Conceptual metonymy of the structure of the utterance
The author analyses examples from the English language and, based on their analysis, investigates the mechanism of conceptual metonymy reflected in the syntactic structure of the utterance. Conceptual metonymy is considered as a factor determining the structure of the utterance describing a fragment of reality. The author explores models of metonymic transfers, in which spatial relations act as the source domain, and identifies types of situations, which are metonymically represented as the location...
Axiology of the everyday in language
The article focuses upon metonymic and metaphtonymic means of ‘the everyday’ category verbalization in the English and Russian languages.
(Крестьянкин). Проповеди 1973—1994 годов: в 2 т. М.; Псков, 1994. Т. 2.
. Грамматика цивилизаций. М., 2008.
Христовой Церкви цвет благоуханный. Жизнеописание преподобномученицы Великой Княгини Елисаветы Феодоровны. М.
. Толкование Евангелия. Свято-Троицкая Сергиева Лавра. 1913 (...
Dream interpretation in the Assyrian Dream Book: The invention of tradition
This article identifies the cognitive tactics behind the interpretation of dreams in the ancient Assyrian text known as the Dream Book. Its basic characteristics include belief in the prophetic power of dreams, ritual orientation to men, regard for image polysemy and the use of symbols, employment of such mechanisms as metaphor, metonymy, pragmatic shifts, patronymic attraction, replacements based on the antonym principle. These mechanisms are identified as underlying the formation of symbolic content...
The features of metaphors in “prophetic” dreams
This article addresses the issue of the specific features of the metaphor in “prophetic” dreams. The following features are identified as specific: the representation of the specific through the specific (abstract semantics is ensured by metonymy), spontaneity, integration into cultural contexts, elimination of functional borders between nominativity and predicativity, closeness to the object and cognitive metaphors. The author arrives at a conclusion that, in dreams, the metaphor brings together...
Concept integration modelling as a means of phraseological unit formation
The paper focuses on cognitive processes of phraseological units (colour terms) formation based on the theories of the conceptual metaphor and conceptual integration. Special attention is given to the modified units the meaning of which cannot be inferred from their components. Cognitive mechanisms underlying this type of phraseological units are identified.
О теории концептуальной интеграции // Изв. РАН, СЛЯ. Т. 60. №
3. М., 2001.
Философия риторики //...
Freud’s cognitive and linguistic insights in the theory of dream interpretation
This article stresses the theoretical ‘touching points’ of S. Freud’s theory of dream in¬terpretation and modern cognitive linguistics. The authors stress the relevance of such lin¬guistic transformations as metaphor, metonymy, symbolisation, paronymy, homonymy, language game, and associative networks for Freud’s theory. Moreover, polysemy, initial context conditions, and the transfer of content from one coding into another — from the iconic image system into the symbolic conceptual one — also play...
The linguistic representation of subjective time in Florian Illies’s novel Generation Golf zwei
This article is based on the postulate that there are objective and subjective forms of time. I consider means to explicate subjective time in literature, using the novel Generation Golf zwei by the contemporary German author, Florian Illies. In this autobiographical novel, Illies goes heavy on self-irony to draw a psychological portrait of his generation, which he calls the ‘golf generation’ and thus emphasises what values it holds. The author’s contemporaries, the youth of the 1990s, have a peculiar...
The dream dictionary of G. H. Miller: The structural originality and cognitive models of interpretation
G. H. Miller’s dream dictionary is analysed from the perspective of modern cognitive linguistics. The author examines its cultural characteristics, embeddedness in the context of dreams, the polysemy of the key image, and the possibility of homonymy. Gender dependence and subject-object differentiation are identified as important features of dream interpretations in the dictionary. The author describes three mechanisms of semantic transformation behind the dream interpretation: metaphoric conversion...
Semantic invariants of prophetic dreams and signs
The authors prove the possibility of revealing semantic invariants of prophetic dreams and folk signs. The study shows that such invariants do exist, and they stay with the other side of the language, belong to the deep sphere of human mentality (unconscious), have a special sign nature (they are both semantic signs and images). From this point of view, the problem of synchronicity — acausal semantic coincidences, is considered. The article suggests that the domain of semantic invariants of dreams...
The thematic field of black humour
Wry humor as cultural phenomenon thematically is organized as a semantic field and focuses on six major components: death and associated with it, destruction of human physiology, fear of danger, threats to beloved ones, social catastrophes, necrophilia. A “play principle” is actively being implemented in all these cases.
1. Борисов С. Б. Эстетика «черного юмора» в российской традиции // Из истории русской эстетической мысли. СПб., 1993. С. 139—153. URL:
Intermedial text modelling: D. Lodge. Nice Work
This article studies the cross-disciplinary interactions – a characteristic feature of modern literature – in the case of the novel Nice Work by a famous contemporary author and literary scholar David Lodge. The analysis is based on Yu. M. Lotman’s concept of polyglotism and M. M. Bakhtin’s and R. Bar-thes’s text theories. A specific feature of D. Lodge’s novel is the visuality of the world of literary images created using special literary techniques. The novel’s picture poetics emphasises picturesqueness...
Peculiarities of the figurative in the concept of "Time" in middle English
The article examines the most typical for Middle English metaphorical and metonymic shifts of meaning which represent figurative part of time concept. It is proved that the most frequent shifts are: time — event or state, time — traveler or moving object, space — time, time — master, time — system of measurement, time — grammatical category.
1. Арутюнова Н. Д. Метафора и дискурс // Теория метафоры. М., 1990. С. 5—33.
2. Белозерова Л. В. Пространственные прилагательные и метафора // Метафоры...
The images of dreams and symbolic forms of culture
This article addresses the issue of the underlying cognitive unity of the symbolic forms of culture and the symbols of “prophetic” dreams. In this connection, the author justifies, in particular, the introduction of similar objects in the object area of modern cognitive linguistics, gives a definition of prophetic dreams, and identifies the position of this issue in the cultural tradition. The article identifies three basic characteristics that bring together the symbolic forms of culture and the...
On the problem of acausal semantic coincidences: the cognitive background of omens
The authors study the issue of acausal semantic coincidences (synchronicity) for the first time as omens of war in the Russian linguocultural tradition. The semiotic structure of omens is shown, and models of transformations of situational semantics in their signifier and signified are revealed. In particular, symbolic substitutions are possible in the signifier, and a sequence of metonymic shifts in the causal field of war in the signified. In general, the phenomenon of synchronicity, considered...
History of the words starina and starik as terms of friendship in Russian
This article explores when and under what circumstances the words starik and starina emerged as terms of friendship in standard Russian language. These terms were often used by male characters in the prose of the Khrushchev Thaw — students, scientists, and engineers. It was initially assumed that these words had become forms of address at that time. Analysis of data from the Russian National Corpus shows that these terms of friendship date back earlier than that. Starik was used to address a male...