The terms «clinical recommendations», «clinical guidelines», «diagnostic and treatment protocol»: a comparative analysis of definitions
The study analyzes the definitions of terms that name the main regulatory documents for top-level medical personnel: “clinical recommendations”, “clinical guidelines”, “diagnostic and treatment protocol”. The article compares the terminological phrases with the keywords “recommendations”,...
Metaphorisation as a pattern of term formation in Russian and English within the semantic field “Insurance”
Term formation is viewed through the cognitive linguistics paradigm. The term is characterized as a semeiotic model correlating with a certain cognitive discourse pattern. Metaphorisation is defined as the nomination pattern. In the following article ...
Translation: the puzzle of colour
This research contributes to the study of colour terms as a cognitive phenomenon. Since colour is not a universal concept and an ordinary mind does not perceive colour separately from the object, it is possible to observe the knowledge about colour, which exists in the language but does not exist ...
History of the words starina and starik as terms of friendship in Russian
This article explores when and under what circumstances the words starik and starina emerged as terms of friendship in standard Russian language. These terms were often used by male characters in the prose of the Khrushchev Thaw — students, scientists, and engineers. It was initially assumed that these words had become forms of address at that ...
Comparative analysis of the epistemological language in translation
The article presents a comparative analysis of the translation of basic epistemological terms and attempts to analyse cognitive factors underlying the construction of meaning in the translation process. Apart from linguistic expertise, the translation of philosophical texts requires a profound understading of the subject matter. Ambiguity ...
Translation of new sociological terminology: challenges and solutions
Rapid development of concepts in modern sociology leads to the emergence of a large number of neological terms. Currently, the academic language of Russian sociology sees an active expansion of foreign language terminology and translated terms reflecting changes in the English-language social picture of the world. However, the lack of consistency in intra-lingual ...
Colour symbolism in the Russian and English languages
The article focuses on the symbolism of colour terms in European languages. The authors explore and analyze similarities and differences in the use of particular colours as symbols in fixed colour collocations in Russian and English. This analysis helps to establish common microsystems of symbolic ...
Experiences in translation: the text as a pattern, the pattern as a text
In this article, we discuss the methodological prospects of using the term ‘pattern’ in the analysis of a literary text. We identify the semantic and categorial field of the term, propose a definition of ‘pattern’ as projected on language material, and correlate the terms ‘pattern’, ‘repetition’, ‘recurrence’,...
On the correlation between the terms poly-discoursivity and inter-discoursivity
Based on a word formation analysis of the ‘poly-discursivity’ nomination, the author stresses its superiority over other synonymous terms used in the Russian research literature. Poly-discursivity and inter-discursivity are considered as different aspects of the same phenomenon. The proposed definition is based on the meaning most often associated with the term in the research literature....
Pronominal address in Swedish and English
The aim of the present work is to study and compare the use of pronouns for second person reference in English and Swedish in terms of the
two dimensions, power and solidarity, suggested by Brown & Gilman (1960) and the theory of politeness by Brown & Levinson. The history of
expression of esteem by personal pronouns is traced through as well.
Brown R., Gilman A.
Good-neighbourly relations and the European Neighbourhood Policy — What is the Difference?
The article compares the scope of two diplomatic terms, crucial for the contemporary practice of international cooperation. Drawing examples from historical and contemporary documents, the author shows the difference between the settled notion of good-neighbourly relations and the recently introduced ...
The study of legal terminology lacunae in the dynamic relations of languages and cultures
The paper reviews the issues of eliminating gaps (lacunae) in legal terminology in dynamics, describes certain stages in gradual introduction of some borrowed terms into professional and common language, and specifies the role of translation as an instrument of eliminating lacunae. Deeper insight into the process of borrowing new terminology results in a more adequate translation, and, consequently, contributes ...
Towards a Theory of Barotropic Geostrophic Currents
... system. The polar system is preferable for analysing geostrophic currents, since radial symmetry is intrinsic to these currents. We obtained ratios between the general hydrodynamic properties. The expressions of geostrophic current velocity components in terms of pressure were the most important among them. The procedure of deriving the expression of vorticity in terms of pressure was carried out. We determined that isobaths coincided with streamlines in stationary barotropic geostrophic currents. The ...
Fetal behavior and the prediction of neuropsychiatric development
... preterm infants //Continuity of neural functions from prenatal to postnatal life / ed. H. F. R. Prechtl. Oxford, 1984. Vol. 94. P. 79—92.
4. Einspieler C., Prechtl H. F. R., Ferrari F. et al. The qualitative assessment of general movements in preterm, term and young infants — review of the methodology // Early Human Development. 1997. Vol. 50. P. 47—60.
5. Amiel-Tisson C., Gosselin J. From neonatal to fetal neurology: some clues for interpreting fetal findings // Donald School Journal of Ultrasound ...
Physical foundations of liver elastography
The problem we address in this paper is how the meanings of terms denoting various liver elastography methods are understood when translated into Russian. We provide an overview of various elastography methods and their physical principles in order to give a better understand specific terms. The goal of this ...
A literary image as a cognitive phenomenon
The article is an attempt to examine the terms «image» and «literary image» as a concept of cognitive science (in humanities: linguistics, psychology, cognitive studies, literary studies). It analyses different approaches to defining these terms, aiming at focusing on a cognitive definition ...
Imagology as a Part of Compartive Literary Studies
... interdisciplinary nature of images, the threefold procedure of an ethnotype's analysis, "frame/trigger" approach, irony and meta-images. The author describes some aspects of imagological studies in Russia. The author analyzes interpretations of the term “imagology” of such Russian researchers as A. R. Oshchepkov, V. A. Khorev, N. P. Mikhalskaia, E. V. Papilova, V. B. Zemskov, O.Iu. and O. A. Poliakovy. It is underlined that for Russian researches the main dilemma of imagology can be formulated ...
Territorial differences in the innovative development of Sweden, Finland, and the North-western federal district of the Russian Federation
... Sweden, Finland, and the Noreth-western federal district (NWFD) of the Russian Federation. The authors present the results of a comparative analysis of research and technological potential of the regions and their administrativeterritorial units in terms of innovative activity development. For the first time, the index of integral assessment of research and technological potential of the NWFD has been calculated in comparison to Sweden and Finland. The NWFD is proved to lag behind Sweden and Finland ...
Formal terms of reproach in Russian discourse
This article is concerned with the formal terms of reproach in Russian discourse and the corpus methods of their identification. Theoretically, it builds on the thesis that there are ‘true’ reproaches that can function autonomously in discourse and be adequately understood outside their context....
Demographic Situation and Demographic Security in the Regions of Russia’s Western Borderlands
... Russia’s western borderlands to ensure a differentiated approach to providing regional demographic security. In this study, I use economic- statistical methods, a comparative analysis, and an empirical typology of regions based on the above indicators. In terms of theory, the findings obtained can contribute to a more detailed definition of demographic security and a better methodology of regional population studies. In practical terms, the study has relevance to the development of proposals for improving ...
Exclavity as a challenge and a resource for foreign positioning of the Kaliningrad region
... regarding the possibilities and limitations of exclavity in overcoming foreign positioning of the region. The economic dependence of the Kaliningrad region on the federal government policies inside and outside the country makes the region “fragile” in terms of promoting its sociocultural image. The article shows the tough dependence on the foreign economic decisions of the federal authorities using the development trends of the manufacturing industry in the region as an example. The increased potential ...
The Russian and American approaches to studying the phenomenon of “investigative mindset”
This article examines the origin of the term ‘investigative mindset’ and different opinions on the term’s meaning. In particular, the article focuses on the scientific approaches to the investigative mindset in Russia and the United States of America. The authors analyse the prospects ...
The development of political geography and geopolitics as an academic and research discipline in the Baltic region: the historical contribution of Saint Petersburg University
... complicated problems of the genesis, periodisation, and development of political geography and geopolitics as academic and research disciplines across the Baltic region in general and the contribution of Saint Petersburg University in particular. The terms ‘political geography,’ ‘geopolitics’ and the corresponding academic disciplines, as well as the first concepts of political geography and geopolitics, emerged in the Baltic. The Russian and German schools of thought made a valuable contribution ...
Терминологические трудности определения категории «правовой статус»
... применения термина «правовой статус» в юридической науке, законодательстве и правоприменительной практике.
This article focuses on the problems of using the term “legal status”. The authors draw attention to the fact that this term is used in different phrases to denote diverse legal phenomena together with other legal structures, which results in the incoherence of the categorical mechanism. The authors ...
On Fire. Dissertation for the Master’s Degree. Translation from the Latin into Russian, Preface and Notes by S. V. Lugovoy
... 713-714. It was important for the translator to follow the course of Kant’s thought and as far as possible preserve his style, including recurring words. Natural science terminology keeps as close as possible to the dissertation text, so instead of the term “gas”, which Kant does not use, the translator resorts to a loan-translation “elastic liquid,” harking back to the Russian term упругая жидкость (elastic liquid) which was proposed by Mikhail V. Lomonosov but did not catch ...
Entrepreneur’s trust in banks in terms of behavioural economics
This article considers the issues of trust in banks in terms of the rationality of clients’ behavior and behavioural economy. The author’s empirical study of 370 owners of small and microfirms located in the Warmian-Masurian voivodeship suggests that approximately 69 % of the respondents prefer the services ...
The сross-correlation NMR spectroscopy as the method of study of the guest atom environment
... quadrupolar nuclear, that is probe of electronic environment of guest atom embedded in a host lattice. The study of evolution of coherences of quadrupolar nuclear with spin S = 3/2 in the presence anisotropy chemical shift is shown that interference terms between time dependent quadrupolar interaction and anisotropy chemical shift are induce dynamic shifts of satellites and difference broadening line of its. The extraction of Q-CSA interference terms from NMR experimental data give us not only tensor ...
Is Spinoza’s Ethics Heteronomous in the Kantian Sense of the Term?
The prevailing interpretations of Spinoza’s ethical theory view it as an example of heteronomy in the Kantian sense of the term. I make a case for the claim that is not in harmony with such interpretations. In the course of the argument I discuss Kant’s concepts of autonomy and heteronomy showing how they refer to will and to ethics. Then I describe a group of interpretations ...
A programming language and translation
The article deals with some issues of translating technical, in particular, programming texts. The author pays special attention to the polysemy of certain English IT terms. An important problem is adapting such terms to the system of the target language. Translators working in IT are required to have extensive expertise in informatics. Only this will guarantee the choice of a translation strategy adequate for the ...
National conceptual picture of the world and the political nation
... десятилетия // Апология Украины : сб. ст. / ред.-сост. И. Булкина. М., 2002.
3. Грицанов А., Румянцева Т., Можейко М. История философии : энциклопедия. URL:
%C4 %C5 %CD%D2 %C8 %D7 %CD%CE%D1 %D2 %DC (дата обращения: 10.02.2017).
4. Гумилев Л. Н. Этногенез и биосфера земли. Л., 1990.
5. Зинченко В. Г., Зусман В....
A comparative analysis of terminology of inclusive education
This article examines the terms used to denote the category of persons with mental and physical impairments in the legal, psychological, and pedagogical literature. The author addresses the impact of the uses of these terms on the public perception of this social category. An ...
Griphonyms as a subject of linguistic research
The article examines specific lexical units called grifonyms which are functioning in the texts of fantasy video games. A new term ‘grifonyms’ refers to nominations of characters created by the imagination of game developers and having no analogues in reality. Obligatory and optional features of griphonyms are revealed, their systematization and classification are carried ...
Liver elastography techniques and the problems of Russian terminology
In this review, we approach Russian terminology in elastography by discussing elastography technique classifications using terms that take into account the essence of physical patterns underlying various elastography techniques. Elastography techniques used in clinical practice are divided into four groups: strain elastography, transient elastography, point shear wave elastography,...
Gas infrastructure development in the countries of East Baltic as a way to increase energy security
... the countries mostly dependent on Russian gas are Lithuania and Latvia. The announced LNG terminal projects are being reviewed in detail. Their necessity is estimated from the perspective of the current and future demand for natural gas, including the terms and conditions of contracts concluded with OAO Gazprom. Different scenarios and prospects for individual LNG terminal projects and associated pipeline infrastructure are evaluated. It is shown that the inability of countries to find a political ...
‘Term memory’ and its varieties in the history of the genre nomination of English novel
.... Scott W. Essays on Romance // Essays on Chivalry, Romance and Drama. Edinburgh ; London, 1834. Vol. 4. Р. 127—217.
19. Watt I. The Rise of the Novel: Studies in Defoe, Richardson and Fielding. Berkeley ; Los Angeles, 1974.
‘term memory’, ‘genre memory’, variability, genre transformation
The Text and Discourse in the Light of Communicative Meaning Formation
... rather than in reflecting reality or conveying thoughts; 5) when perceiving a written text, the reader’s consciousness constantly interprets a single communicative action and this makes a not-procedural understanding of a text ineffective. In dynamic terms, discourse represents a recognized situation of a given communicative action or a flexible system of parameters that is constantly recreated and updated to ensure the correct interpretation of a semiotic act.
1. Arutyunova, N. D., 1990. Discourse....
Strategic perspectives for the territorial development of the Baltic Sea Region
... be solved in transnational cooperation
— Gdansk Declaration. Sixth Conference of Ministers responsible for spatial planning and development in the Baltic Sea Region, Gdansk 19 September 2005.
Long Term Perspective for the Territorial Development of the Baltic Sea Region. Adopted at the 7
Conference of the BSR Ministers responsible for Spatial Planning and Development on 16. October 2009 in Vilnius.
Economic development ...
What is Kantian Philosophy of Mathematics? An Overview of Contemporary Studies
... on the texts contained in this collection. I first examine the more general questions which have to do not only with the philosophy of mathematics, but also with related areas of Kant’s philosophy, e. g. the question: What is intuition and singular term? Then I look at more specific questions, e. g.: What is the subject of arithmetic and what is the significance of diagrams in mathematical reasoning? As a result, the reader is presented with a fairly complete overview of modern discussions which ...
Daniel Everett and Cultural Linguistics
... schools of thought and to examine the possible link with linguistic cultural studies. Everett’s definitions of language and culture are contrasted with those of various schools in linguistics. It should be noted that Everett does not appear to use the term linguistic worldview. Yet, due to the rich empirical evidence found and set out in his books and papers, Everett effectively summarizes the views on the subject of worldview. Everett’s standpoint does not show significant differences from those ...
Cognitive space of the Russian romance
The article contains a short history of the term “romance” and the genre of Russian romance, describes the problems of studying the romance. Russian romance is presented as a social-cognitive construct with a particular set of historically and culturally conditioned cognitive indicators. A ...
Formation of Ferdinand de Saussure's authentic terminological system
This article is devoted to the terminological analysis of F. de Saussure's 1872—1911 authentic texts. A component analysis makes it possible to identify the characteristics of formation of general linguistic terms. It is established that F. de Saussure's terminology (118 preterms) is based on existing lexical units of different systems. Tectological mechanisms transformed Saussure’s terminology into a linguistic terminological system consisting of 36 scientific ...
V. The hagiographic topic in I. S. Shmelev’s novel The Inexhaustible Chalice
... Chalice, which are expressed through different components of the novel’s literary structure — ranging from the individual traits of the main character, Ilya Sharonov, to twists of the plot and the milestones of his biography. We maintain that in terms of the genre this novel resembles both the lives of the righteous and the lives of the venerable. The novel conforms to the canons of hagiographic texts because of the presence of a righteous character, whose image is built in accordance with the ...
Are there Everett worlds?
... conclusion that these worlds really exist. It is shown that, contrary to popular belief, the many-world (Everett) and «casual» (de Broglie — Bohm) interpretations coincide. A limited path integral was used to describe coordinate measurement in terms of multiworld interpretation.
1. Everett H. «Relative State» Formulation of Quantum Mechanics // Rev. Mod. Phys. 1957. Vol. 29, iss. 3. P. 454—462. doi:10.1103/RevModPhys.29.454.
2. The Many-Worlds Interpretation of Quantum Mechanics / ed....
Translation of postmodern terminology in the philosophical works by M. Foucault, J. Baudrillard, and J. Derrida
... analysis. The authors look into the problem of choosing strategies for the translation of postmodern terminology and analyse the dilemma translators have to face: how to manoeuvre between polysemy and ambiguity in the translation of philosophical terms. The article analyses the translation of Foucault’s seminal work Les Mots et les Choses (translated by Avtonomova and Vizgin). Special attention is paid to the problem of translation of the postmodern terms discourse and episteme. Another focus ...
On the Semiotic Model of Image
Bart, R., 1989. Rhetoric of the image. In: Izbrannye raboty: Semiotika: Poetika [Selected Works: Semiotics: Poetics]. Moscow. pp. 297—318 (in Russ.).
Belokurova, S. P., 2006. Slovar' literaturovedcheskikh terminov [Dictionary of literary terms]. St. Petersburg (in Russ.).
Dokinz, R., 2013. Egoistichnyi gen [A selfish gene]. Moscow (in Russ.).
Il'in, M. V., Fomin, I. V., 2016. And the meaning, and the measure. Semiotics in the space of modern science. Politicheskaya nauka [Political science],...
The communication of persons: Kant’s theory of marriage law held captive by pagan anthropology
... acquisited in matrimony, allows no possible equivalent, and its loss cannot be compensated at all events by the fact of mere mutuality of the instrumentalizing relation. The doubtfulness of this naturalistic premise of Kant's family theory means in terms of legal philosophy the doubtfulness of the premise which states the title-establishing status of primary acquisition in the field of personal law. References to the ethical idea of the absolute unity of personality, as well as the accent on “pleasure” ...
The potential for expanding inter-cluster cooperation between the ship-building industries of Estonia, Finland, and North-West Russia
... cooperation; however, the international networks between the clusters are still poorly developed. The aim of this article is to analyse the preconditions for cluster internationalization between these clusters, which are rather different but complementary in terms of skills. The research material for this desk study was collected from various sources, including journal articles, media, research reports, and other publications. The results of the study indicate that the increasing cooperation within the triangle ...
The closed piecewise uniform string revisited
... closed formula for the eigenfrequencies. We calculate vacuum and free energy as well as the entropy of this system in two approaches, one using contour integration and another one using a Hurwitz zeta function. The latter results in a representation in terms of finite sums over polynomials. Several limiting cases are considered as well, for instance, the high-temperature expansion, which is expressed in terms of the heat kernel coefficients. The vacuum energy has no ultraviolet divergences, and the ...
Translating philosophical aesthetics: Peritext as a window into the translator's mind. Part 2
... discourse is widely recognized but scarcely explored. In this article, translation of philosophical texts is regarded as a procedure of knowledge transfer from one intellectual space into another and of knowledge-making through reconceptualization of key terms. This process is made partly observable in various types of notes — a special cluster of additional information known as translational peritext where translators are given an opportunity to explicate their decisions made in the course of translation....
The Problem of the Relationship between Apperception, Self-Consciousness and Consciousness in Kant’s Critical Philosophy
Kant does not provide clear-cut definitions of apperception, consciousness, and self-consciousness and everywhere uses these terms as synonyms, which creates the problem of the relationship between these faculties. The importance of this problem stems from the colossal significance of each of the above-mentioned faculties which are intimately connected with Kant’s formulation ...