Geography of inbound tourism and transboundary tourism-and-recreation region-building in Sweden
Sweden’s tourism industry stands out for its large contribution to the development of the national economy. The vast size of the country makes it possible to trace differences in incoming tourist flows from neighbouring countries. This circumstance ...
Environmental aspect of the current Arctic Strategy of Sweden
The article considers the environmental aspect of the current Arctic Strategy of Sweden. Despite the general predominant environmental vector, objective results of the Swedish Arctic Strategy remain quite frugal. As the leading environmental European power, Sweden was not able to present a comprehensive environmental part of its Arctic ...
The Denominational Space of Modern Sweden: Christianity
This article considers spatial and temporal diffusion of Christian values in Sweden and examines the features of the country’s confessional space. The work aims to identify historical and geographical characteristics of the formation of Sweden’s Christian space and of its current transformation. Another objective is to introduce ...
A ‘Secret alliance’ or ‘Freedom from any alliances’? NATO accession debate in Sweden and Finland, 1991—2016
The authors analyze the policy of NATO towards Sweden and Finland, the neutral states of Northern Europe, in 1991—2016. The authors emphasize that Finland and Sweden have always been of high strategic importance for NATO and the EU defence policy. The authors investigate the main areas of cooperation ...
Territorial differences in the innovative development of Sweden, Finland, and the North-western federal district of the Russian Federation
This article considers the innovative component of the economies of Sweden, Finland, and the Noreth-western federal district (NWFD) of the Russian Federation. The authors present the results of a comparative analysis of research and technological potential of the regions and their administrativeterritorial units in terms ...
Impact of external migration on changes in the Swedish religious landscape
For most of its history, Sweden has been a country dominated by the Lutheran Church, having the status of the official state religion. Starting in mid-to-late 20th century, mass immigration to Europe had a considerable impact on the confessional structure of Sweden’s population....
The Swedish model of spatial planning: Functions, problems, and solutions
... are shown as different types of plans: Regional plan, Municipal comprehensive plan, Detailed development plan, Special area regulations and Property regulation plan. Particular attention is paid to the influence on the planning process of the entry of Sweden to the European Union. The problems associated with spatial planning are made evident and solutions are proposed. Swedish experience may be interesting to the urban and regional planners.
1. Чистобаев А. И., Красовская О....
Kant als Mystiker? Zur These von Carl Arnold Wilmans’ dissertatio philosophica
Carl Arnold Wilmans received his degree of doctor in philosophy in Halle in 1797 for a bold thesis. He claimed a latent similarity between Kant’s enlightened philosophy of religion and the pure mysticism of some so-called separatists — and sent his work to Kant. The fact that and how the latter reacted to it, makes the matter all the more interesting. Could Kant have been a secret mystic? The following study attempts to give a differentiated presentation of Kant’s intellectual relationship with...
Immanuel Kant, Emanuel Swedenborg and the metaphysics of the supersensible
The article is devoted to the dispute between two eminent people of the time — I. Kant and E. Swedenborg, a Swedish philosopher, scientist, engineer and poet, who, however, remained in the memory of humanity, mainly as the last Christian mystic, and the "King of visionaries." It is shown that, although E. Swedenborg's oeuvre was important for I. Kant, it was only a trigger for scrutinising serious philosophical questions pertaining to the nature and limits of human knowledge — the main...
Geopolitical and Geo-economic Changes in the Baltic Sea Region at the Turn of the XX—XXI centuries
... were three socialist countries in the Baltic Sea region. They were signatories of the Warsaw Pact and members of the Council for Mutual Economic Assistance (the Soviet Union, Poland and East Germany). The Baltic Sea region housed four market economies (Sweden, Finland, Denmark and Germany). Only two of them were members of NATO and the EU (Germany and Denmark). At present, there are eight EU countries in the region; six of them are NATO members (Germany, Sweden, Denmark, Poland, Lithuania, Latvia and ...
Czesław Miłosz’s “Theological treatise” in the context of Fyodor Dostoevsky’s religious worldview
The article investigates a religious and philosophical dialogue of Miłosz and Dostoevsky. The antinomic content of Miłosz's poem “Theological Treatise” is analyzed in the context of Dostoevsky's Christocentric worldview, as well as religious and heretical teachings of early Christianity, which aroused Milosz's interest throughout his career. In their works, Dostoevsky and Miłosz explored the theological problem of apoсatastasis and offered their interpretation of it. The paper also examines Miłosz’s...
Disease control and border lockdown at the EU’s internal borders during Covid-19 pandemic: the case of Finland
... and ‘non-essential’ travel from non-Schengen countries such as Russia, China and Thailand but, with some exceptions, it also restricted travel-to-work commuting and everyday cross-border encounters between Finland and its Schengen neighbours of Sweden, Norway and Estonia. The restrictions hampered tourism and migrant-dependent industries as well as complicated the lives of migrants’ families. While the lockdown of the Estonian and Russian border does not cause any debates in Finnish society,...
The later works of Boris Porshnev in foreign historiography
... History. 2007. Vol. 34, № 1/4. Р. 365—381.
43. Polišenský J. V., Snider F. War and society in Europe. 1618—1648. Cambridge ; L. ; N. Y. ; Melbourne, 1978.
44. Porshnev B. Social psychology and history. Moscow, 1970.
45. Porshnev B. F. Muscovy and Sweden in the Thirty Years’ War, 1630—1635. Cambridge, 1995.
46. Roberts M. Gustavus Adolphus and the Rise of Sweden. L., 1973.
47. Skrzypek M. La fortune de Jean Meslier en Russie et en Union Soviétique // Dix-Huitième Siècle. 1971. № 3. Р....
Kants praktischer Platonismus
At the centre of discussion lies the reception of Plato’s philosophy, particularly his theory of Ideas, in Kant’s moral philosophy, his ethics and his doctrine of right. Kant saw himself as a follower of Platonism insofar as its anti-empiricist principles of human conduct are concerned, although his own version of practical rationalism differs considerably from Plato’s. This is also true of Kant’s conception of freedom and of human rights. The greatest impact on Kant’s moral philosophy is due to...
Property Right and Expropriation in Proceedings of the European Court of Human Rights
United Kingdom, ECtHR, Ser. A №
Kompaniya YUKOS v. Russia, ECtHR, 29.01.2009.
and others v. Greece, ECtHR, Ser. A №
and Lönnroth v. Sweden, ECtCH, Ser. A №
Greek Refineries ans Stratis Andreadis v. Greece, ECtHR, Ser. A №
AB v. Sweden, ECtHR, Ser. A №
van Marle v.
Netherlands, ECtHR, Ser....
The transformation of the Swedish political party system in the late 20th/early 21st century
.... 4, no. 3.
8. Programrevisionen — så går det till, 1990, Partiprogrammet. Studie-och diskussionsmaterialinför programrevision, Stockholm, SAP, 23 p.
9. Bolotnikova, Ye. G. 2011, Pravoradikal'nye partii sovremennoj Shvecii [Right-wing party Sweden today], Vestnik MGIMO-Universiteta [Bulletin of the MGIMO-University], no. 5 (20), p. 174—181.
10. Sahlin M. Möjligheternas land: min vision för Sverige. — Stockholm: Norstedts, 2010, 287 s.
11. Hadenius, S. 1997, Shvedskaja politika ...
Gas infrastructure development in the countries of East Baltic as a way to increase energy security
3. Prezident Litvy: Latvija mozhet rasschityvat' na litovskij SPG-terminal [Lithuanian President: Latvia can count on Lithuanian LNG terminal], 2012, REGNUM, 13 June, available at: http://regnum. ru/news/1541130.html (accessed 25 December 2012).
4. Sweden's first LNG terminal should be commissioned in mid-2011 in Brunnsviksholme, 2011, WooEB news, 24 May, available at: http://news. wooeb.com/741075/PreSubmit. aspx (accessed 25 December 2012).
5. V Shvecii budet postroen vtoroj terminal dlja priema ...
Innovation Capacity of Russia and the Baltics: a Comparative Approach
... results of a comparative analysis of innovative development in Russia and the Baltic Sea countries based on the calculation of an integral research and technological potential index for the Russian Federation, the Northwestern Federal District of Russia, Sweden, Denmark, Finland, Norway, Germany, Poland, Estonia, Lithuania, and Latvia. The paper describes the level of research and technological development of Russia in 2008—2010 in terms of human resources, R&D, material and technical components, and ...
Universities of the North-western federal district in Russian-Finnish research cooperation
This article focuses on the cooperation between universities of the North-western federal district (NWFD) of the Russian Federation, Sweden, and Finland, its intensity and territorial differentiation. The analysis was conducted on the basis of public domain information on the international activity of universities available on their official websites. The authors identify the principle ...
Innovative economy in the Baltic Sea region
Innovative activity is carried out at three levels — those of the state, region and a company or a university. This article considers the level of development of knowledge-based economy in Germany, Denmark, Sweden, Finland, Estonia, Latvia, Lithuania, and Poland at each of the three levels, as well as descripes the spatial differentiation of innovative activity within the Baltic region. The analysis is done on the basis of national and international research,...
Transborder corporate integration in the Baltic Sea Region
... demonstrates close investment ties among the EU members, which are of special importance for Estonia, Latvia and Lithuania. Transborder corporate integration in the region is characterized by significant imbalances. In many aspects, it can be viewed as Sweden’s economic expansion or development of domestic markets for northern European companies. Although many German, Polish and Russian companies are involved in corporate integration in the Baltic region, other vectors of their foreign economic relations ...
The Baltic macroregion: geographical macrostructures, communication features, innovative potential
... considers and assesses the influence of macro-geographical factors on communication behaviour of people in the course of transition to innovative economy through the example of the Baltic Sea region.
1. Dinamika razvitija jekonomicheskogo krizisa: Sweden [The dynamics of the economic crisis: Sweden], 2010, Informacionnyj bjulleten' Instituta Baltijskogo regiona RGU im. I. Kanta [Newsletter of the Institute of Baltic Studies of the Immanuel
Kant State University of Russia], I quarter 2010, Kaliningrad,...
The spatial structure of Baltic Sea ferry services
... regions. Baltic ferries account for over half of all European ferry-borne car and passenger traffic. The Baltic stands out as a region with exceptionally long ferry routes which sustain timber exports. The main cargo shipping country in the region is Sweden.
1. Dunlop, G. 2002, The European ferry industry-challenges and changes, International Journal of Transport Management, vol. 10, no. 1, p. 115—116.
2. Uriasz, J. 2010, Baltic ferry transport, Communications in Computer and Information Science,...
The remaking of geopolitical space and institutional transformations: the case of the Baltic Region
... Polish–Lithuanian Commonwealth (PLC) through transplanting PLC institutions, primarily political ones, to the newly acquired territories. To this end, a mechanism was developed to encourage cooperation from the nobility without further stratification. Sweden, however, acted on the autonomist model when incorporating Estland and Livland. Economic, political, and sociocultural institutions, many of which were of hybrid type, were transplanted, whilst socialisation mechanisms and incentives applied to ...
Kant and His Heritage in Belarusian Philosophy of the Soviet and Post-Soviet Periods
The interpretation of Kant’s philosophy by thinkers in pre-Soviet Belarus has been the subject of not a few publications. They described the reception of his seminal ideas, the analysis, polemic and occasionally sharp criticism of these ideas. It is helpful now to look at Kantian studies beginning from the 1920s to the present time. I will show that immediately after the October 1917 revolution and until the 1930s interest in Kant’s teaching was waning. When they turned to his ideas during that period...
Institutional approach to assessing the transition to a circular economy: the case of the Kaliningrad region
... prevention, OECD Studies on Environmental Policy and Household Behaviour, OECD Publishing, p. 219—245.
22. Dahlén, L., Lagerkvist, A. 2010, Pay as you throw: strengths and weaknesses of weight-based billing in household waste collection systems in Sweden, Waste management, vol. 30, no. 1, p. 23—31.
23. Andretta, A., D’addato, F., Serrano-Bernardo, F., Zamorano, M., Bonoli, A. 2018, Environmental taxes to promote the eu circular economy’s strategy: Spain vs. Italy, Environmental Engineering ...
Problems of legislative regulation of investigation activity on the Internet in countering extremism
... деятельности. 2009. № 1-2. URL:
vovogo-regulirovaniya-operativno-rozysknyh-meropriyatiy-v-setyah-svyazi (дата обращения: 20.05.2020).
14. Case of Segerstedt-Wiberg and Others v. Sweden. URL:
. coe.int/sites/eng/pages/search.aspx?i=O01-75591 (дата обращения: 20.05.2020).
15. Конвенция о защите прав человека и основных свобод (заключена в Риме ...
Assessing competitiveness of the Baltic states in tourism
... infrastructure development and conditions for doing business in tourism. The Baltic reign states rank differently on the affordability of tourism. Germany is the regional leader in terms of attractiveness, followed by the Russian Federation, Poland, Norway, and Sweden. The analysis showed that Russia lagged behind its competitors in travel formalities, the climate for small and medium businesses, and travel safety; infrastructure, statistical monitoring, and promotion required attention as well. In the conclusion,...
Inclusive education in Russia and the Baltic countries: a comparative analysis
In this study, we examine the current state and prospects of inclusive education for learners with special needs and disabilities in the countries of the Baltic region (Poland, Sweden, Germany, Denmark, Latvia, Lithuania, Estonia, Norway, and Russia). We present a SWOT analysis of the development of inclusive education in different countries and analyse its strengths and weaknesses, risks, threats, and challenges from a political,...
Baltic Cooperation in Marine Spatial Planning
... of the EU’s integrated policy. Many European countries of the Baltic region are seeking cooperation with Russia to preserve the natural and economic environment of the Baltic Sea. Most joint spatial planning projects have been initiated by Finland, Sweden, Germany, and Poland.
Palmowski T., Tarkowski M.
Baltic Sea region, European Union, integrated coastal area management, spatial planning, Poland, Russia
East Baltics: Economic Dilemmas of Security
... the economic sustainability of Estonia, Latvia, and Lithuania in the context of military spending. The authors maintain that an increase in military spending can either strengthen or weaken national economic and technological potential. In Germany or Sweden, military spending accounts for a smaller proportion of the GDP or budget revenues, but it is integrated into the general model of innovative and technological development. In the case of the Baltics, it is advisable to estimate military spending ...
NATO Policies in the Baltics: Objectives and Priorities
... chief pretext for increased military presence in the region is the alleged need to defend the Baltic states from the Russian threat. Special attention is paid to the attempts of Western military strategists to encourage the neutral Nordic states — Sweden and Finland — to accede to NATO. This would lead to the organisation’s northern enlargement. The current situation suggests that to ease tension in the Baltic Sea region Russia has not only to respond adequately to emerging military threats ...
An Assessment of the Economic Performance of the EU Baltic Region States
... paper explores how the common economic space, a product of the EU, influenced the economies of the Baltic Sea Region states in 1995—2015. The authors investigate changes in the economic performance of the developed (Germany, Denmark, Finland, and Sweden) and Eastern European countries (Poland, Latvia, Lithuania, Estonia) during the integration of the latter states into the EU. Performance dynamics is analyzed for eight EU Baltic Sea Region countries. Three Russian Baltic regions constitute a control ...
The territorial differentiation of demographic development of the Baltic macroregion
Kuznetsova T.Yu., Fedorov G. M.
Baltic macroregion, natural population change, population change by migration, territorial differentiation.
Approaches to the Definition of the Baltic Sea Region
... Baltic Sea region — a narrow, an extended, and a broad one, each serving a different purpose and being characterised by a different density of internal connections. According to the narrow definition, the region comprises the whole territories of Sweden, Denmark, Finland, Lithuania, Latvia, and Estonia and the coastal parts of Russia, Germany, and Poland. The extended definition adds the remaining part of Poland, most Russian and German regions, and Belarus and Norway. The broad definition of ...
Islamic Diffusion in the Baltics: The Fruit of European Multiculturalism
... in the aftermath of the Arab Spring. The authors analyse the timeline of Muslim immigration to the Baltic region. It is stressed that, despite current difficulties, Germany and Finland are more successful in integrating immigrants than, for instance, Sweden and Denmark. Just like other Western European countries, the Baltic States have not developed a conceptual framework for their migration and integration policies towards Muslim immigrants. The authors describe possible Muslim integration scenarios ...
Country Competitiveness: an Empirical Study
... обращения: 10.02.2016).
31. Shastitko, A., Pavlova, N. 2016, Socially Efficient Entry Barriers? Balt. Reg., Vol. 8, no. 4, p. 26—38. DOI: 10.5922/2079-8555-2016-4-3.
32. Söderström, H. T., Braunerhjelm, P., Friberg, R., Norman, V., Sölvell, Ö. 2001, Sweden in the New Economic Geography of Europe, SNS, Economic Policy Group Report.
33. Yorucu, V. 2013, Construction in an Open Economy: Autoregressive Distributed Lag Modeling Approach and Causality Analysis Case of North Cyprus, Journal of Construction ...
Countries of the Baltic Region in the Global Culinary Space
... leading cuisines (Italian, Japanese, Chinese, etc.) as well as the local cuisines of the BSR countries. The world’s leading cuisines prove to be more influential in the region than the local ones. Some countries of the Baltic Sea region (Russia, Poland, Sweden, Latvia, and Denmark) have culinary sovereignty, since their residents prefer national cuisines. In some other countries of the region (Finland, Estonia, and Lithuania), the public favours the world’s leading cuisines — Italian, Japanese and ...
Population Ageing as a Sociodemographic Problem in the Baltic Region
... multi-factor simulation modelling; some findings are presented on schematic maps. The study shows that by the end of the century the highest dependency ratio in the Baltic region will be observed in Poland, while Finland, Estonia, Denmark, Norway, and Sweden will also face significant challenges. The authors put forward demographic policy recommendations for those Baltic region states that will reach the highest dependency ratio by the second half of the 21st century.
1. Bashlachev, V. А. 2014, ...
Forms of International Cooperation in Environmental Education: the Experience of Saint Petersburg State University
... is implemented jointly by Hamburg university (the lead partner of the project), and university professors from Helsinki (Finland) and Lisbon (Portugal). Researchers from the Austrian National Institute of Polar Research (Austria, and Lund University (Sweden) will join the programme at a later stage. Such an approach will help achieve the synergy of the European and Russian approaches to environmental education. The Russian-Norwegian master programme “Geoecological monitoring and rational use of ...
Development of Sea Port in Gdynia
... Some empirical evidence from container ports (terminals), Transportation Research, Part A, no. 39, p. 405—424.
11. Zembrzycka-Kwiatkowska, A. 2015, Rynek przewozów promowych z Polski do Szwecji w 2014 roku [Market of Ferry Transport from Poland to Sweden in 2014], Gdańsk.
Palmowski T., Tarkowski M.
Gdynia, infrastructure and suprastructure development, port competitiveness, sea port, transport accessibility
Economic and Geographical Structure of the Baltic Sea region
The Baltic Sea region is one of the most developed transnational regions. It comprises the coastal areas of Russia, Germany, and Poland and the entire territories of Sweden, Denmark, Finland, Lithuania, Latvia, and Estonia. New spatial forms of international economic cooperation develop in the region. The region is not homogeneous in terms of socioeconomic development, thus there are certain differences in the areas ...
Endosurgical treatment of bile-duct stones
... Tsuishoysha M. et al. F. Choledocholithiasis. Endoscopic sphincterotomy or common bile duct exploration // Annals of Surgery. 1991.Vol. 213, N 6. Р. 27—33.
14. Strömberg C., Nilsson M. Nationwide study of the treatment of common bile duct stones in Sweden between 1965 and 2009 // Br. J. Surg. 2011. Vol. 98. Р. 1766—1774.
15. Trikudanathan G., Navaneethan U., Parsi M. A. Endoscopic management of difficult common bile duct stones // World J Gastroenterol. 2013. Vol. 19, N 2. Р. 165—173.
EU Strategy for the Baltic Sea Region: Challenges and Perspectives of International Cooperation
....org/bdf-summit-2015-exploring-state-region/ (accessed: 14.09.2015).
6. Beazley, C. Europe's Strategy for the Baltic Sea Region, 2016, available at: https://www.msz.gov.pl/resource/0f1a87ba-5ff2-48f4-80ba-c2f66dbd6360:JCR (accessed: 22.01.2016).
7. Bengtsson, R. 2016, Sweden and the Baltic Sea Region. In: Pierre, J. (ed.) The Oxford Handbook of Swedish Politics, Oxford, p. 442—461.
8. Brask, H. 2014, Governance crisis in the Baltic Sea region cooperation? April 24, available at: http://www.bdforum.org/hans-brask-governance-crisis-balticsea-region-cooperation/ ...
On the models of modern research and education pol-icy in the Baltic region states
This article provides a comparative analysis of the mechanisms of education policies pursued by the governments of Germany, Sweden, Denmark, Finland, Lithuania, Latvia, and Estonia. The authors identify similarities and differences in the funding mechanisms, direction of reforms, the role of education system modernization in the innovative development of the Baltic Sea region,...
Social study of psychoavtive substance abuse in the Baltic region state: The Russian component of the international study
... article presents the Russian contrinution to the international study "Alcohol and drug prevention among youth in Baltic Sea region" (ADPY), implemented in 2012-2013 with the participation of municipalities from four European countries – Sweden, Norway, Lithuania, and Russia (two districts of the Kaliningrad region). The study aimed to collect comparable data on alcohol, drug, and other psychoactive substance abuse in 15-16 year olds. This article analyses the feautures of substance abuse ...
On the establishment of state borders and delimitation of marine areas of the Russian Federation in the Kaliningrad region zone
... This border replicated the Lithuanian-German border of 1928 and was of orographic nature. The termination of negotiation on the state border of the Russian Federation and the delimitation of marine areas in the Baltic Sea with Lithuania, Poland, and Sweden in 2005 made it possible to define the geographical parameters of the territory of the Kaliningrad region and adjacent territorial waters and the Russian exclusive economic zone.
1. Границы Литвы. Тысячелетняя история ...
A historical overview of the Swedish pension system development
för Sverige. URL: http://www.scb.se/Statistik/
Sweden, Swedish model, SAP, old age pension.
The geoecological factors of biodiversity in marine invertebrates
... 1973. P. 353—384.
Geographical Ecology. London, 1972.
An outline history of tropical organic reefs // Am. Mus. Novitates. 1971. №
2465. P. 37.
On Late-Quaternary history of Southern Sweden and the Baltic basin // Baltica. 1970. Vol. 4. P. 11—31.
Latitudinal gradients in species diversity, A review of concepts // Am. Naturalist. 1966. №
100. P. 33—46.
Diversity and ...
Russian foreign trade and integration processes in the Baltic region
: Ministry of Economy
Statisticzny. Warszawa, 1995.
of Estonia.URL: www.stat.ee
Sea States. Warszawa, 1995.
factbook.URL: www.odci.gov.cia ...