John Rawls’ interpretation of categorical imperative in “Theory of Justice”
John Rawls’s interpretation of Kant’s categorical imperative is reviewed, some significant aspects of Rawls’ treatment of key notions of rationality, interests and ends are revealed, which limit the possibilities of application of Kantian ethics within Rawls’ liberal egalitarianism.
1. Калинников Л. А. Категорический императив и телеологический метод // Кантовский сборник. 1988. С. 25—38. Вып. 13.
2. Кант И. Основы метафизики нравственности // Соч.: в 6 т. М., 1964. Т. 4 (1). С. 219—310.
Reception of Kant’s Epistemological Ideas in Fyodor Golubinsky’s Metaphysics
Kant’s views on space and time as well as his doctrine of the categories of understanding attracted the attention of thinkers belonging to the Russian spiritual-academic philosophical tradition of the nineteenth and early twentieth centuries. A prominent representative of these was Fyodor Golubinsky. He was among ...
The justification of legal punishment in Kant’s philosophy
The subject matter of the article is the problem of justification of punishment within Kant’s practical philosophy. Modern interpretations tend to reduce this problem to the issue of “retributivism”: To what extent is Kant’s theory of punishment to be regarded as retributivist? While acknowledging the significance of this question the author stresses a more fundamental one lying behind it: Is a non-contradictory theory of punishment conceivable at all within Kant’s philosophy? It is demonstrated...
Kants Freiheitsargument. Diskussion von Heiko Puls: Sittliches Bewusstsein und Kategorischer Imperativ in Kants Grundlegung: Ein Kommentar zum dritten Abschnitt. Berlin und Boston: De Gruyter, 2016. 318 S.
Heiko Puls’ work Sittliches Bewusstsein und Kategorischer Imperativ in Kants Grundlegung: Ein Kommentar zum dritten Abschnitt, presents an attempt to show that, in the Groundwork of the Metaphysics of Morals, Kant’s argumentation for the objective value of the categorical imperative is almost based upon the same principle as the one presented in the second Critique. More precisely, Puls claims that, like in the Critique of Practical Reason, the Groundwork operates with some kind of fact of reason-theory...
Kant's philosophical ideas in Rober Nozik's political theory
Robert Nozik's political theory contains an attempt to utilize Kant's notion of individual freedom and the second formula of his categorical imperative (“the principle of humanity as an end in itself”) for the justification of his libertarian “minimal state”. This article analyses and criticizes this attempt on the following grounds: a) the anthropological models of Kant's and Nozik's theories are incommensurable; b) different notions of human nature result in different understandings of freedom...
Absoluter Wert in Kants Grundlegung zur Metaphysik der Sitten
In the second section of the Groundwork for the Metaphysics of Morals, Kant introduces the concept of an end in itself and defines it as something whose existence has an absolute value. He continues with the assertion that the ground of a possible categorical imperative lies solely in this end in itself. Now Kant, in his remarks on the realm of ends, also operates with the notions of an end in itself and absolute value — seemingly in a different way, however. Thus, in the remarks on the realm of...
Kant's categorical imperative as a subject of critical analysis
This article is an attempt at a comprehensive analysis of the core of Kant's ethics — the categorical imperative. The author considers and analyses critical comments of different philosophers and specialists in Kant's philosophy regarding the categorical imperative.
1. Alquié F. La morale de Kant. Paris, 1974.
2. Cohen H. Begründung der Ethik. Berlin, 1910.
3. Pothast J. Die Unzulänglichkeit der Freiheitsleweise. Frankfurt a/M, 1980.
4. Дробницкий О. Г. Кант — этик и моралист // Вопросы философии...
Immanuel Kant: freedom, sin, forgiveness
This article offers a comparative analysis of Kant's moral philosophy and the philosophy of Sade revealing the paradoxes of the categorical imperative. The satisfaction of the requirement of the categorical imperative is, on the one hand, a single and unique act and, on the other hand, a permanent and universal one. Although the familiarity with the categorical imperative does not always result in a moral action, the familiarity itself alongside the idea of forgiveness may be considered as a manifestation...
The Emergence of Onto-Gnoseology among Russian Intuitivists as Criticism of Neo-Kantianism
... closer together. One can observe this process, for example, in the philosophical doctrines of the Russian intuitivists Nikolay Lossky and Semyon Frank. I demonstrate that the emergence of these doctrines and the development of their onto-gnoseological categorial apparatus were mainly connected with the criticism of the Neo-Kantian theory of cognition and the possibility of transcendent knowledge as such. The main sources of my study are The Intuitive Basis of Knowledge and The World as an Organic Whole ...
The Problem of the Relationship between Apperception, Self-Consciousness and Consciousness in Kant’s Critical Philosophy
... faculties. The importance of this problem stems from the colossal significance of each of the above-mentioned faculties which are intimately connected with Kant’s formulation of the key tasks of transcendental philosophy. The prime task is to discover the categories of understanding and to prove the legitimacy of their use, a task that is further complicated by the difference between the editions of the Critique of Pure Reason in terms of the argumentation in the section on the deduction of categories ...
Kategorische Rechtsprinzipien in Zeiten der Postmoderne. Interview mit Prof. Dr Otfried Höffe
This interview explores the extent to which Kant’s philosophy, which postulates certain moral principles categorically, has influenced the contemporary theory of justice. Many academics believe such principles to be relative and emphasise that justice lies beyond the remit of science. Otfried Höffe is convinced that categorical legal principles remain a valid subject for an academic discussion. In his works, he often appeals to Kantian philosophy. In the interview, Prof. Dr. О. Höffe refers to such...
The categorical imperative of the karma-yogin
This article offers a comparison of certain fundamental ethical ideas of Eastern philosophical traditions with Kant's categorical imperative aiming to corroborate the thesis about the moral unity of humanity and give a moral assessment of the state of Russian society.
1. Вивекананда С. Карма-йога. Пг., 1916.
2. Дао дэ цзин / пер. Ян Хин-шуна. СПб., 2011.
3. Кант И. Основы метафизики нравственности // Кант И. Соч. : в 6 т. М., 1965. Т. 4, ч. 1. С. 219—310.
4. Малявин В. Конфуций. М., 1992.
Some remarks on the concept and function of Kant’s theory of schematism in the Critique of Pure Reason
... distinguishing the Doctrine of Schematism from the Deduction of the Pure Concepts of the Understanding. This provides clarity on the function of schematism. The author conceives of schematism as something entirely new to the Transcendental Deduction of the Categories, namely, as preparation for the use of categories as predicates in sentences known as the ‘Principles of Understanding’ referring to phaenomena (appearances in time and space) rather than the undetermined concept of objects in general. ...
I. Kant’s and E. Husserl’s practical philosophy
This article focuses on the problem of reconciling a priori and empirical dimensions of freedom, will, and action as the crucial point for understanding the relationship between theoretical and practical reason in Kant’s and Husserl’s practical philosophy. Relying on the explanation of the relationship between transcendental and practical freedom given in Kant's practical philosophy, the author problematizes Kant’s thesis about the primacy of practical reason. This is the starting point and leitmotif...
The subjects of legal monitoring of Justice of the Peace
... in accordance with legal norms, criteria for the lawfulness of the implementation of actions, restrictions. Manifestations of positive legal responsibility should be sought not in specific legal norms, but in the legislatively established valuation categories. Evaluation categories act as a measure of discretion in the exercise of subjective rights, when the dispute is resolved by the law enforcer.
1. Чепус А. В. Теория позитивной юридической ответственности....
Ideas of Kant’s theoretical philosophy in Peirce’s graph theory
... him to the problem of cognition and increment of knowledge. Peirce was never a Kantian but the oeuvre of the Königsberg philosopher had a profound effect on all of his further works. The major elements of Kant’s theory (transcendental deduction of categories, classification of judgements, synthetic and analytic judgement dichotomy, etc.) were substantially modified by Peirce. He reduced the number of categories, changed their content, and transformed analytic and synthetic judgements into ampliative ...
The study of the organization of the concept ‘system’ in the Russian language consciousness
The article analyses certain types and results of the categorization of system objects reflected in the modern Russian language. Using methods of traditional and cognitive semantics, the author explores linguistic representations of categorization levels in the understanding of the ‘system’ phenomenon. The author attempts to correlate the identified classification rubrics with various knowledge formats as well as to consider the structure and content of these rubrics in the context of everyday and...
On poetic emotiology in poetry and beyond
... emotives — linguistic signs of emotions. The part of the article that deals with poetry interprets emotives in multiple aspects: in the aspect of the grammar of poetic language and in their figurative representation. Within the frames of such grammatical categories as the imperative and subjunctive moods, emotives acquire typologically significant cognitive and semantic characteristics: a drive to display emotions, desire and the unattainability of the desired. The semantic features of emotives are revealed ...
God’s Law or Categorical Imperative: on Crusian Issues of Kantian Morality
The ethics of Kant and the ethics of Crusius are strikingly similar. This is manifested in a whole range of principles and concepts. Crusius’ moral teaching hinges on the rigorous moral law which has to be obeyed absolutely, and which makes it different from other prescriptions that are binding only to a relative degree. This is very close to the Kantian distinction between hypothetical and categorical imperatives. Another salient feature of Crusius’ moral teaching is the stress laid on the sphere...
Operational thinking in the structure of the diagnostic thinking of a modern teacher-psychologist
Diagnostic thinking is a vital professional component of many occupations, in particular, of a teacher-psychologist. The purpose of the study was to identify the place and role of various mental operations in the structure of diagnostic search carried out by a teacher-psychologist. The article explores cognitive operations used by a teacher-psychologist within the framework of a diagnostic algorithm. These operations are differentiated for various stages of diagnosis; their priorities are established...
Darwinism as the Missing Link in Kant’s Critical Philosophy
... dictates, however, a substantial restructuring of the latter since some of its key elements prove to be weak in the light of modern studies and need to be revised or even reversed. The first reversal explored in this article determines the origin of the categories which are now revealed not “from the top down” where Kant sought them, i. e. not in logical functions in accordance with metaphysical deduction and not in self-consciousness as transcendental deduction claims, but “from the bottom up” ...
Conceptual-Visual Basis of Functional Hybrid Intelligent Diagnostic Systems
The paper considers the elements and specialities of the diagnostic in the medical field. There is also proposed the categorical kernel of the functional hybrid intellectual diagnostic systems with cognitive visualization of problems in medicine. Such systems would give the opportunity to smooth the conflicting symptomatic data and would make the processes of negotiation of the diagnostic problem visible and contrastive.
1. Румовская С. Б., Колесников А. В., Кириков И. А. Моделирование коллективных...
Social media interfaces as a representation of cultural meanings
... meanings are employed in the users’ virtual self-presentation. I analysed Facebook and VKontakte – two large social media platforms originating from the countries with different cultural values and social expectations. My focus was on the principal categories of identification and virtual self-presentation. These are gender, sexuality, marital status, attitudes, and personal preferences. The comparative analysis of interfaces was carried out from the perspective of a change in the linguistic projection ...
On logical errors in Kant's table of judgements
... Cambridge University Press, 2005.
8. Reich K. Die Vollständigkeit der Kantischen Urteilstafel. Dritte Auflage. Hamburg:Felix Meiner Verlag, 1986.
9. Reich K. The Completeness of Kant's Table of Judgments. Stanford University Press, 1992.
10. Ryle G. Categories // Ryle G. Collected Papers. Vol. 2: Collected Essays. New York: Barnes and Noble, 1971.
11. Tonelli G. Die Voraussetzungen zur Kantischen Urteilstafel in der Logik des 18.Jahrhundert // Kritik und Metaphysik. Studien. Heinz Heimsoeth zum ...
Transcendental logic and analytic of concepts
13. Jansohn H. Kants Lehre von der Subjektivität. Bonn, 1969.
14. Rohs P. Transzendentale Logik. Meisenheim am Glan, 1976.
15. Swing T. K. Kant’s Transcendental Logic. New Haven; London, 1969.
pure synthesis, constituting of an object, table of categories, deduction of categories, functions, structure, rules and principles of transcendental logic
Semyonov V. Ye.
Some features of love and amorousness concepts in religious youth
... structure has led to identifying differences in the notions of love and amorousness among nonbelieving and believing respondents — members of the Protestant community. In the basis of the differences in the concept of love, respondents have followed the categories of "sacrifice", "god", "negative consequences". The hierarchy of coinciding categories in the respondents' views has reflected differences in two samples. The category of "physical intimacy" has been ...
Traditional Structures in Contemporary Chinese Poetry
This paper analyses structures typical of the classical Chinese poetry and the way they are used in contemporary Chinese verse. The analysis aims to demonstrate the work of traditional textual mechanisms in contemporary Chinese poetry and to describe their functional features. Poems by Dai Weina, Han Bo, Tashi Tentso, and Zhang Zao employ linguistic means that simultaneously engage several levels of utterances. These linguistic means include non-trivial semantic links created by means of phonographics...
Integrated approach to the event frame analysis
... Hafri A., Papafragou A., Trueswell J. C. Getting the gist of events: Recognition of two-participant actions from brief displays // Journal of Experimental Psychology: General 142. 2013. P. 880—905.
21. Lakoff G. Women, fire and dangerous things: what categories reveal about the mind. Chicago, 1987.
22. Langacke R. W. An Overview of Cognitive Grammar. Vol. 2. Stanford, CA, 1988. P. 9—47.
23. Langacker R. W. Concept, Image and Symbol: The Cognitive Basis of Grammar. Berlin ; N. Y., 1990.
24. Langacker ...
Kant’s aesthetic theory in the light of H. G. Gadamer’s hermeneutic project
... some aspects. This article is an attempt to establish the connection between the two systems. Special attention is paid to the fundamental differences between the theories and their common principles. Unlike Gadamer, Kant focuses on general aesthetic categories and aesthetic perception rather than artistic phenomena. Kant’s thesis about ‘disinterested liking’ and the correlation between Kant’s definitions of art and cognition are considered. Kant distinguishes between aesthetic judgment and ...
The genesis of the subject in syntax as a manifestation of verbal and logical thinking
... разработка и учебные задания к спецкурсу «Грамматическая синонимия». Л., 1984.
Ieronova I., Soskina S.
thinking type, grammatical sentence, in-phrasal and out-phrasal morphology, grammatical categories, logical categories, inference, incidence, communication type, subject formation, cognitive evolution
How transcendental are Kant’s principles of public law?
This article presents a comprehensive analysis of the content, meaning, and scenarios of applying the transcendental principles of public law formulated in the second appendix to Kant’s treatise Toward Perpetual Peace. The author compares different interpretations of these principles by Russian and international researchers. The article strives to answer the question as to what type of ‘public’ is meant by these principles, whether these principles can serve as a priori criteria for selecting maxims...
A situational approach to building social managerial expert systems
The article presents the author’s view on modelling an expert system through the implementation of one of social paradigms. Such categories as ‘governance’, ‘leadership’, and ‘leadership management’ are identified as indicators of management interactions. Each of the categories is operationalized and provided with a detailed description, which includes autonomous social ...
The semantic category of affectedness and its syntactic realisation
This article deals with affectedness, a semantic category which underlies particular syntactic phenomena determining syntactic rules and tendencies but having no morphological markers, not unlike other covert categories. It is relevant to direct object selection in various languages, be-passives and getpassives in English, some types of impersonal sentences in Russian, etc.,which reflects general typological patterns.
1. Арутюнова Н. Д. Введение ...
Linguodidactics as a science and a discipline within professional language training
The key component of lifelong self-education of a linguist is individual learning of foreign languages. The science that studies theory of individual (foreign) language learning is called linguoautodidactics. The author analyses its basic categories and possibilities of application as a discipline at a linguistic university.
1. Днепров С. А. Пособие по автодидактике к курсу возрастной педагогики.Екатеринбург, 1994.
Critical survey of some cognitive semantic theories in the dynamic semantic context by A. F. Losev
... iноземних мов. Харкiв, 2006. Вип. 49. № 726. С. 14—20.
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18. Lakoff G. Women, fire and dangerous things: what categories reveal about the mind. Chicago, 1987.
19. Langacker R. Faundations of Cognitive Grammar. Stanford, 1987. Vol. 1.
20. Posner R. Pragmatics // Semiotics: a handbook on the sign-theoretic foundations of nature and culture. Berlin ; N. Y., 1997....
Some aspects of the cognitive theory of polysemy
The body in the mind: the bodily basis of meaning, imagination, and reason. Chicago; L
Inheriting polysemy /
University of Sussex. Brighten,
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The pragmatics of reference: doctoral dissertation. CUNY Graduate Centre, 1978.
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Categorization as a basic cognitive procedure
Patterns in the mind. Language and Human Nature. N.
Foundations of cognitive grammar. V. 1: Theoretical prerequisites. Stanford, 1987.
Women, fire and dangerous things: what categories reveal about the mind. Chicago, 1987.
Prototype theory and its implications for lexical analysis // S.
Tsohatzidis. Meanings and prototypes. L., 1990. P. 368—381.
Biological foundations ...
Modality in the system of text categories of Old Russian written records: on the formulation of the problem
This article considers the functional-semantic category of modality in the system of such text categories as microtext, macrotext, and metatext. The author describes the integrative function of modality in the construction of semantic hierarchy of Old Russian texts, as well as the functional role of complex syntactic constructions in the system ...
Kant on evil in the human nature
This article focuses on the analysis of the problem of evil in Kant’s works. The author attempts at reconstructing the key stages of Kant’s logic of ethics and, on this basis, reconstructs his idea of evil. Of special importance is the analysis and criticism of the anthropology-focused study of the sources of good and evil in the work Religion within the Boundaries of Mere Reason. The author sees the key to understanding Kant’s approach to the problem of evil in the differentiation of the levels...
Valuating the appropriation of digital technologies across Russian regions
... of ICT infrastructure. This study evaluates the readiness of the population of various Russian regions to embrace digital technologies. Based on a comparative analysis of traffic to the most popular websites on the Russian Internet, grouped into five categories (e-commerce, e-government, information exchange, spatial mobility, scholarly communication), an index method for assessing readiness for digitalisation is developed. The study uses Yandex search data from February 2019 to January 2021. The ...
Global value chains in the age of uncertainty: advantages, vulnerabilities, and ways for enhancing resilience
... scrutinise the supply chain resilience model used by leading MNEs (GVC organisers) in their disruption risk management at pre-disruption and post-disruption stages. We classify resilience strategies devised by MNEs after 2020 into three interrelated categories: namely, multi-structural GVC optimisation (diversification and relocation of suppliers), operational optimisation (building redundancy and production flexibility), and GVC digitalisation. We conclude by outlining windows of opportunity to ...
Film dialogue as an auto-adaptation of a literary text (on the «Room» shooting script, 2015)
16. Donoghue Е. Room : Script. Based on the novel by Emma Donoghue. 2014. URL:
(дата обращения: 08.03.2021).
17. Donoghue Е. Room. N. Y., 2015.
18. Jakobson R. O. Shifters, Verbal Categories and the Russian Verb // Jakobson R. Selected Writings. Vol. 2. The Hague, 1971. P. 130—147.
19. Koivisto A., Nykänen E. Introduction: Approaches to fictional dialogue // International Journal of Literary Linguistics. 2016. Vol. 5, № ...
Kantian Rationality in the Philosophy of Science. Report of the First Conference of the Kantian Rationality Lab.
... functions of reason in science, as they are revealed in Kant’s discussions of criteria of scientificity, the classification of sciences, or methods of theoretical and experimental research in specific sciences. The topics discussed fell into two broad categories: firstly, the relationship between metaphysics and science in the context of Kant’s time; secondly, the relevance of Kant’s ideas to modern sciences and the concepts of philosophy of science in the twentieth and twenty-first centuries.
Russophone immigration to Finland: new forms, trends, and consequences
... those from neighbouring states. Most EU immigrants coming to Finland are Estonians. Immigration from without the EU — from Russia and other former Soviet countries — has, however, an even greater potential. Non-EU immigration falls into several categories — from seasonal labour migration to the relocation of top specialists and entrepreneurs. Currently, family reunions, marriages, and student and labour migration account for most migration from Russia to Finland. This article attempts to study ...
Functions of syntactic structures in the context of jakobson’s model of communication
... Artistic communication: from semiotic models to linguo-aesthetic theory. Slovo. ru: baltiiskii aktsent [Slovo. ru: Baltic accent], 12 (1), pp. 7—31 (in Russ.).
Gin, Ya. I., 2006. O poetike grammaticheskikh kategorii [On the poetics of grammatical categories]. Petrozavodsk (in Russ.).
Ginzburg, L., 1974. O lirike [About the lyrics]. Leningrad (in Russ.).
Kozhinov, V. V., 1970. Kak pishut stikhi: o zakonakh poeticheskogo tvorchestva [How they write poetry: about the laws of poetic creativity]. Moscow ...
Expanding opportunities for obtaining testimony from witnesses in criminal proceedings
... information and its basic elements. Dialectical and comparative research methods helped to define ways to improve the tactics of interrogation and the likelihood of applying the findings to administrative investigation. The analysis of the selected categories of crime witnesses has determined the strategies of improving the testimony objectivity.
1. Белкин Р. С. Избранные труды. М., 2008.
2. Белкин Р. С., Винберг А. И. Криминалистика ...
What is Kantian Philosophy of Mathematics? An Overview of Contemporary Studies
... metaphysischen Wissenschaften. Neue Auflage. Berlin: Haube & Spener.
Parsons, C., 1786. Kant’s Philosophy of Arithmetic. In: C. J. Posy, ed. 1992. Kant’s Philosophy of Mathematics. Dordrecht: Springer, pp. 43-79.
Parsons, C., 1992b. Arithmetic and the Categories. In: C. J. Posy, ed. 1992. Kant’s Philosophy of Mathematics. Dordrecht: Springer, pp. 135-158.
Peijnenburg, J., 1994. Formal Proof or Linguistic Process? Beth and Hintikka on Kant’s Use of ’Analytic’. Kant-Studien, 85(2), pp. 160-178....
Kant über inneren Sinn, Zeitanschauung und Selbstaffektion
..., 2015. On Kant’s Conception of Inner Sense: Self-Affection by the Understanding. European Journal of Philosophy, 23(2), pp. 1044-1063.
Sellars, W., 1978. The Role of the Imagination in Kant’s Theory of Experience. In: H. W. Johnstone, ed. 1978. Categories: A Colloquium. Jr. University Park: Pennsylvania State University.
Shoemaker, S., 1994. Self-Knowledge and “Inner Sense”. Lecture I: The Object Perception Model. Philosophy and Phenomenological Research, 54(2), pp. 249-269.
Poetry as a space for cognitive research: Czesław Miłosz and Howard Nemerov
The article is focuses on the interaction of artistic and scientific discourses: scientific thinking into poetry. Based on two poems (Dom filozofa by Czesław Miłosz and The Painter Dreaming in the Scholar’s House by Howard Nemerov), the author examines the possibilities of thinking about cognitive problems in the space of poetry. Reincarnating as their characters (philosopher and artist), Miłosz and Nemerov work in the subject area of professional cognitive scientists, they reproduce the process...
Cultural types and the perception of current environmental risks by local communities of the Baltic Sea region
This work presents findings from research into the relationship between the structural organisation and cultural attitudes of local communities in the Baltic Sea region and the way they perceive environmental risks. The response of the Kaliningrad community to the development of a local potassium and magnesium salt mine is used as an illustration. The article deals with how local communities perceive the image of risks formed and reproduced via various communication channels. The structural context...