Algorithm for creating conceptual metaphors
In modern science, metaphor is associated with human thinking. It is an important research issue in psycholinguistics and cognitive science. The analysis of the formation of a conceptual metaphor is relevant since it is a phenomenon associated with cognitive and conceptual ...
Cognitive-semantic modelling of the metaphoric choice devices
The articles addresses the metaphor as a cognitive-semantic device. Metaphor is able to shed light on intuitive and creative mechanisms of thinking process, thus filling the blanks in the fund of logically objective human knowledge, which opens the possibility to describe abstract ...
The spatial model of conceptual metaphor in A. Ilichevky’s collection of short stories An Asinine Jaw
This article considers the structure of the conceptual metaphor of death in A.V. Ilichevsky’s collection of short stories An Asinine Jaw. The existential spatial model of the mentioned metaphor and the specific character of its cognitive-semantic organization are revealed. The author identifies the specific ...
The metaphor as a means of psychological intervention in training teachers
Based on his own experience, the author stresses the considerable poten-tial of metaphor in increasing the level of self-consciousness of teachers at a special psychological training. The article explores the significance of the met-aphor for the humanities (psychology) and exact sciences (mathematics). Since each person is characterised ...
Concept integration modelling as a means of phraseological unit formation
The paper focuses on cognitive processes of phraseological units (colour terms) formation based on the theories of the conceptual metaphor and conceptual integration. Special attention is given to the modified units the meaning of which cannot be inferred from their components. Cognitive mechanisms underlying this type of phraseological units are identified.
Rhythm and Metaphor in the Art of the Icon
Using art history interpretation methods and the methods of historical cultural studies, the author demonstrates the role of rhythm and metaphor as the most expressive artistic means of icon painting. The interaction of rhythm and metaphor is an integral part of the imagery and semantics of icon painting. It is stressed that the entire theological and aesthetic image of icons, which is ...
The synergy effect of economic metaphor in the interdiscursive space
This article considers the discursive models of developing the synergetic potential of economic metaphors. A cluster model of metaphor synergy is built on the basis of intertextual metaphor, which creates a powerful field of conceptual tension. It is shown that the economic metaphor acts as an instrument of sense production in the interdiscursive ...
Metaphor in teaching Polish as a foreign language
The problem of metaphor is considered in the context of glottodidactics through the example of the Polish language. The author poses the problem of identification and understanding of metaphors by students of Polish as a foreign language.
The features of metaphors in “prophetic” dreams
This article addresses the issue of the specific features of the metaphor in “prophetic” dreams. The following features are identified as specific: the representation of the specific through the specific (abstract semantics is ensured by metonymy), spontaneity, integration into cultural contexts, elimination of ...
Linguistic and pragmatic potential of metaphors in political discourse
The linguistic and pragmatic analysis of expressive means in political texts is gaining popularityamong researchers. The study of the role of metaphor in enhancing the pragmatic effectiveness of political speech is relevant due to the fact that metaphor, being not only a way of expressing thought, but also being a thought itself, creates the necessary conditions for influencing the addressee's perception. This research is aimed at establishing linguistic and pragmatic means of achieving the ...
Metaphoric nominations of MAN and WOMAN in the English substandard
The article describes the results of the cognitive analysis of metaphoric nominations of man and woman in the substandard of English. The approach to the analysis of cognitive metaphors is based on G. Lakoff and M. Johnson’s works.
1. Блэк М. Метафора // Теория метафоры. М., 1990. С....
Metaphoric vectors of time
The article focuses upon cognitive foundations underlying the metaphoric conceptualization of time in the Anglo-American Weltanschauung. Special emphasis is put on basic image schemata underlying time perception and verbalization in the Old English, Middle English and Modern English periods. Lexicographic and textual ...
The metaphorisation of the concept of conscience in the Polish linguistic world-image
This article analyses the phraseological devices related to the metaphorical vision of conscience in the world image represented in the Polish language. The author distinguishes the metaphorical models that embody the concept of conscience.
Peculiarities of the figurative in the concept of "Time" in middle English
The article examines the most typical for Middle English metaphorical and metonymic shifts of meaning which represent figurative part of time concept. It is proved that the most frequent shifts are: time — event or state, time — traveler or moving object, space — time, time — master, time — system ...
Aspects of the ‘transcendental’ according to Kant and Husserl: Logos, matheme, metaphor
... critical philosophy and phenomenology necessitate an examination of the concept of transcendentalism in a broader historical perspective, which makes it possible to interpret some of the key concepts of critical philosophy and phenomenology as dead metaphors of Ancient Greek philosophy — metaphors that transformed over time into logically preconceived ‘mathemes’. In turn, distinguishing metaphors in the genesis of key univocal terms of critical philosophy and phenomenology provides an opportunity ...
The metaphor as a means of colour and light perception in M. Voloshin’s idiostyle
The poetic texts of M. Voloshin help consider the metaphorical use of mineralogical lexis as a means of light and colour perception. The author identifies the features of semantic and aesthetic realization of these lexemes and stresses their representative function within the structure of poetic images....
Axiological prototype of the conceptual metaphor 'lifetime is a journey'
The article focuses upon cognitive basis and lexical manifestations of the axiological aspect of the spatial time metaphors in the English and Russian languages.
1. Акты Святейшего Тихона, Патриарха Московского и всея России, позднейшие документы и переписка о каноническом ...
Axiology of the everyday in language
Этимологический словарь русского языка. М., 1986. Т. 1.
Культура как система ценностей. М
On the plausibility of claiming a metonymic motivation for conceptual metaphor // Metaphor and Metonymy at the Crossroads / ed.
y A. Barcelona. B., 2000. P. 31—58.
National Corpus. URL
/ (дата обращения: 11.02.2009).
Cope H. F
Levels of Living....
The dream dictionary of G. H. Miller: The structural originality and cognitive models of interpretation
... possibility of homonymy. Gender dependence and subject-object differentiation are identified as important features of dream interpretations in the dictionary. The author describes three mechanisms of semantic transformation behind the dream interpretation: metaphoric conversion, metonymic shift, and pragmatic extension.
1. Берестнев Г. И. Слово, язык и за их пределами. Калининград, 2007.
2. Самый полный сонник Миллера. М., 2013.
Dream interpretation in the Assyrian Dream Book: The invention of tradition
... of dreams in the ancient Assyrian text known as the Dream Book. Its basic characteristics include belief in the prophetic power of dreams, ritual orientation to men, regard for image polysemy and the use of symbols, employment of such mechanisms as metaphor, metonymy, pragmatic shifts, patronymic attraction, replacements based on the antonym principle. These mechanisms are identified as underlying the formation of symbolic content structures.
1. Берестнев Г. И. Слово, язык и ...
Feminization of lexical changes as a problem of gender linguistics
... feminization of lexical changes in the light of gender linguistics. The article analyses the
means of expressing gender in the modern French by studying feministic neologisms which appeared in the language as a result of word-building processes and metaphorical transfer of meaning. In order to prove the universality of the feminization tendency of lexical changes for the European languages the facts of German and English are also assayed.
1. Гак В. Г. Теоретическая грамматика ...
On the Semiotic Model of Image
The article is devoted to the development of a fundamental semiotic model of images that is based on the categorical apparatus of Ch. S. Peirce (on the concepts of Firstness, icon, hypoicon and metaphor). The image is proposed to be defined as a complex sign (two-level hypoicon- metaphor), which has a certain “primary” sign as its sign vehicle that represents the object constituted by all the facts (cases of semiosis) that are similar to ...
Freud’s cognitive and linguistic insights in the theory of dream interpretation
This article stresses the theoretical ‘touching points’ of S. Freud’s theory of dream in¬terpretation and modern cognitive linguistics. The authors stress the relevance of such lin¬guistic transformations as metaphor, metonymy, symbolisation, paronymy, homonymy, language game, and associative networks for Freud’s theory. Moreover, polysemy, initial context conditions, and the transfer of content from one coding into another — from the iconic image system ...
Conceptual metonymy of the structure of the utterance
... моделирования // Вестник Воронежского университета. Сер.: Лингвистика и межкультурная коммуникация. 2014. № 4. С. 31—35.
12. Barcelona A. Clarifying and applying the notions of metaphor and metonymy within cognitive linguistics: An update // Metaphor and metonymy in comparison and contrast. Berlin ; N. Y., 2002. P. 209—277.
13. Fauconnier G. Mental Spaces. Cambridge, 1994.
14. Kövecses Z., Radden G. Metonymy: Developing a ...
Between faith and disbelief: the theme of life and death in Yu. N. Ivanov’s novel Dances in the Crematory: Ten Episodes from the Life of Königsberg
... faith/disbelief, God/devil), which reveal the author’s worldview and integrate semantically different dimensions of the novel — subjective, psychological, moral, philosophical, and fictional ones. These oppositions emphasise the novel’s leitmotif (the metaphor of the road as a person’s life journey) and its central moral-philosophical idea and dilemma — the tragic fate of a person who has chosen the independent path of overcoming death with life. I stress the correlation between the themes of life ...
The Image of the World Revealed In Words: Ludwig Wittgenstein and The Iсonic Semiotics
The article discusses an alternative version of semiotics in which the process of semiosis is based not on metonymic symbolization (substitution), when one entity stands for another, but on the metaphorical (iconic) representation. The author suggests considering iconicity as a basis for relating the signifier and the signified. This relation is understood as a construed one rather than something determined by physical similarity. The basis ...
Text reinterpretation and the motif of transformation in a short form of Internet poetry
... or the entire situation. I identify common transformations, namely: thing → person, person → thing, person → animal, etc. Most frequent is the reciprocal transformation of men and cats. The transformation motif binds objects in the manner of a metaphor.
Dymarskii, M. Ya., 2012. Between genre and creativity, or Toward the formation of a pie-like thinking of a linguistic personality. In: Zhanry rechi: Sbornik nauchnykh statei. Pamyati K. F. Sedova [Speech Genres: Collection of scientific ...
The linguistic representation of subjective time in Florian Illies’s novel Generation Golf zwei
... then socio-political and economic situation in Germany. I conclude that, in the novel, subjective time is usully expressed linguistically by not only traditional temporal markers bus also various textual modifications of the ‘TIME – RESOURCE’ metaphor and the ‘TIME – EVENT’ metonymy. An important landmark in the life of the generation was September 11, 2001, the day of the terrorist attack on the World Trade Centre in New York. That day heralded a transition of German society from spiritual ...
Knowledge Management and the Increase of SME Competitiveness: a Case Study
... Knowledge Management. 2000. Vol. 4, № 2.
15. Malhotra Y. Knowledge Management for E-Business Performance: Advancing Information Strategy to Internet Time. Information Strategy // The Executive’s Journal. 2000.
16. Hicks R., Dattero R., Galup S. A Metaphor for Knowledge Management: Explicit Islands in a Tacit Sea // Journal of Knowledge Management. 2007. Vol. 11, № 1.
17. Sveiby K. E., Simons R. Collaborative Climate and Effectiveness of Knowledge Work- An Empirical Study // Ibid. 2002. Vol....
Acute syndrome of reunification: “Nox” by Thomas Hettche
... novel «Nox» by German writer T. Hettche. The authorreveals «painful points» of the epoch-making historical event at the moment of the heroes' transition from life to death and vice versa. The article analyses a whole variety of developed multilevel metaphors illustrating the painful process of German-German reunification.
Концепт «границы» в романе В. Хильбига «Временное
пристанище» // Вестник ...
The axiology of time in the poem The spanless by B. L. Pasternak
Избранное: в 2 т. Т. 1: Стихотворения и поэмы.
. Этимологический словарь русского языка: в 4 т. М., 1986.
Konnova M. N.
time, space, metaphor, axiology, service, feat.
Philosophy of images of nature in the “eastern” poems of G.G. Byron and “southern” poems of A.S. Pushkin
The images of nature in the poems of the two national geniuses are considered within the opposition of the horizontal/vertical, which is laden with philosophical and metaphorical semantics. Both poets show that, in the absence of spirituality, the true internal freedom sought by the main characters cannot be attained
1. Азадовский К. М. Пейзаж в творчестве К. Д. Фридриха // ...
Semantic invariants of prophetic dreams and signs
... Архетип и символ. М., 1991.
7. Юнг К. Г. Синхронистичность. М. ; Киев, 1997.
8. Даль В. И. Пословицы русского народа : в 2 т. М., 1984. Т. 2.
Evstafieva M. A., Tsvetkova A. A.
metaphor, metonymy, semantics, pragmatics, symbol, prophetic dream, superstitions, synchronicity
Linguistics and dream interpretation in C. G. Jung’s works: The discovery of the method
... interpretation used by C. G. Jung. It is shown that they differ in depth. The surface level of linguistic consciousness is the focus of paronomasic connections between words in dream descriptions. Deeper levels are targeted by semantic mechanisms: associative, metaphorical, and metonymical ones. In these conditions, of special importance is the interpretation of symbols. These mechanisms serve as the basis for C. G. Jung’s method of dream interpretation.
1. Кубрякова Е. С. Парадигмы ...
Historiosophical Prognoses of Nikolai Berdyaev in Intertextual Projection of Gustaw Herling-Grudziński
„Rosyjskość” Herlinga-Grudzińskiego // Herling-Grudziński i krytycy. Lublin, 1997.
na koniec wieku — 2. Warszawa, 1999.
Russian philosophy abroad, historiosophy, “The New Middle Ages” concept, apocalyptical mentality, metaphorical (parabolic) thinking.
The transcendental nature of the language of prophetic texts
... В. Н. Из области теоретической топономастики // Вопросы языкознания. 1962. № 6. С. 3—12.
Berestnev G., Maltseva Ya.
cognitive linguistics, prophetic texts, semantics, semiotics, symbol, metaphor, reference, culture.
The Icon of Time: the Metaphor of Celebration in Russian Culture
1. Вейсман А. Д. Греческо-русский словарь. М., 1991.
2. Вендина Т. И. Из кирилло-мефодиевского наследия в языке русской культуры. М., 2007.
3. Даль В. Толковый словарь живого великорусского языка: в 4 т. М., 1956. Т. 3.
4. Дьяченко Г., свящ. Полный церковно-славянский словарь. М., 2007.
5. Есаулов И. А. Христианский реализм как художественный принцип русской классики // Феномен русской духовности. Калининград, 2007.
6. Ильин И А. Собрание сочинений: в 10 т. М., 1996.
7. Календарь «Православные...
Intermedial text modelling: D. Lodge. Nice Work
... After Bakhtin: Essays on Fiction and Criticism. L. ; N. Y., 1990.
6. Lodge D. The Language of Fiction. L., 2001.
7. Lodge D. The Novelist at the Crossroad and Other Essays on Fiction and Criti-cism L., 1971.
8. Lodge D. The Modes of Modern Writing: Metaphor, Metonymy and the Typo-logy of Modern Literature. Chicago, 1988.
9. Lodge D. Nice Work: A Novel. L., 1988.
10. Connor S. The English Novel in History 1950—1995. L. ; N. Y., 1996.
semiotics, picture poetics, text, discourse,...
The game of Daniel Kehlmann’s novel Measuring the World
... and Gauss – in their research. The exhaustiveness of the scientists’ multidirectional game strategies is ex-plained by a change in their roles: they turn from subjects of the game into its objects ruled by the Nature, Time, and Chance. The central metaphor of gam-bling defines the composition of the novel and its genre, which can be defined as a postmodernist novel about the incomprehensibility of the nature of gen-ius.
1. Барт Р. От произведения к тексту // Барт ...
The images of dreams and symbolic forms of culture
... европейские хроники сновидений. М., 2002.
12. Юнг К. Г. Воспоминания. Сновидения. Размышления. Киев, 1994.
symbol, semantics, semiotics, dreams, image, cognitive linguistics, culture, metaphor, metonymy, pragmatics, paronomasia
Explication of autobiographical memories in Herman Hesse’s short stories
... Hesse H. Eugen Siegel // Ibid. S. 56—64.
14. Karell V., Keh H. Geschichte der deutschen Literatur. Bamberg, 1974.
Bondareva L. M.
autobiographical component, autobiographical texts, reconstruction of the past, memory, reminiscence, obliviscence, metaphor, lexical and grammatical means
The textual concept "the society of consumption" in the novel "99 francs" by Frederic Beigbeder
... provides the analysis of the macroconcept structure of the "society of consumption" in the novel "99 Francs" by a contemporary French writer Frederic Beigbeder. The paper reveals the ideological role of advertising as a socio-cultural metaphor of the society in question, whose main characteristic features are anomie and callousness.
1. Бодрийяр Ж. Система вещей. М., 2001.
2. Болотнова Н. С. Когнитивное направление в лингвистическом ...
Temporal category of ‘the everyday’ (axiological aspect)
Lakoff G., Johnson M.
Philosophy in the flesh. N.
Thesaurus of English.
of Everyday Life / ed. by A. Light.
Konnova M. N.
category, concept, conceptual metaphor, humdrum, moral life, devotion, eternity.
Visual modeling of group processes in decision-making by a small team of experts
(дата обращения: 20.06.2017).
9. Сиббет Д. Увидеть решение: Визуальные методы управления бизнесом. М., 2016.
10. Sicinski A. Categories Visual Metaphor: Bridging the Gap. URL:
(дата обращения: 20.06.2017).
11. Рикер П. Метафорический процесс как познание, воображение ...
The image schema of “border” and its lexical representations in the Russian language: modifications of space
... русского языка : в 4 т. / под ред. Д. Н. Ушакова. URL:http://ushdict.narod.ru (дата обращения: 20.03.2012).
Russian language, modern period of language development, cognitive
semantics, space, metaphor, image schema.
Concept “colour” (white): based on Russian and German proverbs
URL: http://www. alle-sprichwoerter. de/cgi-bin/selector. cgi#.
in zwölf Bänden. Mannheim; Leipzig; Wien; Zürich, 2002. Bd. 11.
Shesterkina N. V.
ethnic culture, concept, proverbs, connotations, metaphors
The linguistic paradigm in Kant studies
... summarizes current findings on the philosopher’s style and language. It is shown that the analysis of Kant’s linguistic creativity (new terms, syntactic models, utterance structures, communicative speech structure, modality, text generation mechanisms, metaphors, and pragmatics) can be paired with the study of the verbal-semantic, cognitive, and motivational levels of the philosopher’s linguistic persona. The author stresses the importance of the linguistic investigations of philosophical texts for ...
Ex ungue leonem: intertextual links between Nikolai Kononov’s novel Parade and Jorge Luis Borges’s story Tlön, Uqbar, Orbis Tertius
... Borges is the pretext of Nikolay Kononv’s novel “Parade” (2015). The author shows, how Kononov reproduces and, at the same time, develops the main themes from Borges’ story, resorting to geographical and anagrammatic codes, the principle of metaphorical reflection and a play upon words. The researcher interprets the hidden codes in the novel “Parade”, deciphers the names of characters, reveals allusions to the work “The City of the Sun” by Tommaso Campanella, reconstructs the semantic ...
Linguocultural Transfer: Memplexes in the Anglo-Saxon Tradition
... 2017. Bog kak illyuziya [The God delusion]. St. Petersburg.
9. Zal'tsman, L. F., 2009. Zhizn' v Anglii v Srednie veka [Life in England in the early Middle Ages]. St. Petersburg.
10. Zolyan, S. T., Zhdanov, R. I., 2016. Genome as a (hyper) text: from metaphor to theory. Kritika i semiotika [Critique and Semiotics], 1, p. 60—84.
11. Feshchenko, V. V., Azarova, N. M., Bochaver, S. Yu., eds., 2016. Lingvistika i semiotika kul'turnykh transferov: metody, printsipy, tekhnologii [Linguistics and semiotics ...
The mutual similarity of meanings and structures in a literary text
... described before. It is shown that the fragments of a literary text that are perceived as impressive, aphoristic, etc., tend to have a set of recurrent features. Firstly, in such fragments, there often is mutual reflectedness of meanings (it emerges in metaphors, similes, parallelisms, or juxtapositions of contradictory notions). Second, mutual reflectedness goes through pronounced detrivialization, i.e it is emphasised using special means, one of which is the ostentatious intricacy of the text usually ...