Emotional and receptive-axiological aspects of the speech act of threat in everyday conflict communication in Russian
The article analyses the emotive aspect of the production and perception of the speech act of threat and the specificity of the perception of this act by a modern native speaker of Russian. The act of threat is an instrument of influence exerted on the listener. Its effectiveness depends on the strength of the negative emotions of anxiety, fear,...
On the speech-act nature of the verbal threat.
In this article, we describe approaches to studying the verbal threat, which exist in the recent Russian and international research literature. We examine the essence of the verbal threat from the perspective of speech act theory. We identify the major content-related components of utterances containing threats ...
The linguistic-pragmatic features of the realization of speech acts of threat in the political discourses of Germany and Spain
The threat is one of the most effective ways to influence an interlocutor’s behavior because it directly affects his or her personal interests. Depending on the context, a threat may take various forms, which can be at odds with the traditional idea ...
Functional and semantic aspects of threat in requestive speech acts (based on the Soviet and Russian feature films)
... cinematography reflects the cultural and mental state of any nation as well as the state of its language. Based on the analysis of the fragments of the Soviet and contemporary Russian films, the author determines the role and purpose of the requestive threat as a speech act, and identifies the composition and role of various components of requestive threat speech acts as a type. Requestive speech acts are a means of indirectly derived expression of a corresponding meaning.
1. Крючкова Г....
Communication of Covid-19 consequences in the Baltic States inforsphere
This article seeks to describe the dynamics of Covid-19 in the Baltic States and to analyse the ways of communicating the threat and its consequences. Particular attention is paid to the media strategies pursued in the study area. The research is based on Russian and English texts from the Baltic media, WHO official documents and datasets, as well as initiatives of the Baltic ...
Cyberbullying, a new threat to adolescents’ personal security
This article focuses on the issue of psychological violence among adoles-cents, in particular, on the problem of bullying. A new threat to psychological security of teenagers – cyberbullying – is identified. The authors believe that, going through fundamental personality transformations, adolescents are espe-cially vulnerable to psychological violence. The article analyses ...
Contemporary threats to the growth of rationality in the Russian society
This article considers the conflicting conditions of growth of rationality in the modern Russian society, identifies threats relating to the key trends in world community development, Russian science and education, and personality transformations.
1. Андреев А. Л. Общество и образование: социокультурный профиль России ...
Legal framework for national security as a basis for preventing and combating criminal threats
This article explores current legal problems of national security in view of the need to improve the system of prevention of, and counteraction to, criminal threats. The author provides relevant statistics on crimes committed in Russia, analyses cause-effect relations behind the deterioration of national crime situation, and suggests integrated solutions to the most complex problems in the field.
1. О ...
Social conflicts as seen by residents of Saint Petersburg: An empirical study
... author analyses their assessments of danger associated with social tension in the Russian society. This tension becomes particularly pronounced during the time of economic, social, and political turbulence. The research aims to examine the existing threats and identify opportunities for reducing social tension. The article makes a practical contribution to the development of social policy and civil society. The author describes the attitudes of Saint Petersburg residents to various social conflicts....
The US ballistic missile defence policy in the Baltic and Nordic regions
... region and Nordic countries will inevitably destabilize the strategic situation and may lead to a new round of arms race in the region. The efficacy of BMD in Europe is evaluated from the perspective of military technology. The system’s potential threats to Russia’s military security and its armed forces are assessed. The article considers measures to enhance national security that could be taken by Russia provided the US plans to deploy BMD in Europe are fully implemented.
1. Arbatov, А....
Cloud Service Analysis of Operating Systems and Applications
The presence of a large number of vulnerabilities in modern operating systems and software that pose a threat to information security determines the need to study them when training specialists in the field of information security. The article discusses the principles of building a software and hardware complex based on the joint use of cloud and virtualization ...
Effective risk communication as a factor in managing protests attitudes in a local community
... communication in the local community and of how different ways of risk communication affect protest attitudes. This study aims to clarify communication strategies and practices used by members of local communities as a protest response to environmental threats. The work builds on the cultural theory developed by Douglas, Dake, Bremen, and others. This theory distinguishes between several cultural types (hierarchism, individualism, communitarianism, and egalitarianism), which differ in how environmental ...
NATO Policies in the Baltics: Objectives and Priorities
... between NATO and the Russian Federation. A comparative analysis of NATO’s official documents on the Baltics shows that the chief pretext for increased military presence in the region is the alleged need to defend the Baltic states from the Russian threat. Special attention is paid to the attempts of Western military strategists to encourage the neutral Nordic states — Sweden and Finland — to accede to NATO. This would lead to the organisation’s northern enlargement. The current situation ...
Economic security of a border region: quantitative and qualitative measurements (the case of the Rostov region)
... all-Russia economic indicators, as well as the average indicators of Russia's western border regions and the Krasnodar Krai, reveals a growing competition between regions in the economically prosperous South-West of Russia. The study identified the main threats caused by both the geoeconomic situation and its projection onto the intra-regional environment. These threats aggravated system-wide economic problems.
regional economic security, Rostov region, Western Russian borderline,...
Inclusive educational space: A SWOT analysis
... and specific characteristics are outlined, and the principles of organizing an inclusive educational space are formulated. Special attention is paid to the results of a SWOT-analysis that made it possible to identify the hierarchy of opportunity and threat positioning in inclusive educational space within corresponding matrices and develop strategies for using the strengths in grasping opportunities and mitigating threats. The authors also describe specific stages of strategy implementation.
A semiotic approach to construction of information systems in the field of security
The paper is devoted to issues of semiotic approach for the design of information security systems, based on knowledge extraction from semistructured sources. The problems of developing of optimal variants for the prevention of threats to decision support systems. The technique continuous monitoring of text messages, identify the events and situations and develop scenarios possible development of crisis situations is proposed.
1. Стратегия национальной ...
Security in the Baltic region as a Projection of Global Confrontation between Russia and the USA
.... The US strategy in the Baltic region does not seek an open military conflict with Russia. On the contrary, the US strives to preserve the current level of confrontation between Russia and the EU, convincing the latter of the reality of the Russian threat. Countries that traditionally support confrontation with Russia, Poland and the Baltics, serve as a conduit for Washington strategy in Europe and a cordon sanitaire. This function is implemented through the Intermarium project meant to separate ...
Dependence on imported food as a threat to the food security of the Kaliningrad region
This article considers the problem of food security in the case of the Kaliningrad region. The key threat to regional food security is the increasing dependence on import. It is proved that the region’s food security can be ensured through self-sufficiency.
1. ВТО-ИНФОРМ. Аналитический центр. URL: http://wto-inform.ru/upload/ ...
Argumentum ad morti in the violence discourse: the semantics and pragmatics of ‘radical’ argumentation
... credibility of requests, wishes, etc., or blocks communication. The illocutionary power of the appeal to death is determined by the means it uses, which range from inductive generalisation and deductions to approaching the limit of this generalisation, to the threat of going beyond the existential boundaries of the discourse, to the problem domain losing its existential status, and to the threat being carried out. All of them make communication insignificant and the subject, or even the opponent, non-existent....
On ensuring the energy security of the Kaliningrad region
This article analyses possibilities for minimising energy threats to the economy of the Kaliningrad region — an isolated Russian exclave. The au-thors consider the key aspects of the region’s economic security, identify threats, and provide a critical assessment different solutions to this problems. The ...
Intellektuelle Anschauung und philosophische Schwärmerei. Kant und die Aufklärung des philosophierenden Subjekts
... criticism of philosophical enthusiasm (“Schwärmerei”). For Kant intellectual intuition (“intellektuelle Anschauung”) serves in case of philosophical enthusiasm as a reason for the justification of philosophical knowledge. This determination is a threat for his project of enlightenment, because it entices the philosophizing subject to contradict the maxim of self-thinking. In order to show the link between Kant’s criticism of the concept of intellectual intuition and his claim of the enlightenment ...
The development of science as a factor in the Kaliningrad region innovative security
The paper examines the role of research institutions in the system of innovation security of the region and highlights vital interests and security threats to the regional innovation system in the field of research. The author describes important factors having a positive and a negative impact on the competitiveness of the research component of the innovation system of the region. The evaluation ...
The justification of legal punishment in Kant’s philosophy
... of the Metaphysics of Morals / transl. by M. Gregor. Cambridge, 1998.
13. Ripstein A. Force And Freedom: Kant’s Legal And Political Philosophy. Harvard University Press, 2009.
14. Aron Byrd Sh. B. Kant’s Theory of Punishment: Deterrence in Its Threat, Retribution in Its Execution // Law and Philosophy. 1989. № 8. Р. 151—200.
ethics, morality, punishment, retributivism, categorical imperative, united will, antinomy
[text]1. Bekker G. Chelovecheskoe ...
The externalisation of migration control in the European Union: first steps towards the external dimension of the space of freedom, security and justice
... the theoretical postulates introduced by the scholars of the Paris School, a school within the discipline of security studies that conceptualized the connection between migration, terrorism, asylum, crime and ethnic clashes, and its role as a major threat facing the European Union. Externalization of this complex threat (that is, externalization in relation to the European Union) is thus seen as one of the key prerequisites to advancement of migration management activities beyond the EU (i. e. externalization ...
The Youth in Kaliningrad, Gdansk and Klaipeda: Geopolitical Vision of the World, Identity and Images of the Other
... (accessed 07.07.2014).
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5. Ginsburg, S. 2010, Sem' shagov [Seven steps], Nezavisimaya Gazeta, available at: http://www.ng.ru/scenario/2010-06-22/14_7steps....
Russophone immigration to Finland: new forms, trends, and consequences
..., vol. 6, no. 3, p. 148—157. doi:
6. Brylka, A., Mähönen T. & Jasinskaja-Lahti, I., 2015, National identification and attitudes towards Russian immigrants in Finland: Investigating the role of perceived threats and gains, Scandinavian Journal of Psychology, no. 56, p. 670—677.
7. Jasinskaja-Lahti, I. and Liebkind, K., 2001, Perceived discrimination and psychological adjustment among Russian-speaking immigrant adolescents in Finland, International Journal ...
On crisis trends in the legitimacy of the political regimes of the Baltic States
... the national party systems. Special attention is paid to compensatory mechanisms used by political elites to ‘artificially’ reproduce legitimacy. It makes sense to analyse the deficit of legitimacy in the Baltic States not only in the context of threats to democratic institutions but also considering weaknesses of public institutions and insufficient resources to ensure stateness. This requires developing a hypothesis about smaller states ‘importing’ legitimacy from larger states and intergovernmental ...
Work-life balance during the Covid-19 outbreak: the case of Latvia
... describes the chronological development of Covid-19 in the country. It describes labour migration to and from Latvia before the COVID-19 outbreak. It provides geographical features of the distribution of confirmed Covid-19 cases. The extent of the Covid-19 threat at different levels is assessed focusing on the global, national, regional and intra-family level. Finally, work forms and work-life balance are analysed according to geography and age groups.
1. Dowd J. B., Andriano L., Brazel D. M. et al....
Formation of monitoring system for food security (at the example of the Kaliningrad region)
The author substantiates that among basic elements of mechanism of food security provision one should consider monitoring and forecasting
of factors defining threats for food security in the exclave region.
ежегодник: статистический сборник. Калининград, 2008.
область в цифрах, ...
Economic security of the Russian-Ukrainian border regions of the Russian Federation in modern conditions
... taking into account cyclical features and long-term trends that have been in effect since the early 2000s. Having analyzed the research papers and public discourse, the study built the picture of intraregional perception of the current and potential threats to economic security, compared with the results of long-term statistical observation aimed at identifying the components and factors of economic risks in the regions.
Gorochnaya V. V.
economic security, geo-economic turbulence, border ...
Analysis of contextual mental health factors in adolescent girls and women of fertile age
... intrafamily relationships that provide emotional support and activate the mental potential of a woman, adverse life events, and in adolescent girls it is also a long-term stress which is linked to academic activities. These factors pose a significant threat to mental health, can cause difficulties in adaptation, can become a trigger mechanism for psychopathologies, and also affect the disorders, exacerbating the female problems.
Kazantseva N. V., Kinal E. N.
psychopathology, risk factors,...
Uneven development of administrative-territorial entities as a threat to the economic security of the Kaliningrad region
The author considers topical issues of ensuring the economic security of the Kaliningrad region. The main indicators of economic development that affect the current state of economic security of the exclave region are identified and analyzed.
1. Об утверждении перечней субъектов Российской Федерации в соответствии с положениями пункта 5 статьи 130 Бюджетного кодекса Российской Федерации : приказ Минфина России от 9 ноября 2016 г. № 481 [Электронный ресурс]. Доступ из прав.-правовой системы «Гарант»...
Problems of information security of the firm (manufacture) and a way of their decision
... несанкционированного доступа «Блокхост—сеть К». Руководство пользователя. СПб., 2013.
Aleshnikov S., Dyomin S., Feodorov S., Feodorov A.
information technology, information security, threats, objects of protection, a protection tools, architecture of the protection tools
The thematic field of black humour
Wry humor as cultural phenomenon thematically is organized as a semantic field and focuses on six major components: death and associated with it, destruction of human physiology, fear of danger, threats to beloved ones, social catastrophes, necrophilia. A “play principle” is actively being implemented in all these cases.
1. Борисов С. Б. Эстетика «черного юмора» в российской традиции // ...
Inclusive education in Russia and the Baltic countries: a comparative analysis
... countries of the Baltic region (Poland, Sweden, Germany, Denmark, Latvia, Lithuania, Estonia, Norway, and Russia). We present a SWOT analysis of the development of inclusive education in different countries and analyse its strengths and weaknesses, risks, threats, and challenges from a political, economic, and technological perspective. In our analysis, we dissociate the issue of inclusive education from the problem of teaching learners with disabilities and examine the political, economic, social, and ...
Disinformation (fake news, propaganda) as a threat to resilience: approaches used in the EU and its member state Lithuania
This study analyses EU and Lithuanian documents on countering disinformation/fake news to present the plurality of the Union’s approaches to ensuring resilience. Currently, there are three approaches to the problem in the EU. The first one, used by the European Commission, is the recognition of citizens’ right to information as well as of the need to promote critical thinking and information literacy. This approach fits into the adaptive paradigm of action in the information space and the concept...
On digitalization of the Kaliningrad region as an economic security element
... knowledge and information are the most important resources of the economy and are the basis for innovation. However, accelerated digitalization, as well as slowed down, carries a significant number of economic, social, political, cultural, and other threats that can be partially mitigated by creating favorable basic conditions for digital transformation. In this regard, the purpose of this study is to assess some quantitative indicators reflecting the readiness of the region's economy for digitalization....
The incidence of malaria in the Kaliningrad region in post-war years
This article considers preconditions for, factors behind, and incidence of malaria in the Kaliningrad region as compared to general infectious disease incidence. Another focus is the results of Soviet epidemiological research on the regional ‘malaria threat’. It is concluded that malaria was prevalent in the region until the late 1940s. It is stressed that cases of malaria and anti-malaria measures were spread unevenly.
1. Баранова А. М. Малярия: возврат через сорок ...
Environmental intensity of economic growth in the Baltic Sea region
National economic development is subject to a number of restrictions. One of the main constraints is the threat of complete exhaustion of non-renewable resources and environmental pollution exceeding the capacity of the planet. However, the rapid spread of resource-saving technologies is reducing the environmental intensity of economic activities. In this ...
Psychological health risks to children in modern education
The article focuses on the psychological threats to the health of children and youth emanating from the education system and education: relations of power between teachers and children, parents' ambition to train psychologically and physiologically immature children, etc. The author exposes ...
Russian soft power in the Baltic States through the lens of research: traditions, competition, confrontation
... interactions between Russia and the three states in media, education, and culture. Each Baltic country has built a system of political and legal restrictions to diminish the effect of Russian soft power, which is considered in terms of hard power, i.e. as a threat to national security. The current forms of Russian soft power are becoming less productive in the region and their use in the negative political context of bilateral relations has the opposite effect for Russia – the country loses in reputation ...
Ethno-confessional immigrant ghettos as a national security problem in Denmark’s social and political discourse
... are often at odds with the democratic values of Danish society guide the actions of ghetto residents. Danish social and political discourse pictures this ideological difference between the host society and Muslim immigrant minorities as a potential threat to Denmark’s national security caused by a combination of political, social, and economic factors. The ensuing social disunity and violation of the country’s territorial integrity take the problem to a regional and international level. Through ...
The transformation of the Baltic countries’ political elites: general and specific features
... political divides in Baltic societies. These rifts limit competition between power groups and reduce the ability of political systems to renew themselves. Having reached the ‘back to the West’ goal, Baltic elites replaced it with the idea of ‘Russian threat’. Bridging internal divides, which may weaken the power of the elites, was postponed as a result.
Smirnov V. A.
elites, power groups, Baltic States, Latvia, Lithuania, Estonia, transformation, Russia
A ‘Secret alliance’ or ‘Freedom from any alliances’? NATO accession debate in Sweden and Finland, 1991—2016
... alliances”, “neutrality” and “secret alliance”, which are often used in academic descriptions of the evolution of the position of both countries towards NATO. The authors hold that Finland and Sweden may become NATO members only if there is a direct threat to their security. Russian politics in the region may provoke them to take such a step. A referendum on joining the bloc seems to be highly unlikely; even though after the Crimean events, the number of NATO supporters in the two countries increased,...
The dynamics of the world market of gold in the context of the present pulse geopolitical processes. Part 1. Introduction to the problem
... analysis of the behaviour of bidders in the global gold market affected by short-term and medium-term geopolitical disturbances. The direction, volume, speed and time range of investments in gold are determined depending on the nature of geopolitical threats. Based on non-economic factors, the author reveals the main patterns of making trivial and non-trivial decisions on investing in gold. The first part of the article describes the influence of geopolitical processes on the dynamics of the price ...
Enigma of magnetism in the mystery of the romantic spirit of E. T. A. Hoffmann (based on the novel «Der Magnetiseur»)
... imaginary parascientific concepts. In particular, the authors trace the connection of Hoffmann's artistic thought with the ideas of Mesmer and the secret knowledge of Freemasonry popular at the beginning of the XIX century, which Hoffmann interprets as a threat to the world described by Christian ontology and anthropology. In the artistic and philosophical interpretation of Hoffmann, the prevalent parapsychological practices are the components of the technology of evil in its eternal struggle against ...
A Situational Approach to Strategic Management and Monitoring of Regional and Urban Development
... as an integral part of management. It ensures the inventory, observation, and comparison of various trends determining the situation, as well as the results of actions aimed at its targeted alteration. Monitoring helps not only to promptly identify threats, but also to detect the opportunities for developing the situation in the desired directions within the “natural” trends of its dynamics. The situational approach to the monitoring of regional and urban development presented in the article ...
Donelaitis and Kant: to the issue of the hermeneutic of survival in the era of the “mystery of iniquity”
... The influence of pietism on the development of the hermeneutic principles is analysed in the works of both authors. An attempt is made at a partial revision of Donetlaitis’s and Kant’s chronosoteriological concepts in the context of modern global threats. Both Donelaitis — rightfully considered the founder of Lithuanian culture — and Kant studied at Albertina: Donelaitis from 1736 and Kant from 1740. This was the era of pietism. However, in Königsberg of the first half of the 18th century,...
Migrant children in the system of education in Russia: A new research trend
... Berry J. W. Intercultural Relations in Plural Societies: A Comparative Perspective // The Contribution of Diversity to Social Cohesion / eds. A. Azzi, E. Bribosia, A. Rea, I. Rorive. L., 2012. P. 279—295.
20. Stephan W. G., Stephan C. W. An integrated Threat Theory of Prejudice // Reducing prejudice and discrimination / ed. by. S. Oscamp. Mahwah, New Jersey, 2000. P. 23—44.
21. Jakub М. 4 maps that will change how you see migration in Europe. URL:
The principles of economic protection of the marine environment of the Baltic Sea
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9. Prölß A. Meeresschutz im Völker- und Europarecht: das ...