The problem of meaning in Social Semiotics: deep semiotics as a conceptual extension of Social Semiotics
... a sign. This structure includes the material form, the referential meaning, and the personal meaning (attitudes and experiences) of the sign. This model describes the levels and dynamics of the assimilation and subjectification (de-objectification, understanding) of social experience. At the same time, the model demonstrates the objectification of experience. The components of the semantic structure represent the levels of understanding – identification, referencing, interpretation, evaluation,...
The ‘Russian Poetic Speech — 2016’ Project as a Cultural Narrative of Modern Russian Poetry
... aimed to identify, demonstrate, and study a cross-section of modern Russian poetry. The author addresses the foundations of the narrative project, its ideology, as well as its publication and promotion components. The article explores the mechanism for understanding and using the power of Russian poetry and addresses its ultimate goal — the creation of a new humanitarian ideology. The author proposes approaches aimed at encouraging poets to search for the goals of Russian poetry. Russian poetic speech ...
Personality in a multicultural world
The article considers problems faced by the individual as the bearer of social and cultural patterns. The article focusses on the issues of the conscious formation of tolerance and interconnections between understanding and the individual’s adaptation to reality. General knowledge, reflection, the extension of meaning, self-esteem, a system of values, logic and cognition form the basis of understanding. The author analyses the concept of multicultural ...
Some remarks on the concept and function of Kant’s theory of schematism in the Critique of Pure Reason
... 176-B 187). The inclusion of the chapter on schematism in the ‘Doctrine of the Principles’ rather than the ‘Doctrine of Concepts’ is taken as a clue to distinguishing the Doctrine of Schematism from the Deduction of the Pure Concepts of the Understanding. This provides clarity on the function of schematism. The author conceives of schematism as something entirely new to the Transcendental Deduction of the Categories, namely, as preparation for the use of categories as predicates in sentences ...
The problem of poets’ “testimony” (Z/K or vivisection. The book of proceedings by M. Zolotonosov and M. Kononov)
... poet Nikolai Kononov Z/K or Vivisection. The book proceedings. The author analyses the issues of possibility/ impossibility of a constructive dialogue between a critic and a poet, the cognoscibility/incognoscibility of poetry, the interpretation and understanding of poetic texts, etc.
1. Золотоносов М., Кононов Н. З/К, или Вивисекция. Книга протоколов. СПб., 2002.
poem, poetic texts, poetics, author, reader, understanding, interpretation
The metaphysics of science
... natural science and exact sciences. Kant turned science into a foundation of new metaphysics. The anti-philosophical nature of 20th century philosophy of science necessitates addressing Kant’s theory of science when searching for a truly philosophical understanding of science, which can be only of metaphysical nature. The experience of building a system of transcendental metaphysics combined with mathematics and physics shows that philosophy of science is necessary for solving the most important problems ...
Historical memory in the age of globalization: the case of Russian- Estonian relations
... latter statement through comparing Russian and Estonian discourses on the relationship between the events which took place in Tallinn in September 1944 and April 2007. Highlighting the differences between the two discourses may help Russian scholars understand the reasons behind the political decisions made by the Estonian authorities in April 2007. It accounts for the practical significance of the research conducted, since one of the most important objectives of international relations as a discipline ...
Kant, Nietzsche, and the Enlightenment: A comparative analysis
This article provides a comparative analysis of I. Kant’s and F. Nietzsche’s critical approaches, which is carried out in the context of the thinkers’ attitudes to the problem of the Enlightenment. In spite of a rather peculiar understanding of the Enlightenment, which differed significantly from that of their contemporaries, Kant and Nietzsche have remarkably similar ideas. The author reconstructs the essence and purpose of the Enlightenment, as well as the difficulties faced ...
Kant — a leap out the world of Enlightenment
... is a rather common procedure; however, such leap made with the help of rational philosophical principles and taking one 150 years into the future to a precisely designed landing ground is unprecedented. Kant preformed this intellectual feat through understanding the true essence of human nature. All the novelties and discoveries that he introduced into philosophy are the results of this initial achievement. Whereas the Enlightenment formulated the principle of naturalism as a basic one for the comprehensive ...
A transcendental analysis of mathematics: The constructive nature of mathematics
Kant’s transcendental philosophy (transcendentalism) focuses on both the human method of cognition in general [CPR, B 25] and certain types of cognition aimed at justifying their objective significance. This article aims to explicate Kant’s understanding (resp. justification) of the abstract nature of mathematical knowledge (cognition) as the “construction of concepts in intuition” (see: “to construct a concept means to exhibit a priori the intuition corresponding to it”; [CPR, A ...
J. N. Tetens’s ‘transcendental philosophy’ as a basic science¬ and criti¬cal propaedeutics to metaphysics
... opinion, is D. Hume. In this connection, Tetens sharply criticises traditional empiricism and develops a new perspective on experience and the bases of its certainty. The main target of his critique is ‘popular philosophy’, which appeals to common understanding; he seeks to defend it from the criticism of systemic knowledge in general and metaphysics in particular. In the argument between the advocates of the Leibniz-Wolff geometric philosophy and their opponents — enlighteners-eclecticists and ...
Modern marketing practices: a preliminary comparative analysis of studies in developed and developing countries
... Coviello N. E., Brodie R. J., Danaher P. J., Johnston W. J. How Firms Relate to their Markets: An Empirical Examination of Contemporary Marketing Practices // Journal of Marketing. 2002. Vol. 66. P. 33—46.
4. Coviello N. E., Brodie R. J., Munro H. J. Understanding Contemporary Marketing: Development of a Classification Scheme // Journal of Marketing Management. 1997.Vol. 13, № 6. P. 501—522.
5. Coviello N. E., Milley R., Marcolin B. Understanding IT-enabled interactivity in contemporary marketing ...
Time in Sergey Trubetskoy’s and Boris Chicherin’s metaphysical concepts: A discussion on Kant
This article analyses the controversy between Sergey Trubetskoy and Boris Chicherin, which followed the publication of Trubetskoy’s monograph the Foundations of Idealism. This analysis focuses on the philosophers’ understanding of the metaphysical nature of time. The relevance of the work is that the philosophical reflections of the opponents took place against the backdrop of an impending change in science and philosophy — the transition from the classical to ...
Inferences of understanding and reason as factors of textuality in I. Kant's philosophical discourse
On the basis of Kant's texts, the author attempts to prove that two and three-element logical-semantic structures — called the judgements of understanding and reason by Kant — represent logically organized complexes of propositions grouping around the structural core of both types of inferences and are communicative forms of textual material "packaging" and, thus, are forms of ...
On the relation between the higher cognitions of reason and those of common human understanding
Tetens J. (translated from German by S. G. Sekundant)
“Russian people” in the literature and documents of the 19th century: an experience of linguistic portraiture
... upon itself the mission of enlightenment of ordinary people and their liberation. In the semantic field “Russian people” there are numerous semantic components directly related to the concept analysed: faith, faithfulness, patience, tolerance, understanding, receptivity, openness, simple-mindedness, juvenility, etc. The authors consider the moral and intellectual qualities of Russian people, which are dialectical and ambivalent. The authors explore these characteristics of Russian people ...
Aesthetics in the system of Paul Natorp’s philosophy
... considers the key aspects of P. Natorp’s aesthetics in the system of his philosophy and identifies the legitimate position of aesthetics in the structure of philosophical disciplines: logic, ethics, and philosophy of religion. The author analyses the understanding of aesthetics and philosophyof arts and creative works in line with the Neo-Kantian tradition. The article focuses on the thinker’s contribution to the philosophy of the Marburg School and the justification of idealism. Philosophical aesthetics ...
Feeling and faith in F. H. Jacobi’s Vorrede, zugleich Einleitung...
This article analyses the understanding of feeling and faith in the late work of F. H. Jacobi Vorrede, zugleich Einleitung in des Verfassers sämtliche philosophisch Schriften. The author emphasises the similarity between the interpretation of faith in F. H. Jacobi’s work and ...
Deduction of Freedom vs Deduction of Experience in Kant’s Metaphysics
... its new justification. Kant in his philosophy explicated not only the theoretical world of cognition, but also the practical world of freedom. Accordingly, the fundamental means of proving metaphysics’ claims are the deduction of pure concepts of understanding (deduction of experience) and the deduction of the principles of pure practical reason (deduction of freedom). The underlying premises of the Kantian project of reviving metaphysics, “the Copernican Turn”, the critical methods and basic ...
Immaturity and the objective of a true reform in ways of thinking. Part II
... from the philosophical and theological perspective and has become one of key philosophical notions. However, Kant’s view is fraught with certain complications: firstly, it is dominated by negative characteristics; secondly, unlimited use of one’s understanding can lead to logical egoism (and other forms thereof) consisting in denying the necessity of verifying one’s judgements with the help of the understanding of others.In the Critique of Judgement and Anthropology, Kant describes his position ...
The Problem of the Relationship between Apperception, Self-Consciousness and Consciousness in Kant’s Critical Philosophy
... importance of this problem stems from the colossal significance of each of the above-mentioned faculties which are intimately connected with Kant’s formulation of the key tasks of transcendental philosophy. The prime task is to discover the categories of understanding and to prove the legitimacy of their use, a task that is further complicated by the difference between the editions of the Critique of Pure Reason in terms of the argumentation in the section on the deduction of categories and Kant’s concept ...
Neo-Kantian and phenomenological axiology in N. N. Alekseev’s philosophy of law
... by the Southwest German school of Neo-Kantianism in interpreting the essence of law within Aleseev’s philosophy. It is shown that Alekseev uses Windelband's distinction between the due and the existing as a convenient methodological technique for understanding features of social phenomena. The article considers the context of Windelband’s philosophy in Alekseev’s interpretation of the role of the rule in philosophy of law. It is shown that Alekseev employs the distinction between the a priori ...
I. Kant’s and E. Husserl’s practical philosophy
This article focuses on the problem of reconciling a priori and empirical dimensions of freedom, will, and action as the crucial point for understanding the relationship between theoretical and practical reason in Kant’s and Husserl’s practical philosophy. Relying on the explanation of the relationship between transcendental and practical freedom given in Kant's practical philosophy,...
Immaturity and the objective of a true reform in ways of thinking. Part I.
... from the philosophical and theological perspective and has become one of key philosophical notions. However, Kant’s view is fraught with certain complications: firstly, it is dominated by negative characteristics; secondly, unlimited use of one’s understanding can lead to logical egoism (and other forms thereof) consisting in denying the necessity of verifying one’s judgements with the help of the understandingof others. In the Critique of Judgement and Anthropology, Kant describes his position ...
The humility of holy fools in Orthodox Christianity: On the problem of understanding (The Vita of Simeon the Holy Fool and The Vita of Andrew the Holy Fool)
This article analyses the problem of understanding the deeds of a holy fool in Russian Orthodox culture. Through considering the images of two “classical” saints – Simeon the Holy Fool ad Andrew the Holy Fool, the author emphasises the idea of humility as the dominant type of behaviour ...
Transformations in the Communicative Characteristics of Political Discourse in the Current Information Space
... public space as the only realm where political discourse is produced legitimately. Another focus is the current ‘conflict of interpretations’ in regard to the markers and symbols of political language. To identify the metamorphoses of PD and to understand their genesis, the author investigates the main features of and transformations in the cognitive mechanism of PD and traces the emergence of the isomorphism of semiotic systems characteristic of politics/authorities and mass culture. These ...
Convergence of legal thinking from the perspective of the uncertainty principle
... analyse convergence within the integrative concept of legal thinking. Our article responds to the deficiencies of the established jurisprudence methodology, which is unable either to incorporate new facets of law or to provide a new perspective on the understanding of law. We investigate how the principle of uncertainty and complementarity works in the theory of law and explain why these principles have a similar effect within the concepts of integrative legal thinking. Further, we examine the appropriateness ...
Kant’s aesthetic theory in the light of H. G. Gadamer’s hermeneutic project
... correlation between Kant’s definitions of art and cognition are considered. Kant distinguishes between aesthetic judgment and cognition, whereas Gadamer defines art as a method of cognition, an event that can become genuine under the condition of maximum of understanding. The author analyses the key categories of aesthetics — taste, play, and the beautiful. It is concluded that Kant understands the category of play from the perspective of the subject, whereas Gadamer interprets it as an instance of movement,...
Euroregions as a factor of successful international integration in modern conditions
... of the overcentralized power. The abundance of Euroregions along the perimeter of certain states may be an indicator of economy's resilience to potential shocks. The provisions set forth in the article contribute to an improvement of the scientific understanding of political regionalistics and take the current understanding of the international system to the level of cross-border relations and institutions creating a system of interrelated elements of macro-regional and national building. The results ...
The Image of the World Revealed In Words: Ludwig Wittgenstein and The Iсonic Semiotics
... and even non-existent entities. This makes it possible to consider a sign as not only a discrete and symbolic phenomenon based on an arbitrary connection between the signified and the signifier. Alternative semiotics can be based on Wittgenstein’s understanding of a sign as a picture, a holistic structure of non-discrete components and a system, which is not construed from given components. It is a system, which forms intra- and intertextual structures. In this way, it will be possible to describe ...
Kistyakovsky on the nature of law
This article explores the contribution of the Russian philosopher and theorist of law, neo-Kantian Kistyakovsky, to the understanding of the essence of law. He supported methodological pluralism and identified four theoretical and two practical concepts of law. The neo-Kantian motive in Kistyakovsky's theory manifested itself in the reference to the normative nature of ...
The philosophical and legal content of Sergey Hessen’s concept of personality
... suggests individuality and uniqueness of each person. Personality has a historical dimension. In analysing the problem of the relationship between a person and society, Hessen considered Rousseau’s concept of general will. Hessen proposed a dynamic understanding of general will as a continuous process of establishing and re-establishing that involves the general population. Hessen counterposed law against the notions of nature and morality and interpreted law as an insufficient but necessary prerequisite ...
Imagology as a Part of Compartive Literary Studies
... a tipping point: Old and modern image of Russia in culture and literature of Europe and America (the end of XX — the beginning of XXI century]. Moscow (in Russ.).
Lukov, Vl. A., 2008. Mysterious Russian soul. Znanie. Ponimanie. Umenie [Knowledge. Understanding. Skills], 4. Available at:
[Accessed 29 September 2017] (in Russ.).
Mikhal'skaya, N. P., 1995. Obraz Rossii v angliiskoi khudozhestvennoi literature IX—XIX vv. [Image of Russia in English ...
Economic Development of the Baltic and Nordic Countries: Characteristics of Еconomic Models
Economic development models are crucial for understanding historical progress of countries and in forecasting their future economic prospects. The Nordic countries are connected with the Baltics through culture, history, politics, and economy. These states have a common interest of ensuring ...
Events as a semantic framework for the construction of reality: the prospects of a transition to a dynamic ontology
Events are the main element in the formation and presentation of a worldview across all the research disciplines in the humanities and other sciences. Cognising and understanding reality requires the consideration and construction of data, descriptions, correlations, and narratives, to all of which concrete events are the key. In this article, we analyse the connection between an event and reality, with a special ...
Legal Consciousness at the Early Stage of Personality Development from the Perspective of Russian Neo-Kantian Philosophy of Pedagogy
... consciousness during early childhood, and Rubinstein’s position on this issue is closer to the position of Natorp than to that of Hessen. Furthermore, I examine the differences in the views of the Russian Neo-Kantians on play as an activity crucial for the understanding of human childhood. According to Hessen, play is anomic, whereas Rubinstein sees it as a collaborative activity that can engender respect for other people and their rights, i.e., to legal consciousness. In conclusion, I address Hessen’s ...
Absoluter Wert in Kants Grundlegung zur Metaphysik der Sitten
... concerning the realm of ends both are a consequence of its validity. At first glance we therefore must register an inconsistent use of both terms. In what follows, I aim to show that the assumption of such a putative inconsistency expresses a misleading understanding of the internal structure of the end in itself rather than a real problem in Kant’s way of arguing. The present study tries to solve this supposed problem of inconsistency by sketching a more appropriate understanding of the internal structure ...
Kantian ethos in J. Rawls’s political philosophy
... presupposes the use of practical rather than pure reason; moral philosophy requires a complex concept of a person; the function of moral philosophy is the rational defense of reasonable faith. The main differences between Kant’s and Rawls’s include the understanding of practical reason; the concept of a person based on fundamental ideas originating from different sources (political culture in Rawls’s works and transcendental idealism in Kant’s); the understanding of rational faith.
1. Кант ...
Kants Denkraum: Subjektivität als Prinzip. Interview mit Prof. Dr. Jürgen Stolzenberg
... Stolzenberg’s philosophical research is the justification of the principle of modern subjectivity in Kant’s philosophy and its transformations until our days. He discusses the meaning and development of the concept of self-consciousness and the understanding of subjectivity in Kant’s ethics as well as in Fichte’s philosophy. Stolzenberg shows the significance of Heidegger’s philosophical relations with Kant, Fichte, and the Neo-Kantians. He outlines the reasons which explain the different ...
The Northern Dimension policy: current state and development prospects
....ru/alleurope/2006/04/04-severnoe-izmerenie.html> (Accessed 22 July 2010).
11. Action Plan for Northern Dimension with external and cross-border policies of the European Union 2000—2003. 2000. European Council. Doc. No. 9401/00 NIS 76, Brussels, 14 June.
12. Memorandum of Understanding setting out the modalities of establishing the Northern Dimension Partnership on Culture. 2010. EUROPA: the official website of the European Union. [online] Available at: <http://ec.europa.eu/external _relations /north_dim/ docs/mou_culture_0510_en....
Edmund Husserl’s phenomenology and a cognitive-semantic interpretation of Kant’s transcendentalism
This article analyses one of the recent realist interpretations of Kant — the one proposed by S. L. Katrechko. This interpretation is compared with the modern realistic understanding of Husserl’s phenomenology. Defined as cognitive-semantic, the interpretation is developed in several of S. L. Katrechko’s recent publications. According to S. L. Katrechko, Kant’s phenomenon (object) is a sign, whose referent is the ...
The regional approach in the policy of the Russian Federation towards the Republic of Estonia
... conclusion that Russia’s policy towards Estonia largely depends on Russia’s policy towards the regions which the Russian elite relate Estonia to — the Baltic States, Northern Europe, and Europe as a whole. The results of the study can further the understanding of Russia’s policy towards Estonia both in Russia and abroad. Lack of understanding sometimes results in sharing the views of radical Estonian politicians who claim that Russia’s policy towards Estonia is unpredictable and thus poses ...
Language as mimesis (lyric poetry in H.-G. Gadamer’s herm¬e¬neutics)
... культуре // Кантовский сборник. 2012. № 1 (39). С. 45—54.
10. Патлач А. И. Философия языка Х.-Г. Гадамера : дис. … канд. филос. наук. М.,2011.
11. Arthos J. The fullness of understanding: the career of the inner word in Gadamer scholarship // Philosophy Today. № 55.2.
12. Bruns Gerald L. The remembrance of language: an introduction to Gadamer’s poetics// Gadamer on Celan. Who am I and Who are You? and other essays. ...
The Notion of Free Will in Sergey Hessen’s Conception of Culture
... for the exercise of free will. There is potentially an unlimited number of ways of defining the concept of free will, each imposing certain limitations on the actualisation of the individual in culture. The question arises, how does each individual understand the possibility of creative activities within a concrete culture and what permits him to determine the vectors of self-actualisation? In seeking an answer to this question Hessen resorts to the dialectical method as a universal formal instrument ...
The communicative space of N. Kononov’s novel The Tender Theatre
This article examines the communicative space and its structure in N. Kononov’s novel Tender Theatre, which helps understand the ontological drama of the character who is alienated from the world and people and unable to see the border between the reality and memories.
1. Кононов Н. Нежный театр. М., 2004.
2. Кучина Т. Г. Поэтика ...
A man as a “citizen of two worlds”: The development of Kantian themes by Rosenzweig
... intelligible character of human causation and freedom as a miracle of phenomenal world (as they are called in Rosenzweig’s reception of Kant) make it possible to guarantee an autonomous dimension of a human being that relates to the essence and is understandable for oneself, in other words, resistant to any claims of idealistic philosophy.The author believes that Rosenzweig arrives at the conclusion that nothing can be known about a human just as nothing can be known about god.An analysis of general ...
Analytic philosophy: a historico-critical survey
... and McGuinness B. F. Stuttgart, 1976.
30. Witgenstein und der Wiener Kreis / ed. by McGuinness B. F. Frankfurt am Main, 1967. In English: Wittgenstein and the Vienna Circle / ed. by McGuinness B. F. Oxford, 1979.
31. Wright von G. H. Explanation and Understanding. L. : Routledge & Kegan Paul, 1971.
32. The Philosophy of Georg Henrik von Wright / ed. by Hahn L. and Schilpp P. A. // The Library of Living Philosophers. Chicago, 1989.
33. Cultural Relativism and Philosophy / ed. by Dascal M. Leiden,...
The Name of Prophet Abraham in the Old Russian Literature of XI—XIII centuries
... 1999. Tekstologiya slavyanskoi Biblii [Textology of the Slavic Bible]. St. Petersbourg (in Russ.).
Bahtina, O. N., 1999. Staroobryadcheskaya literatura i traditsii khristianskogo ponimaniya slova [Old Believer literature and traditions of Christian understanding of the word]. Tomsk (in Russ.).
Bibliya, sirech' knigi svyashchennogo pisaniya Vetkhogo i Novogo zaveta s parallel'nymi mestami [The Bible, the books of the Holy Scriptures of the Old and New Testaments with parallel places], 1900. St. Petersburg ...
The logical models of the analytical generalisations and particularisations of concepts
.... С. 5—11.
2. Горский Д.
. Обобщение и познание. М., 1985.
Lanham; New York; London, 1984.
Sirotkina L. S.
analytical generalisation, particularisation, modelling of understanding procedures, procedural structures, logical models, sources of logical fallacies.
Kantian Ethical Humanism in Late Imperial Russia
The cultural movement known as “humanism” has unfortunately not received a clear and careful definition. Historians and philosophers have lumped together their various understandings of outlooks that stress the value and importance of human life under the collective term “humanism.” This essay sets out to contrast, in particular, three types of humanism, all of which attracted attention at overlapping times in Imperial ...