Estonian Political Parties in the mid-2010s
... of most European countries, some of its elements are more common to postcommunist countries. It indicates that the political party system in Estonia has stabilized throughout the past decade. Today, five sixths of voters support one of the four main political parties. A minority of voters does not consider any of the four dominant parties as a representative of their interests; thus, they vote for parties that had not been previously represented in the parliament. This allowed for two minor political parties ...
Party system nationalization in Estonia
... nationalization to understand whether the ‘integration’ project has helped to narrow the ideological divide between ethnic Estonians and ethnic Russians. In other words, the study asks whether ethnic Estonians and ethnic Russians vote for the same political parties in comparable proportions or there are ‘Estonian’ and ‘Russian’ parties in the country. The analysis of the outcomes of four local and four parliamentary elections that took place in Estonia in 2005—2019 shows that by the mid-2000s Estonia ...
Supranational party system of the EU
... Evropeiskogo parlamenta: sravnitelno- pravovoi analiz [Legal status of the deputy of the European Parliament: comparative legal analysis], Vestnik Omskogo universiteta [Herald of Omsk University], no 4, p. 44—63.
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4. Zhukovskiy, I. I. 2005, Partijnyje sistemy Vyshegradskih stran i evropejskaja integracija ...
Polish-Russian relations as reflected in the programmes of right-wing political parties in Poland: a quantitative and qualitative analysis
Programmes of political parties are an important element of public discourse. In this article, I present the results of research aimed at defining the place of Russia and Polish-Russian relations in the programmes of several Polish right-wing political groups. I attempt an overview ...
The transformation of the Swedish political party system in the late 20th/early 21st century
... society based on the multiculturalism principles. The interethnic tension manifested itself in the wide support for the Swedish Democrats Party in the 2010 parliamentary election. From a political party system dominated by social democrats, the Swedish political party system turned into one with two leading parties – the centre-left Swedish Social Democratic Labour Party and the centre-right Moderate Party. The Swedish Democrats position themselves as an alternative to the two party blocs headed by the dominating parties (the Alliance and the Red-Green)....
Estonia’s party system today: electoral turbulence and changes in ethno-regional patterns
A well-developed party system has emerged in Estonia over the decades of independence. There are, however, distinct geographical patterns of voting. A number of new political parties have appeared in the country; the regional and ethnic patterns of voting (the latter matter much in Estonia) have changed dramatically. This study aims to analyse the recent changes in the Estonian party system as well as the causes of these changes ...
The features of the genesis of modern Lithuanian multiparty system
... attention to the role of confrontation between the social and political movement „Sajudis» and the Communist party of the Lithuanian SSR in the formation of the bipolar party system based on the ideological confrontation between the two dominant political parties — the Lithuanian Democratic Labour Party and the Homeland Union.
1. Сокольский С. От гражданских движений к политическим партиям (Россия и страны Вышеградской группы) ...
The concept “people” in the Cadet Party rhetoric
The article considers the interpretation of the concept “people” by the Constitutional Democratic Party supporters. This concept is of fundamental importance for the analysis of Cadet ideology. The concept “people” was of great political value for the Cadet party. The author correlates this concept with such notions relevant for the Party as society, nation, and nationality. The author examines the relations of “people” with the authorities, the state, the Cadet Party, the ...
The system of financing political parties in Latvia
This article considers the mechanism of financing of political parties in the Republic of Latvia. The author analyses the participation of financial and economic groups in the country’s political life. Key business actors affecting the formation of Latvian political system are identified. It is concluded that, ...
Territorial differences in the attitudes to the migration crisis in Germany: The political aspect
... Social Research Institute. Budapest, available at:
23. Rol' malykh partii v partiino-politicheskoi sisteme Germanii: doklady Instituta Evropy [The role of small parties in the party political system of Germany: reports of the Institute of Europe], 2015, Moscow, Institute of Europe, RAS, p. 88. (In Russ.)
24. Timoshenkova, Е. П. 2015, The party political system of Germany after the elections to the Bundestag: the main development ...
Political Parties and the Information Policy of the Norwegian Broadcasting Company at the end of XX century
The author analyses the influence of parliamentary political parties on the nature of the information policy and institutional position of the Norwegian TV and Radio Company at the end of the twentieth century. The issues of overcoming the monopoly in the market of information services and its commercialization ...
The Christian right movement in the USA in the 1990s
This article analyses the factors that strengthened the influence of the Christian right movement in the USA in the 1990s. The author considers the organizational changes and ideological transformation within the movement and its effect on the political process in this period. The article identifies the problems facing the Christian Right movement in its attempt to devise political tactics in the mid-1990s. The author pays special attention to the question of the interaction between the Christian ...
Correlation of theory and practice in victorian policies: Edward Derby case
Using the works of the most prominent British political intellectuals, the author examines the correlation of theory and practice in Victorian politics. The analysis shows the suspicious attitude of British politicians toward ideologies. The core role of morality and religion in Victorian politics ...
Transformations in the Communicative Characteristics of Political Discourse in the Current Information Space
... Zegert, D., 2009. Transformation and development of the party in Eastern Europe after the end of the transitional decade. In: E. Yu. Meleshkina and G. M. Mikhailova, eds. Politicheskaya konkurentsiya i partii v gosudarstvakh postsovetskogo prostranstva [Political competition and parties in the states of the post-Soviet space]. Moscow. p. 32.
16. Zolyan, S. T., 2014. Semantika i struktura poeticheskogo teksta [Semantics and structure of poetic text]. Moscow. pp. 42—43.
17. Zolyan, S. T., 2016. Semiotics and pragmasemantics of ...
The structure of political elite networks in the Republic of Poland in 1993—2013
To identify the structure of network ties within Polish political elites; to study the features of network ties formation and the impact that both primary and labour socialisation periods and diaspora characteristics have on this process; to describe the structural features of the resultant network structures ...
Different forms of parliamentarism and the factors determining the variations
... granting the non-confidence vote and dissolving the parliament, as well as the scope of so called delegated legislation.In contemporary parliamentary democracies aspirations to strengthen executives can be observed.
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4. Skrzydło, W. 1997. French Constitution, introduction and translation. ...
The formation of the political elite in Lithuania at the turn of the 1980s—1990s: the role of “moral politicians”
This article considers the trend of structural changes in the political elite of the Republic of Lithuania in the post-Soviet period through analyzing the role of the so-called “moral politicians” — intellectuals, artists, and cultural figures, who played a decisive role in the period of the communist system ...
On crisis trends in the legitimacy of the political regimes of the Baltic States
This article considers the legitimacy of political regimes in the Baltic States by analysing three major parameters: confidence in political institutions, level of corruption, and the development of their party systems. The author identifies the major crisis trends in the legitimacy of the political ...
The Role of Small Countries in Post-Soviet Territorial Restructuring: the Baltic Case
... “feed” on it through — so metimes consciously — creating “conflict nodes” in the relations between major players. This is especially true in the case of states that do not bear responsibility for global stability.
1. Accord between the political parties represented in the Seimas of the Republic of Lithuania on strategic guidelines for the foreign, security and defence policy of the Republic of Lithuania for 2014—2020, 2014, Parliament of the Republic of ithuania, available at: http://www3.lrs....
Linguistic and pragmatic potential of metaphors in political discourse
The linguistic and pragmatic analysis of expressive means in political texts is gaining popularityamong researchers. The study of the role of metaphor in enhancing the pragmatic effectiveness of political speech is relevant due to the fact that metaphor, being not only a way of expressing thought, but also being ...
The Emergence in the First Quarter of the XIX-th Century of the Russian Conservative Nationalism
... of the XIX century and the role of socalled «Russian Party» (N. Karamzin, A. Shishkov, F. Rostoptschin, S. Glinka) in this process. The author defines the basic elements of conservative nationalist ideology: interpretation of the people as a «body politic», antiwesternism, antiliberalism, cult of autocracy, selective glorification of Russia’s historical past.
Карамзин Н. М.
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Geography of Electoral Volatility in the Warmia and Mazury Voivodeship of Poland
... administrative reforms resulted in the formation of a new territorial organization of power. Using three large administrative units of Poland as an example, the authors analyse the experience of the formation of a geographic region by merging several politically diverse territories. The merger took place in a changing political environment. It inevitably affected the strategy and tactics of the development of local self-governance. The formation of the region has been going on in such a manner that ...
Bulow and the "Hottentot bloc" of 1907—1909. Implementation of the "Cohesion Policy"
The article analyzes the tactics of the German government towards political parties in the early twentieth century. The central figure is Chancellor Bernhard von Bülow. The purpose of this article is to analyze the creation and functioning of the Bulow blocand the reasons for its demise.
1. Nipperdey T. Deutsche Geschichte ...
The problems of the development of political democracy in Russia in the period of diarchy (February — October 1917)
This article considers the formation of the new democratic dynamics in Russia in February-October, 1917. The author focuses on the forms of the participation of population in the establishment of new political regime, the activity of political parties and local government bodies and attempts to build an optimal model of the formation of a republic in the conditions of diarchy.
Местные Советы и органы буржуазной власти ...
The policy of cosmopolitism: from universalism to pluralism
... 2005, Problèmes théoriques de la construction européenne [Theoretical problems of European integration], Paris, Première Partie, Le sens politique de l’Union<br />européenne, available at: http:// users. skynet. be/jean. marc. ferry/Europe_1.... ... Manent, P. 2006, La raison des nations [The reason nations], Gallimard.<br />14. Rawls, J. 1995, Libéralisme politique [Political liberalism].<br />15. Rechtman, R. 2011, Enquête sur la condition de victime [Survey on the Status of victim],...
The rhetoric and logic of the representations of the Russian-Turkish War of 1877–1878 in Russian public discourse
... by most actors. I analyse these oppositions from the perspective of orientalism and demonstrate that an orientalist vision of the conflict was instrumental in ‘Westernising’ the image of the Russian Empire. The critics of this model placed both parties of the conflict in a common oriental framework but did not equate them. Self-orientalisation was viewed as a political challenge that required Westernisation, which did not apply to the other party to the conflict that represented the Orient proper. The political authorities of the Russian Empire could not retain control over the broad rhetorical framework that ...
State archive institutions in Russia as part of the party and public administration in the 1960-1980s
... development of state archive institutions in Russian in the period of developed socialism in the USSR. It is shown that, despite certain professional achievements, Russian state archives were faced with unfavourable conditions explained by the ideological and political requirements of the Soviet party and state mechanism. The issue of the inequality of the RSFSR in terms the possession and use of national documentary heritage.
1. 20 лет архивного строительства // Архивное ...
Between mysticism and technique: anagram the European Baroque culture
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15. Hernas Cz. Barok. Warszawa, 2008.
16. Hundt M. “Spracharbeit” ... ... Christian Gueintz. Berlin ; N. Y., 2000.
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18. Kühn ...
Rent and anti-rent in partly competitive political markets
The author critically re-considers the neo-institutional approach to the essence of political rent. The notion of political anti-rent is introduced and substantiated. The author considers forms and significance of political rent in the political space of modern party systems. The article provides a quantitative evaluation of rents and ...
Political elite networks in Latvia and their transformation in 1993-2014
The authors consider the structure of the Latvian political elite in 1993—2014 and analyse the major network parameters. The roles of key network actors and their changes over the study period are examined
1. Dogan М., Higley J. Elites, Crises, and the Origins of Regimes. Rowman and Littlefield Publishers,...
The ‘hybrid model’ of Norway’s ethnic policy in its northern counties: a key to stable interethnic relations
... achievements in the protection of indigenous peoples’ rights, the country’s government carries out a differentiated ‘hybrid’ ethnic policy towards ethnic groups living on its territory. The growing infighting between the right and the left parties in the Storting translates into unpopular and spur-of-the-moment political decisions as regards inter-ethnic relations.
Zadorin, M. Yu., Kotlova, E. S.
Norway, migration, ethnic policy, law, national question, acculturation, non-violent assimilation, voluntary segregation, nationalism, integration, multiculturalism
Russia’s political risk for the foreign investors: A special emphasis on Kaliningrad
The main goal of this article is to analyse the political risk of Russia with a special emphasis on Kaliningrad. In this study, political risks are assessed using the normative model of macro political risk assessment developed by Alon and Martin in 1998. In this model, political risks are divided ...
The political elite recruitment in the Baltic: the role of the ethnic factor
The role of the ethnic factor in political processes in Lithuania, Latvia, and Estonia has been rather significant since these countries’ independence. The author investigates the assumption that after the completion of major Eurointegration procedures, the ethnic factor — which ...
Historical memory in the age of globalization: the case of Russian- Estonian relations
... no. 1, p. 68—82, available at: http://www.politex.info/content/view/683/30/ (accessed 01 June 2010).
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politicheskaja praktika, avtoref. dis. … d-ra polit. nauk [Political parties and the Russian transformation: theory and political practice: summary of dis.... candidate of political sciences], Saint Petersburg.
7. Kagan, R. 2007, Konec illjuzijam: istorija vozvrawaetsja [End of Illusions:
History returns], Pro et Contra,...
Organisation and Activity of Police in border areas of North-Western Russia under Reconstruction of Soviet Society
The article casts light on the system of intelligence officer training. The deep changes in the political and socioeconomic life of the USSR resulted in the growth of opposition attitudes. It necessitated higher efficiency of the officers of the National Commissariat of Home Affairs. The author considers the main forms and methods of the interaction ...
The symbolic complexes of mass culture and the semiosis of political discourse
In this article, I address the influence of modern mass culture (MC), its symbolic system, narratives, and protagonists on the political discourse. I emphasise that an analysis of the images of mass culture protagonists can give a complete picture of the society that continuously reproduces these protagonists and seeks to resemble them. Therefore, the mode of the production of ...
Klochkov V. V. The tory conservative party and the “constitutional revolution” of 1832—1835 in Great Britain. Monograph. Rostov-on the Don ; Taganrog : Southern federal university publishing house, 2017. 481 p.
The review analyzes the academic monograph which examines a wide range of issues in constitutional and political history of Britain in the years 1832—1835. The reviewed book is characterized by the conceptual innovation, a sound historiographical background, thoroughness and a variety of theoretical and methodological features.
1. Аракелян ...
The prime of Jimmy Carter: The 90th anniversary of ex-President
This article examines the political, public, and humanitarian initiatives of Jimmy Carter after leaving the White House in 1981. Today, the Ex-President is the oldest politician whose name became a synonym for honesty, integrity, and service to others.
1. Добрынин А....
The development of nationalist identities in the Baltics: The Latvian aspect
... development of post-Soviet nationalist identity in Latvia under the influence of nationalist neo-Nazi organizations and persuasion. The ethnic component occupies a central place in today's political identification in Latvia. It is proved that major political groups and parties recognize and proclaim nationalist principles regardless of their basic ideology.
1. Parming T. Nationalism in Soviet Estonia since 1964 // Nationalism in the USSR and Eastern Europe in the era of Brezhnev and Kosygin. Detroit, 1977.
2. Park ...
Knowing humanity without knowing the human being: The structure of polemic in Kant’s political argumentation
... contemporaries (Garve, Mendesohn, Frederick the Great) — and generalised characters representing entire classes. The two opposing parties are Kant and his favourite philosophers (Saint-Pierre and Rousseau) against the ‘government’ and ‘lawyers’. Kant’s ... ... foundation, is constructed using a minimum of anthropological premises, which is often viewed as a virtue. However, Kant’s political teaching is closely connected with moral anthropology, which is considered as another virtue. Justifying their actions ...
The concept of the European Union’s normative power
Traditionally, studies into a state’s foreign policy focus on the international situation and national interests of the parties. However, such approach does not completely conform to the objectives of studies into the foreign policy of the European ... ... example of unique integration of states. One of the modern approaches aimed to describe the nature of the EU as an actor in world politics is the concept of the EU’s ‘normative power’ arguing that the ‘power’ of the EU lies in the ability to change ...
Passages from the history of the Kaliningrad region: The first sitting of the Königsberg regional Office for Civil Affairs on June 26—27, 1946
... Калининградские архивы: Материалы и исследования : науч. сб. Калининград, 2004. Вып. 6.
Königsberg region, Kaliningrad region, military authorities, civil authorities, German population, trade, political party work
Königsberg Cathedral and Kant’s tomb in Soviet Kaliningrad
... Kant’s tomb in different years, including the materials of various relevant committees. The author describes the conservation, maintenance, and restoration of both objects. The history of the Cathedral and Kant's grave is examined in the context of politics of memory pursued by the regional authorities. Changes in the attitudes towards the German historical and cultural heritage of former East Prussia are traced. The supplement contains 16 documents from the State Archive of the Kaliningrad region,...
The position of international community on the restoration of independence of the Baltic States
The separation of the Baltics from the Soviet Uni on was a difficult process accompanied by both political and economic conflicts. The third party in the negotiation process was represented by Germany and the USA. This article sets out to identify the role of the USA and Germany in the restoration of Baltic independence. Historicism and objectivity ...
Local Border Traffic as a Form of Visa Liberalisation and Territorial Development
... article addresses the issue of visa liberalisation between Russia and the European Union, which constitutes a key aspect of the parties’ diplomatic cooperation. This work sets out to identify the main results of Russia/EU cooperation. The authors have ... ... inhibits the opening of cross-border visa-free movement with Russia], 2010, Regnum, available at: http://www.regnum.ru/news/polit/1314519.html#ixzz3BnL4Tka3 (accessed 26.10.2013).
7. Sayapina, O. 2014, V Pol'shu mozhno budet i na poezde [In Poland ...
Baltic Factor in Russia-France Relations
... Russia-France bilateral relations, the authors attach significance to analysing the dynamics and changes of the BSR role in European politics in the post- Napoleonic period. The authors compare the Russian and the July Monarchies (1830—1848) in the context ... ... Souvenirs du baron de Barante. 1782—1866, T. 5, Paris, Calmann Lévy.
9. Capefigue, J.-B. 1836, Le gouvernement de juillet, les partis et les hommes politiques. 1830 à 1835, T.2, Bruxelles, L. Hauman et Cie.
10. La Patrie, 1846, Journal politique, commercial,...
Nuclear power in the Baltic Sea region: the history of emergence and the political and economic features of its development
... the closed Ignalina NPP. The author concludes that the joint construction of a new NPP is quite questionable. When it comes to politics, each of the three Baltic States is ready to build its own NPP. Thus, the development of nuclear power in the Baltic ... ... E. 2013, Gribauskajte: esli partii dogovorjatsja ob AJeS, nado budet eshhjo raz sprosit' mnenie ljudej [Grybauskaite: if the parties agree on the plant, you will have more time to ask people's opinions], DELFI, 22 January, available at:http://ru. delfi....
The ideological campaigns of the late Stalinism period at kolkhozes of the Kaliningrad region: everyday history
... campaigns on the mass consciousness of peasants and their social behaviour from the perspective of «everyday history». Special attention is paid to the ideas of rural residents about themselves and the word, and their reaction to major social and political events. The author comes to a conclusion that, in the post-war years, Soviet propaganda was of rather formal nature, which, however, did not downplay its paramount importance for maintaining power by party and state nomenklatura. The study will ...
The European idea in Central Europe and Scandinavia as a part of the security and peaceful co-existence policy in the framework of the postwar planning
... historiography. It is the major contribution of the article to the research on history of ideas and European diplomacy. Moreover, the subject of research is immediately connected to the problem of security in the Baltic region and the Soviet factor, as well as political stereotypes produced in this field. The author employed historical comparative and inductive types of the historical typological method.
1. Sovetskij Sojuz na mezhdunarodnyh konferencijah perioda Velikoj Otechestvennoj vojny 1941—1945 gg ...
Current problems in Russian-Latvian relations
... However, unlike the above mentioned countries, its relations with Russia are developing at a more pragmatic level. Numerous political differences often result in economic losses both for Latvia and Russia. Despite the fact that Latvia has been an independent ... ... Settling differences between Latvia and Russia will contribute to trade relations, which are increasingly important for both parties. In order to prevent and localise emerging conflicts, diplomats, politicians, and experts should interpret Russian-Latvian ...