The preadaptive abilities of birds to inhabit urban environments
Anthropogenic environment, affecting various aspects of birds’ lives, triggers adaptive reactions to changeable conditions. These reactions develop on the basis of preadaptations that create prerequisites for new adaptations. The species that have adaptive abilities can adjust to urban environments. Anthropogenic landscapes are ...
The technology of preventing adaptation conflicts among first year-students
This article focuses on the technology of adaptation conflict prevention among first-year students implemented in the educational process and including the target, content, procedural, and diagnostic components.
Эволюция биоэнергетики ...
The development of bioeconomy of the Baltic Region in the context of regional and global climate change
... opportunities for biomass production and advances in microbiology leading to process- and product innovations in biomass production and utilization. The development of sustainable bioeconomy in the Baltic region, however, requires a flexible and timely adaptation to climate change. Based on an overview of the relevant state-of-the-art literature, the article explores the implications of the development of bioeconomy for the adaptation to and the mitigation of climate change in the Baltic region. The ...
Information and need-related components of the development of motivation for adaptive sports in the disabled
The article focuses on the basic information and need-related components of the development of motivation for adaptive sports in the disabled. The article presents the results of research conducted among hearing impaired sportspeople from the three Russian regions in the framework of the tournament dedicated to the opening of the festival of the “Penguin” ...
Realtime adaptive binarization of low contrast image
A problem of low contrast image binarization by the adaptive binariza-tion method and an effective realization of this method based on GPGPU com¬puting paradigm is described.
Исманов А. Т., Чуриков А. Ю., Валов С. В.
Мультисенсорное дисплейное ...
The adaptation of cardiovascular system of primary school pupils
This article presents the results of research on the dynamics of cardiovascular system adaptation mechanisms in primary school pupils according to the indices of vegetative and myocardial of haemodynamic homeostasis.
1. Безруких М. М., Сонькин В. Д., Фарбер Д. А. Возрастная физиология. М....
English borrowings in modern mass media
The article explores the typology of modern English borrowings in mass media texts. The main aim of the article is to identify and describe the types of English borrowings by analyzing how they got adapted in the Russian language. The first type includes the borrowings, which date back to the late XX and the early XXI centuries and entered the Russian dictionaries of borrowings. The second type is represented by the borrowings that are used ...
The application of adaptive wavelet filtration for detection of signals of nuclear quadrupole resonanse
The article presents a new approach to signal processing with low signal-to-noise ratio. The approach is based on preliminary statistical
analysis of the noise based on wavelet transform coefficients and the adaptive and threshold methods. Special attention is paid to the automatic
detection of the threshold on the basis of statistical noise properties parameters.
Nuclear Quadrupole Resonance spectroscopy in studies of biologically ...
On the issue of rating assessment of primary schoolchildren in the context of inclusive education
... with special educational needs, have secured a differentiated approach as one of the most important postulates. In practice, when assessing the educational results of students with disabilities, teachers are faced with many problematic situations. Adaptation of such programs involves certain alignment, and a special evaluation system, which considers the specifics of the mental operations, perception, memory, development of speech functions, the pace of educational activity, as well as the specific ...
The use of the fluctuating asymmetry coefficient as a quality assessment criteria for morphometric adaptation of wood vegetation to technogenic conditions
The article is focused on the development of a methodology for quantitative assessment of adaptive changes magnitude in woody vegetation in the vicinity of the Gomel Polissyе major industrial enterprises on the basis the of leaf blades fluctuating asymmetry index. This justifies the possibility of using this value as a criterion for assessing ...
The theoretical aspects of history of social and cultural adaptation of Russian emigrants in England in the 1870s—1890s
This article considers the basic directions and research tasks of the study of Russian emigration to England in the 1870s-1890s, defines such important concept as “Russian diaspora”, and examines the methodology of the study of social and cultural adaptation of Russian emigrants.
Главные центры русской революционной эмиграции
в. // Исторические записки. М., 1971. Т....
Resocialization of Orphans at Vocational School
Профессиональное образование в современной России. Состояние и перспективы // Там же.
Danilova Z., Rean A.
socialization, education, adaptation, self-development, self-realization,
social adaptation, professional adaptation, resocialization, individual support.
Federal Repatriation Programme in the Kaliningrad region: an Assessment of Risks and Opportunities
... Federal Repatriation Programme. The work is based on numerous expert interviews of migration officials.The article analyses written queries to regional ministries on the assessment of local recruiting needs and the opportunities for the arrival and adaptation of compatriots. The authors discuss migration and economic statistics, and propose a forecast for human resources development with and without taking accounting for the migration. The article identifies both the opportunities relating to the ...
A programming language and translation
The article deals with some issues of translating technical, in particular, programming texts. The author pays special attention to the polysemy of certain English IT terms. An important problem is adapting such terms to the system of the target language. Translators working in IT are required to have extensive expertise in informatics. Only this will guarantee the choice of a translation strategy adequate for the task of pragmatic adaptation.
The theoretical aspects of adapting the Kaliningrad region’s economy to the WTO requirements
This paper analyses the risks and expected benefits associated with the transformation of the Russian economy in line with the WTO requirements and provides a theoretical framework for the adaptation of the Kaliningrad region’s economy to Russia’s membership in the WTO.
1. Об Особой экономической зоне в Калининградской области : федеральный закон № 13-ФЗ от 22.01....
Text localization as a task of translation
Today, the term ‘localization’ is used in many studies of translations and adaptation of various Internet resources. Foreign translation agencies specialize both in translation services, and in the projects for the localization of various resources, and this fact emphasizes the practical importance of this process. The purpose ...
Russians in Latvia: Peculiarities of Socio-cultural Adaptation and Identity
. P.121—152; 179—188
yearbook 2007 of
, 2008. P.137—138
Latvia, Russians, Latvians, socio-cultural adaptation, identity, integration into the life of Latvian society, assimilation
The urban palimpsest: the urban development practices in the Kaliningrad region (1945—1990)
This article examines the adaptation of historically developed East Prussian settlement system to the new objectives and functions during the formation of the Kaliningrad region. The author offers an overview of the basic urban development trends in the course of the region’s ...
The typological features of the anthroponymicon across different genres of Old Russian literary texts
... texts of the ancient period from the perspective of the origin and development of the Slavic given names stemming from both Old Russian roots and loanwords. The author analyses two- and three-part male and female given names and examines their phonetic adaptation in Old Russian. Citations are selected from the Russian National Corpus.
1. Likhachev, D. S., 1997. The greatness of ancient literature. In: D. S. Likhachev, ed. Biblioteka literatury Drevnei Rusi [Library of the Ancient Rus literature]....
Social adaptation of HIV positive teenagers by means of physical culture
... fitness outcomes in human immunodeficiency virus-infected children //
AIDS research and human retroviruses
Vol. 26, № 3.
Pelmenev V., Nikitin N., Nikitina A. Никитина А. С.
HIV positive teenagers, physical culture, social adaptation.
Disinformation (fake news, propaganda) as a threat to resilience: approaches used in the EU and its member state Lithuania
... three approaches to the problem in the EU. The first one, used by the European Commission, is the recognition of citizens’ right to information as well as of the need to promote critical thinking and information literacy. This approach fits into the adaptive paradigm of action in the information space and the concept of autopoietic resilience. The second approach, taken by the European External Action Service, is to expose fake news and the media spreading it. In combining adaptive and paternalistic ...
Adaptive Reactions of Hydrobionts to Anthropogenic Biologically Active Substances
... Гидробиологического общества РАН: сб. науч. тр. Калининград, 2005. С. 102—115.
Nikitina S., Yevdokimova Ye.
exogenous biologically active substances, water invertebrates, anthropogenic pressure, adaptive reactions.
When and why regional clusters become basic building blocks of modern economy
In this paper, we examine the modern cluster theory and the specific features of regional innovation clusters as complex adaptive systems. Clusters have become a typical pattern of industrial organization in national economies under their transition to innovation-driven model of growth. We provide an overview of the contribution of various theoretical frameworks (evolutionary ...
An assessment of the introduction stability of woody plants in the South Baltic (Kaliningrad region)
This article estimates the adaptive potential of woody plants to endure adverse weather conditions of winters 2009/10 and 2010/11. Special attention is paid to the temperature factor as a factor limiting the opportunities for introducing trees and shrubs.
1. Деревья и ...
Application of managing structures for the organization of adaptive computing process of modeling of dragline rehandling
The network structure of formalization of the technological scheme of mining operations by dragline was offered. The adaptive algorithms based on CASE-statements and run-time libraries are applied to carrying out mathematical calculations under control of similar structure. Division of calculate modules into a number of stages—formation of tables of basic data, a ...
The ethological ideas of Konrad Lorentz and research on mammal ecology by means of footprint tracking
.... The author genetically defines the unstable boundaries of behavioural responses and offers a methodology of research on quantitative animal-habitat interaction. The article emphasises the variability of behavioural
parameters in the course of the adaptation of the carnivorous to anthropogenic conditions.
Исследование информационных процессов в зооценозах с помощью тропления следов (на ...
Cultural Islam in Northern Europe
... associated with the goal of establishing whether cultural Islam is viable as a phenomenon of collective consciousness and whether it meets the following requirements: 1) satisfying the essential need for preserving the tradition and 2) ensuring flexible adaptation to a foreign cultural context. Our analysis of the data obtained has led us to conclude that cultural Islam is gaining ground within immigrant communities and associations. This can be viewed as a practical contribution to studies into the ...
Cultural types and the perception of current environmental risks by local communities of the Baltic Sea region
... communication with the identified groups is made. It is concluded that the proposed model is methodologically promising and there is a need for differentiated risk-communication strategies.
1. Smit, B., Hovelsrud, G., Wandel, J. 2008, CAVIAR: Community Adaptation and Vulnerability in Arctic Regions, University of Guelph, Department of Geography, Occasional Paper, no. 28.
2. Budzyte, A.; Balzekiene, A. 2018, Public perceptions of institutional responsibility in climate change risk in Baltic Nordic countries,...
The adaptive potential and ecology of woody plants of the Irano-Turanian introduction centre in the conditions of the South Baltic (Kaliningrad region)
... обращения: 29.03.2012,05.02.2013, 13.03.2014, 14.03.2014).
Petrova N., Chernyshova Yu., Dedkov V., Yakovleva S.
acclimatization, introduction, introduction areas, Irano-Turanian introduction center, winter hardiness, winter hardiness zones, adaptation
Information state of the reproductive age dogs liver in the pathology
... information status of liver tissue in dogs of reproductive age suffering fr om hepatic adenoma, liver cancer, and non-cancer diseases. It is shown that, in case of non-cancer pathological conditions, the liver tissue system mobilizes the existing structural adaptation resources while tending towards destruction. A decrease in the system reliability make it possible to perform a successful correction of the biosystem, i. e. treatment. In case of tumours, the liver tissue system becomes simplified, structured,...
Adaptation of laboratory work for undergraduate students of the «Information Security» direction of Physics and Mathematics Institutes to the conditions of lockdown
The article offers recommendations for conducting laboratory work in a remote format in technical disciplines, during the pandemic, through the development and use of automated information systems in the form of training programs and software simulators.
Vetrov I. A., Pyanov S. I.
pandemic, lockdown, laboratory work, information security, training program, software simulator
Darwinism as the Missing Link in Kant’s Critical Philosophy
... of ontologies, by changing dualism to pluralism because dualism is too narrow to accommodate all the autonomous components of critical philosophy. Thus spirit and freedom find a new place separate from the sphere of physical nature; the category of adaptation explains how different ontologies can coexist; while the problem of two interpretations of transcendental idealism (two-world vs. two-aspect interpretation) finds a solution through their reconciliation.
Allison, H. E., 2004. Kant’s Transcendental ...
Translation of sociolect texts
... the XXth century — Soviet camp sociolect within the frameworks of contrastive sociolectology. Sociolect nature of the source text is viewed as one of the factors increasing the degree of text untranslatability. The author dwells on the nature of adaptation interventions, which a translator needs to perform to render the specificity of the Soviet camp social dialect in English. The analysis of the ways in which translators processed the source texts under consideration reveals the twofold strategy ...
Population aging and the problems of the sandwich generation: Socioeconomic and psychological aspects
... sandwich generation — 55-65 year olds, predominantly females, who care for their elderly parents, raise children (or grandchildren), and perform their professional duties. One of the key problems faced by people in this situation is psychological adaptation to the changing life conditions. This article considers changes in the 50-65 year old population in Russia and identify generation gap problems faced by this age bracket.
1. Берн Э. Игры, в которые играют люди. ...
The alignment of stakeholders’ interests in interfirm networking
... Science. 2004. Vol. 15, № 3. P. 364—369.
17. Galbreath J. Corporate social responsibility strategy: strategic options, global considerations // Corporate Governance. 2006. Vol. 6, № 2. P. 175—187.
18. Gulati R., Lawrence P. R., Puranam P. Adaptation in vertical relationships:Beyond incentive conflict // Strategic Management Journal. 2005. Vol. 26, № 5.P. 415—440.
19. Hanf J., Dautzenberg K. A theoretical framework of chain management // Journal on Chain and Network Science. 2006....
Formation of the cultural landscape of the modern Kaliningrad region in the stone age
... anthropogenic effect on vegetation before the Late Neolithic when floodplain agriculture (though not everywhere) started playing an auxiliary role. Favourable natural conditions in the Mesolithic-Neolithic periods contributed to the formation of a complex adaptive type of economy, characterized by sustainability.
1. Долуханов П. М. Истоки этноса. СПб., 2000.
2. Дружинина О. А. Об опыте применения палеогеографических методов ...
Islamic Diffusion in the Baltics: The Fruit of European Multiculturalism
... for their migration and integration policies towards Muslim immigrants. The authors describe possible Muslim integration scenarios — the Singaporean and Palestinian ones, simulation, and confrontation. Given their apparent conscientious refusal to adapt and integrate migrants, the Baltic States are most likely to face the Palestinian scenario.
1. Boroday, S. 2013, Islam in modern Europe: demography, integration, prospects, Islam v sovremennom mire [Islam in the modern world], no. 1—2 (29—30),...
Organisation of a sports and health-improving club for the disabled as a factor of activating mass physical culture and sports activity
... insufficient involvement of disabled people in physical training and sports. As a form of practical application of theoretical knowledge, the author suggests establishing sports clubs for the disabled on the basis of universities training specialists in adaptive physical training.
П., Шапкова Л.
Адаптивная физическая культура: учеб. пособие. М., 2000.
Методология социальной ...
Daily life in China as seen by Russian missionaries (1721—1854)
... different aspects of the daily life of a Chinese city on the basis of reports of the Russian Orthodox Church mission in Beijing dating back to the 18th century. The author shows how studying Chinese material culture contributed to the sociocultural adaptation of missionaries in Beijing.
1. Российский государственный исторический архив. Ф. 728. Министерство иностранных дел.
2. Тимковский Е. Ф. Путешествие ...
Theoretical problems of developing a healthcare strategy for students within a regional education system
... protection of those studying within an education system, namely, the concept and strategy of health protection, strategic choice of education system, the purpose of students’ health protection, the object and agent of health protection strategy. Preventive adaptability is interpreted as a characteristic feature of strategic planning of student’s health protection.
1. Гапоненко А. Л., Панкрухин А. П. Стратегическое управление. М., 2004.
2. Фатхутдинов ...
Perspective heat supply operation buildings of multiple parameters
A promising concept for managing the work of heat-paragraph shall ated microdistrict from several houses is described. The possibility of an adaptive optimal control of several parameters — temperature, ambient air, the dynamics of change, direction and speed of wind, sun exposure facade.
1. Вольвач А. Ю., Нестеров С. В., Толстель О. В. Нечеткое управление ...
Professional function «The intercultural intermediary»: the status and the activity maintenance
.... № 3 (1153). 4—10 февр.
Этнопсихология: учебник для вузов. 3-е изд., испр. и доп. М.: Аспект Пресс, 2003.
Budarina A., Samsonova M.
socio-cultural adaptability and integration, cross-cultural conflicts, cross-cultural mediation, professiogram.
Theoretical Foundations of Sports Federation Pedagogical Management
... Бояринцева Н.
Адаптивное управление педагогическими системами: учеб. пособие. М.: Академия, 2003. 368 с.
sports management, sports federation, pedagogical management, adaptive system management.
Analysis of contextual mental health factors in adolescent girls and women of fertile age
... support and activate the mental potential of a woman, adverse life events, and in adolescent girls it is also a long-term stress which is linked to academic activities. These factors pose a significant threat to mental health, can cause difficulties in adaptation, can become a trigger mechanism for psychopathologies, and also affect the disorders, exacerbating the female problems.
Kazantseva N. V., Kinal E. N.
psychopathology, risk factors, mental health, stress
The technical neural system for mobile robots
... подход к изучению представления и обработки зрительных образов / пер. с англ. М., 1987.
Prooks V., Prooks A.
computer vision system, artificial intelligence, technical neural system, adaptive control system, Kaczmarz method, neural network.
Translation of non-equivalent words during the localization of computer games
The article deals with linguistic aspects of localizaton, in particular, with cultural adaptation of non-equivalent lexis in the translation of computer games from Russian into English. The research is focused on the types of nonequivalent lexical units typical of game discourse and their translation into the Russian language.
1. Esselink ...
Regional-geographic approach to «tourist-recreational cluster»
The notion of «tourist-recreational cluster» is viewed as a new object of territorial organization of tourism adapted to modern conditions.The elements and features of tourist cluster, its structure, stages of establishment and ways of development are identified. The article also provides examples of the Kaliningrad region.
Dialogue of cultures in Alina Bronsky’s novel «Broken glass garden »
... Alina Bronsky “Broken Glass Park” (“Scherbenpark”). The point lies in theidentification of the different levels of the dialogue of cultures: linguistic, common, mental. The successful integration on all the levels is an important aspect for the adaptation into the foreign-lingual space and the definition of the self-identity between the cultures.
1. Бахтин М. М. Эстетика словесного творчества. 2-е изд. М., 1986.
2. Бахтин М. М. Проблемы ...
Tools for evaluating the competitiveness of innovative clusters
... and Micro- and nanosystems in Catania (Italy). The results of employing the methodology are examined from the perspective of its possible use in evaluating the competitiveness of innovative clusters in the Russian Federation. Early recommendations on adapting the methodology are produced.
Akhunzhanova I. N., Tomashevskaya Yu. N., Osipov D. V.
innovation cluster; regional cluster; evaluation of competitiveness; cluster projects; Silicon Saxony cluster
The modelling of functional and object development of integrated coastal regional systems
This article presents recommendations on the modelling of a functional and object development of coastal regional systems that would ensure the system adaptation and manageability in the conditions of environment uncertainty. To this end, the author employs the method of system definition, which makes it possible to identify the connection between the basic elements of the regional system ensuring its ...