EU Strategy for the Baltic Sea Region: Challenges and Perspectives of International Cooperation
This article describes the main characteristics of international cooperation in the Baltic Sea Region (BSR) within the framework of the EU macroregional strategy. The analysis of the key directions, structure, and the Strategy implementation mechanisms demonstrates ... ... are already members of all significant BSR cooperation instruments. Therefore, there is a need to supplement the EU Strategy for the Baltic Sea Region with the Northern Dimension project. The innovative nature of macroregional cooperation in the Baltic ...
Russia and the European Union in the Baltic region: a treacherous path to partnership
This article examines policies of Moscow and Brussels in the Baltics since the launch of the European Union’s Strategy for the Baltic Sea Region in June 2009. An increase in the efficiency of Russia’s policy in the region requires not only the development of bilateral ... ... and humanitarian interests in the region, and describes the structure, content, and main areas of the implementation of the EU Baltic strategy in 2009—2013. The article examines the evolution of the Strategy, which initially ignored Russian national ...
The EU strategy for the Baltic region: where are we now?
This article is dedicated to the EU strategy for the Baltic Sea region approved by the European Commission in October 2009. The Strategy expresses the intention to strengthen regionalisation in the framework of the EU. It distinguishes the Baltic region as an independent priority target of the complex strategy for ...
From the idea to the strategy of Baltic Europe
This article focuses on the historic prerequisites and forms of international cooperation in the Baltic region (“Baltic cooperation”). According to the author, Baltic Europe is being ... ... new economic and cultural center of Europe. Special emphasis is given to policies and strategies of the EU in the Baltic Sea region.
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The Erasmus Mundus programme as a vehicle for development
This article analyses the Erasmus Mundus programme run by the European Commission in terms of structured cooperation between the EU and third country universities. Special attention is paid to ... ... hazardous substances, and the improvement of the attractiveness of the region.
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Approaches to the Definition of the Baltic Sea Region
The Baltic Sea region is one of the most developed and well-formed regions of international cooperation. It is a place for promoting collaboration between businesses, non-profits, public ... ... Opportunities and Risks, report 25 April, available at:
http://www.espon.eu/export/sites/default/Documents/Projects/AppliedResearch/ESaTDOR/FR_160413/ESaTDO.... ... London.
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The features of EU energy strategy in the Baltic region
This article analyses the issues of EU energy policy in the 1990s-the beginning of the 2000s in order ... ... identify the features of energy supply and energy safety of the Baltic region countries. The research and practical significance of the ... ... the energy industry of the Russian Federation. Trying to allow for this circumstance, EU leaders and energy structures took a ... ... regiona
[The European Commission presented a strategy for the Baltic Sea Region], 2009, Informacionnoe agentstvo "Karelinform" ...
Construction of transport and energy networks in the Baltic region as an impetus for regional development
In light of some new aspects of the EU functioning, particularly, the recovery from the 2008-2009 global ... ... energy development projects are coming to the forefront in the Baltic region. At the same time, there is a need to consider EU’s recent ... ... Cohesion Policy alone.
1. Joenniemi, P. 2010, The EU strategy for the Baltic region: where are we now? Balt. Reg., no 2, 39—42.... ....europa.eu (accessed 19 April 2011).
9. EU Strategy for the Baltic Sea Region, available at: http://ec.europa.eu/regional_policy_cooperate/baltic/documents_en....
Modern Hanseatic Trends in the Baltic Region
... Hanseatic traditions may produce consequential methodological material for the study of the 21st century Baltic regionalisation. Current trends in the development of the Baltic region, whose academic analysis is impossible without considering ... ... cases of successful interactions between the peoples of the Baltic Sea region, necessitate political, economic, and historical research ... ... cross-border cooperation between Russia, the Baltic States and the EU on the rehabilitation of the Baltic Sea ecosystem], St. Petersburg.... ... the study «The Baltic Sea Region in the focus of development strategies of the European Union and the Russian Federation »,...
Innovations in the Baltic Sea Region and Network Cooperation between Russia and the EU
Transnational (involving countries) and cross-border (involving adjacent regions of different countries) cooperation and integration are rapidly developing in the Baltic Sea region. Russia lags behind the Nordic countries and Germany as far as innovative ... ... processes. Independent of its type, however, international cooperation is beneficial for all parties concerned and should therefore be more actively encouraged. Northwestern... ... the development of EU-Russia cooperation, since a number of its regions border on the EU countries. The district participates in the development of network innovative structures...
Geography of international clusters in the Baltic region
... is a relatively new form of spatial organisation of economy in the globalisation conditions, which has become a frequent phenomenon in European countries, including those of the Baltic region. It requires a comprehensive study of both regional economics ... ... organised international clusters and cluster initiatives in the Baltic Sea region countries. The international clusters of the Baltic ... ... Kant State University of Russia, 392 p.
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The Development of International Tourism in Lithuania: a Comparative Analysis of Regional Aspects
The processes related to the development of international tourism in Lithuania are of importance for the growth of economic, social, and cultural welfare. The increasing tourist and ... ... at the international tourism market uphold and improve the image of Lithuania in the Baltic Sea region. The interregional cooperation between Lithuania, Latvia, and Estonia in the... ... USA, Stockholm Environment Institute-Boston Center, 74 p.
2. Bengtsson, R. 2009, An EU Strategy for the Baltic Sea Region: Good Intensions Meet Complex Challenges, European...
Electric energy cooperation in the Baltic Sea region and the role of Russia in it
This article examines cooperation in the electric energy sector in the Baltic region. The author explores the existing undersea HVDC power exchange ... ... cooperation in the electric energy sector is concentrated largely in the EU member states despite earlier plans to establish the Baltic ... ... Belarus. The author stresses that one of the most acute problems for the EU today is overcoming isolation of the energy systems ... ... concludes that the prospects of Russia’s energy export to the Baltic Sea region will be determined not only by technological, economic ...
The Baltic macroregion: geographical macrostructures, communication features, innovative potential
The article considers and assesses the influence of macro-geographical factors on communication ... ... people in the course of transition to innovative economy through the example of the Baltic Sea region.
1. Dinamika razvitija jekonomicheskogo krizisa: Sweden [The dynamics of the... ... Joenniemi, P. 2010, Strategija ES dlja regiona Baltijskogo morja: chego my dostigli? [The EU strategy for the Baltic Sea region: Where are we now?] Baltijskij region [Baltic Region], no...
Innovative factors and conditions of sustainable development of rural territories
This article considers the main features of sustainable development of rural ... ... conceptual and strategic approaches and actions of the Baltic region states in the field of sustainable development ... ... territories. The article identifies objectives, common for the Baltic region, relating to sustainability of ... ... development of agricultural and innovations in the Baltic Sea regions serves as a basis for identifying the factors ... ... and Partnership Instrument], available at: http://eu.baltic.net/redaktion/ download.php?id=1107&type=file ...
The Baltic policy of Germany and current international relations
This article analyses the Baltic policy of united Germany from the 1990s until ... ... noted that Germany was most active in the Baltic region in the 1990s, when the country was establishing ... ... accession of Lithuania, Latvia, and Estonia to the EU and NATO in 2004, certain disagreements started ... ... country on the brink of a religion? Germany’s Baltic Sea policies, Kas international reports, no. 5, p. ... ... Union and the Baltic States. Visions, Interests and Strategies for the Baltic Sea Region, Bonn/Helsinki, S. 171—190....
EU — Russia energy cooperation: major development trends and the present state
The article analyzes the development of EU — Russia energy relations through the lens of the evolution of three parameters: ... ... institutional structure, and the legal modalities. The identification of these three aspects for assessing the evolution of EU — Russia energy relations is the novelty in the... ... Russia energy dialogue, since they set out conditions for energy cooperation in the Baltic Sea region. This research is based on a political and legal analysis of various documents...
Major infrastructure projects and the foreign policy of the Baltic states in 2010—2014
At the current stage of social development, particular ... ... addresses the classical concepts of the theory of regional economy and new economic geography ... ... economic objectives of the development of the Baltics. The study contributes to a broader ... ... modern infrastructure projects in the Baltic Sea region should be integrated into both ... ... [President: Latvia even its presidency of the EU spends ten times more than any other], ... ... networks in the Baltic region as an impetus for regional development, Baltic Region, no....
Innovation Capacity of Russia and the Baltics: a Comparative Approach
This article considers the possibility of Russian integration into a common research, technological, and innovative space of the Baltic region. The author presents the results of a comparative ... ... of innovative development in Russia and the Baltic Sea countries based on the calculation of an integral research and technological potential index for the Russian Federation, the Northwestern Federal ... ... scientific and technological potential of Russia and the EU: regional and international aspects], Balt. reg....
Competition and cooperation problems in the energy sector of the Baltic region
This article considers the problems of competition and cooperation in the field of energy in the Baltic region, first of all, those related to the export of Russian oil ... ... Lithuania, and Belarus. The author shows that, though Russia and the EU occasionally pursue opposite goals, there is considerable interdependence between them, and a confrontation is disadvantageous for both parties.
От ... ... regions concerning the European Union Strategy for the Baltic Sea Region. Brussels, 10.6.2009 COM(2009) 248 final. P. 8 // European ...
Perspectives of Euroregions with Russian Participation in Terms of Changes in the EU Regional Policy
The article describes changes in the cross-border cooperation support in the framework of the EU Regional Policy. The author emphasises the role of the European Neighbourhood Policy ... ... cross-border cooperation with non-EU countries. The article outlines the main obstacles for the development of euroregions at the EU-Russia border and arrives at the conclusion... ....eu/world/enp/pdf/country/enpi_cross-border_cooperation_strategy_paper_en.pdf
Sea Region Programme 2007—2013. Programme under European Territorial Co-operation...
Civil protection in the EU and its effect on the safety of the Baltic region
This article describes civil protection activities of the EU in the framework of the Community Civil Protection Mechanism — a system for coordinating civil protection resources and in-kind assistance to countries stricken by natural and manmade disasters. By ... ... by the by the Civil Protection Financial Instrument, is used as an example of the introduction of preventive measures in the Baltic Sea region.
1. Civil protection — full report, 2009, Special Eurobarometer, no. 328, November.
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Security in the Baltic region as a Projection of Global Confrontation between Russia and the USA
This article considers the problem of security in the Baltic region, namely, that of Poland and the Baltics. The authors rely ... ... preserve the current level of confrontation between Russia and the EU, convincing the latter of the reality of the Russian threat.... ... confrontation with Russia, Poland and the Baltics, serve as a conduit for Washington strategy in Europe and a cordon sanitaire. This ... ... Cambridge, Cambridge University Press.
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Lithuania in Context of Eurointegration Processes: from Luxembourg to Helsinki
The peculiarities of the EU enlargement policy are investigated in this article. The author attempts to analyze the reasons for the division of the Baltic States into two negotiation groups as well as the developed mechanism of the ... ... M., Arnswald S.
The European Union and the Baltic States. Visions, Interests and Strategies for the Baltic Sea Region.
i Europos Saujnga. Tarptautines konferencijos...
Russia-EU energy efficiency cooperation in the Baltic region: the untapped potential
... often reduced to trade in oil and natural gas, which downplays the importance of energy efficiency cooperation. Such cooperation ... ... Agreement, Energy Dialogue, Common Economic Space, Partnership for Modernisation. However, it lacks practical development, which ... ... qualitatively: it offers a cheaper way to meet the needs of the EU, redefines interdependence between the parties, and introduces ... ... class in Russia. Due to its specific features, cooperation in the Baltic Sea region becomes a locomotive of the Russia-EU energy efficiency ...
The prospects of entrepreneurship in the formation of new hi-tech markets in the Baltic Sea region
The article offers an analytical review of the prospects for the formation of new hi-tech markets in the Baltic Sea region with the participation of small and medium businesses. In view of the essential features of entrepreneurship, its prospects ... ... Daly, M. 2012, SMEs in HORIZON 2020 and support under WP2013. In: Unit "Communication" DG Research and Innovation EU Commission report.
2. Innovation in the Baltic Sea, 2011. In: Final Report to the European Commission, Directorate-General ...
Russia’s energy geostrategy in the Baltic Sea region
This article explores Russian energy policy in the Baltic Sea region in the context of the world energy market globalization. The study focuses on ... ... characteristics of the Russian energy policy in these countries, and provides with a forecast for energy policy development in the region. A geostrategic approach dictates any successful... ... otkazat’sya ot finansirovaniya SPGterminala stran Baltii iz-za vozmozhnikh pretenzy Gazproma [EU May Refuse to Finance the Terminal of the Baltic States due to Possible Claims by...
Kaliningrad region: coastal position as a geographical factor of economic development
The Kaliningrad region is a border and a coastal area in one. Such a combination of geographic features ... ... borderline situation is ambivalent: if the relations with neighboring countries and the EU as a whole are favorable, then cross-border links that promote competitiveness and... ... Kivikari U. A Growth Triangle as an Application of the Northern Dimension Policy in the Baltic Sea Region // Russian-Europe Centre for Economic Policy. Policy Paper, 2001. URL:
Development of International Clusters in the Baltic Sea Region
... definition of international, cross-border, and transnational clusters. The author presents a classification of international clusters of the Baltic Sea states, and identifies cross-border and transnational clusters.... ... considers the features of international clusters in the Baltic Sea region, as well as certain cases of implementation of national ... ... comparative analysis of the Baltic Sea region provides a basis for identifying countries with high concentration of international ... ... Supply, official website, available at: http://www.balticsupply.eu/ (accessed 17 December 2012).
3. Birkinshaw, J., Solvell, O....
Cross-Border Cooperation in the Kaliningrad region: Problems and Prospects
Since the accession of Poland and Lithuania to the EU, the nature, forms and content of their border cooperation with the Kaliningrad region have fundamentally changed. There is a tendency ... ... tools should be linked to the regional development strategies of the neighboring territories. Efficient ... ... and the EU funds will help develop a new technology for regional development of North-West Russia.
Plyukhin ... ... “Lithuania, Poland, Russia: 2007-2013”, “The Baltic Sea region” programme
Interorganisational networking as the principal form of technological, innovative and research cooperation between Russia and the European Union in the Baltic region
This article concerns the role that international cooperation in research,... ... is the development of Russia-EU cooperation in the Baltic region. It is established that, with the development ... ... innovative development of the Russian Federation for the period up to 2020: Government of the Russian ... ... ES i SNG [Experience innovative cooperation of the EU and the CIS]. In: Boyko, A. N., Vlaskin, G. A., ... ... Pribyshin T. 2012, Innovative economy in the Baltic Sea region, Balt. Reg., no. 3, p. 44—54. doi: 10....
Cross-border cooperation between nongovernmental organisations in the Pomeranian and Warmian-Masurian voivodeships
This article is devoted to the issues of cross-border cooperation carried ... ... presented in relevant publications (Euroregion Baltic documents and Phare CBC reports, Interreg ... ... Rozszerzenie Unii Europejskiej na Wschód [EU programs supporting cross-border cooperation ... ... Małych Projektów [Seven years with the Fund for Small Projects], Biuletyn Euroregionu ... ... Component Development Strategy for the Baltic Sea Euroregion], 2006, Stowarzyszenie Gmin ... ... [Nongovernmental organizations in the Kaliningrad region and the possibility of cooperation ...
International research cooperation in the Baltic region: a scientometric analysis
This article examines the processes of international research cooperation in the Baltic Sea region. It focuses on research works published in the leading periodicals ... ... ocenki razvitija issledovanij [Using Statistics awards and patents for evaluation of research]. In: Naukometricheskie issledovanija ... ... on the study, "The Baltic Sea Region in focus development strategies of the European Union and the Russian Federation"],... ... ES [Russia will study the problems of the Baltic Sea with the EU], 2011, Zaks. ru, 24 August, available at: http://www. zaks....
Geopolitical development potential of the Russian exclusive region: search for key strategy and mechanisms for its implementation in new conditions
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19. Dühr S. Baltic Sea, Danube and Macro-Regional Strategies: A Model for Transnational Cooperation in the EU? P., 2011.
20. Makarychev A. S. Contours of Regional Identity: Testing Constructivism on Kaliningrad's Ground // The Journal of Eurasian Research. 2003. Vol. 2, № 1. Р. 23—28.
21. Mezhevich N. Eastern Europe. On the centenary of the political project // Baltic Region. 2016. Vol. 8, № ...
The Baltic Sea region and increasing international tension
For many years, the Baltic Sea region stood out for its remarkable stability. The dramatic changes following the end of the Cold War did not have a profound ... ... Prime Minister of Finland Matti Vanhanen, President of the European Commission Jose Manuel Barroso, Sec-retary General of the EU Council and EU High Representative for the Common Fo-reign and Security Policy Javier Solana, Prime Minister of Norway Jens ...
Forms of International Cooperation in Environmental Education: the Experience of Saint Petersburg State University
The authors analyse different forms of environmental education projects and programmes implemented in the Baltic Sea region. The first one is “The Baltic University” programme ... ... Baltic Sea region. This education programme offers an opportunity for students to enroll on bachelor and master degree programmes ... ... Parliament for 2015, 2015, available at:
The ethnic aspects of demographic processes in the Baltic region states
This article focuses on the problems pertaining to the regionalisation of geo-demographic situation in the Baltic region. Particular attention is paid to the influence of ethnic factors on the parameters ... ... achievement of demographic homeostasis in most ethnos-nations in the Baltic region.
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On ensuring the energy security of the Kaliningrad region
This article analyses possibilities for minimising energy threats to the economy of the Kaliningrad region — an isolated Russian exclave. The au-thors consider the key aspects of the ... ... energy security problem is to integrate the region in the common energy market of the Baltic Sea region, which would serve the interests of all Baltic Sea states.
1. Dolzer M... ... How the Russian nuclear plant in Kaliningrad can help Baltic States integrate with EU power grid. September 30, 2014. URL: http://www.energypost. eu/russian-nuclear-power-plant-kaliningrad-help-baltic-states-integrate-eu-power-grid/...
The Kaliningrad dilemma: a 'development corridor' or a 'double periphery'? The geopolitical factor of the development of the Russian exclave on the Baltic Sea
The Kaliningrad region, being an exclave, needs an updated regional development ... ... "development corridor" between Russian regions and the EU states situated on the Baltic Sea
М., Клемешев ... ... Dimension Policy in the Baltic Sea Region. Russian-Europe Centre for Economic Policy. Policy Paper, 2001. URL: http://www.etela-suomi.... ... обращения: 15.03.2008).
regional strategies, development corridor, geopolitical factor, Kaliningrad ...
Key Strategies of Development of Research Tools and Methods for Marine Spatial Planning
... spatial planning has been widely applied in the leading maritime countries. However, it ... ... water areas; and the authorities responsible for regulation. The use of marine space, its parts, and sea (water) is covered by a number of laws ... ... mechanism. In this article we address key strategies that can be used in the development ... ... proizvoditel'nyh sil (SOPS).
2. Baturova, G. V. 2011, Regional'nye morehozjajstvennye klastery kak ... ... international and national policy context for Baltic Sea space and MSP, Geesthacht.
19. ... ... BaltSeaPlan, available at: http://www.baltseaplan.eu/index.php/ Reports-and-Publications;809/1 ...
Russia’s energy policy in the Baltic region: a geoeconomic approach
... analyses certain issues of implementation of Russian energy policy in the Baltic region fr om the geoeconomic perspective. The purpose of the study ... ... delivered to an energy deficient region, wh ere the demand and need for them is stable. The study is based on the author’s geoeconomic ... ...
4. Eurostat, available at: http://epp. eurostat. ec. europa. eu/portal/page/ portal/statistics/ search_dat abase (accessed 20 ... ... Rossii za 2012 god [The report on environmental monitoring of a sea site of the Russian section of the Nord Stream gas pipeline ...
Opportunities and Challenges of Large Investment Projects in the New Economy: the Port of Ust-Luga
The aim of this study is to search for a mechanism for implementing large investment projects of crucial ... ... estimates the project’s significance for the development of the Baltic region and presents a competitive analysis of the seaport position ... ... Federation], no. 6 (37), p. 36—39.
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of formation and development of the sea port agglomerations], Vestnik tihookeanskogo
Latvia in the System of European Territorial Security: a View from the Inside and Outside
This article focuses on Latvian contribution to European security, which, for the purposes of this study, is understood as a territorial system of regional security. Such system is a combination of interconnected institutions with ... ... International Relations, Tampere, TAPRI, 49 s.
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Cross-border Cooperation as a Mechanism of Regional Marketing in the Baltic Region
The article offers a pragmatic approach to certain aspects of cross-border ... ...
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Local border traffic and the development of retail trade in the Kaliningrad region and Polish borderlands
Signing the agreement on local border traffic (LBT) between ... ... LBT mechanism have shown its practical significance for the development of research and cultural contacts,... ... between municipalities and NGOs of the Kaliningrad region and the borderland (Pomeranian and Warmian-Masurian) ... ... rezhima s ES [Wait Belarusians easing visa regime with EU], Deutsche Welle, available at: http://www.dw.de/a-17740616 ... ... Rossija na Baltike: 1990— 2012 gody [Russia on the Baltic Sea: 1990- 2012 years], Kaliningrad.
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Baltic Studies at the I. Kant State University of Russia
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— Peplin: Universitet Gdanski, 2007.
and the EU Enlargement. Issues of the Pan European Integration. Analitic Report / ed. by A. P... ...
From an isolated exclave — to a «development corridor». Alternative development strategies of the Russian exclave on the
state University, 2005
Klemeshev A., Fedorow...
Geopolitical transformation of the Kaliningrad oblast of the Russian Federation
After the World War II, the part of East Prussia ... ... USSR to ensure the dependence of the Eastern Baltics and domination in Poland. After the ... ... farthest to the West, although on the Baltic Sea, ashore became isolated from the motherland ... ... Lithuania and Kaliningrad Oblast: a Clearer Frame for Cooperation //
Lithuanian Foreign Policy ... ... Assesment of Lithuania’s Integration into the EU on Relations between Lithuania and Kaliningrad ... ... Relations with Russia; Lithuania’s Promotion of Regional Security /
R. Lopata, Č. Laurinavičius,...
Minimising Investment Risks Through Optimising Public-Private Partnership: The Case of the Kaliningrad Region
... legal risks associated with investment in the Kaliningrad region. The authors emphasise the importance ... ... risks in current conditions. This accounts for the scientific novelty of examining investment ... ... universiteta im. I. Kanta [Vestnik Immanuel Kant Baltic federal University], no. 3, p. 143—151.... ... A. P. 2009, Russian Exclave on the Baltic Sea: Evolution of Exclavity and Ways to Overcome ... ... 2016, Rugrad, available at
(accessed 20.10.2016). (in ... ..., Public/private partnerships: innovation strategies and policy alternatives, New York,...