The role of transit in the economy of Latvia
... makes a significant contribution to the budget of many transit countries, one of which is the Republic of Latvia. These countries do not have significant natural resources and prefer to focus on logistics and infrastructure in order to facilitate the transit process. This article focuses on the role of transit in the economy of Latvia, whose unique geographical position makes the country an effective transport corridor (bridge) in both the west-east and north-south directions. The article presents the results ...
The transition process and institutions: on the issue of the standard of living in the countries of Central and Eastern Europe — members of the European Union
..., no. 2, p. 16—109.
66. Kemna, R. 2014, Average EU building heat load for HVAC equipment: final report, Prepared for the European Commission, Delft, Van Holsteijn en Kemna B. V. (VHK).
Central and Eastern Europe, European Union, transition process, institutions, standard of living, housing, tenancy, mortgage
The theory of peripheral capitalism: on the applicability of the Latin American model to the Baltic States. An attempt at an inter-disciplinary analysis
The relevance of this study of post-Soviet transition lies in the focus on the technically theoretical problems that are nevertheless the key to understanding regional development processes in the East of the Baltic Sea. The research aims to verify the theory of peripheral capitalism as applied to the Baltic States. The first theoretical objective is to draw a distinction between the ideas of modernisation and transformation in ...
International Migration in the Periods of Transition and Crisis: the Case of Latvia
Migration processes are amongst the most relevant issues in the geography of the Baltic States. The authors analyse the changes in migration ... ... Empirical results show the response of the migration system to the changing internal factors and external influences in the times of transition and global crisis. Long-term emigration exacerbates the problem of demographic change in Latvia.
1. Apsite E., Krišjāne ...
Natural Increase in the Baltic South and South-West
... federal city of Saint Petersburg) in 2002—2011. The study uses standard methods of demographic analysis, the data provided by national statistical services and Eurostat. All regions analysed are characterised by a low stationary phase of the demographic transition model (DTM). The situation proves to be unfavourable in the Polish regions under consideration and highly unfavourable in the remaining area.
1. Ágh A. Processes of democratization in the East Central European and Balkan states: sovereignty-related conflicts in the context of Europeanization // Communist and Post-Communist Studies. 1999. Vol. 32. P. 263—279.
2. Anisiewicz R. Changes in fertility ...
A general representation of ship containers planning and loading-unloading processes at multimodal transit terminals
This article considers the problems of information support and automa-tion of loading and unloading processes in the sea zone of multimodal con-tainer terminals (berthage). The authors present the organization and algo-rithms of automated loading planning and complete and partial container loading and unloading at the transit terminal are presented.
1. Нужнов Е. В., Юрко Д. С., Каграманова М. С. Организация перегрузочных процессов и управления функционированием портового ...
The effect of Covid-19 on labour migration in the CIS
... International Migration Review, vol. 50, no. 3, p. 1—44.
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(accessed 11.09.2020) (in Russ.).
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42. Mau, V. 2020, Demand Shock and Supply Shock, Vedomosti, available at:
On problems of conversion functional enterprise management to process one
The problems that arise during the transition from functional to processmanagement company, their solutions, an algorithm for the development of business processes.
1. Репин В. В. Бизнес-процессы компании: построение, анализ, регламентация. М., 2007.
2. Шеер А.-В. Бизнес-процессы. Основные понятия. Теория....
The political elite recruitment in the Baltic: the role of the ethnic factor
... elite structure in the Baltics in view of the ethnopolitical factor, including comparative analysis of the elite re-grouping processes, as well as in developing corresponding university courses. As to the practical aspect, the results obtained can be ... ... Citizenship policies between Nation-state building and Globalization: Attitudes of the decision Makersin Estonia, Studies of Transition States and Societies, Vol. 2, no. 1.
10. Kasatkina, N., Beresnevičiūtė, V. 2010, Ethnic Structure, Inequality ...
The structure of political elite networks in the Republic of Poland in 1993—2013
... the purpose of forecasting major trends in the structural transformation of Polish political elites. In the course of the study, biographical data on the presidents, ministers, advisors, and party leaders of the Republic of Poland was collected and processed. The work follows the network analysis paradigm and identifies the dynamics of the key network parameters: distance, density, transitivity, and compactness. The author analyses the dynamics of representation in the structure of political territorial diaspora elites, business community members, and ‘moral politicians’. The article identifies two periods of formation of political ...
Events as a semantic framework for the construction of reality: the prospects of a transition to a dynamic ontology
.... The first problem concerns the possibility of a dynamic description of the nature of events. In this context, we justify a transition to a constructive-dynamic ontological paradigm. We identify the functions of an event that consists in the creation,... ... theoretical (mathematical) tools to describe such dynamics. In this connection, we identify the mathematical semantics of event processes. To build the necessary model, we use the methods of maxima/ minima and infinitesimal calculus and carry out an analysis ...
Verb collocations of the semantic field «Memory» with the component ‘Vergangenheit’ in the German media
... (past) can be characterized by a high syntagmatic potential that indicates the importance of the denoted concept for memory processes comprehension. The author employs a functional-communicative approach, a complex of semasiological and onomasiological ... ... internal organizational structure of the lexical set, subjectivity and objectivity, key words’ functions, internal or external transitivity / intransitivity, structural-semantic models, series of collocations, subject codes, pragmatic components of the ...
The cluster modelling of complex forecasting of economic and marketing processes
This article suggests forecasting socioeconomic and marketing processes in the Russian market conditions of a transitional period with the help of cluster modelling, which would significantly increase the objectivity of assessing the identified processes and the impact of research.
1. Воробьев Д. Н. Регулирование асимметрии социально-экономического ...
The mutual similarity of meanings and structures in a literary text
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The formation of the political elite in Lithuania at the turn of the 1980s—1990s: the role of “moral politicians”
... under the influence of endogenous and exogenous factors in the course of transformation. The stabilisation of elite formation processes in Lithuania, the assessment of patterns and trends, the identification of power centres and the character of intra-elite ... ... (ed.), Handbook of Theory and Research for the Sociology of Education, N. Y.
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5. Gaydis, V. 1999, The Emergence of the Lithuanian Political ...
Mathematical model of under control system describing by homogeneous Markov process
Complex systems are investigated by partitioning of set of conditions into subsets of under control and not under control conditions. Probabilities of the events connected with stay of casual process in these sets, and probabilities of transition from one subset to another are considered.
Ширяев А. Н.
Вероятность: в 2 кн. 3-е изд. М., 2004.
Даниленко Е. Л., Воротникова О. В.
Оценка переходных вероятностей ...
Measuring social well-being in the rural areas of the Kaliningrad region
... proved that the level of social wellbeing of Kaliningrad rural municipalities is rather high and most of them have made the transition from depression to sustainable development.
1. Federal'nyj zakon ot 06.10.2003 № 131-FZ «Ob obshhih principah organizacii ... ... in the Mirror of Sociology], Jekonomika sel'skogo hozjajstva i pererabatyvajushhih predprijatij [Economics of agriculture and processing enterprises], no. 2, p.15—19, available at: www.vniiesh.ru/publications (accessed 09.12.2013).
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Acute syndrome of reunification: “Nox” by Thomas Hettche
The article considers the allegorical image of the fall of the Berlinwall in the novel «Nox» by German writer T. Hettche. The authorreveals «painful points» of the epoch-making historical event at the moment of the heroes' transition from life to death and vice versa. The article analyses a whole variety of developed multilevel metaphors illustrating the painful process of German-German reunification.
Концепт «границы» в романе В. Хильбига «Временное
пристанище» // Вестник Российского государственного ...
The dynamics of agricultural land use in the North-West of Russia and the Baltic countries
... 52 (1). P. 134—152.
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Application of means of modelling of environment Simulink in problems of the analysis of quality of systems of regulation
... 1995. Vol. 15, № 5. P. 61—66.
Soshkin G. S., Soshkin S. V., Rutkovskij A. L., Аrutunjants G. G.
regulatory system, kiln, quality control, a mathematical model, the dynamic element, circuit tracking, simulation model, the transfer function, the transition process, identification, disturbance, evaluation criteria, the neural network, optimization.
Theoretical Aspects of Cross-border Integration-based Economic Cooperation
... The author examines the key elements and stages of economic integration. These stages assume a number of consecutive forms: free trade zone, customs union, common market, complete economic integration, and economic union. The article shows that the transition occurs from the lowest to the highest stages — from the processes of integration involving, firstly, trade market and then capital and labour markets to the integration of social sphere. The theoretical aspects of all these transformations can be easily traced in the case of EU integration processes.
1. Большой ...
The assessment of labour demand of Russian economy in view of the prospective regional socio-economic development
The increase in the efficiency of migration processes control in Russia, in particular, in order to ensure reasonable engagement of international workforce requires a clear ... ... into account both the contemporary socioeconomic situation in the regions and their prospective opportunities for accelerated transition
to innovative development. The article offers a system of indices and a scheme of the assessment of Russian economy's ...
On the features and prospects of using interactive historical maps in the educational process
This article is an attempt to analyse the information and didactic potential of interactive historical maps in the conditions of transition to the competence educational model. The possibilities of using traditional, electronic and interactive maps in the educational process are considered. The author formulates requirements for a training interactive map for different categories of students (in the framework of secondary and higher education). The article offers a short description of the experience of creating interactive ...
Lutheranism in Finland: past and present
... the post-war reconstruction of Finland. In the following decades, the number of Lutheran parishes and parishioners decreased. These processes were most pronounced in the first years of the 21st century. Probably, they mark the beginning of Finland’s transition to a ‘new society’ that is not based on Christian values. Similar processes are observed in other countries of United Europe. The authors establish a connection between secularisation processes in the society and changes in the administrative structure of the Lutheran church of Finland. A decrease in the number of Lutherans ...
Image, eidos, figura, pattern. How words help to recognize patterns and understand their reference and sense?
... with image recognition. The author proposes a pattern of image recognition, which is, in its simplified form, unfolding from a quantum automaton, to its "saturation" due to the complexity of image recognition procedures. The author traces a transition from the processing of external objective signals through the construal of image configurations to the assignment of senses and meaning.
El'mslev, L., 1960. Prolegomena to the theory of language. Novoe v zarubezhnoj lingvistike [New in foreign linguistics],...
Events and narration in socio-cultural practices
... system can both enhance and reduce the result and consequences of events. In these systems, an event triggers social and cultural processes and creates social reality.
Bakhtin, M. M., 1990. Tvorchestvo Fransua Rable i narodnaja kul'tura Srednevekov'ja ... ...
Gerasimov, S. V. and Tul'chinskij, G. L., 2018. Events as a Semantic Basis for the Construction of Reality: Prospects for the Transition to a Dynamic Ontology. Slovo.ru: Baltic accent, 9(3), pp. 5—25 (in Russ.).
Gerasimov, S. V., 2013. Closing the circle ...
The Effect of Migration on Latvia’s Sex and Age Composition
The theory of Demographic Transition stipulates that the number of countries with the replacement and sub-replacement level of the total fertility rate ... ... the article, may narrow the gaps in the current migration statistics and reveal the territorial inhomogeneity of demographic processes.
Zhitin D. V., Krisjane Z., Sechi G.
sex and age composition, population, emigration, Latvia, international migration,...
A transport cluster as a variant of transport complex development
... transport cluster with a potential to integrate into the transport system o the Baltic region and ensure cargo and passenger transit between world economic centres – the Pacific Rim and the European Union. The article offers a characteristic of main ... ... Korneyevets V., Fedorov G. Russia and the Baltic Sea Region: perspectives for the integration of Kaliningrad // Economic styles in the process of EU Eastern enlargement. Hamburg, 2009. P. 325—337.
Orlov S. V., Korneevets V. S.
transport complex, transport ...
A mathematical simulation and a numerical investigation of dynamics of intramolecular tautomerny transformation without considering processes of a proton relaxation. Part I. A description of a mathematical model
There is a quantum statistical model of prototropic tautomeic transformation caused by vertical transition between different adiabatic potentials with two minima divided by potential barrier offered. Formula for the probability function defining time of tautomer transformation without regard to vibronic relaxation is received.
1. Квитко Г....
Russian Population Ethnic Structure: Trends and Transformations
... Saint Petersburg.
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problems in their study], Sovetskaja jetnografija [Soviet ethnography], March-April,... ... Regional'noe razvitie i regional'naja politika Rossii v perehodnyj period [Regional development and regional policy of Russia in the transition period], Moscow, p. 146—176.
13. Tishkov, V. 1997, Identichnost' i kul'turnye granicy [Identity and cultural boundaries]....
Integrated approach to the event frame analysis
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11. Hudson ... ... events: Implications for language production and scene description // Poster presented at the CUNY Conference on Human Sentence Processing. Stanford, CA, 2011.
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On the historical context of innovative development in Russia
... rooted in both objective conditions of the on-going process and subjective factors. The article addresses the emergence and development of the modernisation idea in Russia. The relevance of this work lies in theidentification of the features of the transition of Russian society into a new phase, which reflects the trends of global innovative processes.
1. Golubovich, А. D., Idrisov, А. B., Inozemtsev, V. L., Titov, B. Yu., Spiegel, М. М. 2009, Vyhod iz krizisa: otkaz ot syr'evoj modeli. Novaja industrializacija [Out of the crisis: the rejection of raw model. new Industrialization], Ezhegodnyj ...
Mathematical Model of Intramolecular Tautomeric Transformation and the Processes of a Relaxation of the Proton
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Dynamics of a cargo lift system
... with variable length strings. Reducing the axial moment of inertia of the drum, ceteris paribus, affects neither the steady-state angular velocity of rotation of the drum or the value of the steady-state elongation of the cable, but changes during the transition process. However, affects the frequency and magnitude of deviations of the cable from the vertical. The increase in the initial angle only leads to the growth of the largest deviations of the cable from the vertical; increase the aerodynamic drag of the ...
The transition to the federal contract system in Russia: the centralisation of procurement and the enhancement of its efficiency
... practices. The scope of legal relations governed by the rules of regulation of public and municipal procurement is increasing. The expansion of methods for procurement centralization contributes to the efficacy of actions of those participating in the process. The introduced limitations on procuring from a single supplier support the principle of competitiveness.
1. Блинов В. Г. Правовое регулирование частных и публичных отношений при поставке ...
On the hydrogeology of karstosphere: the case of the Urals and the Urals region
This article considers the hydrogeological parameters of the karstosphere and emphasises its unstable regime in the transit areas. Deep karst water zones and their catchment areas are more stable, in discharge areas they are characterised as ... ... М., 1972.Т. 14: Урал. С. 77—109.
Gaev A., Kilin Yu., Minkevich I.
fissure karst water; karst phenomena and processes; karstospehre.
Uncertainty as a Factor of Decision Making in the Context of the Exclave Problems of the Kaliningrad Region
The article analyses expert influence on decision making process. The author argues that high uncertainty increases political elite’s attention to experts under the conditions of democratic transit. The case of the Kaliningrad exclave is taken as an example.
Калининградская область: социально-политические и геополитические аспекты общественной ...
Electronic portfolio in the system of pedagogical education as an element of the digital educational environment
... specific principles of implementing digital learning environments in a new educational architecture. These principles determine the transition to microformats, to interaction and free choice of educational formats, taking into account personalized learning trajectories,... ... environment, it integrates the value-motivational, refleсtive, and emotional mechanisms of identity development in the learning process. In the system of higher pedagogical education, the electronic portfolio becomes an integral part of the educational process ...
The Policy of Regional Convergence in Russia-Belarus integration: Prospects for Development
... 25—38. (In Russ.)
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Eastern Europe. On the centenary of the political project
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Cooperation between Russia and the EU in the field of innovative development of tourism: the case of the Lithuania — Poland — Russia cross-border cooperation programme
... tourism innovations in Russian and international studies are not comprehensive and do not reflect the essence of innovative processes. Innovative development is often reduced to the introduction of new information technologies, i. e. informatization ... ... private- public partnership in the field of public regulation and tourism stimulation, etc. These technologies contribute to the transition fr om a certain economic agent, the industry as a whole, or a tourist destination to a fundamentally new level in terms ...
Foraging strategies in the pine marten Martes martes: A model
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Sustainable development of the city territorial capital: adaptive policy through the geography of knowledge
... commercialization of knowledge in the territorial context is primarily considered at the regional level as part of the production process, it is more appropriate to consider the knowledge generation at the level of a city where the city is the most important ... ... publications. For the second subtype, these indicators are significantly lower. The second type of cities, “medium” or “transitional” have significant publication experience. However, the insufficient average citation level and very few publications ...
The development of small innovative enterprises through harmonising economic interests
... Jekonomicheskie interesy: suwnost' i realizacija v tranzitivnoj jekonomike [Economic interests: the nature and implementation of a transitive economy], Voronezh, Izd-vo Voronezh. gos. un-ta.
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of the region's economy], Vlast' ...
The Baltic macroregion: geographical macrostructures, communication features, innovative potential
... article considers and assesses the influence of macro-geographical factors on communication behaviour of people in the course of transition to innovative economy through the example of the Baltic Sea region.
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The major stages in wild vegetation development in the Neman deltaic landscape in the Holocene
... different periods of the Holocene and main stages of the swamp development. It has been determined that the swamp development process started in the middle of the Atlantic ( 7000 cal. BP). The alder swamps were the first peat forming ecosystems that ... ... the area. In the second half of Sub-Boreal, sphagnum mosses began to spread, which led to the formation of phytocenoses of the transitional swamp. The raised swamp stage finally formed in the Sub- Atlantic period.
1. География Янтарного ...
Oscillations, resonances and waves in a non-local medium with sources
... form. The effects of monotonous and nonmonotonous (impulsive) reonomic sources are compared. The conditions for a transonic transition are indicated for the wave of perturbation in the temperature set. Resonance occurrences in the system «medium — ... ... Analysis of the Pennes Bioheat Transfer Equation on Skin Surface // 2015 Third International Conference on Robot, Vision and Signal Processing (RVSP). IEEE, 2015. P. 71—74.
14. Mochnacki B., Ciesielski M., Piasecka-Belhayat A. Numerical Solution of the Bio-Heat ...
Intergenerational transmission of poverty: a challenge for Poland
... in Poland in the course of the system transformation towards capitalism. The main poverty drivers were the three overlapping processes: de-industrialization, ‘dewelfarization’ and de-institutionalization of the family accompanied by the devolution ... ... Forming? The Example of Welfare Recipients. In: Buchowski, M., Conte, E., Nagengast, C. (eds.), Poland beyond Communism. “Transition” in Critical Perspective, Fribourg, University Press Fribourg.
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EU — Russia energy cooperation: major development trends and the present state
... in the Baltic Sea region. This research is based on a political and legal analysis of various documents and employs various international relations theories (including integration theories). The article demonstrates that the EU nd Russia have made a transition to the integration agenda manifested in the Energy Dialogue (its current goal is the creation of a common European energy market). The author describes the process of gradual consolidation of transgovernmental and transnational institutions, which leads to depoliticization of cooperation and mutual socialization of the partners. Finally, legal discussions on the development of common rules have become more ...
Borders and Identity in Theory and Practice of the Eastern Baltic Region
... through ethnic mobilization meet corresponding resistance from groups with a different identity. In the Baltic region, these processes have not reached the Ukrainian scale; however, there are prerequisites for ethno-political conflicts of this type. The ... ... insufficient for a proper scientific analysis, and even more so for a political forecast. The formation of a special “double” or “transitional” identity in the border areas can serve both as a tool for strengthening of states and intergovernmental relations ...