Migration and the Transformation of Multiethnic Population Structure in the Kaliningrad Region of the Post-Soviet Era
This paper analyses the migration processes and their influence on the transformation of multiethnic population structure in the Kaliningrad region. The author uses official statistics (current statistics and census data), as well as interviews with the representatives of ethnic cultural associations as information sources. Special attention is paid ...
Trends in population change and the sustainable socio-economic development of cities in North-West Russia
The Northwestern Federal District is a Russian macro-region that is a unique example of a model region. It accounts for 10 % of the country’s total area and 9.5 % of its population. This article aims to trace the patterns of city distribution across the region, to assess the conditions of differently populated cities and towns, and to identify sustainability trends in their socio-economic development. Population change ...
Changes in the Population Distribution and Transport Network of Saint Petersburg
... Saint Petersburg as an example. The article describes the demographic data for the period 2002—2015 and the transportation network data of 2006. The authors employ several methods of demographic research; they identified the centre of gravity of the population, produce the standard deviational ellipsis and use the kernel density estimation. The street network centrality of Saint Petersburg was analyzed using the Multiple Centrality Assessment Model (MCA) and the Urban Network Analysis Tool for ArcGIS....
The Baltics and Russian North-West: the Core and the Periphery in the 2000s
This article analyses population changes in North-West regions of Russia (the former North-Western economic zone and the Kaliningrad region) and the Baltics at the level of urban districts and municipalities. The cohort component method is used to analyze the youth population ...
Natural Increase in the Baltic South and South-West
This article analyses the natural population increase (decrease) in the postcommunist part of Baltic Europe (the federated state of Mecklenburg-Western Pomerania, West Pomeranian, Pomeranian, and Warmian-Masurian Voivodeships, Lithuania, Latvia, Estonia, the Kaliningrad and Leningrad ...
The Evolution of Settlement Areas of Ingrian Finns in Northwest Russia in the Second Half of the 20th Century
... considers district differences in the rates of depopulation and assimilation of the Russian Finns. The results of research make it possible to foreground and describe in detail the available information on the spatial organisation of Russian Finnish population in the North-western region of Russia.
1. Anokhin, А. А., Khrushchev, S. А. 2003, Avtohtonnye jetnokontaktnye zony Severo-Zapada Rossii: sovremennoe sostojanie, dinamika i prognoz [Autochthonous ethnic contact zone of the North-West of ...
Coastal location as a development factor of the cities in the Baltic region
Population dynamics is one of the key categories of socio-economic development of territories. Cities, as the main carriers of innovative potential, need constant influx of human resources. The purpose of this article is to identify the nature of the ...
Demographic change in Germany and reversal of spatial ageing patterns
... result of a spatial analysis considering the effect of demographic ageing and ageing-in-place processes in Germany according to spatially differentiated ageing patterns among urban, sub-urban and rural counties up to 2025. As to the latest official population forecast counties of urban core regions will undergo a slower ageing process than other types of counties, resulting in a reversal of ageing patterns. Urban core areas in this analysis will gain demographically from their net migration surplus ...
Dynamics and natural population change in Belarusian Lake District in the post-war period
Researches is established, that the mode of reproduction of the population of region steadily has passed in a condition of a natural loss. In foreseeable prospect the birth rate be unable to break growing смертность. By high natural decline in population all village areas differ, thus distinction in rates ...
Population Ageing as a Sociodemographic Problem in the Baltic Region
Population ageing is a major problem of European development in the 21st century. Rapid population ageing in most developed countries will continue to drive the dependency ratio up. This research aims to forecast dependency ratio in the Baltic region ...
L. woodpegion in the towns of the Kaliningrad region
This article describes the condition of woodpigeon populations in 25 towns and large villages of the Kaliningrad region. The author focuses on the possible reasons for significant differences in the population density of woodpigeon in urban areas and pays attention to the origin of urban populations.
Russian Population Ethnic Structure: Trends and Transformations
Based on the census data from 1989, 2002 and 2010, the article analyzes the evolution of the ethnic structure of the population of the post-Soviet Russia from the territorial perspective. The stability of the ethnic structure of the “Russian mega nucleus” and indigenization of the national regions are considered in view of the differences in migration trends during ...
The history and modern condition of the urban fieldfare (Turdus pilaris L.) population in Kaliningrad
This article examines the history of formation of fieldfare population in Kaliningrad and describes its current condition. The fieldfare population density during the 2010—2013 nesting period was 0—1.5 breeding pairs/10 hecares in urban forests, 1.1—3.7 b. p./10 ha in city parks, and; 0—1 b. p./10 ha in ...
The formation and current state of the urban population of Columba palumbus L. woodpigeon in Kaliningrad
This article traces the development of a specialised urban Woodpigeon population in the city of Kaliningrad and assesses its current condition. The author focuses on certain factors affecting the formation of urban populations.
Woodpigeon // The EBCC atlas of European breeding birds: their distribution and ...
Transformations in the Communicative Characteristics of Political Discourse in the Current Information Space
... the ontology and principal characteristics of PD, describes the state of political discourse prior to its current transformation and identifies the key problems and actual results of political communication in modern society. Considering the rise of populism, the author stresses that the current problems stem from changes in communicative interactions caused by the emergence of new information technologies. Special emphasis is placed on the formation of public space as the only realm where political ...
Population Change in the Neighbouring Regions of Russia and the European Union States
In this article, I carry out a comparative analysis of population change in the bordering regions of Russia and the European Union. Peripheries of their countries, most of these regions enjoy a more or less favourable demographic situation, which, however, differs from place to place. To attain the aims of ...
The ethnic aspects of demographic processes in the Baltic region states
... Fafo-paper. Oslo.
4. Indans, I. 2009. Migration Policies in the Baltic Sea Region 2008—2009. Rīga.
5. Mansur, A., Quillin B. (ed.). 2007. Migration and Remittances, Eastern Europe and the Former Soviet Union / Washington.
6. Thornborg, M. 2002. Population around the Baltic Sea. In: W. Maciewjewsk (ed.). The Baltic Sea Region. Poznań, pp. 495—510.
7. Kuznetsova, T. Ju., Fedorov, G. M. 2008. Vestnik Rossijskogo gosudarstvennogo universiteta im. I. Kanta, Vyp. 1, pp. 45—52.
On the birth rate structure of the Kaliningrad region population in the late 1940s — 1950s
The article is discussed about the structure analysis of the birth rate of the population of Kaliningrad region in 1949—1950th against All-Russian (RSFSR) and some regional indicators, drawn the conclusion about considerable originality of the structure of the birth rate as well as about greater significance of the extramarital ...
Structural and Functional Characteristics of the Spatial Development of Rural and Urban Areas in the Northwestern Economic District
This article is dedicated to the problem of increasing spatial polarisation in the population distribution systems of the Leningrad, Novgorod, and Pskov regions. The author examines the impact of development and distribution of factors of production on demographic processes and trends in the transformation of the population distribution ...
Сoastal exclaves among enclosed territories of the world
... Российской Федерации по муниципальным образованиям на 1 января 2017 года // Росстат. URL:
(дата обращения: 24.04.2018).
32. Population on 1 January by age group, sex and NUTS 3 region. Last update: 05.01.2018 // Eurostat. URL:
(дата обращения: 24.04.2018).
33. Gibraltar // The World ...
Impact of external migration on changes in the Swedish religious landscape
... history, Sweden has been a country dominated by the Lutheran Church, having the status of the official state religion. Starting in mid-to-late 20th century, mass immigration to Europe had a considerable impact on the confessional structure of Sweden’s population. The growing number of refugees from the Balkan Peninsula, the Middle East, and Africa has turned Sweden into a multi-religious state. Sweden has become one of the leaders among the EU countries as far as the growth rates of adherents of Islam ...
Cytogenetic Structure of Chironomus balatonicus Devai et al. Population in the Vistula Lagoon of the Baltic Sea
The analysis of Ch. balatonicus population cytogenetic structure shows that all seven chromosomal arms are polymorphous, the most polymorhous one is arm D, which was presented by four chromosome band sequences. Standard sequences as well as their zygotic and genome combinations prevail ...
The Effect of Migration on Latvia’s Sex and Age Composition
The theory of Demographic Transition stipulates that the number of countries with the replacement and sub-replacement level of the total fertility rate is growing. In these conditions, population dynamics and the sex and age composition are increasingly affected by migration. The above holds true for Eastern European countries. Population decline has haunted Latvia for two and a half decades. Since 1990, the net migration rate has been ...
Depopulation of coastal rural Lithuania: do regional parks stabilise the situation?
... natural or semi-natural landscapes of rural areas. These territories, however, have a higher depopulation rate than urbanised districts. Still, conservation priority areas were expected to attract young families as permanent residents and make their population more stable. This study aims to investigate changes in the rural population in three regional parks of the Klaipėda county to determine the number of abandoned villages (with 0 residents) and vanishing ones (with a population < 5), as compared ...
The influence of the border position of the Pskov region on the socio-cultural values of the population
This article presents the results of a sociological research on national and supranational (civilizational) identity of the Pskov region population conducted in 1999—2010. The Pskov region is the only European region of Russia that shares borders with three states, two of which are members of the EU. The author defines the areas of the neighbouring countries' sociocultural influence ...
Some features of external migration processes in the coastal regions of the Western borderlands of Russia
... border can also affect the migration adversely both in the northern regions, and in the Leningrad region, St. Petersburg. The southern regions of Russia and the Kaliningrad region are the only ones to use their border position to make up the natural population decline at the expense of bordering states. Most regions are growing due to migration. The Northern Russian regions are losing population. Migration here worthen the demographic situation, even though there has been some equalization ...
International cross-border migration in the South-East Baltic: factors, structure, consequences
This article presents the results of an integrated research encompassing both the study of migration processes in the South-East Baltic (volume, structure, directions) and the analysis of factors affecting migration mobility of the population as well as the assessment of migration influence on the socioeconomic development of three border territories.
1. V buduwem zhiteljam Litvy pridetsja rabotat' dol'she i tjazhelee // Sajt «Litovskaja respublika». [online] Available at: <http://www....
Population aging and the problems of the sandwich generation: Socioeconomic and psychological aspects
The advance of the population aging process leads to new socioeconomic consequences, including the formation of the so-called sandwich generation — 55-65 year olds, predominantly females, who care for their elderly parents, raise children (or grandchildren), and perform ...
Environmental condition as a factor affection the health of Saint Petersburg residents
... conditions of connatural and social environment. Saint-Petersburg is presented as a Russian metropolis and, simultaneously, an integral component of the Baltic region. The authors compare the health state trends in Saint Petersburg residents and the population of other Baltic countries. The environmental dependence of some diseases, including oncological ones, is emphasized. Three variants of population health forecasting are presented: inertiadepressive, stabilization, and stabilization-progressive ...
Modern lines of research on rural population distribution systems
This article analyses contemporary lines of research on the rural population distribution systems and offers a review of the contemporary process in rural areas. The factors affecting the population distribution are identified by the authors.
И., Зубаревич Н.
Geography of European Migration
... seem. The authors stress the importance of a differentiated immigration policy taking into account ethnic and cultural features of host societies.
1. Anohin, A. A., Zhitin, D. V. 2013, Geografiya naseleniya s osnovami demografii [Geography of the population with the basics of demography], St. Petersburg, 307 p. P. 151.
2. Bolohov, I. I. 2015, Globalizaciya po-kitajski: opyt uspeshnoj adaptacii [Globalization in Chinese: the experience of successful adaptation], Geopoliticheskij zhurnal [Geopolitical ...
Assessment of transport accessibility of rural territories of the Kaliningrad region using methods of sociological research
The modern socio-economic model entails the intensification of rural – urban interaction. First of all, the process manifested itself in the growth of population flows, daily commuting between the village and the city. As a result, the rural population expects a high-quality transport infrastructure and an efficiently functioning public transport network. Using sociological tools, the authors analyze ...
A level of being informed of population on questions of diabetes mellitus is basis of prophylaxis of disease
The aim of the study is to facilitate informationally the social and preventive programs aimed at preserving and improving the health of the population. The study involved 563 respondents, residents of the Kaliningrad region; 22.2 % of them were men and 74.4 % were women. The age of respondents varies from 18 and older. The mean age of the survey participants is 39.8 years of age. The survey ...
Important Staging Sites of Geese and Swans in the Cross-Border Wetland Complex of the Neman Delta
... albifrons), Lesser White-fronted Goose (Anser erythropus), Bean Goose (Anser fabalis), Whooper Swans (Cygnus Cygnus) and Bewick’s Swans (Cygnus bewickii) in the Neman River delta shared by Russia and Lithuania.The authors indicate the decrease in the population of Bean Geese alongside with the increase in the population of Greylag Geese, Whooper Swans, Bewick’s Swans and particularly Greater White-fronted Geese. This phenomenon is brought about by the global climate change, changes of the migratory ...
The coastalisation of population in today’s Russia: A sociogeographical explication
The coastalisation of population is considered as a prolonged, universal, although not a ubiquitous — socio-geographical process. This process is a result of the evolving spatial architecture of countries and regions, a lack of balance between the potential of leading cities,...
The density of the even-toed ungulates in the Curonian Spit national park (based on the population monitoring data)
... Curonian Spit national park and their distribution in the studied area. The density was calculated through the method of pellet count. The census of the mammal pop-ulation through the method of drive count was conducted alongside the daily monitoring of population.
Иванюков К. А. Численность копытных животных и их влияние на лесные экосистемы НП «Куршская коса» // Проблемы изучения и охраны природного ...
The population structure and the growth of the bivalve mollusc Ruditapes philippinarum in Amur bay (the Sea of Japan)
... cycle of the Manila clam (
), from Hood Canal, Washington // Proceedings of the National Shellfisheries Association. 1974. Vol. 64. P. 53—58.
et al. Population dynamics of the naturalized Manila clam
in British coastal waters // Marine Biology. 2007. Vol. 151, № 6. P. 2255—2270.
I., Sohn M.
The morphology and growth of cultured shortnecked ...
Migration Flows in Europe: Space and Time Transformation
One of the key manifestations of globalisation is an increase in the spatial mobility of population involving growing numbers of people into international migration processes. This article is an attempt to assess the density of migration connections between European states based on the 1990—2015 quantitative data. An analysis of migration ...
On demographic development trends in the Kaliningrad region during Perestroika
This article focuses on the characteristics of demographic development of the Kaliningrad region during the reform, crisis, and collapse of the Soviet administrative and political system. Priority attention is given to changes in the population reproduction model. It is concluded that the main trends in the regional population development were similar to the national ones, at the same time retaining the regional age.
1. Демографическая модернизация России,...
Demographic development scenarios for the Kaliningrad region
... Kaliningrad region has a sub-replacement fertility rate (with a total fertility rate of about 1.8) and a slightly negative rate of natural increase. With a net migration of up to 10,000 people per year (Russian regions account for 37 % of this figure), the population of the region is increasing and the workforce number is stable. Population change and age-sex structure forecasts strongly rely on the estimates of prospective net migration and a rate of natural increase. Accompanied by a decreasing age-specific ...
The territorial differentiation of demographic development of the Baltic macroregion
This article is dedicated to the analysis of the territorial features of population change by natural change and migration in the Baltic macroregion and the assessment of the effect of economic development on these processes.
центр «Статистика России»....
Demographic Ranking of the Baltic Sea States
.... Science. Brainpower], no. 4, p. 25—28.
5. Kuznetsova, Т. Yu. 2012, Demografija s osnovami jetnografii [Demographics of the basics of Ethnography], Kaliningrad.
6. Sluka, A. Ye., Sluka, N. А. 2000, Geografija naselenija s osnovami demografii [Population geography with the basics of demography], Moscow.
7. Smirnova, T. L. 2010, Vosproizvodstvo naselenija i rynok rabochej sily v Rossii [Reproduction of the population and the labor market in Russia], Problemy sovremennoj jekonomiki [Problems ...
Population change in global urban regions
This article focuses on the key aspects of population development in the historical cores of leading global urban regions at the stage of globalisation. The research sets out to identify and describe the common — model — and individual features of the demographic modernisation process.
The state of the marine groups flea Talitrus sal-tator Montagu, 1808 Curonian spit
This article argues that the population index of talitrid groups on the coast of the Curonian Spit (the village of Lesnoi) in April-September of 2011 improved in comparison to those of 2001—2003, which is indicative of a considerable positive effect of a reduction in recreational ...
Urbanisation of the Song Thrush (Turdus philomelos С. L. Brehm) in Kaliningrad: History of the process and causes of its failure
In comparison with the Blackbird and the Fieldfare having specialised urban populations in Kaliningrad, the Song thrush does not show signs of urbanisation. This article analyses the causes of this phenomenon and examines the results of urbanisation of the closely related species and fundamental differences between them
1. Фридман ...
Population Migration as an Evidence of Regional Economic Attraction (through the Example of the Pskov Region)
The administrative territorial division of the Pskov region is considered in historical context. The author distinguishes the stages of formation of the Pskov region as an administrative territorial unit of the Russian Federation and analyses the population dynamics, natural population increase and migrations on the territory of the present-day Pskov region in the 19th-21st centuries. Special attention is drawn to migration control as a factor of the economic development of the region.
The influence of the sea on the economic development and settlement structure in the Baltic Sea region
... settlement structure date back to the mid-19th century. They became common in the 20th century. Researchers have come to a general understanding that a coastal position has a beneficial effect on the development of regions. Such areas have a denser population and develop more rapidly than inland regions. At the same time, the effect of environmental, socioeconomic, demographic, and political factors is often stronger than the influence of the sea. Thus, an inland position can be more beneficial ...
Current Issues in the Geodemographic Studies in Russia
... [Categories and factors of the demographic situation (situation)]. In: Prikladnaja demografija [Applied demography], Moscow, p. 29—36.
4. Valentey, D. I. 1970, K voprosu o sisteme nauk i zakonov narodonaselenija [On the system of sciences and laws Population], Izvestija Akademii nauk SSSR. Serija jekonomicheskaja [Proceedings of the Academy of Sciences of the USSR. Economic], no. 6, p. 31—41.
5. Рыбаковский, L. L. (ed.), 2006, Demograficheskaja situacija v Moskve i tendencii ee razvitija ...
Local features of regional difference in the modern Ukraine
This paper attempts to analyse the existing regional disparities with the help of the proposed population and territory performance indices. A regional analysis is carried out on the basis of index calculations; certain territorial groups of regions are identified. The author examines the state regional
1. Мартынов В. Л. Межрегиональное ...
The abundance and territorial distribution of the Eurasian Coot (Fulica atra) and Common Moorhen (Gallinula chloropus) in Kaliningrad
... 206 plots of an area of 1 km2. The urbanisation rate was estimated on a scale of 1 to 5. Kaliningrad is home to 208 breeding pairs of coots and 56 of moorhens. The Coot is more widespread (present in 25.2 % of the plots) than the Moorhen (13.6 %). The population density of the Coot reaches 10—15 pairs per km2 in the most suitable habitats with an average density of only 4.0 pairs per km2. The population density of the Moorhen reaches 5 pairs per km2 in optimal habitats with an average density of ...