The concept “people” in A. S. Shishkov’s manifestoes in the discourse of the Patriotic War of 1812
Altshuller, M. G., 2007. Beseda lyubitelei russkogo slova: U istokov russkogo slavyanofil’stva [Conversation of lovers of the Russian word: At the origins of Russian Slavophilism]. Vol. 2. Moscow (in Russ.).
Boyko, P., 2012. The estates of the Russian Empire in the Patriotic War of 1812. Rusin, 4(30), pp. 29—38 (in Russ.).
Vishlenkova, E. A., 2011. Vizual’noe narodovedenie imperii, ili “Uvidet’ russkogo dano ne kazhdomu” [The visual ethnology of the empire, or “Not Everyone Is Given to ...
The rhetoric and logic of the representations of the Russian-Turkish War of 1877–1878 in Russian public discourse
The Balkan crisis of 1875—1876 and the ensuing Russo-Turkish war of 1877—1878 were the first major foreign policy challenges for the Russian Empire in the entirely new public sphere situation. The military reform of 1784, which replaced recruitment with conscription, translated in the involvement of the general public in the current events. The new public sphere, which had been developing ...
The influence of political and socioeconomic processes in the Russian Empire on the development of the Baltic Fleet
This paper explores the influence of the development processes taking place in the Russian Empire on the Baltic Fleet. Five periods of the Baltic Fleet development are identified. The Fleet is interpreted as a significant element of the state mechanism for defending national interests in peace and wartime.
1. Горшков С. Г. Морская ...
The concepts of citizenship and estate in Russian history — continuity and / or intermittence
... pp. 745—770.
Isin, E. F. and Turner, B. S., eds., 2002. Handbook of Citizenship Studies. SAGE Publications.
Kymlicka, W. and Norman, W., 1994. Return of the Citizen: Recent Work on Citizenship Theory. Ethics, 104, pp. 352—381.
Lohr, E., 2012. Russian Citizenship: From Empire to Soviet Union. Cambridge, MA and London: Harvard University Press.
Lohr, E., 2013. Russian Citizenship Modernization and Population Policy in Historical Perspective. Problems of Post-Communism, 60 (6), pp. 3—15.
Lohr, E., 2006. The Ideal ...
World War I refugees from the western regions of the Russian Empire: Sustaining life in the places of temporary residence
This article analyses the process of development and functioning of the state system of support for World War I refugees from the western territories of the Russian Empire in case of the central provinces of European Russia. It is concluded that the state system of refugee support proved to be efficient and managed to solve the problem of evacuation and relocation, as well as that of meeting the basic needs of millions ...
Intellectuals in Multinational Empire: Russians, Germans, Latvians. 19th — beginning of 20th century
Neo-Kantian and phenomenological axiology in N. N. Alekseev’s philosophy of law
... supplements his interpretation of values with the religious aspect. He understands religion as a means to link the a priori and empirical and translate both into reality. It is emphasized that religion becomes a tool for understanding values as rules. It ... ... predposylki evrazijskoj kul'tury [Spiritual preconditions of Eurasian culture] // Alexeev, N. N., Russkii narod i gosudarstvo [Russian nation and the state], Moscow, P. 142—154.
9. Alexeev, N. N., 1998b, Na putiakh k budushchei Rossii [On the way to the ...
Kant on evil in the human nature
... i. e. the sphere of logical bases of ethics, there should be no freedom aimed at evil; such freedom exists only in the real, empirical world. One can assume that the notion of freedom of will as freedom aimed at the good, being a condition for the possibility ... ... prakticheskogo razuma (1788) [Critique of Practical Reason (1788)]. In: Kant, I. Sochinenija na russkom i nemeckom jazykah [Works by Russian and German], Moscow, Kami, Moskovskij filosofskij fond, Nauka, 1994—2006. T. 3.3. Kant, I. 1997. Osnovopolozhenija k ...
Magistrates’ and volost courts of the Russian Empire on their way to amalgamation
... institutions. As a result, under certain conditions, community courts are subject to the magistrates’ court or even included in its structure, absorbed by it. This article investigates the background and course of this process in the history of the Russian Empire of the 19th/early 20th centuries. The author explains how volost courts gradually became part of the Justice of the Peace.
1. Горская Н. И. Земство и мировой суд в России: законодательство и практика ...
How transcendental are Kant’s principles of public law?
... second appendix to Kant’s treatise Toward Perpetual Peace. The author compares different interpretations of these principles by Russian and international researchers. The article strives to answer the question as to what type of ‘public’ is meant by ... ... principles, whether these principles can serve as a priori criteria for selecting maxims, how efficient these principles are as empirical criteria for establishing legitimacy, and whether they can be characterized as ‘transcendental’. Kant’s discourse ...
The Baltic Sea Region and the Black Sea Area: Two Pieces of the Same Puzzle
Region, Cooperation and
The Historical Structure of Conflicts in the Baltic Area and the Long — term National Interests of Russia // Knudsen O. F. Stability and Security in the Baltic sea Region, Russian, Nordic and European Aspects.
Empire ottoman, le déclin, la chute, l’effacement,
Edition du Félin.
Politics of the
: Dynamics of Cooperation and Conflict.
Nordic security in the 1990s, Options in the changing ...
The experience of the application of regional approach to the governance of the Caucasian region of the Russian Empire in the beginning of the 19th century
... кавказскими территориями Российской империи (
вв.): обзор и основные законодательные акты. Екатеринбург, 2009.
Krasnyakov N. I.
Russia, empire, Kavkaz, integration, ethnos, region.
Baltic Factor in Russia-France Relations
... uprising in Poland, which was an event of particular importance. The monarchies of the two countries had to take into account new social phenomena, which were more pronounced in France. After the suppression of the uprising in the Polish part of the Russian Empire, Polish emigrants residing in France became the stumbling block for the development of Russia- France relations. The article explores the role of P. de Barante, Ambassador of France to Russia and describes France and Russia’s trade and economic ...
The methodological framework for the study of Russian philosophical and historical thought abroad
This article examines the approaches to the study of Russian philosophy of history aboard. The author focuses on the specific features of the object of research, outlines the principles of empirical material organisation, and gives its general characteristics.
Современная философия истории США. Иваново, 1998.
On the nature of gmina courts in the Kingdom of Poland
This article focuses on the problem of the nature of gmina courts in the Kingdom of Poland, which is of fundamental significance for identifying their role in the judicial system of the Russian Empire. Based on an analysis of historical and legal facts and documents, it is concluded that, from the 15th through the 19th centuries, the nature gmina courts gradually evolved from social (as part of the emerging local governments) to public (resulting ...
East Prussia Between the French ‘Hammer’ and the Russian ‘Anvil’: The Napoleonic Era
....-C. Martin. P., 2002.
28. Napoléon et l'Europe. Regards sur une politique. Actes du colloque / dir. Th. Lentz. P., 2005.
29. Palluel-Guillard A., Lovie J. L'episode napoléonien. Aspécts eхtérieurs (1799—1815). P., 1992.
30. Tulard J. Lе grand Empire: 1804—1815. P., 2009.
31. Warmia i Mazury. Zarys dziejów / red. B. Łukaszewicz. Olsztyn, 1985.
Sergeev V. V., Tanshina N. P.
East Prussia, Russian and French historiography, Foreign Campaign of the Russian Army, Napoleonic France
Measuring performance of cultural organizations on the data of the envelopment analysis
... performance measurement. The author explains the benefits of applying a non-parametric “Data Envelopment Analysis” that is based on comparison of input and output indicators, to performance measurement of cultural organizations. Using statistical data on Russian federal theatres, the author empirically tests their performance that relates to such aspects as organization’s reputation, artistic excellence, maximization of access to cultural assets, etc. Based on statistics of the Russian Ministry of Culture in 2012—2016, the author analyses ...
The Evolution of Settlement Areas of Ingrian Finns in Northwest Russia in the Second Half of the 20th Century
... [The ethnic composition of the Republic of Karelia], 2005, Vol. V, Petrozavodsk.
15. Troinitskii, N. А. (ed.), 1903, Pervaja vseobshhaja perepis' naselenija Rossijskoj imperii 28 janvarja 1897 goda [The first general census of the population of the Russian Empire 28 January 1897], Vol. 37. Sankt-Peterburgskaja gubernija [St. Petersburg Province]. St. Petersburg, XX, 265 p.
16. Troinitskii, N. А. (ed.), 1905, Pervaja vseobshhaja perepis' naselenija Rossijskoj imperii 28 janvarja 1897 goda [The first general ...
Monotowns: A Quantitative Analysis
... into groups for further structural comparison. The structural differences in the available databases limit the possibilities of empirical analysis. Hence, alternative approaches are required. The authors consider possible reasons for the limitations identified.... ... Rossijskoj Federacii » ot 29 dekabrja 2014 g. № 473-FZ [The law "On Territories of socio-economic development in the Russian Federation" dated 29 December 2014 # 473-FZ], 2014.
4. Zubarevich, N. V. 2010, Regiony Rossii: neravenstvo, krizis,...
From the History of the Kokand branch of the Volga-Kama Commercial Bank
... framework for the operations of the Kokand branch of the Volga-Kama Commercial Bank. Soviet historiography considered banks as a tool of ‘colonialism’ – both Western and Russian. Using archival data, I prove that the financial institutions of the Russian Empire took into account local circumstances and encouraged exportoriented production. I examine interbank correspondence, annual reports by the director of the branch, and branch audit reports. This work is the first attempt in historiography to examine ...
Administrative resource at the elections to the State Duma of the third convocation in the North-Western provinces of Russia
The article analyzes the administrative control over the elections to the State Duma of the third convocation of the Russian Empire in the Northwestern provinces. The local and central administration employed a wide variety of methods. The electoral legislation was radically changed (the provision on elections to the State Duma of June 3, 1907); the government removed unreliable ...
Objective Criminological Characteristics of Justifiable Defence and Excessive Defence Situations
... characteristics of justifiable defence and excessive defence situations. The author analyses and compares objective criminological characteristics of the situations of justifiable and excessive defence. The article is based on the legislation of the Russian Federation and empirical research conducted by the author.
ГОВД г. Черняховска Калининградской области. 1997. Дело № 25438.
justifiable defence, excessive defence.
A comparative analysis of health behaviour factors in children in the conditions of family education: Russian and American cases
his article presents a comparative analysis of the factors of family education influencing children’s health behavior and life expectancy. The work is based on two empirical studies conducted in the U.S. (Utah) and the Russian Federation (Kaliningrad region), as well as the Republic of Belarus.
1. Мехович Г. А. Самосохранительное поведение детей 3—5 лет в условиях семейного воспитания // ...
The Belarus Business Environment as Assessed by the Management of Leading Finnish Companies Operating in the Country
... corporations. The PEST model was used to describe the perception of the Belarusian business milieu by Finnish businesspeople. The main empirical finding can be summarised by quoting a Finnish CEO, “Belarus is like any other market on the globe with the exception ... ... Development: Surveying New Firm-level Evidence, The World Bank Research Observer, no. 26, p. 310—340.
27. Yeremeyeva, I. 2009, Russian investments in Belarus, Pan-European Institute, no. 13, University of Turku.
28. Zashev, P. 2006, Belarus as a business ...
Discursive practices of the Russian diaspora in Estonia: language contacts
In this article, I use the concept of discursive practices to consider the speech practices of the Russian diaspora of Estonia. The findings of the study suggest the existence of an invariant discourse generated by an exemplary ... ... spatial-temporal localization (space: Estonia — Russia —the West relations; significant locations, space in the past and today (the empire, the Republic of Estonia, the Soviet Union); information space; time: historical periods, dates, holidays; time in information ...
“Russian Lithuania,” as seen by N. Ustryalov
... XIX века // Вестник Балтийского федерального университета им. И. Канта. 2011. Вып. 12. С. 50—54.
Grand Duchy of Lithuania, Nikolai Ustryalov, Sergey Uvarov, national policy of the Russian Empire in the first half of the 19th century
N. M. Karamzin and the "Byzantine version" of the origin of the Russian coat of arms
The article dwells on the long-established popular version of the "Byzantine" origin of the Russian state emblem: the image of the double-headed eagle is allegedly associated with the marriage of the Great Prince of Moscow Ivan III and Sophia Palaeologus, successor to the Roman and Byzantine Empires. N. Karamzin’s role in promoting and substantiating this version is considered, alongside discussing the longevity of this hypothesis and a critical attitude to it from the point of view of contemporary historiography.
1. Герб и флаг ...
Efficiency of a pedagogical model for preventing unemployment among Russian students: Analysis and data interpretation
This paper sets out to examine empirical implications of the multifunc-tional system applicability of unemployment preventionism among young people at colleges ... ... key professional activities in students based on the proposed model of a pedagogical system for preventing unemployment among Russian students. An interval scale for assessing the development of major profes-sional activities, which was obtained using ...
Antons Austriņš as a translator of Dmitry Merezhkovsky
... in the Latvian culture of the 19th-20th centuries. The author suggests that A. Austriņš’s decision to translate D. Merezhkovsky texts was affected by the historical background of the 1910s – the formation of national ideas in the regions of the Russian empire, the search for peoples’ self-identity, and the 1905 revolution as a major historical event. Austriņš’s translations are comparable to the reception of Merezhkovsky in the national cultural environment and demonstrate the reflection on the ...
Empirical results on Russian companies' innovation activity
... [online] Available at: <http://www. uis. unesco.org/ev. php?ID=2867_201&ID2=DO_TOPIC> (Accessed 8 February 2011).
4. OPORA Rossii. [online] Available at: <http://www. opora. ru> (Accessed 8 February 2011).
5. Russian Innovation Survey 2009—2010.
Prazdnichnykh Alexey, Liuhto Kari
Russia, innovation, national innovation system, innovation performance
Linguistic and cultural focus of specialised technical translation in the steel industry (Russian, English, and German languages)
... regulation and standardization, interference and borrowing from other cultures and issues of accent and dialect in speech communication with non-native speakers. The illustrative and novel nature of the research proceeds from a comparative analysis of the empirical material of three languages: Russian, English, and German. The study relies on observation, analysis, synthesis, generalization, content analysis, as well as the comparative method allow expanding the scope of research on the technology and problems of translating a special text ...
On the establishment and early activity of the Soviet consulate in Königsberg (1923—1925)
... opening of the USSR trade mission in Königsberg, as well as ensuring strong representation of Soviet foreign trade associations at the Eastern Fair.
1. Ustav konsul'skij [Consular Charter], 1903, Svod zakonov Rossijskoj imperii [Code of Laws of the Russian Empire], Saint Petersburg, Vol. 11, Part 2, p. 47.
2. Konsuly [Consuls], 1904, Saint Petersburg.
3. Weiner, A. P. 1894, Konsuly v hristianskih gosudarstvah Evropy i SASSh [Consuls in the Christian states of Europe and NAUS], Saint Petersburg.
The journal “1812”and the 100th anniversary of the Patriotic War of 1812
Boguslavsky, G. A. and Kolosov, N. A., eds., 1966. Borodinskaya panorama [Borodino panorama]. Moscow (in Russ.).
Vishlenkova, E. A., 2011. Vizual’noe narodovedenie imperii, ili “Uvidet' russkogo dano ne kazhdomu” [Visual Ethnography in an Empire, or “Not Everyone Can Discern a Russian”]. Moscow (in Russ.).
Golikova, N. I., 2001. On the celebration of the 100th anniversary of the Patriotic War of 1812 (based on materials from the Vologda province). In: A. V. Gorbunov, ed. Otechestvennaya voina 1812 goda. Istochniki. Pamyatniki....
Russian workers in Eastern Prussia in the end of the 19th-beginning of the 20th century
This article analyses the position of labour migrants from Russia in East Prussia in the end of the 19th – the beginning of the 20th century. The author considers legal and economic assistance provided by the Ministry of Foreign Affairs of the Russian Empire to its citizens on the basis of recently discovered reports of Russian consuls in Königsberg.
торгового договора с Германией: доклад VIII съезда представителей промышленности ...
The Baltic Sea region and increasing international tension
....ru/analytics/2015/04/iskupitelnyy-vykup/ (ac-cessed 21.01.2016).
8. Zhirinovskij v Arteke rasskazal o zhelanii vernut’ Rossiju v granicy dorevolyucionnoj imperii [Zhirinovsky in "Artek" spoke about the desire to return to the borders of pre-revolutionary Russian Empire], 2015, C-inform.info, available at: http://www.c-inform.info/news/id/29464 (accessed 21.01.2016).
9. Karaljunaijte, U. 2014, V Litve prozvuchala ideja blokady Kaliningrada [In Lithuania, the idea of blockade of the Kaliningrad was said], ...
Geopolitical transformation of the Kaliningrad oblast of the Russian Federation
... įkaitas: Rusijos Federacijos Kaliningrado (Karaliaučiaus) srities atvejis //
Lietuvos metinė strateginė apžvalga 2003
. Vilnius, 2004. P. 177—192. See also in English: R. Lopata. Geopolitical Hostage: the Case of Kaliningrad Oblast of the the Russian Federation //
Lithuanian Annual Strategic
. Vilnius, 2004. P. 203—220.
Lopata R. Statkus N.
Empires, the World Order and Small States //
Lithuanian Foreign Policy Review
1—2 (13—14). P. 17—52.
. Kaliningrad Anniversary: the First Steps of Georgy Boos //
Lithuanian Foreign Policy Review
Socioeconomic typology of Russia’s coastal regions
... article aims to identify specific features of Russia’s coastal regions, compare them with other national regions, provide a typology of them, and identify possibilities and areas of their socioeconomic development. The author employs theoretical and empirical methods of classifying regions within J. Friedmann’s theoretical framework. The article distinguishes between five socioeconomic types and a number of subtypes of Russian regions and identifies key areas of development for each types. The author’s conclusions can be used for formulating the regional policy of Russia and development policies of its regions.
1. Edinaja gosudarstvennaja sistema informacii ob ...
Social conflicts as seen by residents of Saint Petersburg: An empirical study
This article describes the attitudes of Saint Petersburg residents to social conflicts. The author analyses their assessments of danger associated with social tension in the Russian society. This tension becomes particularly pronounced during the time of economic, social, and political turbulence. The research aims to examine the existing threats and identify opportunities for reducing social tension. The article makes a ...
An empirical study of trust between the agents of educational space in Russia and Poland
... identify the patterns of assessing students trust in teachers at all stages of school education. The article analyses the level of adolescents’ trust in teachers and parents at the Kaliningrad and Polish schools. The features of assessing the Polish and Russian teachers’ trust in students and parents are identified. The authors examine the students’ and teachers’ ideas of trust placed in them by other people
1. Данкин Д. М. Доверие как фактор стабильности // ...
Structural Changes in the Economy of the Russian Northwest: Spatial Dimension
... regional development], T. 2, p.153—162.
9. Chasovskiy, V. I. 2015, Key Directions of Sectoral and Spatial Changes in the Russian Industry, Balt. Reg., no. 3, p. 121—134. DOI: 10.5922/2079-8555-2015-3-10.
10. Shishkin, A. I., Shishkin, A. A. 2015,... ... Seidl, I. 2013, What kind of entrepreneurship drives regional development in European non-core regions? A literature review on empirical entrepreneurship research, European Planning Studies, no. 21, p. 1095—1127.
12. Doloreux, D., Dionne, S. 2008, Is ...
Cross-border Specialization of Interregional Interaction: Applying New Assessment Methods
... cross-border specialization of interregional interaction in certain fields, namely investment, international trade, tourism, and migration. Cross-border specialization determines the role of cross-border cooperation in regional external relations. The empiric data we have gathered is used to develop and implement a pilot assessment of cross-border specialization of interregional relations which are characteristic of the border regions of the Northwestern Federal District of the Russian Federation. The article offers cross-border specialization indices for each border region of the Northwestern Federal District. With their help, we were able to identify the spheres of interaction with the highest degree of cross-border specialization,...
Economic security of a border region: quantitative and qualitative measurements (the case of the Rostov region)
... and expert interviewing, the author describes multidimensional intra-regional processes triggered by external economic shifts. Empirical research shows a decrease in several economic indicators and the response of the region's economy to external challenges.... ... threats aggravated system-wide economic problems.
regional economic security, Rostov region, Western Russian borderline, geo-economic turbulence
Daniel Everett and Cultural Linguistics
... schools in linguistics. It should be noted that Everett does not appear to use the term linguistic worldview. Yet, due to the rich empirical evidence found and set out in his books and papers, Everett effectively summarizes the views on the subject of worldview.... .... On the objectives of the history of language. In: Vinokur, G. O. Izbrannye trudy po russkomu yazyku [Selected works on the Russian language]. Moscow, pp. 206—225.
4. Gerder, I. G., 1977. Idei k filosofii istorii chelovechestva [Ideas to the philosophy ...
Awards for charity in the Russian Empire: the case of charity departments under the auspicious of the House of Romanov
This article focuses on the public policy in the field of charity in Russia in the 19th — ealry 20th century and lists state awards for charity handed out to charity departments under the auspicious of the emperor’s family — the Department of Institutions of Empress Maria and the Emperor's Philanthropic Association. The author examines state orders and medals, ranks and uniforms used as social and class motives for charity.
1. Свод законов Российской империи. СПб., 1892. Т. 1, ч.1.
2. Шепелев Л...
The Denominational Space of Modern Sweden: Christianity
... Sweden, official site of the Northern European eparchy of Romanian Patriarchy, available at:
(accessed 25 March 2016).
23. Beglov, A 2014, Orthodox parish in other-confessional remote areas of the Russian Empire: Finland case, Gosudarstvo, religiya, tserkov v Rossii I za rubezhom, no. 4, p. 107—135. (In Russ.)
Balabeykina O. A., Martynov V. L.
geography of religions, denominational space, economic activities of religious organisations, administrative ...
Институт помощника варшавского генерал-губернатора по полицейской части в системе полицейского управления Царства Польского во второй половине XIX — начале XX века
... the Kingdom of Poland in the second half of the 19th-early 20th century. The author maintains that the status of Assistant to the Governor-General of Warsaw for Police Issues was determined by the special legal status of the Kingdom of Poland in the Russian Empire.
1. Аверин М. Б. Великое княжество Финляндское и Царство Польское в государственном механизме Российской империи (середина 60-х годов XIX ...
Problems of modeling of the working processes of a stationary plasma engine
... mathematical models of the stationary plasma thruster (SPT) a certain advance is noticeable, but all these models are based on empirical laws with a possibility of application to concrete type of the engine. The paper considers the possibility of constructing ... ... on statistical methods.
1. Morozov A. I.. Fundamental Physics of Electric Propulsion. М. : Atomzidat, 1978. Vol. 1. In Russian.
2. Belikov M. B., Gorshkov O. A., Lovtsov A. S., Shagayda A. A. Probe Measurements in the Channel of 1.5 kW Hall Thruster ...
Geodemography of the Saint Petersburg Suburbs
In this article, we analyse the structure and the development dynamics of the Saint Petersburg suburbs — home to over 1.6 million people. To this end, we employ statistical, historical, and empirical research methods and carry out a comparative analysis. Geodemographic studies should take into account not only demographic data but also the characteristics of the settlement system. Such studies are particularly important for suburbs. Russian social geography pays little attention to suburban studies, although such territories have become an independent object of research in international geographical science. The Saint Petersburg suburbs are of special interest from the perspective ...