Lexical explicators of the modality of necessity in the Old and New Testament (the Synodal translation into Russian)
In this article, I explore one of the elements of situational modality, namely, the microfield of the modality of necessity. I consider the use of lexical modifiers of the modality of necessity in the Old and New Testament. The aims of this study are to identify similarities and differences in the use of lexemes explicating the microfield in the biblical texts and ...
The notion of necessity in the German philosophy of the¬ Enlighten¬ment
Necessity is a key philosophical notion, which is used in different disciplines from logic to ontology. In the German philosophy of the Enlightenment, this concept was centralto the work of many thinkers. For them, necessity is related not only to logic ...
The functioning of nuclear explicators of the modal meaning of necessity in the novel "Resurrection" by Leo Tolstoy and its translation in Polish
This article deals with the nuclear explicators of the necessity micro-field — a micro-field of the situational modality – in the original and the Polish translation of L. N. Tolstoy’s novel "Resurrection". The authors establish the functional-semantic hierarchy of corresponding modal modifiers ...
The modal microfield of necessity in official and business documents in the Russian and Polish languages
Official and business documents published in modern Russian and Polish periodicals serves as the material for analyzing the expression plane of necessity microfield. The authors identify its central and peripheral components, as well as common properties and intralinguistic features in the set of expressive means of the given microfield.
1. Ваулина С. С. Языковая модальность ...
The features of the expression of the modal meaning of necessity in Russian and Lithuanian newspapers
This article presents a functional-semantic analysis of one of situational modality meanings — the meaning of necessity — as implemented in Russian and Lithuanian newspaper texts. The authors identify the functions of Russian modal explicators and their Lithuanian equivalents.
. Соотношение системно-языкового ...
Dynamics of Russian-speaking environment in the CIS and Baltic countries: cultural necessity or pragmatic request?
The features of implementation of the modal meaning of obligation in S. Yesenin’s axiological world view
On the basis of S. Yesenin’s poetry, the authors consider the text function of linguistic units expressing the modal meaning of necessity. The article offers their functional and semantic hierarchy and describes their role in analysing the poet’s axiological world view.
МАС — Словарь русского языка: в 4 т....
The role of pedagogical support in the personal development of students of higher educational institutions
Problems of development of the person of students of high school are considered. Necessity of introduction of pedagogical support is described, its importance is analysed, target orientations are designated, stages of pedagogical support of students are allocated.
. Проблемы развивающего ...
The functioning of explicator lexemes of situational modality in the Aprakos of Mstislav the Great
Based on Mstislav the Great’s Aprakos, the authors consider the functioning of linguistic units expressing the meaning of situational modality (possibility, desirability, necessity). The article establishes a semantic correlation between the use of these explicators and the fundamental moral and ethical postulates of Christianity.
1. Баталина К. Е. Абстрактные имена существительные ...
Professional function «The intercultural intermediary»: the status and the activity maintenance
The article provides a rationale of the expedience and necessity of the amplification of professional functions of social humanitarian sphere workers with the new function of the cross-cultural mediator. The cross-cultural mediator professiogram is revealed on the basis of the professiographic approach.
«Political banditism» at the north-western border of the Soviet state in the 1920s
This article deals with the profound changes in the political, social and economic spheres in the USSR that resulted from the growth of oppositional attitudes and banditism in the country. These circumstances led to the necessity to increase the efficiency of the State Political Directorate.
архив Федеральной службы безопасности Российской Федерации (далее — ЦА ФСБ РФ)....
Corporative personnel culture in entrepreneurship
The author discusses urgency and current necessity of the problem of corporate culture for the businessmen of the Kaliningrad region who are carrying out activity on territory surrounded by the EU. He gives special attention to fitting the European norms of corporate culture in conditions of ...
Psychological and Pedagogical Provision of Variative Education routes in State Schools
The article analyses the necessity and possibility of variative education routes implementation in state schools as an integrate model of educational space. The author presents the results of the introduction of four variative education routes: for advanced students, students ...
The evaluation of perspectives of labour supply in the Kaliningrad region
Limited reproduction of labour supply in the Kaliningrad region, determined by demographic situation, causes the necessity to attract
more immigrants and requires innovative development of economics.
ежегодник: 2007 / Территориальный орган Федеральной службы госстатистики ...
Harry S. Truman and Racial Segregation Problem in USA in Second Half of the 1940s
The article is dedicated to the problem of racial segregation in the USA. Harry S. Truman was the first American president to raise the question of the necessity to eliminate this shameful tradition.
Papers of the Presidents of the United States. Harry S. Truman. 1947. Washington, 1961.
Papers of the Presidents ...
Professional universality of linguists: providing a rationale of the concept
This paper sets out to examine professional universality as an intrinsic essential characteristic of a linguist, a thorough consideration of which provides a rationale of the expedience and necessity of the importance of professional universality for promoting a better competitiveness and professional development in contemporary system of professional education.
Субъектный подход в психологии ...
The improvement of the efficiency of residential burglary: The application of the modelling method
... at investigation of crimes of the given kind is analyzed. The expediency of use of a method of modelling as the synthesising beginning capable considerably to raise efficiency of disclosing and investigation of bиrglaries is proved. It is underlined necessity of use of the situational approach and crime studying for three phases: precriminal, criminal and postcriminal.
учебник / под ред. А.
Ф. Волынского, В.
П. Лаврова. ...
The criminal procedure aspects of the absolution from the suspicion of committing a crime
... committing a crime during the preliminary inquisition. The main points of the article are the problems of keeping a status of the suspect after release him from custody or cancellation a measure of restriction. Also there are arguments in favour of necessity of making alterations into the criminal-procedural legislation.
Гипотеза — основополагающее начало построения и проверки следственных версий ...
The attempts of founding of the Russian Idea as a Russian nation specific component of intercultural communication
... P. Full Collected Works and Favorite Letters, 1991. Vol. 1. URL: http://az.lib.ru/c/chaadaew_p_j/text_0010.shtml (дата обращения: 10.02.2014).
5. Kocherov N. The Russian idea as the subject of philosophic analysis: to the issue of the necessity of philosophical ideas, 2010. URL: http://credonew.ru/content/ view/889/62/ (дата обращения: 12.02.2014).
Samsonova M. The
intercultural communication, national identity, the Russian Idea.
On the phenomenon of socio-pedagogical support of student's subjective development in additional education
... reflective-environmental approach, the potential, features, and limitations to socio-pedagogical support of the subjective development of a student in the framework of additional education. On the basis of the research conducted, the author comes to a conclusion about the necessity of such support both for the development of students' subjectivity and the implementation of subjective functions of additional education.
Я и мои ценности… Тренинговые занятия ...
The role of explicator of situation modality in conveying spiritual awakening in L. N. Tolstoy’s novel Resurrection
On the basis of Leo Tolstoy’s novel Resurrection, the author considers the text function of linguistic units expressing the meaning of situational modality (possibility, desirability, necessity), as well as their role in the depiction of the moral revival of personality.
1. Бобровская Г. В. Семантика и прагматика риторических вопросов в текстах массовой коммуникации ...
Impliced meanings of the modality of obligation in the novel "Master and Margarita" by M. A. Bulgakov
... словарь / гл. ред. В. Н. Ярцева. М., 1998.
11. Булгаков М. А. Мастер и Маргарита // Избранное. Киев, 1989. Т. 1.
Abashova O. Y.
implication, implicit meanings, implicit categories, meaning of necessity, context.
The role of modal meaning explicators in the structure of newspaper headlines (on the basis of news items)
... situational modality is related to the use of modal verbs and predicatives in combination with a dependent infinitive and direct speech structure. The author examines the explicators of objective modality and specifying situational modality (possibility, necessity, and desirability).
1. Александрова О. В. Язык средств массовой информации как часть коллективного пространства общества // Язык СМИ как объект ...
On the creation of the state administration system in the Kaliningrad region
The article is a critical review of the PhD student V. Rubashkin’s research work. There are numerous factual, thematic and logical mistakes which affect the content of his research work. Special attention is paid to the necessity of a wider use of historical documents.
1. Бирковский В. Г. и др. История края (1945—1950) : учеб. пособие. Калининград, 1984. С. 43—51.
2. Восточная Пруссия. С древнейших ...
The Green Meadow. Kant´s new Definition of the Modal Concept of Existence in the First Moment of the “Analytic of the Beautiful”
... be considered here as a means to constructing a new definition of the modal concept of “existence”. More generally, the four moments of the “Analytic of the Beautiful” contain preliminary work on the modal concepts of existence, possibility, necessity — and, of course, contingency, which is very important because it is required for the definition of the very special modal status of the “maxims of judgment”.
1. Allison, H. E. 2001, Kant´s Theory of Taste. A Reading of the “Critique ...
“Ancient history” course as basis for acquisition of basic cultural, historic, moral and spiritual traditions of one’s country
The article reveals the potential of the “Ancient History” academic course in getting acquainted with national history and culture that originated in biblical tradition. The author justifies the necessity of studying biblical history, using the results of harmonization of the Bible and contemporary scientific research.The Bible is considered as an important historical source.
доктрина образования ...
Traditional instructional media in British higher education: the analysis of effects of application
... application of traditional (pre-multimedia) instructional media in UK higher education institutions. The effects of the following media are considered: audio-visual; traditional computer; interactive video; early multimedia. A conclusion is drawn about the necessity to carefully integrate instructional media into the educational context.
An analysis of evaluations of interactive video / Educational Technology. 1986. № 26. P. 7—17.
Multimeeeja … who needsya / ...
Doctrine of Absolute and Ordered Power of God in Medieval Natural Theology
Cur Deus homo? Lib. 2, cap. 5, 10, 15
John of Mirecourt and Gregory of Rimini on Whether God Can Undo the Past // Recherches de théologie ancienne et médiévale. 1972. Vol. 40.
Necessity and freedom in Anselm’s concept of God // Covenant and Causality in Medieval Thought.
Potentia absoluta/ordinata. // Historisches Wörterbuch der Philosophie. Bd. 7. Hg. Ritter J., Gründer ...
Modality as a basis of Kant’s philosophical system and its connection to the language structure
... substantial elements. The system comprises ‘faculties of the mind’, as Kant calls them, namely, evaluation, cognition, and practical activity and norms. These forms of activity correlate with the world of possibilities, the actual world, and the world of necessity. Grammatical moods correspond to the modal worlds and the ‘faculties of the mind’. All this means that Kant’s system finds a reflection in the system of language, which is another argument in favour of the organicity of his philosophy....
J. N. Tetens’s ‘transcendental philosophy’ as a basic science¬ and criti¬cal propaedeutics to metaphysics
In his treatise On General Speculative Philosophy, J. N. Tetens sets out to justify the possibility and necessity of metaphysics as a general speculative science. His primary objective is to defend metaphysics against the opponents, the most serious of which, in Tetens’s opinion, is D. Hume. In this connection, Tetens sharply criticises traditional empiricism ...
Chapters of the institutional economic history of Königsberg/Kaliningrad
... The Economic Journal. 1989. Vol. 99, №
394. March. P. 116—131.
David Paul A.
Clio and the Economics of QWERTY // American Economic Review. 1985. Vol. 75, №
David Paul A.
Understanding the Economics of QWERTY: The Necessity of History // Economic History and the Modern Economist / ed. by William N. Parker. N. Y., Basil Blackwell, 1986.
The Rus' Primary Chronicle. URL: http://www.utoronto.ca/elul/English/ 218/PVL-selections.pdf
Nureev Rustem, Latov ...
Migrant as homo scientis: the epistemological aspect of reclamation of the Kaliningrad region
... total ignorance that the Soviet settlers faced when reclaiming the alien cultural space of former East Prussia. The author analyzes the settlers' cognitive activity of cultural assimilation of new territories, which became an everyday routine and vital necessity.
1. А ну-ка, подумай! // Калининградский комсомолец (далее КК). 1948.12 дек.
2. Адамович О. Почин комсомольцев // КК. 1951. 26 апр.
3. Андрущенко Ю. ...
Urban planning of Russian urban districts: Practices, problems, solutions
... authors consider methodological approaches and the ways to solve the problem of territory deficiency: artificial accretion areas (land reclamation, drainage, underwater construction) and the use of satellite town resources. The article emphasizes the necessity for the demarcation of suburban areas and their management. It is concluded that there is a need for the joint development of localities comprising urban agglomerations, as well as drawing up and implementing a single document describing the ...
Assessment of the Socio-economic Development of Russian Regions: an Overview of Approaches
... regions. There are different types of assessment – administrative, ranking and scientific ones. Each type of assessment has its own parameters – the subject of assessment, frequency, tools, specific methodology, and others. The authors stress the necessity of a more systemic approach to assessing the socio-economic development of the Russian Federation based on the principles of sustainable development.
1. Социально-экономические показатели РФ в 1991—2016 ...
‘What can be described can happen too…’: describing text semantics as a model structure of transworld relationships
... Cambridge University Press.
Hintikka, J., 1972. The Semantics of Modal Notions and the Indeterminacy of Ontology. In: D. Davidson, G. Harman, eds. Semantics of Natural Language. Synthese. Vol. 40. Springer: Dordrecht.
Kripke, S., 1980. Naming and Necessity. Cambridge, MA: Harvard University Press.
Kripke., S., 1963. Semantical Analysis of Modal Logic I: Normal Modal Propositional Calculi». Zeitschrift für Mathematische Logik und Grundlagen der Mathematik, 9, pp. 67—96.
Lewis, D., 1968. "Counterpart ...
Rural areas of Eastern Germany: modern challenges
... proposals aimed at the development of the area and counteracting the negative trends it is now experiencing. Even taking into account all ‘positive’ development trends that are postulated to have occurred since the unification, we underline the crucial necessity of diversification of labour forces and of changing the spatial planning policies in the rural areas of East Germany.
1. Knappe, Е., Piterskij, D. 2004, Sovremennye problemy razvitija sel'skogo hozjajstva i sel'skoj mestnosti v Germanii [Modern ...
Kant and Hegel, an alleged right and the ‘inverted world’
... to lie out of love of humanity. Kant's theory of impossibility of total delusion makes it possible, on the one hand, to prove that Kant is right to insist on inadmissibility of lying. On the other, in controversial situations, polemics focus on the necessity to conceal information to save a human life rather than lies proper. The idea of ‘inverted world’ is not a formal abstraction but the principle behind the movement of historical life. A phenomenological analysis of the polemic between Kant ...
The thinking of nature and the nature of thinking — Cohen on Spinoza
... philosophy of Spinoza saw Cohen ontological metaphysics, which is based on the erro-neous principle of identity. It cancels the possibility of the ethics as prevents the existence of nature distinguished from being of obligation, and over which dominates the necessity of natural laws. This distinction and the union of logic and ethics for Cohen is equally necessary and complemen¬tary. This fundamental principle of critical idealism overcomes Spinoza's pantheism, the reducing ethics to logic and devastating ...
Infinitive sentences as a means of expressing modal semantics
... Russian language of the second half of the 17th and early 18th centuries. Special attention is paid to the interaction of modal semantics with the pragmatic background of the utterance. The authors identify a variety of modal meanings, including those of necessity and obligation expressed by constructions with an independent infinitive in legislative directive documents. The authors analyze the dependence of the semantics of these constructions on the genre of the text.
1. Буралова Р. А. ...
An “ideal city”, its statics and dynamics
... well supplied with their own renewable resources and to be well supplied with resources coming from the outside. The megalopolis inhabitants have to be well informed about the inside and outside metabolic processes. In conclusion the author claims the necessity of an interdisciplinary approach to designing and constructing an ‘ideal city’ model in Russia and everywhere. Such interdisciplinary research and development teams of the researchers, tutors, students, journalists, grassroots activists ...
Meaning in life and meaning in the text (roundtable proceedings)
... Christian Ejlers.
Kiklewicz, A., 2015. Bełkot w komunikacji: próba klasyfikacji zjawisk. In: P. Lewiński, ed. Bełkot, czyli mowa ludzka pozbawiona sensu. Komunikacyjna funkcja wypowiedzi niejasnych. Olsztyn. p. 11—26.
Kripke, S., 1980. Naming and Necessity. Cambridge, MA: Harvard University Press.
Kripke, S., 2013. Reference and Existence. N. Y.: Oxford University Press.
Lewis, D., 1968. Counterpart Theory and Quantified Modal Logic. Journal of Philosophy, 65, pp. 113—126.
Lewis, D., 1979....
Some aspects of John Rawls’s first principle of justice
5. Sen А. 2016. Ideya spravedlivosti [The idea of justice]. Moscow.
6. Frolova, Е. А. 2012, Kategorii spravedlivosti, neobhodimosti i dolzhenstvovaniya pri issledovanii sotsial'nyh otnoshenii v filosofii neokantianstva [Categories of justice, necessity and duty by the study of social relations in the neo-Kantian philosophy], in: Pravo i gosudarstvo: teorija i praktika [Law and State: Theory and Practice]. No. 10. Pp. 112—121.
7. Frolova, Е. А. 2011, Pravovoi ideal v filosofii prava [Legal ...
Factors of self-actualization of student youth in the context of cross-cultural interaction and the mastering of a macro-mediator language
The topicality of this pilot study is predetermined by the necessity to optimize cross-cultural interaction in polyethnic regions by means of revelation of its subjects’ sociological portrait. In this research, the author attempts to experimentally investigate the nature of cross-cultural interaction in mastering ...
The concept of WILL in the semantics of deontic modality
27. Palmer F. R. Modality and the English Modals. L., 1990.
28. Ziegeler D. On the generic origins of modality in English // English Modality in Context. Diachronic Perspectives. Frankfurt a/M, 2003. P. 33—69.
Sytko A. W.
deontic, will, necessity, semantics, modality of will, voluntary modality
Unvergängliche Bedeutung des philosophisch-pädagogischen Schaffens Kants
The article is meant for teachers and everyone interested in the problems of upbringing and self-upbringing. The major incentive for all works of the great scientists was the desire to reveal the extent of possibility and necessity of dignity for a person pursuing their vocation. Kant showed the world as the world should be in accordance to the sensible disposition of the human being. The author analyses the main concepts of Kant's rational ethics and attempts to classify ...
The communication of persons: Kant’s theory of marriage law held captive by pagan anthropology
... vision of family law can be overcome. The personalist philosophy of family retains the fruitful contents of Kant's matrimonial law theory: the notion that the matrimonial union is necessary “due to the law of humanity”, and not due to mere natural necessity; the notion of matrimonial acquisition as one accomplished neither factually, nor contractually, but “according to a law”, as a consequence of an obligation to enter a family unity. And yet, just as in Kant’s theory of law there is no ...
The apologia of reason in J. Chr. Gottsched’s classicistic system: On the 250th anniversary of the philosopher’s death
... Zhdanova, Leningrad. 206 p.
12. Lyotard, J.-F. 1998, Sostoyanie Postmoderna [Postmodern Condition], Moscow, SPb, 160 p.
13. Mamardashvili M. K. 1996, O soznanii [About consciousness] In: Neobhodimiost sebya (Lektsii. Stati. Filosofskie zametki) [The necessity of self (Lections, articles, Philosophical notes)], Moscow, pp. 214—228.
14. Mihailov A. V. Poetika barokko: zavershenie ritoricheskoi epokhi [The poetics of the Baroque: the end of the rhetorical era]. In: Mikhailov, A. V. Iazyki kul’tury ...
Problems and Prospects of Cross-Border Cooperation in Tourism between Russia and Europe
... Yagüe M. J. 2014, Market orientation in mid-range service, urban hotels: How to apply the MKTOR instrument, nternational Journal of Hospitality Management, Vol. 43, October, p. 76—86.
19. Zaitseva, N. A., Goncharova, I. V., Androsenko, M. E. 2016, Necessity of Changes in the System of Hospitality Industry and Tourism Training in Terms of Import Substitution, International Journal of Economics and Financial Issues, no. 6 (1), p. 288—293.
Zaitseva N. A., Kropinova E. G.
tourism, cross-border ...
The principle of sufficient reason in German philosophy of the Enlight-enment
... influence on the German philosophy of Enlightenment. In German Metaphysic, he presented the “strong” definition of the principle and its proof. As a result, freedom was restricted, because the principle of sufficient reason implies the unlimited necessity of all things and excludes the possibility of any happenstance, at least in the real world. It had an adverse effect on philosophy in general and ethics in particular. However, the total elimination of the principle of sufficient reason was ...
God’s Law or Categorical Imperative: on Crusian Issues of Kantian Morality
... Philosophie bis 1785. Stuttgart-Bad Cannstatt: Frommann-Holzboog.
Stark, W., 2004. Nachwort. In: I. Kant, ed. 2004. Vorlesung zur Moralphilosophie. Berlin and New York: De Gruyter, pp. 386-391.
Kant, Crusius, ethics, moral teaching, virtue, happiness, necessity, the moral law, God
Ludmila E. Kryshtop