The Conjunction Functions of the Particle tolko: A Conjunction Particle vs a Conjunction Analogue
... particle/conjunction relation forms a gradient. In an utterance, the lexeme studied fulfils either the primary function of a logical and modal particle or the secondary one of a conjunction. In the latter case, the lexeme becomes a conjunction particle or a conjunction ... ... particle and a conjunction conjunctive. The analysis of the functions of the lexeme tolko (without considering the temporal meanings) revealed an interesting pattern. The lexeme’s functional semantics of the connector stems from four potential meanings ...
Modal particles, their function and meaning in the texts of the «St. Petersburg Vedomosti» newspaper (late 18th — mid19th centuries)
... texts of the St. Petersburg Vedomosti newspaper. Modal particles are describes as a means of representing the position of the author of newspaper texts, and speaking broadly, and a means of expressing subjective modality. Modal particles accentuate modal and textual meanings and bring socially significant information to the reader. The author analyses the role of modal particles in enriching news texts with modal and qualitative shades: drawing the reader's attention to relevant information, revealing communicatively ...
Subjective modality of the literary text: ontological status in author’s conception of the world
... the study is the literary text of the essay “Caucasian” by M.Yu. Lermontov as a genre that demonstrates a complex synthesis of various zones of implementation of subjective modality. The author’s concept, embodied with the help of various means of subjective modality, is determined by the writer’s system of values, his spiritual experience, and his aesthetic cognition. The analysis of the linguistic material made it possible to determine that the subjective modality can be realized as a synthesis of three ...
The functional features of author's intentions in the first Russian newspaper Vedomosti
... modal evaluations in the texts of the first Russian newspaper Vedomosti. The article identifies modal evaluative meanings and the language means of their implementation and analyses the mechanism of interaction between objectively modal and subjectively modal meanings aimed at fulfilling the author’s intentions in the framework of newspaper information.
1. Ваулина С. С. Эволюция средств выражения модальности в русском языке (XI—XVII вв.). Л.,...
The functional significance of modal evaluative component in the concept structure: The case of M. Bulgakov’s novel The Master and Margarita
This article analyses connections between modality and concept. The au-thor explains the way modal meanings are connected to concepts, stresses the functional value of modal meanings for concept structure, and considers the structure of concept, its nuclear, and interpretation field. The concept of «duty» in the context of a literary text is used ...
The analysis of modus situations in expressions containing the verb to lack
... embedded in the verb meaning, which actualizes some modus situations. The objective of the article is to identify and analyse situations verbalized in the utterances with the verb ‘to lack’. These situations are the results of mental activity of the modal subject, implicitly present in the meaning of the verb ‘to lack’. When categorizing a situation, the modal subject evaluates it based on a certain norm, standard or prototype, which the situation does not correspond to. Thus, the verb ‘to lack’ conveys the modal subject’s viewpoint ...
The functioning of nuclear explicators of the modal meaning of necessity in the novel "Resurrection" by Leo Tolstoy and its translation in Polish
... Polish translation of L. N. Tolstoy’s novel "Resurrection". The authors establish the functional-semantic hierarchy of corresponding modal modifiers and determine general, typological, and intra-lingual features in the functioning of the modal means examined.
. Семантико-синтаксические функции и синонимика модальных и фазовых конструкций с зависимым инфинитивом ...
The functional features of the “lexical modifier + dependent infinitive” modal structures in the first Russian newspapers
On the basis of Russian periodicals of the first half of the 18th century, the author considers lexical modal modifiers that convey situational modality meanings in combination with a dependent infinitive. The article identifies the specific features of such modifiers, namely, their capacity to express subjective-modal evaluations of newspaper text authors.
В — ...
Infinitive sentences as a means of expressing modal semantics
... sentences using examples from the Russian language of the second half of the 17th and early 18th centuries. Special attention is paid to the interaction of modal semantics with the pragmatic background of the utterance. The authors identify a variety of modal meanings, including those of necessity and obligation expressed by constructions with an independent infinitive in legislative directive documents. The authors analyze the dependence of the semantics of these constructions on the genre of the text.
Ironic assessment in Saltykov-Shchedrin’s novel The Golovlyovs
... Ekaterinburg (in Russ.).
Trofimov, I. T., 1967. Revolyutsionnaya satira Saltykova-Shchedrina i russkaya literatura [Saltykov-Shchedrin's Revolutionary Satire and Russian Literature]. Moscow (in Russ.).
Vaulina, S. S., Bulataja, E. V., 2017. Textual means of explicating irony as a component of author's modality in N. V. Gogol’s works. Mezhdunarodnyi nauchno-issledovatel'skii zhurnal [International Research Journal], 4 (58), pp. 20—23. doi: https:// 10.23670/IRJ.2017.58.045 (in Russ.).
Vaulina, S. S., Bulataya, E. V., 2019. Means of Irony Expression ...
The Green Meadow. Kant´s new Definition of the Modal Concept of Existence in the First Moment of the “Analytic of the Beautiful”
... discourse concerning the “disinterestedness of aesthetic judgment”. Rather, the whole characterization of the judgment of taste as a “judgment of an object grounded on a delight in it which is without any interest” shall be considered here as a means to constructing a new definition of the modal concept of “existence”. More generally, the four moments of the “Analytic of the Beautiful” contain preliminary work on the modal concepts of existence, possibility, necessity — and, of course, contingency, which is very important because ...
Imperative modality as a mechanism of creating universal human values (based on Russian and English translations of biblical idioms)
This article considers different types of imperative modality and the ways their meanings are manifested in the semantic structure of biblical idioms. It is assumed that, in biblical idioms, the formation of universal human values is based on the imperative modality represented by suggestives, requestives, and prescriptives.
1. Ваулина ...
Interrogative and imperative modality in a literary text (The case of satirical writings of the 19th/early 20th century)
The satirical works of N. V. Gogol, A. Averchenko, and I. Ilf and Ye. Petrov help consider the specific functional features of the microfield of interrogatively imperative modality in a literary text. The author establishes the structure-content correlation of the question and imperative within the given microfield and identifies the most regular means of expression of its specific meanings.
1. Бабенко Л. Г., Васильев И. Е., Казарин Ю. Б. Лингвистический анализ художественного текста. Екатеринбург, 2000.
2. Валимова ...
Meaning in life and meaning in the text (roundtable proceedings)
... performative practices. In free discussion, experts analysed various factors and parameters determining the meaningfulness of action and examined mechanisms for their interpretation. These mechanisms can be considered as manifestations of various modally different types of textualisation. Interpretation and textualisation make it possible to identify and describe the interaction between some causal and functional relations (‘meaning in life’) and their semiotic manifestation (‘meaning in the text’).
Aristotle, 1983. Sochineniya v chetyrekh tomakh [Works in four volumes]. Vol. 4. Moscow: Mysl' (in Russ.).
Barthes, R., 1994. Myth today. In: R. Barthes, ed. Izbrannye ...
The functioning of utterances conveying the modal meaning of possibility in the texts of television commercials
This article considers the characteristic features of utterances conveying the modal meaning of possibility that forms the field of situational modality in the texts of television commercials. The author makes an attempt to classify speech situations from the perspective of the bearer of the possibility property and examines the functioning ...
The features of the expression of the modal meaning of necessity in Russian and Lithuanian newspapers
Vaulina S. S., Lashkova I.S.
modality, modal meaning of necessity, comparative analysis, interlingual equivalents, newspaper text.
Linguistic Means of achieving coherence in the regional certifycation documentation in the middle of the 18th century
... cohesion means in the text. The certificates are characterized by a specific means of cohesion — the repetition of the names of the responsible persons in the initial and final paragraphs of the document. The specificity of the certificates textual modality makes them focused on an event in the past, which means that retrospect of the text is enhanced. At the same time, connectivity between text fragments is provided by anaphoric pronouns and deictic means. The peculiarity of the passport is that it is intended to present the document in the future and ...
The modal potential of a newspaper text: The case of Moskovskiye vedomosty of the post-reform period of the second half of the 20th century
This article considers the category of language modality as a means to implement the author’s intentions in a newspaper text. The modal meanings indicative of the author’s attitude to the message and the means of its expression are identified. The interaction between objective and subjective modal meanings is described for newspaper texts of the second half of the 19th century.
The Image of the World Revealed In Words: Ludwig Wittgenstein and The Iсonic Semiotics
... logical isomorphism between structures. This allows the author to expand the concept of iconicity — due to the use of verbal means, an image can denote both actual, possible and even non-existent entities. This makes it possible to consider a sign as ... ... aktsent [Slovo.ru: The Baltic accent], 9(2) (in Russ.). doi: 10.5922/2225-5346-2018-2.
Kripke, S., 1974. Semantic analysis of modal logic. In: R. Feis. Modal'naya logika [Modal Logic]. Moscow. pp. 253—303 (in Russ.).
Lessing, G. E., 1953. Laocoon, or ...
The functioning of explicator lexemes of situational modality in the Aprakos of Mstislav the Great
Based on Mstislav the Great’s Aprakos, the authors consider the functioning of linguistic units expressing the meaning of situational modality (possibility, desirability, necessity). The article establishes a semantic correlation between the use of these explicators and the fundamental moral and ethical postulates of Christianity.
1. Баталина К. Е. Абстрактные ...
The verbs МОЧЬ and MÓC as core constituents of modal microfields of possibility in the Russian and Polish languages
Based on the modern Russian and Polish texts of different genres and styles, the authors consider the functioning of the Russian verb мочь and the Polish móc as main explicators of the modal meaning of possibility within their respective microfields. The article identifies the universal characteristics and intralinguistic features of the verbs’ functioning.
1. Барентсен А. О русских глаголах смочь и суметь ...
The role of explicator of situation modality in conveying spiritual awakening in L. N. Tolstoy’s novel Resurrection
On the basis of Leo Tolstoy’s novel Resurrection, the author considers the text function of linguistic units expressing the meaning of situational modality (possibility, desirability, necessity), as well as their role in the depiction of the moral revival of personality.
1. Бобровская Г. В. Семантика и прагматика риторических вопросов в текстах ...
The modal microfield of necessity in official and business documents in the Russian and Polish languages
... identify its central and peripheral components, as well as common properties and intralinguistic features in the set of expressive means of the given microfield.
1. Ваулина С. С. Языковая модальность как функционально-семантическая ... .... М., 1981—1984.
11. Słownik języka polskiego / opracowanie E. Sobol. Warszawa, 2005.
Vaulina S., Magdalinskaya Ye.
modality of necessity, modal microfield, modal explicators, official style
Subjective modality in the newspaper texts of the 18th century
This article analyses the means of modality conveying the attitude of the author to the content of articles on the basis of “Vedomosti”, “St. Petersburg Vedomosti”, and “Moskovskiye Vedomosti” newspapers. The author determines the set of modal explicators, the content and expression ...
Evaluation and Modality: Interaction of Meanings in Old Russian Texts (Literary Slavic texts of the 14th — 15th Centuries)
The article considers the interaction between modality and affective evaluation on the basis of hagiography of the ХIV—ХV centuries in the framework of medieval concept of the moral meaning of the beautiful.
Мих. Яросл. Тверск. —
Михаила Ярославича Тверского // Библиотека литературы Древней Руси: в 20 т. СПб., 1999. Т. 6.
The prosodic means to convey modal-evaluative meanings in portrait interviews
Using texts of the journalistic genre of portrait interview, this article considers the ways to express the evaluative modal meanings of veracity/falsity and willingness/possibility/obligation by the medium of intonation. The study identifies the role of prosodic variation in achieving the pragmatic objectives of the mentioned genre.
1. Баженова Е. А. Категория ...
Lexical explicators of the modality of necessity in the Old and New Testament (the Synodal translation into Russian)
... modifiers of the modality of necessity in the Old and New Testament. The aims of this study are to identify similarities and differences in the use of lexemes explicating the microfield in the biblical texts and to produce a comparative analysis of modal meanings of objective-subjective and objective necessity expressed through relevant lexemes. Another objective is to assess the influence of the meanings of necessity on the semantic orientation of the biblical texts manifested in the difference between ...
Author's modality in N. M. Karamzin's "Poor Lisa"
The article examines various means of expressing the author’s modality which is explicit about the author’s intentions and evaluations in “Poor Liza” by N. Karamzin. The question of relations between the “narrator” and the “author” is in the focus. The analysis og the story shows that the category ...
Peripheral means to express incentive modality in the public service announcement discourse
... problems and encourage the general public to solve them, which requires influencing the recipient using speech methods. The means to exert such influence create a functional and semantic field. The authors focus on the periphery constituents of this ... ... (дата обращения: 04.01.2016).
public service announcement, discourse, speech influence, incentive, incentive modality
Evaluative lexis as a component of subjective modality in the Russian handwritten newspaper Vesti-kuranty
Based on the materials of the handwritten Vesti-Kuranty newspaper, this article analyses the functional significance of evaluative lexis — adjective, adverbs, and nouns with subjective modal meanings conveying expressive emotional reactions of the author of a newspaper text to the described histori-cal events, as well as the temper and actions of its participants.
1. Арутюнова Н. Д. Типы языковых значений: ...
The role of modal meaning explicators in the structure of newspaper headlines (on the basis of news items)
Texts from modern Russian newspapers are used to demonstrate the specific features of explication of objective modality meaning through the forms of indicative mood of the present, past, and future tenses. The expression of situational modality is related to the use of modal verbs and predicatives in combination with a dependent infinitive and direct speech structure. ...
The features of implementation of the modal meaning of obligation in S. Yesenin’s axiological world view
On the basis of S. Yesenin’s poetry, the authors consider the text function of linguistic units expressing the modal meaning of necessity. The article offers their functional and semantic hierarchy and describes their role in analysing the poet’s axiological world view.
МАС — Словарь русского языка: ...
The rhetorical question as an explicator of modal meanings in the text of the novel The brothers Karamazov by F.M. Dostoyevsky
The author considers the features of rhetorical question as an explicator of modal semantics in the novel The Brothers Karamazov by Fyodor Dostoevsky. The article identifies the scope of objective modality and subjective modality meanings of rhetorical question and addresses its text-forming function.
Общая лингвистика и вопросы французского языка. М., 1955.
Imposture as a problem of reference: semiotics of the name in Boris Godunov
... 41—596 (in Russ.).
Kripke, S., 198. Naming and Necessity. Cambridge, МА.
Lewis, D., 1968. Counterpart Theory and Quantified Modal Logic. Journal of Philosophy, 65 (5), pp. 113—126.
Lewis, D., 1973. Counterfactuals. Oxford.
Litvina, A. F. and Uspenskii,... ... volumes]. Vol. 9. Leningrad, pp. 351—373 (in Russ.).
Ricœur, P., 1976. Interpretation theory: discourse and the surplus of meaning. Texas.
Skrynnikov, R. G., 1990. Samozvantsy v Rossii v nachale XVII veka. Grigorii Otrep'ev [Impostors in Russia at the ...
Subjective modality as a way of expressing author’s intentions in the first printed Russian newspaper “Vedomosti” of the times of Peter the Great
The article examines the potential of the subjective modality as a tool to implement the author’s intentions in the texts of the first Russian printed newspaper «The Vedomosti». The article reveals a significant role of the subjective-modal meanings built over the objective modality through a number of expressive tools (modality units, parenthetical words and structures, particles). The author illustrates and qualifies the modal syncretism of the newspaper text.
Kuksa I. Yu.
periodical press, the history of Russian ...
Formal terms of reproach in Russian discourse
NKRYA, n. d. Natsional'nyj korpus russkogo yazyka [Russian National Corpus]. Available at:
[Accessed 10 February 2020] (in Russ.).
Petrushina, M. V. 2005. Modal'noe znachenie neodobreniya i ego rechevaya realizatsiya [The modal meaning of disapproval and its speech realization]. PhD. Moscow State Regional University (in Russ.).
Rakhilina, E. V., 2010. Lingvistika konstruktsij [Construction Linguistics]. Moscow (in Russ.).
Sedov, K. F., 2005. Aggression and manipulation in everyday ...
A transcendental analysis of mathematics: The abstract nature of mathematical knowledge
... 2 (48), s. 10—25.18. Katrechko, S. L. 2014, O ponimanii termina «transcendental'nyiy» v kantovskoiy filosofii [About the meaning of the term "transcendental" in the Kant’s philosophy] In: Filosofija. JAzyk. Kul'tura. Vyp. 5. SPb., s. 22—34.... ... Object.29. Field, H. 1980, Science without Numbers: a Defense of Nominalism. Oxford.30. Field, H. 1989, Realism, Mathematics and Modality. Oxford.31. Frege, G. 1892, Uber Sinn und Bedeutung // Zeitschrift fur Philosophie und philosophische Kritik, Leipzig....
Subjective and modal evaluation in the newspaper and media discourse
... newspaper, the author considers the subjective-modal evaluations
that form the author’s opinion in the text, identifies the means of expression of such evaluations, and establishes their functionalsemantic
... ... гнездом Кущёвки // Российская газета—Неделя. 2010. 16 дек.
subjective modality, author’s opinion, evaluation, newspaper and
journal discourse, analytical text.
Modality as a way to decode the author’s personality in an ancient Russian masterpiece “The Testament of Vladimir Monomakh”
... дискурса в Поучении Владимира Мономаха // Вестник Брянского государственного университета. 2014. № 2. С. 274—279.
Vaulina S. S., Serganova D. A.
modality, author’s modality, the meanings of incentive modality, genre specific of the Old Russian texts, testament
Literary communication: from semiotic models to a theory of linguistic aesthetics
... lingvisticheskih povorotah [The linguistic turns of the literary avant-garde]. St. Petersburg (in Russ.).
Frege, G., 1997. Sense and meaning. Semiotika i informatika [Semiotics and Informatics], 35, pp. 351—379 (in Russ.).
Greimas, A., 2004. Strukturnaja ... ... issledovaniya [Roman Yakobson: Texts, Documents, Research]. Moscow. pp. 638—648 (in Russ.).
Zolyan, S. T., 2014. On the modal measurement of the linguistic sign: the semantic theory of G. Frege and its possible extension. Voprosy jazykoznanija ...
The concept of WILL in the semantics of deontic modality
... deontic modality. Voluntary modality is the attitude of the performer to the realization of a certain action; modality of Will is the basic invariant of imperative/impulse meaning, which is, in effect, setting a goal. The author considers deontic modality as a means of expressing tmeaning incorporating a volitional component. It is characterized by certain factors and attributes causing the need for a reported action.
1. Аверина А. В. Взаимопересечение категорий казуальности ...
Modality as a basis of Kant’s philosophical system and its connection to the language structure
... of the mind’, as Kant calls them, namely, evaluation, cognition, and practical activity and norms. These forms of activity correlate with the world of possibilities, the actual world, and the world of necessity. Grammatical moods correspond to the modal worlds and the ‘faculties of the mind’. All this means that Kant’s system finds a reflection in the system of language, which is another argument in favour of the organicity of his philosophy. However, the philosophical ideas of Kant’s system can serve as basis for a theory of grammatical moods....
Teoretical nonstationary two-dimensional modal with altitude-longitudinal variations of ionosphere parameters
By means of mathematical two-dimensional nonstationary model mechanisms of formation of longitudinal effect in a middle-latitude ionosphere are probed and is shown that one of main engines is the thermosphere wind in combination with earth magnetic field ...
Impliced meanings of the modality of obligation in the novel "Master and Margarita" by M. A. Bulgakov
The article describes different theories of implication, and the characteristic features of this phenomenon. Special attention is paid to the identifying the implicit in the text. Implicit modal meanings are also analyzed.
1. Адмони В. Г. Теоретическая грамматика немецкого языка. Строй современного немецкого языка. М., 1998.
2. Брагина Н. Г. «Неисчезающие ...
Core explicators of the modal meaning expressing certainty/uncertainty in the poem "Dead Souls" by N. Gogol and their equivalents in translation versions
5. Русская грамматика : в 2 т. / под ред. Н. Ю. Шведовой. М., 1980.
6. Шведова Н. Ю. Очерки по синтаксису русской разговорной речи. М., 2003.
Kokovina L. V.
modality, subjective modality, semantic field, explicator, adequacy, equivalent.
Complex sentences with the meaning of condition as representatives of modality in newspaper texts
... Sankt-Peterburgskie Vedmosti (Saint-Petersburg Bulletin) newspaper of the second quarter of the 18th century serve as the material for the analysis of structural and content features of conditional sentences in the context of their role in expressing basic modal meanings and author’s intentions.
1. Азарх Э. Д., Рывкина Р. В., Черемисина М. И. Классификатор логико-синтаксических связей и его использование в контент-анализе....
Role of Tolerance Zones in Functional Modality Field and Development of Author's Verbal Image (on the Basis of Anna Akhmatova's Poems)
The article analyses the textual function of tolerance zones of particular modal meanings in Anna Akhmatova's poetry. The author pays special attention to the zones involved in the development of the author's verbal image, determines the explications of the zones describes and their interrelations.