Transboundary spatial planning in the Baltic Sea Region
... трансграничного сотрудничества // Вестник Российского государственного университета им. И
. 2007. №
7. С. 92—97.
Long Term Perspective for the spatial development of the BSR — Proposal for character, structure and overall objective/ Ministry of Enterprise, Energy and Communications. URL: http://www.vasab.org.
European Territorial Research Community ESPON. Linking Territorial Research ...
Structural and Functional Characteristics of the Spatial Development of Rural and Urban Areas in the Northwestern Economic District
... of the economy: development, theoretical and practical significance], Izvestija AN SSSR, Ser. Geografija [Izvestiya AN SSSR, Ser. Geography], no. 5, p. 16—28.
8. Litovka, О. P. 1976, Problemy prostranstvennogo razvitija urbanizacii [Problems of spatial development of urbanization], Leningrad, 100 p.
9. Martynov, V. L., Sazonova, I. Е. 2012, The territorial structure of productive forces of Russian North-West in the 2000—2010s, Balt. Reg., no. 1 (11), p. 81—88. DOI: 10.5922/2079-8555-2012-1-10....
Key Directions of Sectoral and Spatial Changes in the Russian Industry
... element of modern innovative economy], Umnoe proizvodstvo [Smart production], no. 21, available at:http://www.umpro.ru (accessed 15.04.2014).
16. Perelygin, Yu., Knyaginin, V. 2007, Prostranstvennoe razvitie Rossii v dolgosrochnoj perspektive [The spatial development of Russia in the long term], Rossijskoe
Jekspertnoe Obozrenie [Russian Expert Review], no. 1—2 «Rossija: karty budushhego » ["Russia: map of the future"].
17. Pylypenko, I. V. 2003, Analiz osnovnyh zarubezhnyh teorij konkurentosposobnosti ...
Strategic perspectives for the territorial development of the Baltic Sea Region
... partnerships, improving accessibility as well as enhancing maritime spatial planning and management are key issues to be solved in transnational cooperation
— Gdansk Declaration. Sixth Conference of Ministers responsible for spatial planning and development in the Baltic Sea Region, Gdansk 19 September 2005.
Long Term Perspective for the Territorial Development of the Baltic Sea Region. Adopted at the 7
Conference of the BSR Ministers responsible for Spatial Planning ...
Assessing spatial and temporal changes in the landscape vulnerability in the Kaliningrad region as an element of sustainable spatial planning
... Dedkov, V. P., Fedorov, G. M. 2006, Prostranstvennoye, territorial'noye i landshaftnoye planirovaniye v Kaliningradskoy oblasti [Spatial, territorial and landscape planning in the Kaliningrad region], Kaliningrad, 184 p.
5. Dmitriyev, V. V. 2010, Integral'nyye ... .... A., Frolova, A. D., Kozheko, U. R. 2014, Razvitiye metodologii integral'noy otsenki ekologicheskoy tselostnosti geosistem [Development of an integrated methodology for evaluating the environmental integrity of geosystems], Mezhdunarodnyy zhurnal prikladnykh ...
The Swedish model of spatial planning: Functions, problems, and solutions
... 2009.№ 1. С. 42—45.
11. Территориальное планирование: новые функции, опыт, проблемы, решения : cб. ст. / под ред. А. И. Чистобаева. СПб., 2009.
12. Promoting Spatial Development by Creating COMmon MINdscapes. II. Planning System of Sweden. URL: http://commin.org/upload/Sweden/SE_Planning_System_in_English.pdf (дата обращения: 11.04.2013).
13. Бабынина Л. Страны Северной Европы ...
Spatial Planning in the European Union: Practices to Draw on in Russia
... marine, and underground planning. The article examines the evolution of the ideas of spatial planning in the EU. We consider the documentary framework for spatial planning from the last third of the 20th century to the present. The basic principles of spatial planning are identified in the article. We describe the level of territorial development management in the EU and its member states. The concept of ‘best practices’ is interpreted as an approach that includes the transfer of expert knowledge, concepts, ideas and practices developed in certain conditions and their adaptation ...
Trade Liberalisation and its Impact on Regional Development: Theoretical and Experimental Studies
... 2006, How does trade affect regional disparities? World Development, Vol. 34, no. 7, p. 1201—1222.
42. Rodríguez-Pose, A., Sánchez-Reaza, J. 2005, Economic polarization through trade: trade liberalization and regional inequality in México. In: Spatial Inequality and Development, Oxford, UK, Oxford University Press.
43. Villar, O. 1999, Spatial distribution of production and international trade: a note, Regional Science and Urban Economics, Vol. 29, no. 3, p. 371—380.
44. Zhang, X., Zhang, K. 2003, How does globalisation ...
Spatial planning in the European Union and the Russian Federation
... well as different experiences and traditions in the space-time dimension. In most EU countries, ministries of spatial planning were established as early as the 1960s; in the Russian Federation, such authority still does not exist. The coordination of spatial development by the Russian Ministry of Regional Development is of fragmentary nature; therefore, at the moment, the efficiency of spatial planning is rather low. The authors find it necessary to adopt EU practices of urban planning in view of the Russian ...
Opportunities for sustainable economic development of the coastal territories of the Baltic Sea Region in the context of digital transformation
... Livina, A. 2020, Sustainability Challenges and Drivers of Cross-Border Greenway Tourism in Rural Areas, Sustainability, no. 12, 5927. doi:10.3390/su12155927.
4. Fedorov, G. M., Kuznetsova, T. Yu. 2019, The coastal microdistricts of the Baltic region: the spatial aspects of development, Ekonomika regiona [Economy of Region], no. 15 (1), p. 137—150. doi 10.17059/2019-1-11 (In Russ.)
5. Druzhinin, A. G. 2020, The strongholds of Russian coastal borderlands: economic dynamics amid geopolitical turbulence. Balt. Reg. 2020. ...
Baltic Cooperation in Marine Spatial Planning
... EU standards on the one hand and affected by the activity of such organisations as VASAB and HELCOM, on the other. In this article, we examine basic documents defining the principles and scope of marine planning and analyse recent research works into spatial development. We conclude that marine spatial planning is a principal tool of the EU’s integrated policy. Many European countries of the Baltic region are seeking cooperation with Russia to preserve the natural and economic environment of the Baltic ...
Key Strategies of Development of Research Tools and Methods for Marine Spatial Planning
... Kannen, A., Heinrichs, B. 2011, BaltSeaPlan Report 8 — Towards a common spatial vision: Implications of the international and national policy context for Baltic Sea space and MSP, Geesthacht.
19. Zaucha, Ja., Matczak, M. 2011, BaltSeaPlan Report 10 — Developing a Pilot Maritime Spatial Plan for the Southern Middle Bank, Gdańsk.
20. Käppeler, B., Toben, S. 2012, Grazyna Chmura, Stanislaw Walkowicz, Nico Nolte, Petra Schmidt, Jochen Lamp, Cordula Göke5 and Christian Mohn BaltSea-Plan Report 9 — Developing a Pilot MSOP for ...
Model Structure and Content of a Comprehensive Maritime Plan: the Case of Kaliningrad
... territorial and maritime planning], Vestnik Sankt-Peterburgskogo universiteta. Ser.7 Geologija, geografija [Bulletin of St. Petersburg State University. Ser.7 Geology, Geography], no. 3, p. 153—160.
10. Myakinenkov, V. М. 2013, Key Strategies of Development of Research Tools and Methods for Marine Spatial Planning, Balt. Reg., no. 1, p. 71—81. DOI:
11.Mosin, O. V. 2011, The main environmental problems of the Baltic Sea and the ways to solve them, Balt. Reg., no. 1, p. 35—47. DOI: 10.5922/2079-8555-2011-1-5.
The boundaries of the territorial community
... Florida R. Towards the learning region. Futures. 1995. № 27(5). P. 527—536.
51. Fombrun C. J. Strategies for network research in organizations // The Academy of Management Review. 1982. № 7(2). P. 280—291.
52. Garofoli G. The Italian model of spatial development in the 1970s and 1980s // Industrial Change and Regional Development / ed. by G. Benko, M. Dunford. L., 1991. P. 85—101.
53. Gereffi G., Humphrey J., Sturgeon T. The governance of global value chains // Review of International Political ...
Structural Changes in the Economy of the Russian Northwest: Spatial Dimension
... entrepreneurship research, European Planning Studies, no. 21, p. 1095—1127.
12. Doloreux, D., Dionne, S. 2008, Is regional innovation system development possible in peripheral regions? Evidence from the case of La Pocatiere, Entrepreneurship & Regional Development, no. 20, p. 259—283.
13. Gardiner, B., Martin, R. L., Tyler, P. 2013, Spatially unbalanced growth in the British economy. Journal of Economic Geography, 13, p. 889—928.
14. Isaksen, A., Karlsen, J. 2013, Can small regions construct regional advantages? The case of four Norwegian regions. European Urban and Regional ...
Spatial structure and development of settlements in the Saint Petersburg agglomeration
... structure of the St. Petersburg urban agglomeration. In: Regional’naya ekonomika i razvitie territorii [Regional economy and territorial development], Collection of scientific articles, St. Petersburg, p. 180—186 (in Russ.).
17. Usanov, B.P. 2009, Spatial development, structural structure and features of the St. Petersburg agglomeration, Vestnik grazhdanskikh inzhenerov [Bulletin of Civil Engineers], no.2 (19), p. 6—10 (in Russ.).
18. Zyukova, N.B. 2012, Evolution of concepts and models of functional ...
Socio-spatial differentiation in transition: a preliminary comparative analysis of post-soviet St Petersburg and Riga
... methodological approaches. As to the former aspect, recent literature focuses on the hybrid nature of the post-socialist urban space, which underwent transformation in the conditions of globalization and eco-nomic liberalization; the earlier model of spatial development changed dramatically as a result. The multi-scalar and comparative approaches may shed new light on the complex patterns of urban socio-spatial differentiation and its post-Soviet dynamics. Growing regional socio-economic imbalances observed ...
Modern understanding of ‘geoeconomic position’ and the Saint Petersburg agglomeration
... and international accents], Jekonomika i predprinimatel'stvo
[Economy and business], no. 7 (36), p. 183—187.
28. Kuznetsov, S. V. (ed.), 2013, Prostranstvennoe razvitie jekonomiki makroregiona (na primere Severo-Zapadnogo federal'nogo okruga) [Spatial development of economy of the macroregion (on the example of the Northwest federal district)],
Saint Petersburg, 334 p.
29. Kuznetsov, S. V., Rotenberg, R. B. 2012, Faktory prostranstvennogo razvitija makroregiona Severo-Zapad [Factors of spatial ...
Social and Economic Space Compression in Border Areas: the Case of the Northwestern Federal District
... Cultural Change, Cambridge, MA, Blackwell, 230 p.
32. Janelle, D., Gillespie, A. 2004, Space — time constructs for linking information and communication technologies with issues in sustainable transportation, TTRV372, p.665 -677, available at: www.spatial.ucsb.edu (accessed 01.04.2015).
33. Morgan, K. 2001, The Exaggerated Death of Geography: Localised Learning, Innovation and Uneven Development, Paper presented to The Future of Innovation Studies Conference, Eindhoven Univ. of Technology, 20—23 September 2001, available at: http://www.utoronto.ca/onris/research_review/WorkingPapers/WorkingDOCS/Working01/Morgan01_Death.pdf (accessed ...
The concept of “network” in the system of basic concepts of regional economic geography
... organisational forms of different phenomena and processes. This article examines the use of the “network” concept in socioeconomic geography through identifying the place of this concept in the system of traditional concepts of this branch of geography: spatial system, territorial production complex, and cluster. The interaction between networks on a certain territory at a certain stage of its development comprises the framework of a region as a complex socioeconomic territorial system. The author examines economic networks as organic systems characterised by resistance to external effects and comprised of interconnected economic agents from ...
The territorial cohesion as the basis for a balanced territorial policy in the Kaliningrad region
The territorial cohesion concept became a key priority of the European spatial development policy due to the growing awareness of the role of geography in ensuring sustainable regional development. The article is focused on the way of adapting this concept to the Kaliningrad region as a foundation for a sustainable spatial development ...
Territorial community local spaces
... сommunity. The article describes a theoretical approach to studying the formation and transformation of a territorial community. There are different types of proximities within the territorial community: geographic, formative, dominant interaction and development proximities among others. Using clusters as an example the author proves that the formation of unique characteristics of various forms of spatial networking is defined by the essential features of the territorial community underlying them.
1. Балтийский регион как полюс экономической интеграции Российской Федерации и ...
Towards a Stable and Dynamic Economy in the Kaliningrad Region
... Urban and Regional Research,
no. 20(3), p. 383—399.
28. Colletis, G., Pecqueur, B. 1994, Les facteurs de la concurrence spatiale et la construction des territoires. In: Garafoli, G., Vasquez Barquero, A. (eds), Organization
of Production and Territory: ... ... Eskelinen, H., Hannibalsson, I., Malmberg, A., Maskell, P., Vatne, E. 1998, Competitiveness, Localised Learning and Regional Development: Specialisation and
Prosperity in Small Open Economies, Routledge, London, 256 p.
30. Karlsson, C., Rouchy, P. 2015,...
The spatial structure of Baltic Sea ferry services
... Forecasting of the route network of ferry and cruise lines based on simulation and intelligent transport systems, Transport Problems, vol. 14, no. 2, p. 111—121. doi:
15. Myakinenkov, V. M. 2013, Key Strategies of Development of Research Tools and Methods for Marine Spatial Planning, Balt. Reg., no. 1, p. 71—81. doi:
16. Gumenyuk, I. S., Melnik, D. А. 2012, The transnational territorial transport system of the Baltic Region, Balt. Reg., no. 1, p. 66—71. doi:
Interorganisational networking as the principal form of technological, innovative and research cooperation between Russia and the European Union in the Baltic region
... [Organizational and economic forms of international scientific and technical cooperation], JL, A. A. Zhdanov Leningrad State University.
7. Vasin, V. А., Mindeli, L. E. 2011, Prostranstvennye aspekty formirovanija i razvitija nacional'noj innovacionnoj sistemy [Spatial aspects of the formation and development of the national innovation system], Innovacii [Innovations], no. 11 (157), p. 24—34.
8. Voloshenko, K.Yu. 2012, The methodological bases of comparative evaluation of scientific and technological potential of Russia and the EU: regional ...
Changes in the Population Distribution and Transport Network of Saint Petersburg
... 03.04.2015). (In Russ.)
4. Open Street Map Project data, available at:
. gis-lab. info (accessed 03 April 2016).
5. Official web site of Administration of St. Petersburg, available at:
(accessed 03 April 2016).
6. Development of capacity of the city of St. Petersburg, available at:
(accessed 03 April 2016) (In Russ.)
7. Chen, Chen，Wang, Fa Hui，Xiu, Chun Liang, 2013, The Relationship Between the Spatial Distribution of Commercial Networks and Street Centrality, Changchun. Economic Geography, Vol. 33, no. 10, p. 40—47.
8. Meng, Yan Chun, Tang, Cang Song, 2015, Study on the Trend of Population Spatial Distribution in Being since the Reform and ...
On the relation between spatial concepts, strategic and territorial planning in the Russian Federation in the context of the development of the Kaliningrad / Vistula Lagoon region
... стратегического и территориального планирования в российских регионах на Балтике // Балтийский регион. 2014. № 3 (21). С. 71—82.
coastal areas, border areas, spatial development, Kaliningrad/Vistula Lagoon
Russian Socio-Economic Geography: Status, Challenges, Perspectives
The socio-economic geography studies the processes, characteristics and patterns of spatial development. In the recent decades, however, this area of scientific investigation has failed its promise, which happened for a number of external and internal reasons. The main external reason is the development of "consumer society", which ...
Equivocality in Delineating the Borders of a Cluster: The Baltic’s Case
... focus of regional governance. This article is part of a complex study on equivocality in identifying the boundaries of spatial networking. In this work, we pay particular attention to delineating the boundaries of territorial clusters. This form of spatial networking is both a contemporary tool for targeted regional development and a result of spontaneous functional integration of economic entities. Building on an extensive factual base, we present a complex model of territorial cohesion for delineating the boundaries of a territorial cluster. The model makes it ...
Methods of spatial scientometrics in the study of countries and region
... The countries of the Baltic region were taken as an example. The empirical base of the research was the international database Scopus and an analytical tool for monitoring and analyzing scientific research — SciVal. On the basis of three methods of spatial scientometrics, the main aspects of the publication activity of selected countries were analyzed. The results of the study showed that scientometrics is an important basis for analyzing the degree of countries and regions scientific potential development, and its methods make it possible to study the dependence of scientific productivity on a specific spatial level, to identify the most relevant and popular research topics and assess international relations between organizations and ...
Border Position as a Factor of Strategic and Territorial Planning in Russian Regions in the Baltic
... other states. The optimisation of spatial organisation of economy, social sphere, and nature management using the tools of spatial planning is fully justified in the case of transborder regions as well as in that of national ones. However, in Russia, spatial (strategic and territorial) planning does not imply joint development of documents with the border regions of neighbouring states. Nevertheless, the border position of a region (at least, due to the presence of border zones) has a significant effect on the content of regional strategies for socioeconomic development ...
A spatial study of networking in the Vistula Lagoon region using geoinformation systems
... research on network cooperation is regional integral geoinformation systems (GIS). Modern GIS are successfully used in related fields, such as environmental and climate studies, geology, urban studies, and serve as rather efficient tools of analysing spatial objects and phenomena. One of such systems has been developed and is successfully functioning at the Immanuel Kant Baltic Federal University, which makes it possible to use it in studying network cooperation in the framework of crossborder development with the involvement of Kaliningrad municipalities....
The role of the river Rhine in the formation of spatial structure of the economy of European countries (1st century BC — 19th century AD)
... of the states mentioned. The author applies the historical-descriptive approach and cartographical-geographical modelling to identify the main stages of this process. The author arrives at the following conclusions. The beginning of the formation of spatial structure of economies of the Rhine basin countries dates back to the Roman period of the history of European states rather than the industrial revolution. Similarly, it is possible to assume that primitive integration processes started to develop in the region in the same period. Throughout history, the River Rhine has served as the central axis for economic structure development. The practical significance of the article lies in identifying the early — previously insufficiently studied ...
Processes of convergence and divergence in the regions of the European Union: features and qualimetry
... Union, EconPapers: Development and Comp Systems, 0402002.
16. Förster, M., Jesuit, D., Smeeding, T. Regional Poverty and Income Inequality in Central and Eastern Europe: Evidence from the Luxembourg Income Study. In: Kanbur, R, Venables, A. J. (eds), Spatial Inequality and Development, Oxford University Press, 2005.
17. Paas, T., Kuusk, A., Schlitte, F. 2004, Modelling Regional Income Convergence in EU-25, University of Tartu, available at: http://www.ecomod.org/files/papers/1388.pdf (accessed 21 June 2011).
Identifying Key Stakeholder Groups for Implementing a Place Branding Policy in Saint Petersburg
..., M. J. 2013, The Dynamics of Place Brands: Anidentity Based Approach to Place Branding Theory, Marketing Theory, Vol. 13, no. 1, p. 1—18. DOI:
34. Silva Oliveira, E. H. 2015, Place branding in strategic spatial planning: A content analysis of development plans, strategic initiatives and policy documents for Portugal 2014—2020, Journal of Place Management and Development, Vol. 8, no. 1, p. 23—50. DOI:
35. Snieska, V., Zykiene, I. 2015, City attractiveness ...
Valuating the appropriation of digital technologies across Russian regions
... and entrepreneurial opportunity, Futures, vol. 128, no. 102714. doi:
4. Hatuka, T., Zur, H., Mendoza, J. A. 2021, The urban digital lifestyle: An analytical framework for placing digital practices in a spatial context and for developing applicable policy, Cities, vol. 111, no. 102978. doi:
5. Chang, E., Zhen, F., Cao, Y. 2016, Empirical analysis of the digital divide from the perspective of internet usage patterns: A case study ...
Marine Spatial Planning: Theoretical Aspects
In this article, I consider marine spatial planning (MSP) as a complex of analyses, calculations, and evaluations aimed to prove feasibility of economic activities and contribute to their development in a certain part of a sea or an ocean. A most likely comprehensive MSP object is an integrated segment of coastal/marine area. Consisting of a marine part and a coastal area, such segments are a product of zoning. In this article, I explore ...
The coastalisation of population in today’s Russia: A sociogeographical explication
... Harold, A. 1997, Mooney Estimates of Coastal Populations, Science, New Series, Vol. 278, no. 5341, Nov. 14, p. 1211—1212.
5. Vallega, A. 1998, Agenda 21 of ocean geography. In: Vallega, A. et al. (eds.) Geography, oceans and coasts towards sustainable development, p. 17—116.
6. Berardo, C. 1999, Spatial dynamics of Mediterranean coastal regions, Journal of Coastal Conservation, no. 5, p. 105—112.
7. Makhnovsky, D. E. The Coastal Regions of Europe: Economic Development at the Turn of the 20th Century, 2014, Balt. Reg., Vol 6, no. 4, p. 50—66....
Geography of international clusters in the Baltic region
... the prerequisites of their formation. The methodological framework of the research is an integrated case study. The article considers the processes of transboundary and transnational regionalisation in the countries of the Baltic region aimed at the development of international clusters. ‘International cluster’ is defined as a new form of spatial economy. The author identifies and maps organised international clusters and cluster initiatives in the Baltic Sea region countries. The international clusters of the Baltic region are characterised according to the following criteria: the degree ...
On the international cooperation of North-West Russia in the field of innovations in the Baltic
..., available at: http://www. kareliaenpi. eu/fi/teemat/cross-border-solutions/hankkeet/154-complex-development-of-regional-cooperation-in-the-field-of-open-ict-innovations (accessed 17 September 2012).
22. Green cities and settlements — Sustainable spatial development in remote border areas, KARELIA ENPI CBC, available at: http://www. kareliaenpi. eu/fi/teemat/cross-border-solutions/hankkeet/160-green-cities-and-settlements-sustainable-spatial-development-in-remote-border-areas (accessed 18 September 2012)....
Rural areas of Eastern Germany: modern challenges
... hinder sustainable development of East German rural areas. We analyse agricultural statistics and describe the structure of agricultural enterprises, land-use, and other critical dimensions of agriculture. We discuss pros and cons of modern rural areas spatial planning policy and take a critical look at the current status of rural areas. We also put forward a number of concrete proposals aimed at the development of the area and counteracting the negative trends it is now experiencing. Even taking into account all ‘positive’ development trends that are postulated to have occurred since the unification, we underline the crucial necessity of diversification ...
The Tourist and Recreation Potential of Historical Cities in North-West Russia
In recent years, the development of historical cities has been high on research agenda. This is explained by the growing role of tourism and recreation in socioeconomic development and the persisting problem of the national economy’s spatial organisation amidst the absence of a clear-cut regional policy. The authors stress the discrepancy between the distribution of economic activities and the established system of settlement. This is particularly true for many historical cities, ...
Matrix Representation of the Kaliningrad Regional Accounts System: Experimental Development and Modelling Prospects
... Kalashnikov, V. D. 2012, Issledovanie regional'nyh makrojekonomicheskih proporcij i mul'tiplikativnyh jeffektov: Habarovskij kraj [The study of regional macroeconomic proportions and multiplicative effects: Khabarovsk region], Prostranstvennaja jekonomika [Spatial Economics], no. 2, p. 44—66.
2. Voloshenko, K., Kuznetsova, A. 2014, The Balance Model of Regional Development Management in Certain Territorial Conditions: Development and Application,
Balt. Reg., no. 3, p. 4—21. DOI: 10.5922/2079-8555-2014-3-1.
3. Voloshenko, K. Yu, Kuznetsova, A. L. 2014, Balansovaja model' upravlenija regional'nym razvitiem: ...
Development of Aland Islands: major trends and challenges
... status or institutional makeup, but rather their economic and geographical position, the ‘concentration effect’, and the population influx. It is stressed that wide regional disparities observed within such small territory are indicative of the spatial structure of society development — primarily under the influence of natural features, which are nearly impossible to disregard.
1. Act on the Autonomy of Åland, 2013, available at: http://www.finlex.fi/sv/laki/kaannokset/1991/en19911144.pdf (accessed 26 January 2013)....
Spatial development of network entrepreneurial structures of the service industry: a methodology for selecting towns for opening new outlets
This article deals with the phenomenon of genesis and development of network forms in entrepreneurship. Special attention is given to the spatial organization of network entrepreneurial structure’s economic activity under the conditions of geographic broadening of the network interaction scope. The author offers methods of town selection in the process of planning and development of network ...
Geography of European Migration
... Rossijskoj Federacii i stranah Zapada [Immigration policy in the Russian Federation and the countries of the West], Moscow, 314 p.
7. United Nations Department of Economic and Social Affairs. Population Division, 2016, available at:
migration/data/estimates2/estimates15.shtml (accessed 16 January 2016).
8. Zhitin, D. V. 2012, Prostranstvennaya neodnorodnost' migracionnogo dvizheniya Rossii v 1991—2010 gg. [Spatial heterogeneity of Russian migration movement in 1991—2010 gg.], Bulletin of St. Petersburg. Univ, Ser. 7, no. 4, p. 135—145.
9. Ivanov, K. P. 1998, Problemy ehtnicheskoj geografii [Ethnic geography Problems], St. Petersburg, 216 p.
Migration Flows in Europe: Space and Time Transformation
... Anohin, A. A. 2003, Osobennosti globalizacii i regionalizacii v sovremennom mire, Regional'naya ehkologiya, no. 3—4, p. 15—22.
2. United Nations Department of Economic and Social Affairs. Population Division, 2016, available at: http://www.un.org/en/development/desa/population/migration/ data/estimates2/estimates15.shtml (accessed 16 January 2016).
3. Zhitin, D. V. 2012, Prostranstvennaya neodnorodnost' migracionnogo dvizheniya Rossii v 1991—2010 gg. [Spatial heterogeneity of Russian migration movement in 1991—2010 gg.], Vestnik S.-Peterb. Un-ta. Ser. 7 [Bulletin of St. Petersburg. Univ.], no. 4, p. 135—145.
4. Kamkin, A. K. 2013, Demograficheskie processy, migraciya i rynok truda v Zapadnoj Evrope ...
On strengthening the territorial differentiation of the rural population and the agrarian sector of the economy in the Russian Federation
Rural settlement in Russia and its dynamics are subject to the general laws of spatial development of the economy and demography, the most important of which is polarization. At the same time, regional settlement systems differ greately due to both physical and economic geographical factors, which may show some discrepencies because ...
Variability of climatic characteristics оver the South-East Baltic coastal waters in the early XXI century
13. Lehmann A., Getzlaff K., Harlaß J. Detailed assessment of climate variability in the Baltic Sea area for the period 1958 to 2009 // Climate Research. 2011. № 46. P. 185—196.
14. Siegel H., Gerth M., Tschersich G. Sea surface temperature development of the Baltic Sea in the period 1990—2004 // Oceanologia. 2006. № 48(S). P. 119—131.
15. Bradtke K., Herman A., Urbański J. A. Spatial and inter-annual variations of seasonal sea surface temperature patterns in the Baltic Sea // Oceanologia. 2010. № 52 (3). P. 345—362.
16. Voss R., Petereit C., Schmidt J. O. et al. The spatial dimension of climate-driven temperature change ...