The transition process and institutions: on the issue of the standard of living in the countries of Central and Eastern Europe — members of the European Union
The aim of this article is to adjust the technique of comparing the standard of living in 11 countries of Central and Eastern Europe that became members of the European Union (EU) during 2004-2013 ... ... and the Contemporary World], no. 2, p. 7—47 (In Russ.)
3. Brien, S. 2019, Central and Eastern Europe Prosperity Report: the Lived Experience, Legatum Institute, available at:
Measurement of liver volume using imaging techniques of various modalities
Evaluation of liver volume is of great importance in the management of certain liver diseases and systemic disorders involving the liver.... ... abdominal CT // Abdom Imaging. 2004. Vol. 29(4). P. 482—490.
23. Hashimoto T., Sugawara Y., Tamura S. et al. Estimation of standard liver volume in Japanese living liver donors // Journal of Gastroenterology and Hepatology. 2006. Vol. 21. P. 1710—1713....
Estimating the accuracy of standard volume calculations using liver volumetry
This article estimates the accuracy of various formulas used to calculate the standard volume of the liver. The authors identify formulas most adequate for a comparison with volumetry results obtained using JT Childs’s easy-touse formula. The study employed the anthropometric data (age, sex, and weight) and the calculations of ...
Assessment of hepatic volume ex vivo by the formulas of the ultrasound volumetry
The article focuses on determination of the liver volume which is an urgent task for clinical medicine. It is directly connected to the need for an objective quantitative ... ... Hepatogastroenterology. 1998. Vol. 45, № 22. P. 1069—1074.
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Assessing competitiveness of the Baltic states in tourism
... presence in the international tourism market. A comprehensive and systematic assessment of tourism competitiveness and comparisons with other states make it possible to identify its structure, strengths and weaknesses. Assessing competitiveness is a live issue in the Baltic region, where tourism is an important part of the economy and a factor in improving living standards. This study advances the hypothesis that the methodology developed by the author will aid in assessing the tourism competitiveness of the Baltic region states. The research aims to assess the competitiveness of the Baltic tourism industries....
The ‘hybrid model’ of Norway’s ethnic policy in its northern counties: a key to stable interethnic relations
... this article, we study the political and legal model currently used by Norway in its Northern counties. This work is a part of comprehensive research supported by the Russian Science Foundation. Our study aims to provide a historical perspective to the ... ... target-based programme management), the comparative law method (a comparison of national legal systems and international contractual standards), the value and norm-driven method (ethnic policy viewed through the prism of public good), institutional method (the ...
The territorial structure of productive forces of Russian North-West in the 2000—2010s
A number of researchers are studying regional specifications of Russia from a variety of different ... ... social'no-jekonomicheskogo polozhenija subektov Rossijskoj Federacii v 2010 g. [Where better to live in Russia. The main indicators of socio-economic status of the Russian Federation... ... productive forces, regional development, fixed capital assets, investments, income, standard of living
Certain issues of correlation between the international financial law and the EU law
... this integrational entity where a special legal system was created. It has been developing until now and carries the features of the both international and municipal law. Global financial crisis and subsequent sovereign debt crisis have substantially changed ... ... inter-governmental organizations and other international bodies which work out and review national implementation of International Financial Standards.
1. Черниченко С. В. Контуры международного права. Общие вопросы....
Lexemes with the stem –БОГ- (GOD) in hagiographic texts of the 15th—17th centuries
... article explores lexemes stemming from Rus. бог- (god), which were used in the texts of the XV—XVII centuries. This stem expressed the concept of God and was used as a... ... texts of the XV-XVII centuries are parts of a broader paradigm of 'conforming to the standards of Christian dogmas, positively assessed vs not corresponding to the standards... ... literatury zhitiy svyatykh: 1—5 [Essays on the history of ancient literature of the lives of the saints: 1—5]. Warsaw. Available at:
Challenges of the methodological approaches to the measurement and the evaluation of liver size
Liver size varies widely according to age and different body types. Palpation and percussion are standard techniques to measure liver size, but are not accurate enough to detect a small increase. Accurate measurement of the liver by sonography is particularly relevant when a patient is suspected to have hepatitis. According to a number of validated sources, liver length varies greatly depending on the modalities and techniques used by the ultrasound specialist. Ultrasound ...
Mobility and migration intentions of the Reform Generation and Millennials of the Kaliningrad region
This paper focuses on the results of a sociological study of mobility and migration intentions of the Reform Generation and Millennials in the Kaliningrad region.... ... happen to be in the region while migrating, so they were asked about the reasons for moving, and were asked to compare the standard of living in the Kaliningrad region with other regions of Russia and neighboring countries. The authors defined the most ...
Use of the genetic algorithm for devising a formula for liver volumetry
The authors propose a method of liver volumetry using anthropometric data and the data obtained during an ultrasound examination. The algorithm is built on ... ... Gaucher disease // Eur. Radiol. 2002. Vol. 12. P. 397—400.
24. Pomposelli J. J., Tongyoo A., Wald C. et al. Variability of Standard Liver Volume Estimation Versus Software-Assisted Total Liver Volume Measurement // Liver transplantation. 2012. Vol. ...
The principles of tariff policy and the objectives of economic growth promotion
This article considers the tariff policy issues serving as the focus of economic discussions, since their solution has a profound effect on the opportunities of the country’s economic development. The tariff policy problems impair the efficiency and competitiveness of national business and lower living standards. The government declares its readiness to limit the growth of tariffs, which, however, suggests “manual operation” and stopgap measures. The author emphasizes the need to reconsider the methodology and principles of public tariff policy....
Innovative development of Russian coastal regions: north–south divergence
... regions are territorial social systems whose socio-economic and innovative development is strongly influenced by the factor of coastalisation. The effect of movement to the sea determines the dynamics of settlement systems as well as their economic and ... ... using four groups of indicators: human capital, economic growth and clustering, innovation and digitalisation, and quality and standards of living. All these components are vital for regional innovative development. A statistical assessment is supplemented ...
Normal range of liver stiffness measurement in healthy people
The article focuses on normative values of the liver shear wave elastography and comparison of various works in elastography of the international and Russian research.... ... Wiegand J. et al. Acoustic radiation force impulse imaging (ARFI) for non-invasive detection of liver fibrosis: examination standards and evaluation of interlobe differences in healthy subjects and chronic liver disease // Scand. J. Gastroenterol. 2011....
The image of a doll in Latvian and Russian traditional folklore texts: the aspect of ritual practices
This article offers a comparative analysis of the image of a doll in the Russian and Latvian folklore traditions and examines the dialogue between the national cultures.... ... верований. М., 1959.
14. Arās K., Medne A. Latviešu pasaku tipu rādītājs. Rīga, 1977.
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16. Frazer J. G. The golden bough. Taboo and the ...
History of the words starina and starik as terms of friendship in Russian
This article explores when and under what circumstances the words starik and starina emerged as terms of friendship in standard Russian language. These terms were often used by male characters in the prose of the Khrushchev Thaw — students, scientists, and engineers. It was initially assumed that these words had become forms of address at that time. Analysis of data ...
Typology of the geodemographic situation in the regions of the North-West of Russia
The article evaluates the geodemographic situation at the meso level through complex analysis of demographic, migration, socio-economic processes in the subjects of the North-West Federal District of Russia. The authors have selected 30 assessment indicators which reflect in aggregate the level of demographic development, the quality and standard of living of the population. It allowed to make the typology of subjects NWFD of the Russian Federation by the nature of the geodemographic situation according to sequential ranking, both for the average values for the period 2010—2016, and ...
Environmental awareness of urban and rural residents
The article presents the results of the sociological analysis of environmental awareness of the residents of a regional centre (the case of Kaliningrad) and ... ... environmental risks coming from business and the unwillingness to sacrifice safe and clean environment for improved living standards. The author offers recommendations to the Kaliningrad region authorities and to large businesses on the prevention ...
Spatial planning in the European Union and the Russian Federation
This article analyzes the principles of spatial planning, which form the basis for this type of urban development in the ... ... 14. Shchukin, A. K. 2008, Standarty i normativy v gradostroitel'noj dejatel'nosti [Standards and regulations in urban development activities], Upravlenie razvitiem territorii... ... 19. Florida, R. 2008, Who’s your city? How the creative economy is making where to live the most important decision of your life, New York.
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Economic and demographic distinctions between municipal districts of the Kaliningrad region
The economic and demographic situation in the Kaliningrad region is better than in most regions of the country. The dynamic economic development results in high employment and low unemployment rates. The demand for labour ... ... investors compared with the mechanism of the Special Economic Zone. However, less developed social infrastructure, low standards of living and the outflow of the population from the eastern municipalities require additional attention.
1. Полиэтничный ...
Human Development Index as a Tool to Assess Social Development in the Baltic States
Reinvigorating Russia’s development strategy requires a comparison between the social development of the Russian Federation and other Baltic region states, some of which are world leaders in terms of living standards. The most popular tools for country comparison are composite indices that take into account various components affecting the quality of life. This article analyses the current level and changes in the social development of the Baltic States ...
On crisis trends in the legitimacy of the political regimes of the Baltic States
This article considers the legitimacy of political regimes in the Baltic States by analysing three major parameters: confidence ... ... configuration.
1. Vilmorus и Spinter tyrimai, 2015, available at: http://ru.delfi.lt/news/live/opros-spisok-vragov-litvy-shokiroval-politologa.d?id=64939033 (accessed 25.05.2015)... ... Constraint of Democratization? Vieðoji Politika Ir Administravimas, no. 2, p.64.
36. Standard Eurobarometer, 2013, no. 80, November 2013, available at: ec.europa.eu/public_opinion/archives/eb/eb80/eb80_anx_en...
Similarities and differences in curricula of a bachelor’s degree in oceanology at the universities in St Petersburg, Klaipeda, and Kaliningrad
Conducting a multi-aspect comparative analysis of curricula of bachelor’s degree programmes in oceanology offered at universities in St Petersburg, Klaipeda and Kaliningrad,... ... the training of specialists on the basis of the principles of the Bologna], Uroven' zhizni naselenija regionov Rossii [Living standards in the regions of Russia], no. 10, pp. 41—51.
16. Malinin, V. N. 2002, Obwaja okeanologija. Chast' 1. Fizicheskie ...
Geography and economy of the Kaliningrad region: limitations and prospects of development
With its exclave status, the Kaliningrad region has been drawing attention of many researchers in different fields. Yet the prospects for cooperation between the region and neighbouring communities in ... ... the Kaliningrad region and the neighbouring communities of Poland and Lithuania showed that both socioeconomic situation and standards of living are comparable in these areas, which indicates the prerequisites for mutually beneficial interregional cooperation....