The Intercessor Type of Marian Iconography: Icons from the Kaliningrad Regional Museum of History and Art
Analysing the Intercessor type of Marian iconography, this author identifies the iconographic features of such depictions and explores the transformation that the image has undergone in the Russian icon painting tradition. To achieve this goal, the author employs the methods of comparison and generalisation and traces the transformation of the Byzantine image of Paraklesis into the Intercessor iconographic type of Russian icon painting. By examining the image in more recently painted icons, the author produces its first full description and introduces the 19th-century icon ‘Mother of God the Intercessor of the Deesis row’ from the collection of the Kaliningrad Regional Museum of History and Art. The results of the analysis suggest that the Intercessor type of Marian iconography is characterised by a full- or half-length image, showing Virgin Mary from a distance. She is painted without the Child and holding a scroll. The text on the scroll may vary depending on the shade of meaning the icon painter attempted to convey. However, it always communicates the message of advocacy and intercession of Mother of God for humankind before her Son.
1. Butyrskii, M. N., 2000. The Mother of God Paraklesis at the altar barrier: the origin and liturgical content of the image. In: A. M. Lidov, ed. Ikonostas: Proiskhozhdenie — razvitie — simvolika [Iconostasis: Origins — development — symbols]. Moscow.
2. Kondakov, N. P., 1914. Ikonografiya Bogomateri [Iconography of Mother of God]. Reprint 2003. St. Petersburg. Vol. 1.
3. Etingof, O. E., 2000. Obraz Bogomateri. Ocherki vizantiiskoi ikonografii XI—XIII vv. [The image of the Mother of God. Essays on Byzantine iconography of XI—XIII centuries]. Moscow.
4. Yazykova, I. K., 1995. Bogoslovie ikony [The theology of icon]. Moscow.