de Montpensier. The book contains descriptions of various aspects of the life of the body (appearance, clothes, tears, illnesses, physical suffering), which are analyzed within a broader cultural and philosophical context of the XVII-century, as well as from the point of view of the author’s general intentions. It is demonstrated that body ...
The new locations of rare vascular plant species in the conservation areas of the “Vepsian forest” nature park and their immediate vicinity (the Tikhvin district of the Leningrad region)
... district) on the territory of the "Aschozersky", Urya-Kanzhaya", and "Carboniferous Outliers" conservation areas of the "Vepsian Forest" nature park and their immediate vicinity. Isoëtes echinospora and Lobelia dortmanna appear in the Red List of the Russian Federation. These species, as well as Viola selkirkii are included in the Red List of the Leningrad Region. Poa remota, Hammarbya paludosa, Caltha radicans, Polemonium caeruleum are new to the Tikhvin District.
Gender differences in quality of life in the population of a northern regions depending on the field of employment
... Ставропольского государственного университета. 2011. № 3. С. 24—30.
9. Официальный сайт Президента РФ [Электронный ресурс]. URL: http:// www.kremlin.ru/text/appears/2005/09/93296.shtml (дата обращения: 09.01.2013).
10. Саркулова А. Т. К вопросу «качество трудовой жизни» // Современные проблемы науки и образования. ...
Comparative analysis of the epistemological language in translation
... cognitive factors underlying the construction of meaning in the translation process. Apart from linguistic expertise, the translation of philosophical texts requires a profound understading of the subject matter. Ambiguity of philosophical terms, which appears as a result of the development of a particular concept within a specific philosophical school of thought, may lead to inconsistencies in the translation decision-making. The paper aims to apply a cognitive approach to the translation of epistemological ...
ΛCDM-model with δ-function
... scalar field, the evolution of which leads to SFS-singularities. To estimate the characteristic SFS arrival time, we introduce a simplified model with the δ-function and use the weak anthropic principle. It is shown that our model predicts a rather soon appearance of the SFS-singularity.
1. Yurov A. V., Astashenok A. V., Yurov V. A. The Cosmological Models with Jump Discontinuities // Eur. Phys. J. C. 2018. Vol. 78, iss. 7, 542. URL:
. 1140/epjc/s10052-018-6020-9 (дата обращения: ...
Fishing in Novgorod and Pskov Governorates and the related trades (the second half of the 19th/the beginning of the 20th centuries)
... in the Governorates. The author gives a brief description of fishing equipment used by peasants and emphasizes the wide spread of fishing cooperatives. It is shown that capitalism penetrated the trade when fishing entrepreneurs who used hired labour appeared alongside individual peasant fishermen. It is concluded that fishing continued to play an important role in the peasant economy of Novgorod and Pskov Governorates in the beginning of the 20th century through assuming a pronounced commercial nature ...
Sootechestvenniki (compatriots) in the 19th century: semantic profile based on the data of the National Corpus of the Russian language
... “sootechestvenniki” is one of the key tools for self-description of society; it is an instrument for drawing borderlines between “we” and “they”. The article describes the development of the meaning of this word since its coinage. The word appeared in the 18th century as a merger of the Old Slavic and Old Russian ‘otechestvo’ (fatherland, understood as one’s place of origin) and the French ‘compatriot’. This merger resulted in the formation of two new prototypical meanings: ...
Representation of emotions in literary texts (based on ‘La carte et le territoire’ by M. Houellebecq)
... syntactic means for expressing emotions demonstrate an important peculiarities of the literary text- a limited use of emotive means compared to the ones used in oral speech. Thus, lexical and syntactic means of expressing emotions in the literary text appear to be more effective and more productive compared with interjections and phonetic means.
1. Александрова О. В. Проблемы экспрессивного синтаксиса (на материале английского языка) ...
On Kant’s Remarks on Ludwig Heinrich Jakob's Examination of Men-delssohn's Morgenstunden (preface to the publication)
This article considers the circumstances of the appearance of Kant’s remarks on the last book of M. Mendelssohn Morgenstunden… in relation to its analysis in L. G. von Jakob’s work. It is explained why Kant had to participate in debates with his opponents, despite the resolution to avoid them ...
Experiences in translation: the text as a pattern, the pattern as a text
... Shcheglov, Yu. K., 1996. Raboty po poetike vyrazitel'nosti: Invarianty — Tema — Priemy — Tekst [Works on the poetics of expressiveness: Invariants — Theme — Receptions — Text]. Moscow: Progress (in Russ.).
Il‘in, M. V., 2018. Image, appearance, eidos, figure, pattern. How do words help to recognize images, feel them, understand meanings and meanings? Slovo.ru: the Baltic accent, 9(2), pp. 6—20 (in Russ.).
Kovalev, O. A., Negreeva, A. D., 2013. The plot and rhythm in the lyrics ...
Daniel Everett and Cultural Linguistics
... works to various schools of thought and to examine the possible link with linguistic cultural studies. Everett’s definitions of language and culture are contrasted with those of various schools in linguistics. It should be noted that Everett does not appear to use the term linguistic worldview. Yet, due to the rich empirical evidence found and set out in his books and papers, Everett effectively summarizes the views on the subject of worldview. Everett’s standpoint does not show significant differences ...
Kant’s family ethics and philosophy of love. Part 2. Critique of Judgement
... the maxims of ‘barbarian taste’ are being overcome. Aesthetic love — which dwells in the element of sophisticated taste as a capacity to judge with pleasure in matters of beauty, free from any interest, and without the mediation of concepts — appears to be the paramount condition for the possibility of a relationship between the sexes that is ‘compatible with morality’. This is not a restricting, but rather a liberating and affirming kind of satisfaction. Only the capability to see one ...
Kant’s fundamental idea of state and law in Pushkin’s Boris Godunov
... turning point, when the author needed the whole power of his poetical genius, when a work beyond traditional literary and aesthetic styles, which interchange and establish a canon of a new style that transforms its predecessors in an act of creativity, appeared in Russian culture. Boris Godunov marked the birth of an individual author’s style in Russian art. A unique literary world — the world of Pushkin — manifested itself in a work of art. This article sets out to prove the influence of Kant’s ...
Images of Paradise in the Russian Poetry of the End of the 20th Century
... Purgatory; it shows the traumatism of paradise freedom, which is determined by the experience of this poetic generation of moving from the literary underground to the centre of the literary process and by changing the reality reflected in poetry, the appearance in this reality of signs of "paradise life" and new, sometimes surpassing the creative personality, opportunities for self-expression. There is also a connection between the new "paradise" poetry and the literary tradition ...
1+1-Dimensional Yang — Mills Equations and Mass via Quasiclassical Correction to Action
... terms of a Green function diagonal for an auxiliary heat equation with an elliptic potential. The natural renormalization use a freedom in vacuum state choice as well as the choice of the norm of an evolution operator eigenvectors. A nonzero mass appears as the quasiclassical correction, that is expressed via hyperelliptic integral.
1. Savvidy G. K. The Yang — Mills Classical Mechanics as a Kolmogorov K-system // Phys. Letts. B. 1983. Vol. 130, iss. 5. P. 303—307.
2. Faddeev L. D.,...
Analytical Kant studies, transcendental idealism, and the thing in itself
... neither ontological nor epistemological dualism. Rather it has a methodological function and it serves to indicate the possibility of different forms of discourses — religious, ethical, etc. The thesis is proven in three steps. First, the notion of ‘appearance’ is considered as ontologically identical to the thing in itself. Then, the author proposes her own reconstruction of Kant’s transcendental theory of experience and analyses the transcendental structure of experience to demonstrate the ...