Clusters in the institutional perspective: on the theory and methodology of local socioeconomic development
... of clusters as localized mesoeconomic systems with fuzzy boundaries that stimulate the development of these systems. The author analyses the influence of the inductive approach to the formation of cluster theory and juxtaposes different typologies of clusters and other types of localized economic systems. The article offers an overview of the existing methodological approaches to the problem of cluster identification and emphasises the major role of institutional dimension in the identification (and functioning) of ...
When and why regional clusters become basic building blocks of modern economy
... demonstrate their role in the geographical and functional fragmentation of production, in the integration of local exporters into global value chains, and in bridging communication gaps and developing collaboration among economic agents. We show that clusters occupy a central place among various types of business networks and have a comparative edge making them key building blocks of the modern industrial landscape. Further, we explain how the innovation capacity of clusters is affected by network synergy effects arising from the triple-helix pattern ...
Equivocality in Delineating the Borders of a Cluster: The Baltic’s Case
... territorial cohesion for delineating the boundaries of a territorial cluster. The model makes it possible to integrate data on geographical, institutional, cultural, organisational, technological, social, and cognitive proximities. The properties of a cluster as a form of networking warrants distinguishing between internal, external, thematic, and absorptive types of boundaries. The feasibility of this approach is tested in the Baltics’ national and regional clusters, with special attention being paid to the Latvian IT-cluster. Committed to economic clustering and glocal cluster interactions beyond national ...
Transboundary Clusters in the Coastal Zones of the European Part of Russia: Inventory, Typology, Factors, and Prospects
This article presents an inventory and a typology of the existing and emerging economic clusters in the coastal zone of the European part of Russia. The authors hold that transboundary clustering takes priority in ... ... Scandinavia, European Urban and Regional Studies, no. 15, p. 195—209.
11. Lundquist, K.-J., Trippl, M. 2011, Distance, Proximity and Types of Crossborder Innovation Systems: A Conceptual Analysis, Regional Studies, no. 1, p. 11.
12. Broek, J., Smulders, H. 2013,...
Geography of international clusters in the Baltic region
International cluster is a relatively new form of spatial organisation of economy in the globalisation conditions, which has become a frequent phenomenon in European countries,... ... Baltic region are characterised according to the following criteria: the degree of geographical localisation, the organisational type of formation, and specialisation areas. The author analyses the degree of involvement of a Russian region into the processes ...
Clustering and branding in the Baltic tourist destination
(дата обращения: 11.11.2016).
10. UNWTO Tourism Highlights 2016 Edition. URL:
(дата обращения: 12.11.2016).
territory brand, tourism clusters, types of clusters, cross-border cluster, transnational cluster, the Baltic sea countries, types of tourism, Baltic coastal health resorts
The boundaries of the territorial community
The study clarifies the concept of spatial networking inherent of various forms of interactions within the territorial ... ... region. The author offers a classification of spatial networks, identifies and describes types of spatial boundaries of different types of territorial communities: geographic... ... Wilkinson F. Collective Learning and Knowledge Development in the Evolution of Regional Clusters of High Technology SMEs in Europe // Regional Studies. 1998. № 33(4). P....
Territorial community local spaces
... features of each type. It is substantiated that any form of spatial networking is based on territorial сommunity. The article describes a theoretical approach to studying the formation and transformation of a territorial community. There are different types of proximities within the territorial community: geographic, formative, dominant interaction and development proximities among others. Using clusters as an example the author proves that the formation of unique characteristics of various forms of spatial networking is defined by the essential features of the territorial community underlying them.
1. Балтийский регион как ...
Innovations in the Baltic Sea Region and Network Cooperation between Russia and the EU
Transnational (involving countries) and cross-border (involving adjacent regions of different countries) cooperation and integration are rapidly developing in the Baltic ... ... depending on the group of countries involved in cooperation processes. Independent of its type, however, international cooperation is beneficial for all parties concerned and... ... cross-border cooperation — activities that involve the formation of transborder innovative clusters. There are high expectations associated with the formation of such territorially...
Current Issues in the Geodemographic Studies in Russia
... geodemographic approach in comprehensive regional studies to the needs of regional strategic planning; the key features of geodemographic typology of Russian constituent entities; the need for a differentiated approach to geodemographic management in regions of different types. The cluster approach is used to identify types of Russian regions on the basis of both natural and migration-related change. The author identifies correlations between demographic and economic, social, residential, ethnic and environmental demographic indicators; ...
Numerical modeling of wave processes in 3D fractured media
Seismic response from the cluster of vertical oriented cracks is simulated using grid-characteristic method on parallelepiped structured meshes. Synthetic seismograms and wave fields are calculated. The structure of the response including dependency on type of saturator (gas, fluid) is analyzed. Numerical experiments showed the effect of high-frequency daisy-chain wave’s generation ...
Network Transformations in Economy
In the context of ever-increasing market competition, networked interactions play a special role in ... ... interactions of economic systems based on the network principle. The paper focuses on the types of networks widely used in the economy. The authors analyze the transformation... ... Resource Dependence Perspective. New York : Harper and Row, 1978.
48. Porter M. E. Clusters and the new economics of competitiveness // Harvard Business Review. 1998....
The Kaliningrad Region as a coastal border region of Russia
The article studies the sectoral structure of employment and the gross regional product, the similarities and differences of the ... ... coastal and borderline positions are not fully exploited by the region, that is, those types of economic activity and production that could successfully develop are relatively... ... the European Part of Russia: Modern Particularities within the Trend of Cross-Border Clustering // Journal of Applied Economic Sciences. 2017. Vol. 12, Iss. 5 (51). P. 1451—1460...
Innovative economy in the Baltic Sea region
Innovative activity is carried out at three levels — those of the state, region and a company or a university. This article considers the level ... ... innovacionnye sistemy, klastery i peretoki znanija [Space synergy: regional innovative systems, clusters and knowledge overflows], Moscow — Smolensk, Oykumena.
8. Presidency Conclusions... ... Evropy: naukoemkij tip razvitija [Countries of Northern Europe: knowledge-intensive type of development], Economist, no. 10, p. 29—40.
26. Sala-i-Martin, X. 2011, Global...
The influence of the sea on the economic development and settlement structure in the Baltic Sea region
Earliest studies into the influence of the sea on the economy and settlement structure date back to the mid-19th century.... ... typologies. An economic, statistical, and cartographic analysis helps to identify a special type of mesoregions — coastal development corridors, which make an important contribution... ... societies], St. Petersburg. (In Russ.)
18. Mikhailov, A. S. 2014, Geography of international clusters in the Baltic region, Balt. Reg., Vol. 6, no. 1, p. 113—123. DOI: 10.5922/2079-8555-2014-1-10...