The philologist and translator of Kant, Ivan Koptsev, celebrates his 70th birthday
Kant’s theoretical philosophy
This article offers an analysis of the concept of mystical experience and its relation to science and philosophy in connection with E. A. Torchinov's research and in the context of Kant's doctrine of human "metaphysical disposition", the nature and purpose of philosophy.
The transcendental theory of experience and modern philoso¬phy of scienceAbstract
This article sets out to develop a transcendental theory of science based on the original interpretation and modern development of Kant’s transcendentalism (theory of experience). The author shows that modern (postpositivistic and analytical) philosophy of science
follows the spirit of Kant’s “Copernican revolution” as “the new method of thought” [CPR, B XVIII].
Kant's practical philosophy
Anthropological foundations of John Rawls' political theoryAbstract
The analysis of Rawls’ anthropological model, underlying his theory of justice, reveals its complex basis: on one hand, it is an attempt to attach broader and deeper Kantian philosophical foundations to “ratonal egoist” of classical utilitarianism (idea of autonomy, ability of self-determination through moral law); on the other hand, the notion of “life plan”, emphasizing rationality of human interests and actions and opening a possibility for happiness, connects Rawls’ theory to Aristotle’s virtue ethics and to contemporary communitarianism.
The interpretation of the ideas of I. Kant’s treatise Perpetual Peace in the modern liberal democratic peace theoryAbstract
This article focuses on the interpretation of ideas of Kant’s Perpetual Peace treatise in the modern democratic peace theory. Despite the fact that the advocates of the theory consider Kant’s perpetual peace project the political and philosophical framework of their concept, the analysis shows that the democratic peace theory misinterprets many ideas of Kant.
“Kant’s theory of politics” in “existential liberalism” of GerhardtAbstract
This article focuses on the interpretation of Immanuel Kant’s political views in V. Gerhardt’s “existential liberalism”. The author considers the basic elements of the “theory of politics” presented in this interpretation, emphasises the components of interpretation per se and additional reception, and offers a critical analysis of certain conclusion from the general point of view of contemporary discussion on Kant’s political works.
The receptions of Kant’s philosophy
“The Life and Opinions of Tomcat Murr…” in the light of worldly and metaphysical views of Ernst Theodor Wilhelm Hoffmann. Part IIIAbstract
This article sets out to demonstrate that E. T. A. Hoffmann’s novel “The Life and Opinions of Tomcat Murr…” is cvonstructed in accordance with the classification of anthropological types given n Kant’s work “Die Religion innerhalb der Grenzen der bloßen Vernunft”.
Logic and argumentorics
Kant on the “logical objection” to the ontological argument: fragment R 3706. Part IIAbstract
This article considers manuscript fragment R 3706, in which Kant criticises the traditional objection to the ontological argument based on ideal-real judgement distinction. The author analyses the relation this criticism to Kant’s argumentation in Nova dilucidatio and the earlier polemic on the ontological argument.