The Baltic Region

2013 Issue №1(15)

Back to the list Download an article

The Development of International Tourism in Lithuania: a Comparative Analysis of Regional Aspects



The processes related to the development of international tourism in Lithuania are of importance for the growth of economic, social, and cultural welfare. The increasing tourist and recreational attractiveness of such cities as Druskininkai, Trakai, Palanga, Vilnius, and Klaipeda to international tourists, as well as an advantageous quality-price ratio of the services offered contribute to the growth of competitiveness on the international tourism market. Service standards applied in Lithuania at the international tourism market uphold and improve the image of Lithuania in the Baltic Sea region. The interregional cooperation between Lithuania, Latvia, and Estonia in the field of international tourism development is based on the principle of public private partnership. It has been recently acknowledged that the three Baltic States form an integrating region in the field of international tourism and thus affect the Kaliningrad region, North-east Poland, Southern Finland, and partially Belarus. Therefore, Lithuania plays an important role in the integration of the tourist infrastructure of the Kaliningrad region into the tourist system of the Baltics. This study aims to conduct a comparative analysis of the processes relating to the development of international tourism in Lithuania in the context of the Baltic States. We also carry out the comparison of regional competitive factors and trace the patterns for further development of international tourism in Lithuania in the framework of cross-border and transborder cooperation.


1. Agenda 21: Baltic Sea Region Tourism. Baltic 21 Tourism Group, 1998, Baltic 21 Series no. 7/98, Agenda 21 for the Baltic Sea Region Baltic 21 Tourism Group, USA, Stockholm Environment Institute-Boston Center, 74 p.
2. Bengtsson, R. 2009, An EU Strategy for the Baltic Sea Region: Good Intensions Meet Complex Challenges, European Policy Analysis, no. 9, p. 1—11.
3. Consumetric. Estonian Tourism Board information, 2009, available at: (accessed 15 Nevember 2012).
4. Europe‘s Strategy for the Baltic Sea Region, 2009, European Comission, SEC 712/2.
5. European Tourism 2010: Trends and Prospects, 2010, Quarterly Report, 3Q, 28 p.
6. Demunter, Ch., Dimitrakopoulou, Ch. 2010, Camping Holidays in the European Union, More Than 350 Million Nights Spent on Campsites in 2008, Eurostat Statistics in Focus, European Comission, 8 p.
7. Grundey, D. 2008, Managing Sustainable Tourism in Lithuania: Dream or Reality?, Baltic Journal of Sustainability, Vol. 14, no. 2, p. 118—129.
8. Hall, D. R. 1998, Tourism Development and Sustainability Issues in Central and South-eastern Europe, Tourism Management, Vol. 19, no. 5, p. 423—431.
9. Inbound Tourism in Estonia 2009, EAS Enterprise Estonia, available at: (accessed 7 November 2012).
10. Inbound Tourism in Estonia 2011, EAS Enterprise Estonia, available at: (accessed 17 November 2012).
11. Kropinova, E. 2009, Zoning of the Kaliningrad Region for the Purposes of Tourism and Recreation and Development of Trans-border Cooperation, Tiltai, no. 3 (48), p. 117—128.
12. Latvian Tourism Marketing Strategy 2010—2015, available at:—2015.pdf (accessed 5 October 2012).
13. Latvian Statistical Bureau, 2012, available at: (accessed 5 October 2012).
14. Lithuanian Tourism Statistics 2008. 2009, Valstybinis Turizmo departamentas prie LR Ūkio ministerijos.
15. Lithuanian Tourism Statistics 2011. 2012, Valstybinis Turizmo departamentas prie LR Ūkio ministerijos.
16. Morozov, V. 2004, Russia in the Baltic Sea Region: Desecuritization or Deregionalization? Cooperation and Conflict, no. 39, p. 317—331.
17. Nichols, K. 2001, Tourism as a Nation-Building Tool in the Baltic Republics, Middle States Geographer, no. 34, p. 1—9.
18. Panorama on Tourism. Eurostat Statistical Book, 2008, European Comission, 96 p., available at: (accessed 7 November 2012).
19. Spiriajevas, E. 2008, The Impact of Tourism Factor for Development of the South-East Baltic Coastal-Border Regions, GTG: GeoJournal of Tourism and Geosities, no. 2, p. 118—128.
20. Strategy of Lithuania‘s Tourism Communication and Marketing 2009—2013, Valstybinis Turizmo departamentas prie LR Ūkio ministerijos, 155 p.
21. Sustainable Development Strategy of Latvia until 2030, 2010, Saeima of the Republic of Latvia, 107 p.
22. Unwin, T. 1996, Tourist Development in Estonia: Images, Sustainability and Integrated Rural Development, Tourism Management, Vol. 17, no. 4, p. 265—276.