The concept of body and the problem of demarcation in new European metaphysics: from Descartes to Kant :: IKBFU's united scientific journal editorial office

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Science is power, it reveals the relation between things, their laws and interactions
Alexander Herzen

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The concept of body and the problem of demarcation in new European metaphysics: from Descartes to Kant

Keywordsmind-body problem, Cartesian dualism, Occasionalism, Physical Influx, Pre-established Harmony, Wolffianism, anti-Wolffianism, Kant’s pre-Critical period
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AuthorKharitonova A.
Pages4-16
Abstract (summary) The formation of science and its separation from metaphysics are among the key characteristics of the early modern period. This separation faces a particular problem with conceptualization of body, which, while being a physical body, is closely bound  up with spirit. Different ways of explaining the interaction between mind and body form a complex tradition, which has significantly influenced Kant’s pre-Critical writings. Reducing that crucial distinction between two substances to the empirical sphere and the interpretation of soul and body as homogeneous phenomena are the main peculiarities of Kant’s position.
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