Language and the nature of humanness. Invitation to a discussion
... give a new impetus to further development of language science. This calls for abandoning the traditional view of language as a tool used for the expression and transfer of thoughts. Instead, researchers should use a systems approach to linguistic semiosis as a biological adaptation, which is the organizational basis of humans as living systems at both individual and social levels. Linguistic semiosis is an evolutionary stage in the development of Homo sapiens. Establishing the functional ...
Semio-poiesis: on the birth of the semiosphere from the biosphere
... organization of the bioworld, where such parameters as sense and purpose become determinative. Such an understanding of these processes makes it possible to develop Lotman’s concept of the semiosphere and, firstly, to confirm his assumptions that semiosis can be preceded only by a previous semiotic form, and, secondly, to show the original mechanisms of semiosphere self-organization and autonomous functioning. The very dualism of the genetic code, its simultaneous biochemical and linguosemiotic ...
Literary communication: from semiotic models to a theory of linguistic aesthetics
The article explores literary communication as one of the types of linguistic communication. The main objective is to develop a linguo-aesthetic model of literary communication based on the models of the sign, semiosis and communication adopted in linguistics, semiotics and poetics. The author employs semiotic methods of modelling the sign and communication, developed in the works of Frege, Peirce, Shpet, Mukařovsky, Jakobson, Lotman, Eco, Novikov, and Zolyan....
The paradox of the ‘semiotics of life’: Yuri Lotman’s later works
... in the early 1990s, Yuri Lotman contemplated the boundary between the human and the animal. Keenly interested in animals, the scholar stressed in his later work the need to include animal communication in the semiosphere. Lotman’s model holds that semiosis requires at least two languages between which instances of untranslatability occur. However, he did not extend this model to animal communication. This is the apparent paradox of Lotman’s later work. Lotman might not have had enough time to ...
The semiotic perpetuum mobile in action: OMON, homonyms and antonyms
... that allow simultaneous actualization of various interpretations of this utterance. We demonstrate that the analysis of semantic relations in their dynamics requires the introduction of new theoretical concepts. The general principle of dynamic semiosis is demonstrated — that is the recursive relations when a signified of one sign through intermediate operations (homonymy and synonymy) becomes a signifier of another and vice versa. In this semantic Perpetuum mobile, no single interpretation ...
The Kaliningrad text as a metatext of culture
... Исследование в области мифопоэтического: Избранное. М., 1995. С. 259—367.
25. Эко У. Отсутствующая структура. Введение в семиологию. СПб., 1998.
culture, semiosphere, semiosis, text, metatext
Gavrilina L. M.