Christian Wolff and Immanuel Kant on the Existence of God
The positions of Christian Wolff and Immanuel Kant on the possibility of proving the existence of God require some examination. Wolff’s critique of the physical-theological proof and his proposed ways of improving it are here analysed. God is central to Wolff’s philosophical ...
The principle of sufficient reason in German philosophy of the Enlight-enment
... philosophical dispute over the Principle of sufficient reason arose in Germany. Despite the fact that this Principe was explicitly formulated by Gottfried Wilhelm Leibniz only at the end of the 17th century, a major dispute about it was triggered by Christian Wolff who had considerable influence on the German philosophy of Enlightenment. In German Metaphysic, he presented the “strong” definition of the principle and its proof. As a result, freedom was restricted, because the principle of sufficient reason ...
The notion of necessity in the German philosophy of the¬ Enlighten¬ment
... identifying its different types, for example, conditional and unconditional,absolute and hypothetical, moral, natural and others. The article considers the concept of necessity in the major philosophical works of Gottfried Wilhelm Leibniz, Christian Wolff,Immanuel Kant, August Christian Crusius and other authors, as well as their attempts at harmonizing the principle of sufficient reason with freedom. It is demonstrated that, in the 18th century, necessity was understood very broadly, it held a special ...
Was heißt Fortschritt im Wissen? Gnoseotopische Überlegungen zur Aufklärung und ihren Folgen
... 18th-century rationalism. This article discusses the development in the shift from ignorance as a given to ignorance as a systematically reflected part of the conditions of human knowledge from a historical point of view through the examples of Christian Wolff, Alexander Gottlieb Baumgarten, and Johann Georg Sulzer. The argument does not focus on the ‘completion’ of the rationalist system of 18th-century philosophy, but rather on the subversive quality of the introduction of subrational elements into ...
The machine and the body in the transcendental cosmo-logy of Chr. Wolff and Chr. A. Crusius
16. Hinske N. Zwischen Begriff und Metapher zur Verwendung des Stichworts ‘Maschine’ bei Kant // Machina. XI Colloquio Internazionale Roma, 8—10 gennaio 2004 / A cura di M. Veneziani. Firenze, 2005.
17. Kim Ch. W. Der Begriff der Welt bei Wolff, Baumgarten, Crusius und Kant. Frankfurt am Main, 2004.
18. Krouglov A. N. Der Begriff transzendental bei J. N. Tetens. Historischer Kontext und Hintergründe // Aufklärung. Interdisziplinäres Jahrbuch zur Erforschung des
19. Jahrhunderts und ...
The concept of body and the problem of demarcation in new European metaphysics: from Descartes to Kant
... pre-Critical writings. Reducing that crucial distinction between two substances to the empirical sphere and the interpretation of soul and body as homogeneous phenomena are the main peculiarities of Kant’s position.
1. Blackwell R. J. Christian Wolff's Doctrine of the Soul // Journal of the History of Ideas. 1961. № 3.
2. Borsche T., Kaulbach F. Leib, Körper // Historisches Wörterbuch der Philosophie / Hrsg. von J. Ritter, K. Gründer. Bd. 5. Basel, 1980.
3. Carboncini S. Transzendentale ...
Kants Denkraum: Subjektivität als Prinzip. Interview mit Prof. Dr. Jürgen Stolzenberg
This interview with Professor Dr Jürgen Stolzenberg, board member of the Kant-Gesellschaft and co-editor of the Kant-Lexikon (2015), explores a wide range of topics — from Leibniz and Wolff to Heidegger and Husserl. The leading idea of Stolzenberg’s philosophical research is the justification of the principle of modern subjectivity in Kant’s philosophy and its transformations until our days. He discusses the meaning and development ...
Logic Manuals for Women in the Late Enlightenment Era
... different from the content of classical compendiums was a revolutionary development, a practical implementation of the postulate that logic is universal and can be understood by everyone, a principle formulated earlier in the works of C. Thomasius and C. Wolff.
Anon., 1759. Neufchatel (Rev.: F. J. Durand, Aglaé philosophe ou Cours de Philosophie à la portée des Dames. Neufchatel, 1757, 330 p.). Wöchentliche gelehrte Nachrichten. Zum Hamburg. unparthenischen Correspondenten, 41, [pp. 3-4].
Kant’s Asynchronicity Concerning Newtonian Space and Gravity in his Pre-Critical Writings
Speiser, A., 1986. Einleitung. In: L. Euler, 1986. Briefe an eine deutsche Prinzessin, edited by R. Sexl and K. von Meyenn. Braunschweig: Vieweg & Sohn, pp. XXI-XLV.
natural philosophy, absolute space, gravity, attraction, Newton, Newtonianism, Leibniz, Wolff, Euler
Inadvisable Concession: Kant’s Critique of the Political Philosophy of Christian Garve
... Berlin: Martin Breslauer.
Williams, H., 2000. Christian Garve and Immanuel Kant: Theory and Practice in the German Enlightenment. Enlightenment and Dissent, 19, pp. 171-192.
Zande, J. van der, 1995. In the Image of Cicero: German Philosophy between Wolff and Kant. Journal of the History of Ideas, 56(3), pp. 419-442.
Garve, Kant, popular philosophy, moral politics, Wolffianism, British Empiricism, Scottish Enlightenment, conservatism, eudemonism, utilitarianism
Andrey S. Zilber
German pre-Kantian philosophy: a blank, grey, or multicoloured spot?
... Иммануил Кант: наследие и проект / под ред. В. С. Степина, Н. В. Мотрошиловой. М., 2007.
philosophy in Russia, Russian Kant studies, philosophy of German Enlightenment, V. A. Zhuchkov, Chr. Wolff’s philosophy
Kruglov A. N.