V. The hagiographic topic in I. S. Shmelev’s novel The Inexhaustible Chalice
In this article, we discuss the hagiographic topics in I. S. Shmelev’s novel The Inexhaustible Chalice, which are expressed through different components of the novel’s literary structure — ranging from the individual traits of the main character, Ilya Sharonov, to twists of the plot and the milestones of his biography. We maintain that in terms of the genre this novel resembles both the lives of the righteous and the lives of the venerable. The novel conforms to the canons of hagiographic texts because of the presence of a righteous character, whose image is built in accordance with the traditional paradigm of the positive qualities of a saint. Other reasons for such conformity include the biographical topic, namely, a stable set of events and facts, affecting the life and fate of the character, and such structural plot elements as the character’s dreams and visions, as well as signs and miracles, which testify to his initiation into sacred knowledge and visions. The topic of the ‘angelic image’, which is manifested in the character’s physical resemblance to an angel, also contributes to the conformity with the hagiographic canon.
Angely [Angels], 1987. Tokarev, S.A. (ed.). Mify narodov mira. Entsiklopediya. (V 2 tomakh) [Myths of the peoples of the world. Encyclopedia. (In 2 volumes)]. Vol. 1. Moscow, pp. 76-79 (in Russ.).
Bocharov, S.G., 1985. O khudozhestvennykh mirakh [On the artistic worlds]. Moscow (in Russ.).
Dorofeeva, L.G., 2014. A humble person in the hagiography of Ancient Rus. Germenevtika drevnerusskoi literatury [Hermeneutics of Old Russian Literature], 16-17, pp. 9-388 (in Russ.).
Ilyin, I.A., 2000. Sobranie sochinenii. Perepiska dvukh Ivanov (1927-1934) [Collected Works. Correspondence of two Ivan (1927-1934)]. Moscow (in Russ.).
Keler, L., 1972. I. S. Shmelev about himself and about others. In: N. Poltoratsky, ed. Russkaya literatura v emigratsii [Russian literature in exile]. Pittsburgh (in Russ.).
Lebedev, N.V., 1994. Pochitanie svyatykh. Kratkii slovar' agiograficheskikh terminov [Veneration of the saints. A Brief Dictionary of Hagiographic Terms]. Moscow. Available at: http://interpretive.ru/dictionary/445/word/%CF%FO%EE%EB%EE%E3 [Accessed 25 November 2017].
Lisitsyna, O., 2014. Ikonografiya angelov [Iconography of the angels]. Available at: http://www.pravmir.ru/lektsiya-olgi-lisitsyinoy-ikonografiya-angelov-video/ [Accessed 25 November 2017].
Lyapin, D.A., 2014. System of symbols in the "Life of Sergius of Radonezh". Istoriya v podrobnostyakh [History in details], 5(47), pp. 22-28 (in Russ.).
Nikulina, E.N., 2008. Naznachenie zhitiya svyatogo. Zhitiinyi kanon [Appointment of the life of the saint. The Life Canon]. Available at: https://religion. wikireading.ru/%D0%9D%D0%B8%D0%BA%D1%83%D0%BB%D0%B8%D0%BD%D0%B0%20%D0%95%20%D0%9D-kng [Accessed 25 November 2017].
Rudi, T.R., 2003. «Imitatio angeli»: (problems of the typology of the hagiographic topic). Russkaya literatura [Russian literature], 2, pp. 48-59 (in Russ.).
Selyanskaya, O.V., 2001. The artistic world of Russian Orthodoxy in the novel IS. Shmeleva "The Inexhaustible Chalice". Vestnik Tambovskogo universiteta. Seriya: Gumanitarnye nauki [Bulletin of the Tambov University. Series: The humanities], 5(23), pp. 109-111 (in Russ.).
Sobolev, N.I., 2012. From the creative history of I. Shmelev's story "The Inexhaustible Chalice". Problemy istoricheskoi poetiki [Problems of historical poetics], 10, pp. 328-340 (in Russ.).
Tatarkin, V.I., 2011. Vozvrashchayas' v istokam khristianskogo ucheniya [Returning to the origins of the Christian teaching]. Tyumen (in Russ.).
Shmelev, I.S., 1998. Neupivaemaya chasha [Inexhaustible chalice]. Vol. 1, pp. 379-436 (in Russ.).