Slovo.ru: Baltic accent

2021 Vol. 12 №4

Back to the list Download an article

Between phenomenology and futurism: Roman Jakobson’s poetics before the WW 2

DOI
10.5922/2225-5346-2021-4-5
Pages
86-106

Abstract

The article is based on a chapter from the author’s book Russian Formalism: A Metapo­etics (1984). It deals with the poetics of Roman Jakobson formulated during his stay in Prague from 1920 to 1938 and treats this subject from an epistemological perspective outlining three incompatible scholarly/artistic trends which informed it: Husserlian Phenomenology, Saus­surian linguistics and Russian Futurism. From Husserl, Jakobson borrowed the concept of “expression” (Ausdruck) — the sign whose self-sameness was absolute. But he departed from the German philosopher by conceiving of this semiotic identity in terms of a Saussurean “so­cial consciousness.” And he further relativized it through the modernist notion of “de-familiarization” — an incessant drive of poetic signs for an aesthetic rejuvenation. To miti­gate the tension between Phenomenological stability and Futurist instability, the essay con­cludes, Jakobson grounded his poetics in phonology: the universal system of distinctive fea­tures common to all languages that is impervious to any violations.

Reference

Derrida, J., 1974. Of Grammatology. Translated by Gayatri Chakravorty Spivak. Bal­timore.

Holenstein, E., 1976a. Roman Jakobson’s Approach to Language: Phenomenological Struc­turalism. Bloomington, Ind.

Holenstein, E., 1976b. Einführung: Linguistische Poetik. In: R. Jakobson, ed. Höl­der­lin. Klee. Brecht. Frankfurt a/M, pp. 7—25.

Husserl, E., 1970. Logical Investigations, Vol. 1. Translated by J. N. Findlay. New York.

Ivanov, V., 1909. Sporades. In: V. Ivanov, ed. Po zvezdam. Stat'i i aforizmy [By the stars. Articles and aphorisms]. Saint Petersburg, pp. 338—376 (in Russ.).

Jakobson, R. O., 1921. Noveishaya russkaya poeziya: Nabrosok pervyi [The newest Rus­sian poetry: The first sketch]. Prague (in Russ.).

Jakobson, R. O., 1922. O cheshskom stikhe preimushchestvenno v sopostavlenii s russ­kim [About Czech verse mainly in comparison with Russian]. Berlin (in Russ.).

Jakobson, R. O., 1931. “About the generation that squandered its poets”. In: Smert' Vladimira Mayakovskogo [The death of Vladimir Mayakovsky]. Berlin, pp. 7—44 (in Russ.).

Jakobson, R., 1925. Konec básnického umprumáctví a živnostnictví. Pásmo: Revue in­ternationale modern, 13/14, pp. 1—2.

Jakobson, R., 1921. O realismu v umění. Červen IV, 22, pp. 300—304.

Jakobson, R., 1927. Dvě staročeské skladby o smrti. In: R. Jakobson, ed. Spor duše s tělem. O nebezpečném času smrti. Prague, pp. 7—36.

Jakobson, R., 1929. Remarques sur l’évolution phonologique du russe comparée à celle des autres langues slaves. In: Travaux du cercle linguistique de Prague II. Prague.

Jakobson, R., 1969. Kontury Glejtu. In: R. Jakobson, ed. Slovesné umění a umělecké slovo. Prague, pp. 386—39.

Jakobson, R., Bogatyrеv, P., 1966. Die Folklore als eine besondere Form des Schaf­fens. In: R. Jakobson, ed. Selected Writings: Slavic Epic Studies, 4. The Hague, pp. 1—15.

Jakobson, R., et al., 1970. Teze předložené Prvému sjezdu slovanských filologů v Praze 1929. In: J. Vachek, ed. U základů pražské jazykovědné školy. Prague, pp. 35—65.

Jakobson, R., Fant, G. M., Halle, M., 1952. Preliminaries to Speech Analysis: The Dis­tinctive Features and Their Correlates. 2nd ed. Cambridge.

Saussure, F., 1959. Course in General Linguistics. Translated by W. Baskin. New York.