Cognitive training as a method of developing cognitive functions in young athletes
The relevance of the study is determined by the importance of cognitive functions for high performance in sports. Cognitive training is one of the ways to develop cognitive functions. The study shows a positive influence of the method proposed on the state of cognitive functions in young athletes in the recovery ...
A literary image as a cognitive phenomenon
The article is an attempt to examine the terms «image» and «literary image» as a concept of cognitive science (in humanities: linguistics, psychology, cognitive studies, literary studies). It analyses different approaches to defining these terms, aiming at focusing on a cognitive definition of image. The article contains an overview of the analysis ...
Categorization as a basic cognitive procedure
The article provides an overview of the existing theories of categorization and their critical analysis categorization is a basic cognitive process, providing a basis for a variety of cognitive activities. The author tracks down the evolution of different theories of categorization and their interpretation.
О смысле категории
Integrated approach to the event frame analysis
The author analyses different approaches to the conceptualization of events in cognitive science, describes the types of events and their structure. Special attention is given to the integration of the frame analysis tools and corpora data and the opportunities this combination presents for analyzing the process of event conceptualization....
Frames in discourse analysis
This article focuses on frame analysis, which provides a communicative framework for the meaning formation and interpretation in a discourse. The correlation between the usage of linguistic structures and cognitive environ-ment of the sender and recipient is analysed. The structure of the frame model of a discourse as a cognitive space formed in view of the recipient’s relevance is described. Special attention is given to the process of conceptual integration ...
Ontological taxonomy as a means to inventory the elements of the semantic metalanguage of cognitive analysis (based on E. V. Rakhilina’s monograph Cognitive Analysis of Object Names (Semantics and Collocations))
In this work, I address the problems of inventorying the semantic metalanguage used in cognitive analysis to describe the meaning and collocation characteristics of object names. I establish correlations between elements of the semantic metalanguage to explain the meanings of linguistic units and speech sections in E. V. Rakhilina’s monograph ...
Action-thoughts and the genesis of time in linguistic semiosis
The genesis of time is explained in the spirit of constructivism combined with the activity approach to cognition. The cardinal temporal categories of present, past, and future are discussed in terms of action-thoughts understood as elementary units of activity whose structure is determined by linguistic semiosis. Husserl’s tripartite model of the phenomenology ...
Conceptualisation of transfer and translation in modern linguistics
... cultural transfer approaches. The paper shows how scholars conceptualise translation and how the concept of translation transforms. The differences between the above-mentioned schools relate to the way translation is perceived; they also show which cognitive operations or procedures each linguistic paradigm identifies as priority ones. The understanding of translation corresponds to different cognitive operations — shared knowledge is important for structuralism, perspectivisation is relevant ...
Ergonomics and the translation process
... provide an appropriate framework to understand the impact of such factors on the demanding bilingual activity that translators engage in. Because their work requires close attention and concentration, translators have to exert energy and ultimately cognitive resources to compensate for the distraction of any physical discomfort, delays in computer responsiveness, or frustration with organizational problems. In this article, the relevance of ergonomics and the implications of putting the translator ...
Translating philosophical aesthetics: Peritext as a window into the translator's mind. Part 2
... terms which are often either invented or re-conceptualized by the scholar and then need to be re-contextualized by the translator. Seeking to reflect on translation as a heuristic process, this paper will focus on the resolution of the potential cognitive dissonance and the translator’s justification of sense-oriented strategies in dealing with such key concepts as ‘connoisseur’, ‘grace’, ‘sublime’, and ‘je ne sçai quoi’ in the translation of the seminal work on the philosophy ...
Kantian motives in logic and philosophy of science. The idea of unity of a priory and empirical elements of cognition
Kant insisted on the inherent unity of a priori and empirical elements of cognition. To what extent further progress of philosophy and exact sciences confirmed (or modified) original Kant ideas? I'm inclined to judge that apriorism in its modest version does not contradict a modest type of empiricism. Real practice of logical ...
‘Theory of mind’ in explaining verbal and cognitive dysfunctions in autistic children and its experimental test
This article considers the main principles of ‘theory of mind’ as a cognitive theory explaining verbal and cognitive dysfunctions in children with autism spectrum disorder. The article presents some results of testing this theory through a psycholinguistic experiment that involved 16 students from special schools. It ...
A cognitive approach to argumentation and message produc-tion
This article compares a cognitive approach to argumentation with message production. The author distinguishes between two kinds of cognitive approaches to argumentation. Certain similarities and differences between D. Hample’s and V. Bryushinkin’s concepts are analysed. ...
Ambiguity matters in linguistics and translation
... disambiguation may occur for a variety of reasons: the translator and\or the recipient may have a wrong reference, have insufficient background knowledge to resolve the ambiguity or make wrong inferences since each recipient bears a different combination of cognitive, axiological, social, professional and gender attributes.
Apresjan, Yu., 1974. Leksicheskaya semantika: sinonimicheskie sredstva yazyka [Lexical semantics: synonymous means of language]. Russia, Moscow: Nauka (in Russ.).
Poetry as a space for cognitive research: Czesław Miłosz and Howard Nemerov
... House by Howard Nemerov), the author examines the possibilities of thinking about cognitive problems in the space of poetry. Reincarnating as their characters (philosopher and artist), Miłosz and Nemerov work in the subject area of professional cognitive scientists, they reproduce the process of analytical thinking.
The article studies the poetic cognitive schemes that create a mental image of reality. Cz. Miłosz and H. Nemerov build a similar route for the verbal representation of the ...
Anagrammatic structures in the semiotic aspect
This article considers the functional features and deep cognitive foundations of ana¬grammatic structures in verbal texts. The traditional perspective on the phenomenon is defined as a general sign-based one: anagrammatic structures are examined in music and mathematics. It is concluded that anagrams are ...
Kantian motives in logic and philosophy of science. Idea of Unity of a priory and empirical knowledge
Kant insisted on the inherent unity of a priori and empirical elements of cognition. To what extent further progress of philosophy and exact sciences confirmed (or modified) original Kant ideas? I'm inclined to judge that apriorism in its modest version do not contradict to modest type of empiricism. Real practice of logical ...
Cognitive scheme or concept: towards the determination of dynamic model of knowledge
In the article the main emphasis is placed on the determination of procedural approach to the study of conceptual knowledge. With this aim the possibility of using cognitive schemes in analyzing ethno-cultural knowledge is discussed. The comparative association experiments serve as a basis for the reconstruction of cognitive schemes of information processing in different cultures. The comparative analysis of such ...
The integration of the motion and cognitive activities of preschool children
This article emphasises the need to integrate preschool students' physical and cognitive activities as a cohesive system of knowledge, actions and cognitive approaches, learning targets, and the means and methods of teaching.
Характеристика модульной интегрированной ...
Metaphorisation as a pattern of term formation in Russian and English within the semantic field “Insurance”
Term formation is viewed through the cognitive linguistics paradigm. The term is characterized as a semeiotic model correlating with a certain cognitive discourse pattern. Metaphorisation is defined as the nomination pattern. In the following article we tried to pick out the major cognitive ...
A theoretical and methodological framework for the cognitive approach to word formation studies
The present-day stage of scientific knowledge is characterized by a shift of research aims in different scientific spheres to the cognitive aspects of linguistic phenomena. The cognitive approach to research on word-formation processes is supported by many linguists; however, still being insufficiently developed, it requires a systematization of new methodological tools. The author ...
Comparative analysis of the epistemological language in translation
The article presents a comparative analysis of the translation of basic epistemological terms and attempts to analyse cognitive factors underlying the construction of meaning in the translation process. Apart from linguistic expertise, the translation of philosophical texts requires a profound understading of the subject matter. Ambiguity of philosophical terms, which ...
Cognitive and pragmatic aspects of German social-political discourse
The German social-political discourse is regarded to be a cognitive space with its certain structure and dynamic character, it can be studied from both syncronistic and dyachronistic points of view.
Когнитивная лингвистика и проблемы композиционной ...
Freud’s cognitive and linguistic insights in the theory of dream interpretation
This article stresses the theoretical ‘touching points’ of S. Freud’s theory of dream in¬terpretation and modern cognitive linguistics. The authors stress the relevance of such lin¬guistic transformations as metaphor, metonymy, symbolisation, paronymy, homonymy, language game, and associative networks for Freud’s theory. Moreover, polysemy, initial context conditions,...
Metaphoric nominations of MAN and WOMAN in the English substandard
The article describes the results of the cognitive analysis of metaphoric nominations of man and woman in the substandard of English. The approach to the analysis of cognitive metaphors is based on G. Lakoff and M. Johnson’s works.
1. Блэк М. Метафора // Теория метафоры....
Project-based learning as a means of developing cognitive abilities of exchange medical students
The article presents the authors ' experience in the development and implementation of design methods to the development of cognitive abilities among foreign medical students. The main idea of the authors consists in the possibility and the need to develop foreign language students ' abilities to cognitive, emotional-evaluative and transformative activities in the learning ...
The structure and functions of cognitive self-esteem of primary school children
The article considers the structural-summarizing and procedural characteristics of the cognitive self-esteem of primary school children.
Психология отношений / под ред. А.
А. Бодалева. М.; Воронеж, 1998.
Conceptual modelling of the process of polysemy solution using the corps
... linguistic analysis when done on the basis of a natural language corpus produces results of much higher accuracy and a higher degree of representation. The use of corpora opens up new possibilities for investigating the mechanisms of the formation of the cognitive structure of a polysemous word, as well as facilitates the identification of individual senses. The author proposes a probabilistic conceptual model (algorithm) of cognitive operations underlying the process of word sense disambiguation.
Cognitive and speech characteristics of an author of a mnemonic text
The focus of the article is on various aspects of the creative identity of an author of a mnemonic text represented by the concept of cognitive and communicative subject. The features of the author’s cognitive, communicative, discursive, and linguistic identities are described and the ways of their representation are shown in the case of the memoirs of the Lithuanian writer B. Sruoga ...
A correlation between the components of attitude towards health behaviour in adult students
... analyses the results of an empirical study of the structure of attitudes towards health behaviour in students of the age of 25—35 carried out with the help of a psychological questionnaire. The author stresses the disharmony in the development of cognitive, emotional-evaluative, and conativebehavioural components of health attitude. The conclusion is made that the prevalence of the cognitive component of the attitude does not ensure a strong attitude towards health behaviour.
1. Журавлева ...
Maimon’s critique of I. Kant’s theory of analytic judge-ments
... reduced them to the extraction of something, which the thinking had already ins erted in to the concept, from the same concept. Maimon proposed his own formulation of the difference between analytic and synthetic judgments, based on his theory of a real cognition as of a connection of a definable (subject) and a definition (predicate). According to this formulation, he defined analytic judgments as the ones in which thinking proceeded from a given definite to the definable that is contained in it. Therefore ...
Intellectualization of operational and technological control of regional electric power by cognitive hybrid intelligent systems. Part 1
... operator is the operational work with an image in intelligent complex dynamic control systems of a directly not perceptible object and projecting information from the outside onto this image. In this regard, the development of computer imitation of cognitive formations will lead to an increase in human intelligence in operational work, by supplementing the operator's natural abilities to process operational and technological information by software and hardware (mechanisms) that expand human ...
Kant versus Vladimir Solovyov: gnosiology with reflection and without it
This article seeks to compare Immanuel Kant's and Vladimir Solovyov's gnosiologies. The comparison is based on the philosophers' attitude to reflection — a basic cognitive mechanism. If, according to Kant, the acquisition of true knowledge is impossible without reflection (including transcendental reflection), Solovyov builds his theory of knowledge on entirely different grounds, therefore, he has to rely on God ...
Critical survey of some cognitive semantic theories in the dynamic semantic context by A. F. Losev
The article provides a critical analysis of some cognitive semantics theories, particularly the prototype theory and the theory of dynamic construal. It is stated that the source of the theory of dynamic conceptual semantics were formulated in the works by A. F. Losev and G. Guillaume’s mental grammar....
“The Turn towards Ontology” in Russian Neo-Kantianism in the Late 1910s and Early 1920s (Lev Salagov and Nikolai Boldyrev)
... Neo-Kantians Lev Salagov and Nikolai Boldyrev. Their philosophical concepts share the tendency to transpose epistemological problems to ontology, and to identify and bring closer together epistemology and ontology. Russian philosophers ontologise the theory of cognition through the analysis of subjectivity, the complete elimination of psychological motives and the separation of transcendentalism from transcendentism. These principles enable Salagov to ground a three-part structure of cognition (consciousness,...
Literary dreams from the cognitive perspective
This article solves the problem of identifying cognitive tactics developed in literary dreams. These include content dependence on the context, possible reproduction of future events, special significance on reproduced events, symbolic representation, the need for interpreter, etc. The obtained comparative ...
Concept integration modelling as a means of phraseological unit formation
The paper focuses on cognitive processes of phraseological units (colour terms) formation based on the theories of the conceptual metaphor and conceptual integration. Special attention is given to the modified units the meaning of which cannot be inferred from their components....
Cognitive space of the Russian romance
... a short history of the term “romance” and the genre of Russian romance, describes the problems of studying the romance. Russian romance is presented as a social-cognitive construct with a particular set of historically and culturally conditioned cognitive indicators. A comparative analysis of the texts of the Russian romance and Russian lyrical songs revealed the national characteristics of the lyric song, as well as the cognitive characteristics peculiar to the romance: focus on feelings, ...
Kantian Motives in Neuroscience
Review: Valentin A. Bazhanov, Brain — Culture — Society: Kantian Programme in Cognitive Science. Moscow: Kanon+ ROOI “Reabilitatsiya”, 2019, 288 pp.
Bazhanov, V. A., 2019. Brain — Culture — Society: Kantian Programme in Cognitive Science. Moscow: Kanon+ ROOI “Reabilitatsiya”. (In Rus.)
Lorenz, K., 1982. Kant’s ...
Patterns and principles of formation a cognitive self-appraisal in primary school students
This article considers the patterns and principles of formation of cognitive self-appraisal in primary school students identified on the basis of analysisng the laws of dialectics and scientific literature.
Философия образования для XXI века. (В ...
Some aspects of the cognitive theory of polysemy
... лексической семантики. СПб., 19
Caramazza A., Grober E.
Polysemy and the structure of the subjective lexicon // Semantics: theory and application /ed. by C. Rameh. Washington, 1976. P. 181
Polysemy and cognition // Lingua 75. 1988. P. 325 —361.
The body in the mind: the bodily basis of meaning, imagination, and reason. Chicago; L
Inheriting polysemy /
University of Sussex. Brighten,
The features of the English speech of Russian native speakers: The cognitive aspect
This paper is devoted to the influence of cognitive factors on the foreign language speech structure. Native Russian speakers tend to copy the native system of morphological and semantic-syntactic patterns in their English speech, which results in deviations from the authentic English norms. ...
Semiotic Hybridisation as the Basis of Internet Meme Semantics
... Fauconnier and M. Turner can provide a theoretical foundation for the analysis of semiotic hybridization. English internet memes are used as examples to illustrate the main research findings.
Golubkova, E. E., 2012. Discursive component in studies on cognitive semantics. Vestnik Moskovskogo gosudarstvennogo lingvisticheskogo universiteta [Bulletin of the Moscow State Linguistic University], 5 (638), pp. 90—98 (in Russ.).
Bocharnikova, E. A., 2011. Conceptual integration as the main cognitive mechanism ...
The basic concepts of F. A. Stepun's philosophy of history
This article is dedicated to Fyodor Stepun's history of philosophy. The author concentrates on the problems of methodology of historical cognition and traces neo-Kantian motifs in the oeuvre of the Russian philosopher.
1. Степун Ф. А. Г. П. Федотов // Степун Ф. А. Соч. М., 2000. С. 747—761.
2. Степун Ф. А. Идея России и формы ее ...
The images of dreams and symbolic forms of culture
This article addresses the issue of the underlying cognitive unity of the symbolic forms of culture and the symbols of “prophetic” dreams. In this connection, the author justifies, in particular, the introduction of similar objects in the object area of modern cognitive linguistics, gives a definition ...
The “personal-social” antinomy as a mechanism for analysing and assessing pedagogical studies on developing cognitive interests in cadets
Using the “personal-social” antinomy, the author analyses the results of a historical and pedagogical reconstruction of the 1960s— 80s theoretical and practical studies on the development of cognitive interests in cadets within the training process at military schools. The analysis helps to identify the conditions for critical and creative application of these results in humanising the system of military education in modern Russia.
1. Артемьева ...
Das teleologische Prinzip der Erkenntnis im Kontext der „Kritik der praktischen Vernunft“ Kants
Through the difference between the first and the second variants of «The Introduction» to «The Critique of Judgement», the author shows the epistemological meaning of teleological principle revealed by Kant in the cognition of nature.
1. Кант И. Первое введение в Критику способности суждения // Собр. соч.: в 6 т. М., 1966. Т. 5. С. 99—159.
2. Кант И. Критика способности суждения....
Image, eidos, figura, pattern. How words help to recognize patterns and understand their reference and sense?
The article explores the process of image recognition. The author analyses everyday language to identify correlattions between cognitive patterns of the image and a set of alternative etymons and cognitive patterns in Russian and other languages — Greek, Latin, English, German. Links between them form a vast conceptual space associated with image recognition. The author proposes ...
Consilience or fragmentation in Translation Studies today?
... of the emergence of different kinds of translation practices, research questions and new technologies, but also of different epistemological and ontological assumptions about the object of study. Four major areas are outlined: linguistic, cultural, cognitive and sociological. Connections between them are briefly discussed, but the main tendency has been one of fragmentation. Perhaps this does not matter?
Abdallah, K., 2012. Translators in Production Networks. Reflections on agency, quality ...
A transcendental analysis of mathematics: The constructive nature of mathematics
Kant’s transcendental philosophy (transcendentalism) focuses on both the human method of cognition in general [CPR, B 25] and certain types of cognition aimed at justifying their objective significance. This article aims to explicate Kant’s understanding (resp. justification) of the abstract nature of mathematical knowledge (cognition) ...