Kants Freiheitsargument. Diskussion von Heiko Puls: Sittliches Bewusstsein und Kategorischer Imperativ in Kants Grundlegung: Ein Kommentar zum dritten Abschnitt. Berlin und Boston: De Gruyter, 2016. 318 S.
... Sittliches Bewusstsein und Kategorischer Imperativ in Kants Grundlegung: Ein Kommentar zum dritten Abschnitt, presents an attempt to show that, in the Groundwork of the Metaphysics of Morals, Kant’s argumentation for the objective value of the categorical imperative is almost based upon the same principle as the one presented in the second Critique. More precisely, Puls claims that, like in the Critique of Practical Reason, the Groundwork operates with some kind of fact of reason-theory, which means that ...
Kant's philosophical ideas in Rober Nozik's political theory
Robert Nozik's political theory contains an attempt to utilize Kant's notion of individual freedom and the second formula of his categorical imperative (“the principle of humanity as an end in itself”) for the justification of his libertarian “minimal state”. This article analyses and criticizes this attempt on the following grounds: a) the anthropological models of Kant's and Nozik's ...
John Rawls’ interpretation of categorical imperative in “Theory of Justice”
John Rawls’s interpretation of Kant’s categorical imperative is reviewed, some significant aspects of Rawls’ treatment of key notions of rationality, interests and ends are revealed, which limit the possibilities of application of Kantian ethics within Rawls’ liberal egalitarianism.
1. Калинников ...
Kant's categorical imperative as a subject of critical analysis
This article is an attempt at a comprehensive analysis of the core of Kant's ethics — the categorical imperative. The author considers and analyses critical comments of different philosophers and specialists in Kant's philosophy regarding the categorical imperative.
1. Alquié F. La morale de Kant. Paris, 1974.
2. Cohen H. Begründung der Ethik. Berlin,...
Immanuel Kant: freedom, sin, forgiveness
This article offers a comparative analysis of Kant's moral philosophy and the philosophy of Sade revealing the paradoxes of the categorical imperative. The satisfaction of the requirement of the categorical imperative is, on the one hand, a single and unique act and, on the other hand, a permanent and universal one. Although the familiarity with the categorical imperative does not always ...
I. Kant’s and E. Husserl’s practical philosophy
... theoretical and practical reason, the principle of the ‘purity’ of moral motives and compulsoriness of the a priori, the idea of parallelism between logic and ethics, the interaction between will and mind, and the determining role of the categorical imperative. The author stresses that an adequate understanding of the thinkers’ positions requires distinguishing between Kant’s transcendentalist perspective and Husserl’s phenomenological descriptive perspective, between the a priori of pure reason ...
Imperative modality as a mechanism of creating universal human values (based on Russian and English translations of biblical idioms)
This article considers different types of imperative modality and the ways their meanings are manifested in the semantic structure of biblical idioms. It is assumed that, in biblical idioms, the formation of universal human values is based on the imperative modality represented by suggestives,...
Interrogative and imperative modality in a literary text (The case of satirical writings of the 19th/early 20th century)
The satirical works of N. V. Gogol, A. Averchenko, and I. Ilf and Ye. Petrov help consider the specific functional features of the microfield of interrogatively imperative modality in a literary text. The author establishes the structure-content correlation of the question and imperative within the given microfield and identifies the most regular means of expression of its specific meanings.
1. Бабенко ...
The justification of legal punishment in Kant’s philosophy
... Kantian philosophy. Some recent interpretations of Kant’s theory of punishment are examined, particularly those by O. Hoeffe and B. Byrd. It is demonstrated that neither is actually compatible with Kant’s statement that punishment is a categorical imperative. Futhermore, it is shown that this statement is crucial and necessary for Kant’s universalist project of justification of right. At the same time, it is shown that it is the universalism of Kant’s practical philosophy that leads to a kind ...
The imperative as an expressive means of impact in Russian and English advertisements
The article is devoted to the function of imperative constructions as the means of impact in Russian and English social advertisements. It also deals with comparative analysis of imperative in the Russian and English languages and their cultural differences.
1. Вежбицкая А. В. Сопоставление ...
The Ethics of the Categorical Imperative. Lossky under the Influence of Kant
... enlarge and concretise the current thinking about Lossky’s perception of Kant. We are looking at a whole range of parallels and borrowings. My comparative analysis focuses on the following aspects: 1) definition and uses of the term “categorical imperative”, 2) free will as the condition of the possibility of moral action, 3) the cause of moral evil, 4) the role of the idea of God in ethics. As a result, I reveal how Lossky used elements of Kant’s practical philosophy as conceptual, terminological ...
The categorical imperative of the karma-yogin
This article offers a comparison of certain fundamental ethical ideas of Eastern philosophical traditions with Kant's categorical imperative aiming to corroborate the thesis about the moral unity of humanity and give a moral assessment of the state of Russian society.
1. Вивекананда С. Карма-йога. Пг., 1916.
2. Дао дэ цзин / пер. Ян Хин-шуна....
Affection of Law: Fichte on the Place and Boundaries of Pure Ethics of the Imperative
... [Pubblicazione della Scuola Superiore di Studi in Filosofia — Università di Roma “Tor Vergata”], 7, pp. 23-59.
Wood, A. W., 2016. Fichte’s Ethical Thought. Oxford: Oxford University Press.
Kant, Fichte, law, affection, freedom, self, categorical imperative, respect, morality, religion
A. K. Sudakov
Case-technologies as the means of managerial competence formation of bachelors of linguistics
The article describes the relevance of the managerial competence formation of bachelors of linguistics. The assence of the imperative function, which realizes managerial activity of the foreign language teacher is analysed. The main features of the management of the educational process are characterized. In order to form the managerial competence case-technologies are offered ...
Kant on evil in the human nature
... is emphasised that Kant measures wickedness not by deeds but solely by the way of thinking. The author discusses the question as to whether the intelligible good, i. e. the critical verification of rules regulating the actions against the categorical imperative, necessarily entail the empirically good. The conclusion is made that, in Kant’s works, the problem of evil is transferred from the empirical to noumenal sphere, from the real to intelligible world. Since Kant formulates the problem of evil ...
From Kant to Frank: The Ethic of Duty and the Problem of Resistance to Evil in Russian Thought
... 1912. Tolstoy and Solovyov’s Dispute about the State. In: Sbornik vtoroi. O religii L’va Tolstogo [The Second Collection. On Lev Tolstoi’s Religion], 1912. Moscow: Put’, pp. 59-75. (In Rus.)
Kant, Tolstoy, Frank, ethic of duty, categorical imperative, ethic of salvation, resistance to evil, nonresistance, principle of the lesser evil