Kantian Journal

2010 Issue №3(33)

Kant's theoretical philosophy

What is transcendental logic?

Abstract

This article deals with Kant's justification of transcendental logic. The author shows how Kant draws the distinction between general and transcendental logic. The article analyses the essence of the new logic and its place in transcendental philosophy and considers the structural logical elements and their functions.

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Kant's practical philosophy

The notion of anthropology in Kant's philosophy

Abstract

This article analyses different definitions, types and tasks of Kant's anthropology: Is "moral" or "practical" anthropology identical to "pragmatic" anthropology? Does anthropology aim to answer the question about the vocation of a human being? To what extent is metaphilosophy present in the Anthropology? What is the 'fundamental' transcendental anthropology? The idea of an anthroponomy remains an unsolved puzzle.

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The receptions of Kant's philosophy

The questions of the poet A. S. Kushner to the philosopher I. Kant regarding the otherworldly

Abstract

This article proves that when addressing the problem persistent in his oeuvre — whether the humanity exists independently in space or it is a transcendental project — the Saint Petersburg poet A. S. Kushner always consults with I. Kant.

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Logic and argumentoric

Kant's argumentation in the scholia to theorem VI in “Nova Dilucidatio”: The traditional interpretation and related problems

Abstract

This offers an introduction to the analysis of Kant’s refutation of the ontological argument in his dissertation A New Elucidation of the First Principles of Metaphysical Cognition (Nova dilucidatio). The author explains the importance of the pre-critical argument analysis for the understanding of argumentation presented in the Critique of Pure Reason. The traditional interpretation of the arguments in Nova dilucidatio and related problems are discussed in detail.

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The city of Kant

The Kaliningrad text as a metatext of culture

Abstract

The hypothesis on the existence of a specific "Kaliningrad text" as a metatext, which emerged in the conditions of regional subculture, is put forward and confirmed in the framework of the semiotic paradigm of culture analysis. Metatext is understood as an invariant of all texts within the given culture, which embodies the content, world image, and sociocultural codes of the culture. The content and structure of the metatext are determined by the analysis of different cultural texts.

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The anniversary of the Faculty of Philosophy of Saint Petersburg State University

Kant's basic idea

Abstract

This article puts forward the idea that the basis of Kant’s philosophy is moral ontology dominated by things in themselves, which provide the basis for the moral world order: God, soul, and freedom. Kant's epistemology, teleology and anthropology are determined by the attempt to prove the possibility of such world order. The ultimate end of this order is a human as a moral being, the thinking, experience, and knowledge of which are consistent with this end.

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Immanuel Kant: freedom, sin, forgiveness

Abstract

This article offers a comparative analysis of Kant's moral philosophy and the philosophy of Sade revealing the paradoxes of the categorical imperative. The satisfaction of the requirement of the categorical imperative is, on the one hand, a single and unique act and, on the other hand, a permanent and universal one. Although the familiarity with the categorical imperative does not always result in a moral action, the familiarity itself alongside the idea of forgiveness may be considered as a manifestation of morality and freedom.

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