Once again on the size of population in Königsberg during the siege of 1945
Arbushauskaite A. Anschluss and the population of the Klaipeda region
Territorial differences in the attitudes to the migration crisis in Germany: The political aspect
The European migration crisis has divided the population of Germany along the lines of the country’s migration policy and the attitude to immigrants. The antiimmigrant sentiment, supported by the rhetoric of the extreme right-wing parties and the criticism of current policies, have been growing ...
Measurement of liver volume using imaging techniques of various modalities
... velocity measurements for evaluation of the liver volume in the nonalcoholic fatty liver disease // Int. J. Clin. Exp. Med. 2016. Vol. 9(6). P. 10159—10169.
14. Chaubal G., Borkar V. V., Shetty G. et al. Estimation of liver volume in the western Indian population // Indian J. Gastroenterol. 2016. Vol. 35(4). P. 274—279.
15. Childs J. T., Esterman A., Thoirs K. A. Ultrasound measurements of the liver: an intra and inter-rater reliability study // Australian journal of ultrasound in medicine. 2014....
Self-employment of Russian population in the second half of the 1980s: the case of the Black Earth Region
This article analyses the process of development of Russian population’s business activities during the early Perestroika period. The case of Central Black Earth regions helps examine the outcomes and complications associated with the establishment and functioning of cooperatives producing consumer goods and ...
Military sovkhozes of the Red Army in former East Prussia in 1945—1946
This paper focuses on the ensuring of food supply for the military personnel of the Red Army and the German population in the first post-war years. Emphasis is placed on the development of new agricultural structures - subsidiary farms, enterprises, and, later, military sovkhozes, which created the basis for the agricultural industry after the Soviet population ...
Gender an seasonal changes in the leukocyte population in different age groups
This article presents the results of a hematological assay of blood (leucocytes, mean value of absolute and relative values of the leucocyte population: lymphocytes, total eosinophil, basophils, monocyte, and neutrophil count) in the military and reserve personnel. Seasonal, gender and age-dependent features in blood parameter changes are identified.
1. Назаренко Г. И., Кишкун ...
Demographic Situation and Demographic Security in the Regions of Russia’s Western Borderlands
In this study, I address the vast and complicated problem of population replacement in Russia’s border regions. Although both national and regional demographic indicators have improved in Russia in recent years, many issues relating to sub-replacement fertility, irrational migration, etc. remain unresolved. This ...
The Denominational Space of Modern Sweden: Christianity
... country’s denominational space. The authors establish a connection between migration processes in a society and changes in the internal structure of its Christian space.
1. Safronov, S. G. 1998, Religious pace of Russia, Naseleniye i obschestvo [Population and society], no. 22, p. 1—4. (In Russ.)
2. Filimonova, I. Yu. 2008, Distinctive features of confessional structure of population of Orenburg area: spatial difference, Etnopanorama, no. 1—2, pp. 53—61. (In Russ.)
3. Safronov, S. G. 2013,...
The typology of the medical and environmental situation in the municipalities of the Kaliningrad region
A cross-spectrum analysis of socially and environmentally induced disease rate in population serves as the basis for the authors’ typology of administrative districts of the Kaliningrad region according to medical and environmental factors. The authors identify the dependence between the quality of environment, healthcare infrastructure ...
Long-term dynamics of structure and abundance of bream population in the Vistula lagoon
This paper analyses the long-term dynamics of structure and abundance of bream (Abramis brama L.) population in the Vistula lagoon on the basis of 1959—2010 trawl surveys. The authors emphasise the positive long-term impact of fishing regulation. The current bream stock is estimated as sufficient.
А., Рябчун ...
The income differentiation among the residents of Latvia in 2000—2008
... differentiation among the residents of Latvian regions in order to assess the government’s economic policies aimed at the development of a socially inclusive market economy in the country. The paper describes the dynamics of changes in the income of population of Latvian regions over nine years (2000—2008). The authors put forward a hypothesis that the changes in the state social and economic policy tend to influence the level and dynamics of income of Latvia’s population.
1. Litvinov, V. ...
Development of Aland Islands: major trends and challenges
... considers key conditions and factors of the development of Aland Islands, describes main international legal regulations determining current status of the islands, identifies the trends in volume and structure of economic activities, ana lyzes processes of population change by regions and communes, as well as migration flows. The article also characterizes legal framework for socioeconomic development of the Finnish region. It is argued that the key factor behind modern welfare of the islands is not their ...
School education in Lithuania and the Lithuanian SSR (1920s—1950s)
... statistical data that were unavailable in the Soviet period, the author analyses historiographical materials and studies the peculiarities of the education system, as well as evaluates the attitude of the state, the national authorities and the republic's population towards this issue.
2008. Gosudarstvenno-pravovye aspekty formirovanija territorii i naselenija Litvy: istoricheskij ocherk. Kaliningrad, pp. 22—24.
naselenija kak novoe kompleksnoe ...
The mortality rate in the Kaliningrad region in the second half of the 1940s—1950s
This article focuses on the major problems of studying one of the key aspects of the demographic history of the Kaliningrad region – the evolution of mortality rate in urban and rural population. Based on an analysis of statistical data from archival documents, the author considers the dynamics and characteristics of mortality rate. The key mortality rate indicators and the factors behind its decrease in the first half/mid-1950s are ...
Socio-spatial differentiation in transition: a preliminary comparative analysis of post-soviet St Petersburg and Riga
... two largest post-Soviet urban centres in the Baltic Sea region. An important result of the research is a methodology for multi-lev-a el analysis of changes in the urban environment of post-socialist cities. Data from post-1991 national censuses and population registers are used to calculate measures of social well-being in urban districts as well as to identify territorial imbalances. Compar-ative analysis makes it possible to trace the spatial patterns of post-Soviet differentiation and set out ...
The use of geographic information analysis to solve the problem of ensuring the security of the Kaliningrad region’s population
The paper is devoted to two issues of ensuring population safety that are specific to the Kaliningrad region – the recording and mapping of located World War II ammunition and calculation of damage associated with devas-tating polder soil flooding. It is proposed to use SQL queries technology com-plemented ...
The characteristics of the biogenic element of the runoff fr om the drainage areas of the Gulf of Finland basin experiencing a lim ited anthropogenic impact
... performed. The authors consider the dynamics of biogenic element content in the streamflow, the relation of the drainage areas to certain landscapes, the share of agricultural lands and tillage in the drainage areas, the forest-land percentage, a rural population density, and the forest age and type.
1. Isachenko, A. G. 1995. Jekologicheskaja geografija Severo-Zapada. Part. 2.St. Petersburg.
2. Kondratiev, S. A. 2007. Formirovanie vneshnej nagruzki na vodoemy: problemy modelirovanija. St. Petersburg....
Changes in the ethnic composition of the population of North- West Russia in the 18th -19th centuries
... родному языку, губерниям и областям. URL:
= (дата обращения 20.11.2015).
Manakov A. G.
historical geography, time slices, changes in the ethnic composition, population, North-West Russia
The ethnocultural identification of the Belarusian population in the Russian publications of the late 18th — early 19th centuries
... ethnonymy and other ethnocultural markers (denomination, language) of the residents of Belarusian lands during the partitions of Poland on the basis of works by S. Plescheev, H. F. Hackmann, L. M. Maksimovich, V. M. Severgin, and other scholars. The urban population was ethnically identified as Polish, whereas the rural peasant one as predominantly Lithuanian.
1. Вуглік І. Р. Этнаніміка беларусаў XVII—XVIII ст.: экзаэтнонімы // Весці БДПУ. 2009. Сер....
Geodemography of the Saint Petersburg Suburbs
... emerging within the suburban area of Saint Petersburg — the most economically, demographically, and socially vibrant territory of Russia’s North-West.
Degusarova V. S., Martynov V. L., Sazonova I. E.
geodemography, suburban area, borders, population, natural population movement, migratory movement, distance, isochrones
Russian Northwest: An integral Assessment of the Conditions of Regional Social, Environmental and Economic Systems and Quality of Life
... evaluation], Jekonomika regiona [The region's economy], no. 2, p. 147—162.
2. Boblakova, L. М., Dmitriev, V. V. 2014, Integral'naja ocenka kachestva zhizni naselenija g. Sankt-Peterburga i g. Moskvy [Integral assessment of the quality of life of the population of St. Petersburg and Moscow], Mezhdunarodnyj zhurnal jeksperimental'nogo obrazovanija [International Journal of Experimental Education], Vol. 3, Part. 1, p. 91—95.
3. Vinogradova, V. V. 2015, Prirodno-klimaticheskie i bioklimaticheskie ...
The demographic problems of the Baltic cities: general trends
This article discusses the trends of demographic development of the Baltic Sea region's cities. It analyses the factors affecting the urban population dynamics in the second half of the 20th — the beginning of the 21st centuries. The authors emphasise the dependence of the Baltic cities on the socioeconomic development level throughout the region as well as intraregional disparities. The ...
Passages from the history of the Kaliningrad region: The first sitting of the Königsberg regional Office for Civil Affairs on June 26—27, 1946
... on the conflict between the civil and military authorities. Different models of relations between the military and civil administrative structures developed in the region’s towns and districts. The meeting also discussed the position of the German population and the flaws of trade and communication organization.
1. Российский государственный архив социально-политической истории (РГАСПИ). Ф. 17. Центральный Комитет ...
The development of a 1946 draft decree of the USSR Council of Ministers on populating the agricultural areas of the Kaliningrad region
This article examines the development of draft resolutions of the USSR Council of Ministers “On the Priority Measures for the Population of Districts and the Development of Agriculture in the Kaliningrad Region.” The author considers the reasons behind a reduction in financial benefits and food support for settlers in the Kaliningrad region.
1. История края (1945—1950) ...
The species composition and environmental characteristics of chironomidae (Diptera: Chironomidae) in Kaliningrad water bodies .
This article offers data on chironomid fauna in two lakes in the city of Kaliningrad: Lake Penkovoye and Lake Isakovskoye.
The authors analyse the species composition as well as ecological characteristics of populations and estimate the condition of
water ecosystems of the waterbodies under consideration on the basis of the data on quantitative characteristics and species
diversity of chironomidae.
Festung Königsberg in 1945: The garrison and its population. A reply to G. V. Kretinin’s remarks
This article presents primary sources for studying the siege and battle of Königsberg of 1945. The work aims to distinguish between the civilian population remaining in the city and combatants defending it. It is shown that the inflated Soviet estimate of the garrison strength, which was uncritically reproduced by Prof G. V. Kretinin, should be revised as a result of Soviet memory distortion.
Gender differences in quality of life in the population of a northern regions depending on the field of employment
This article analyses quality of life determined by the health of working-age population of a northern region. The authors identify latent factors affecting the quality of life in men and women engaged in mental and manual labor. Differences in the self-assessment of quality of life depending on the sex and job of the respondents ...
Episodes of the Klaipeda/Memel Anschluss in March, 1939
... the basis of archive documents and historical studies. The author identifies the methods used by the Germans in the Klaipėda region in order to destroy the system established by the Treaty of Versailles, propagate national socialist ideas among the population, and spread a positive attitude to the restoration of the region as a part of the German Reich. The author offers a detailed analysis of the actions of the Nazi and paramilitary groups during the Anschluss in March 22—25, 1939. An examination ...
On the Western border of the Zedmar culture
This article presents the Neolithic materials from the settlements on the northeastern coast of the Vistula Lagoon. The settlements were populated by tribes of the Primorskaya Corded Ware Culture. It does not exclude that their predecessors could have lived on the territory in the early and middle Neolithic. Although the antiquities described below are not numerous, they represent a rare ...
Implicit memory, or Once again on German civilians in Königsberg during the fortress siege in February — April 1945
Within a polemic with B. Willems's article, the author analyses the size of civilian population of Königsberg remaining in the city during the siege of 1945. The article considers approaches of Soviet and German command to evaluating the role of civilians in defending the fortress during the siege.
1. Вик М. Закат Кёнигсберга: ...
The history of populating Prussian Lithuania: the case of Tolmingkemen parish and its environs
Rothe W., Wiemer D. Zur Siedlungsgeschichte von Preussisch-Litthauen am Beispiel der Region des Kirchspiels Tollmingkehmen und Umgebung. — Freiburg, 2016. — Bd. 1 : Zur Besiedlung der Region. — 464 S. ; Bd. 2 : Anlagen- und Dokumentensammlung. — 288 S.
Dementev I. O.
Local Self-Government: Problems of Territorial Administration and Hierarchisation
... of zoning at the level of local administration. The author determines and analyses the main complications arising at the determination of municipality borders and offers solutions to these problems.
local administration, territory, populated place, municipalities
The politics of memory in Klaipėda at the turn of 1940—1950s (based on the materials of the Sovetskaya Klaipeda newspaper)
... Kaliningrad and Olsztyn (1945—1990) // Stadtgeschichte des Baltikums oder baltische Stadtgeschichte? Annäherungen an ein neues Forschungsfeld zur baltischen Geschichte / Hrsg. H. Hein-Kircher, I. Misāns. Marburg, 2015. S. 187—199.
11. Safronovas V. Population of the Klaipėda region and the balance of power in the Eastern Baltic region, 1919—1960 // Population displacement in Lithuania in the twentieth century. Experiences, identities and legacies / ed. T. Balkelis, V. Davoliūtė. Leiden, 2016....
International Migration in the Periods of Transition and Crisis: the Case of Latvia
... Vol. 31. P. 134—138.
2. Apsite-Berina E. Starpvalstu migrācija Eiropas Savienībā: Latvijas iedzīvotāju migrācija uz Lielbritāniju : PhD-thesis Latvian University. Riga, 2013.
3. Castles S., Miller M. The Age of Migration. International Population Movements in the Modern World. 4th ed. N. Y. ; L., 2009.
4. Click H+K Research. Socialo tiklu lietojums Latvija, 2012. URL:http://twitpic. com/a6pkb6/full (дата обращения: 16.08.2013).
5. CSBL Central Statistical Bureau of ...
Improving Human Resource Training Policy for the Balanced Economic and Demographic Development of the Kaliningrad Region
... explores the possible solutions to the problems revealed. The study relies on a modified concept of regional eco-nomic and demographic situation that supplements traditional analysis of the connection between the demographic characteristics of regional population and economy with the ‘education’ component. The author identifies disproportions in both quantity (lack/excess) and quality (level of training and occupational structure Vs. the needs of the region) of human resources. The number of specialists ...
Registering of rare and endangered plant sprcies in the Volgograd region
This article focuses on the activity aimed at registering of the populations of rare and endangered plant species in the Volgograd. The authors address the legal and methodological framework for this process and present the results of the work conducted.
1. Красная книга Волгоградской области....
SIA model of the dynamics of AIDS-spreading and patients with AIDS in Kaliningrad region
A determinate population model of AIDS-spreading that accounts of sex and age is proposed and the dynamics of AIDS-spreading in Kaliningrad region based on this model is considered.
1. Haefner J. W. Modeling Biological System. Principles and Applications. Springer,...
The political elite recruitment in the Baltic: the role of the ethnic factor
... homogeneity of the social structure. This article analyses the process of elite group formation in the Baltics through the lens of the ethnic factor. By applying the ethnopolitical approach, the author concludes that the de facto barriers to non-titular population groups entering power structures, which exist in Latvia and Estonia, “freeze” the system of elite recruitment. In the conditions of increasing social unrest, it may have an adverse effect on the overall political stability in these countries....
The Relationship between Heart Rhythm Variability and the Heart Rate in Adolescents and Young Adults
... patients // Circulation. 2003. Vol. 107 (4). P. 565—570.
7. Maheshwari A., Norby F. L., Soliman E. Z. et al. Low heart rate variability in a 2-minute electrocardiogram recording is associated with an increased risk of sudden cardiac death in the general population: the atherosclerosis risk in communities study // PLoS One. 2016. Vol. 11 (8).
8. Billman G. E. Heart rate variability — a historical perspective // Frontiers in Physiol. 2011. Vol. 2. P. 86.
9. La Rovere M. T., Bigger J. T., Marcus F. I....
Estimating the accuracy of standard volume calculations using liver volumetry
... Tamura S. et al. Estimation of standard liver volume in Japanese living liver donors // Journal of Gastroenterology and Hepatology. 2006. Vol. 21. P. 1710—1713.
11. Heinemann A., Wischhusen F., Puschel K. et al. Standard Liver Volume in the Caucasian Population // Liver Transplantation and Surgery. 1999. Vol. 5 (5). P. 366—368.
12. Johnson T. N., Tucker G. T., Tanner M. S. et al. Changes in Liver Volume from Birth to Adulthood: A Meta-Analysis // Liver Transplantation. 2005. Vol. 12, № 11 (December)....
Economic and Geographical Structure of the Baltic Sea region
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20. Welcome to the Baltic University,...
Interregional and cross-country flows of labor resources in the Kaliningrad region: factors and vectors in the contemporary Eurasian context
... fact that the Kaliningrad region remains highly attractive for migrants and temporary migrant workers, mainly from the CIS, the balance of external labor migration in recent years is characterized by a declining trend. The outflow of the able-bodied population to the Russian metropolitan regions played the decisive role. The need for temporary workers is filled mainly by immigrants from Uzbekistan. The labor market pressure by migrant workers remains below the national average. Intraregional migration ...
Economic and demographic distinctions between municipal districts of the Kaliningrad region
... municipalities lag behind the western part of the region, where the city of Kaliningrad is located. In the east, where the level of employment is lower and the problem of unemployment is more complicated, there is a significant migration outflow of the population to Kaliningrad and its satellite towns. The regional programme Vostok is being developed to tackle the problem of the eastern municipalities. It offers additional benefits to investors compared with the mechanism of the Special Economic ...
Current Geodemographic Problems in the European Union and Migration Crisis of the 2010s
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. europa. eu/trends-and-routes/migratory-routes-map (accessed 04.11.2016).
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tgm/table.do?tab=table&init=1&language=en&pcode=tps00001&plugin=1 (accessed 15. 04. 2016).
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Federal Repatriation Programme in the Kaliningrad region: an Assessment of Risks and Opportunities
... social'no-jekonomicheskoe razvitie stran regiona Baltijskogo morja [Migration and socio-economic development of the Baltic Sea Region], Proceedings of the International Conference, Kaliningrad.
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The historical aspects and current issues of the development of Russian-Lithuanian economic relations
... authorities did not result in successful state building, and the economic situation remained unchanged. The USSR leadership made an effort to improve the living conditions in post-war Lithuania. There were some mistakes made in the relations with the local population that resulted in Lithuanians’ resistance to sovietisation. However, in the conditions of post-war restoration of national economy and acute deficit of material and human resources, the Soviet leadership managed not only to reform and develop ...
Human Resources of Post-war Lithuania and Their Role in the Rebuilding of Klaipeda
... but was intensified. To reach this objective, however, Lithuania required qualified workforce. Before the war, hardly any attention was paid to the training of workers for industrial-scale production and construction. Then, a considerable decrease in population during the war aggravated the already substantial labour shortage. The attempts of the republic’s leadership to solve the problems of labour shortage through organised labour migration and labour mobilisation yielded no significant results....
The main environmental problems of the Baltic Sea and the ways to solve them
... Pollut Bull. Vol. 57, pp. 8—21.
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6. Brugmann, L. 1981. Heavy metals ...
The role of microbiota in the pathophysiological mechanisms of the formation of allergic rhinitis: a review
The review focuses on modern views on the etiopathogenesis of allergic rhinitis and the development of its complications. The microbial communities of the symbiotic population in the human body (microbiota) and their contribution to the immunobiological reactivity of the body are considered. The authors give a comparative characteristic of microbiota assessment methods. The data analysis suggests that microbiota ...