The Works of Modern Russian Historians and the Historiography of Medieval Lithuania before and after the Red October
This article examines the views of modern Russian scholars A. Dvornichenko, M. Krom, A. Filyushkin, and S. Mikhalchenko on the pre-revolutionary and Soviet historiography of medieval Lithuania. Chronological problem analysis constitutes the methodological framework of the study. Special attention is paid to the priorities of the Russian scholars in the analysis of the pre-revolutionary and Soviet Lithuanian studies. It is shown that the disintegration of the Soviet Union marked a new period in research...
The later works of Boris Porshnev in foreign historiography
The author analyses the reception of works and academic ideas of a renowned Soviet historian Boris Porshnev (1905—1972) in foreign historiography. The research shows that the historian failed to repeat the success of his monograph (1948) on popular uprisings in France before the Fronde, which was well received abroad and provoked long-standing dispute among the historians. Other works of Porshnev evoked a much more moderate reaction from foreign colleagues. The paper outlines the main objections...
The history of Lithuania in the national historiography of the second half of the 19th — early 20th century
The article discusses developing pre-revolutionary national academic schools which studied of the history of the Grand Duchy of Lithuania. In the 18th — the first half of the 19th century the history of Lithuania was perceived by Russian scholars as “alien” and did not receive much interest. The situation changed after the “January Insurrection” (1863—1864): the attention of politicians to Lithuanian history predetermined the establishment of pre-revolutionary lithuanistic research centers at the...
Teutonic Order in French Historiography
The article examines the evolution of French historiography of the Teutonic Order. The author reviews key works of contemporary
French historians of the Order.
. Тевтонские рыцари / пер. А.
И. Вишневского. СПб., 2008.
. Средневековый Немецкий орден в современной международной историографии // Древнейшие государства Восточной Европы: материалы и исследования: 2002 год: Генеалогия как форма исторической памяти. М., 2004.
The image of medieval Lithuania in the historiography of the first half of the 19th century
This article considers the image of medieval Lithuania in the historiography of the first half of the 19th century. The author identifies the key components of the formation of perception of Lithuania in the historical discourse of the first half of the 19th century.
История Малой России. М., 1842.
Бестужев-Рюмин К. Н.
Рецензия на книгу «Витовт и его политика до
Грюнвальдской битвы (1410)». Соч. А. Барбашева. СПб., 1885 // Известия
The Vilnius issue in international relations: the historiography of the problem
This article considers certain historiographical aspects of the Vilnius issue as an international problem. The author analyses the origins of the Polish-Lithuanian conflict, the role of the struggle for Vilnius in the general context of the Polish-Lithuanian confrontation, and the origin and nature of Lithuanian nationalism. The article also examines historiographical perspectives on the seizure of Vilnius by the troops of the Polish general, L. Żeligowsky, and the international consequences of the...
A ‘divided history’: the politics of memory on the territory of the former East Prussia in the light of current discussions
.... 2014, Exkulpation und Identitätsstiftung. Der Gulag in der russischen Erinnerungskultur. In: Sowjetische Verbrechen und russische Erinnerung, p. 1—30.
19. Garcia, P. 2010, Usages publics de l’histoire. In: Delacroix, C. et al [sous la dir.], Historiographies, II. Concepts et débats, p. 912—926.
20. Rathkolb, O., Sooman, I. (eds.), 2011, Geschichtspolitik im erweiterten Ostseeraum und ihre aktuellen Symptome — Historical memory culture in the enlarged Baltic Sea Region and its symptoms ...
HISTORY, HISTORIOGRAPHY, AND PHILOLOGY
HISTORIOGRAPHY AND LITERARY STUDIES
THE LAST CHRONICLER: ON THE ROLE OF N. KARAMZIN IN RUSSIAN HISTORIOGRAPHY AND POPULAR THOUGHT
Historiography and source studies
The modern historiography on the gender aspects of the history of the First World War
This article describes the major issues in studying the gender aspects of the First World War in modern historiography. Major topics of studies include women on the battlefield and on the home front, gender-specific propa¬ganda, and the crisis of masculinity. The author argues that the explanation of history of societies during and after WWI is incomplete without taking into account the gender aspects.
1. Асташов А. Б. Русский фронт в 1914 — начале 1917 года: военный опыт и современность. М.,...
The voice of history and the politics: On the issue of effective historical consciousness in modern history in the light of N. Karamzin’s historiography
The article reveals the relevance of N. Karamzin’s historical and providential method in the context of philosophical hermeneutics of H.-G. Gadamer. Highlighting a deep connection of the ideological basis of Karamzin’s historiography with the up-to-now-incomplete search for the “Russian idea” the paper shows the suitability of appealing to Karamzin’s historiographical methodology against the backdrop of still controversial dynamics of Russian history, with its typical duality, dual beliefs, and vagueness...
N. M. Karamzin and the "Byzantine version" of the origin of the Russian coat of arms
The article dwells on the long-established popular version of the "Byzantine" origin of the Russian state emblem: the image of the double-headed eagle is allegedly associated with the marriage of the Great Prince of Moscow Ivan III and Sophia Palaeologus, successor to the Roman and Byzantine Empires. N. Karamzin’s role in promoting and substantiating this version is considered, alongside discussing the longevity of this hypothesis and a critical attitude to it from the point of view of...
After «the collapse of the empire»: British-American his-toriography of the first half of the 1990s on the parallels in the history of formation of the 20th century Lithuanian statehood
This article explores the parallels between the Lithuanian movements for national independence in 1917—1920 and 1988—1991 as analyzed in the Anglo-American historiography of the first half of the 1990s. Such scholars as A. Lieven and other authors characterize some main similarities and differences between those movements. These scholars emphasize the ambiguity of the Soviet experience, as well as the internal conflicts within the Lithuanian political elite and demonstrate the productivity of the...
On the so-called "revolution" in the Polish historiography and its reception in Russia
This article scrutinises an episode unveiling the understanding of the causes of the fall of the Polish state in Russian and Polish historical science of the 19th century. The author revises some established concepts concerning the reception of the so called "revolution in the Polish historiography" in Russia.
Прожитое и пережитое. Л., 1990.
: сборник статей по польским делам (1881—1905). СПб
Historiography and literature: An alliance or a symbiosis?
... Stuttgart; Weimar.
6. Moses, St., 1993. Eingedenken und Jetztzeit — Geschichtliches Bewußtsein im Spätwerk Walter Benjamins. In: A. Haverkamp, R. Lachmann, eds. Memoria — vergessen und erinnern. München. pp. 385—405.
7. Nünning, A., 1998. Historiographie als identitätsbildender Interdiskurs: Versuch einer funktionsgeschichtlichen Gattungsbestimmung am Beispiel der Werke von Catharine Macaulay. In: B. Bauer, W. G. Müller, eds. Staatstheoretische Diskurse im Spiegel der Nationalliteraturen ...
The demonization of the Red Army as a trend in Western historiography
This article focuses on the reasons behind and attempts at demonising the image of the Red Army in the modern Western historiography. It is concluded that the key factor behind this approach is the aspiration to misrepresent the role of the USSR in the destruction of Hitler’s Germany and the liberation of Europe from the Nazi slavery, which results in the thesis that the entry of the Red Army was not an act of liberation but rather the beginning of a new occupation, which was even worse that the...
Lithuania of the 11th—14th centuries in the works of Russian historians of the 1850—1870s
The article analyses the works on the history of medieval Lithuania (11th—14th centuries) by I. D. Belyaev, K. N. Bestuzhev-Ryumin, N. I. Kostomarov and M. O. Koyalovitch. It focuses on Russian scholars’ perception of Lithuania in 1850—870. Employing the comparative historical method and content analysis, the authors identify the key characteristics underlying the perception of Lithuania in research discourse in the 1850s—1870s. Particular attention is paid to an analysis of preconceptions that affected...
Finland’s policy towards the USSR in the 1980s—at the beginning of the 1990s in the Finnish historiography
The article is a review of the body of literature published in Finland during the 1990s — 2010s, describing the evolution of Finland's foreign policy towards the USSR in the last decade of the Cold War. The author identifies chronological stages of the study of Finland’s policy towards the Soviet Union and analyses the most relevant themes, which were the subject of attention of Finnish historians and historiographers. The author characterizes each historiographic period, its main topics and key...
Reflections on the history of the Kaliningrad region
This article describes differences and contradictions in identifying the subject of Kaliningrad regional history. Some researchers and media interpret the term ‘Kaliningrad regional history’ as the history of the region per se and others as the whole scope of local history. The ‘History of West Russia: The Kaliningrad Region’, a secondary school discipline taught since 2006, presents an interesting case. The subject of the Kaliningrad regional history has no single definition since it is a matter...
From the History of the Kokand branch of the Volga-Kama Commercial Bank
In this article, I address the functions and the framework for the operations of the Kokand branch of the Volga-Kama Commercial Bank. Soviet historiography considered banks as a tool of ‘colonialism’ – both Western and Russian. Using archival data, I prove that the financial institutions of the Russian Empire took into account local circumstances and encouraged exportoriented production. I examine interbank correspondence, annual reports by the director of the branch, and branch audit reports. This...
The works of Stefan Kieniewicz as seen by modern Polish historians
The article considers the critique of the works of historian Stefan Kieniewicz by modern Polish researchers. The author analyses his role in the Polish historical science. Special attention is paid to the reasons behind Kieniewicz’s turn to Marxism after the Second World War. The author gives examples of differences in the persepctive of historiographers on the historian’s methodological views and the degree to which they were influenced by Marxism. S. Kieniewicz’s characteristic of his own theoretical...
East Prussia Between the French ‘Hammer’ and the Russian ‘Anvil’: The Napoleonic Era
In this article, we consider the historical aspects of the 1807—1813 situation in East Prussia and describe current Russian and international historiography of the 1813—1814 Foreign Campaign of the Russian Army and of the Russian-Prussian alliance against Napoleonic France. We conclude that East Prussia played a central role in the political, military, and diplomatic struggle between France andкяч Russia.
1. Внешняя политика России XIX и начала XX века. Сер. 1. Т. 4. М., 1965.
2. Внешняя политика...
Teachings of Prince Vladimir in the contemporary discourse of the “Mystery of Iniquity”
The author shows special significance of a change of heart and mind of Prince Vladimir, the "miracle of miracles" (Metropolitan Hilarion), which despite all the internal and external hardships of Russia, still reflects its main essence — faithfulness to the Law of Christ.
1. Карташёв А. В. История Русской Церкви. М., 2006. Т. 1.
2. Митрополит Иларион. Слово о законе и благодати // Повести Древней Руси. М., 2002. С. 11—44.
teaching, transformation, historiography, law, lawlessness
Human Resources of Post-war Lithuania and Their Role in the Rebuilding of Klaipeda
This article focuses on the issues of post-WWII economic restoration effort in the Soviet Lithuania. German occupation of the republic caused significant damage to its industry and agriculture. Pre-war Lithuania was an agrarian state aspiring to embark on an industrial-agrarian path of development. After the war, this aspiration did not only persist, but was intensified. To reach this objective, however, Lithuania required qualified workforce. Before the war, hardly any attention was paid to the...
The historiography of the problem of teaching basic swimming skills
This article considers the prerequisites for the development of methodologies of teaching basic swimming skills to different student groups in the historical aspect predominantly on the basis of Russian materials. The author describes the trends in the organisation of training in the period of development of this area of swimming within the activity of progressive people and swimming experts.
1. Плавание : учебник для ин-тов физ. культуры / под ред. Н. Ж. Булгаковой.М., 1984.
2. Козлов А. В. Плавание...
Riga censorship as a manifestation of censorship policy of autocracy during Paul I’s reign
For the first time in the Russian historiography, the issues of functioning of Riga censorship commission during Paul I’s reign are considered. The author arrives at a conclusion about the prosecution of cultural works filled with revolutionary spirit.
собрание законов Российской империи. Серия 1. СПб., 1830.
Национальная библиотека. Отдел рукописей. Ф. 859. Фонд Н.
К. Шильдера. Кол. 33. №
государственный исторический архив. Ф....
The image of Napoleon in France
This article summarises the perception of Napoleon’s image in France in the 19th—21th centuries and describes the dynamics of attitudes towards Napoleon in connection with the changing political situation. Historical studies and belles-lettres help demonstrate that today the image of Napoleon is more popular in other European countries than in France and that the life of the emperor gave rise to a myth about a hero and great conqueror who faces defeat at the peak of his power and loses its empire...
Klochkov V. V. The tory conservative party and the “constitutional revolution” of 1832—1835 in Great Britain. Monograph. Rostov-on the Don ; Taganrog : Southern federal university publishing house, 2017. 481 p.
The review analyzes the academic monograph which examines a wide range of issues in constitutional and political history of Britain in the years 1832—1835. The reviewed book is characterized by the conceptual innovation, a sound historiographical background, thoroughness and a variety of theoretical and methodological features.
1. Аракелян Г. С. Государственная и общественно-политическая деятельность Эдварда Дерби : дис. ... канд. ист. наук. Калининград, 2018.
2. Клочков В. В. Кризис партии тори...
The ethnocultural identification of the Belarusian population in the Russian publications of the late 18th — early 19th centuries
This article analyses the ethnonymy and other ethnocultural markers (denomination, language) of the residents of Belarusian lands during the partitions of Poland on the basis of works by S. Plescheev, H. F. Hackmann, L. M. Maksimovich, V. M. Severgin, and other scholars. The urban population was ethnically identified as Polish, whereas the rural peasant one as predominantly Lithuanian.
1. Вуглік І. Р. Этнаніміка беларусаў XVII—XVIII ст.: экзаэтнонімы // Весці БДПУ. 2009. Сер. 2. Гісторыя. Філасофія...
Parish schools in the system of public primary education
This article analyses the activity of parish schools in Russia in the second half of the 19th-the beginning of the 20th centuries as mass public primary schools. The author emphasises the biased attitude to parish schools in Soviet and contemporary Russian historiography as to a conservative and reactionary structure. The article considers the interaction and competition between parish and zemstvo schools in the organisation of public primary education and focuses on the fruitful period of effective...
Positive Philosopher with Restless Imagination (Rev.: V. V. Vasilyev, David Hume and the Riddles of His Philosophy. Moscow: LENAND, 2020, 704 pp.)
Carruthers, P., 2017. Higher-Order Theories of Consciousness. In: S. Schneider and M. Velmans, eds. 2017. The Blackwell Companion to Consciousness. Hoboken. N. J.: Wiley-Blackwell, pp. 288-297.
Home, H., 2005. Essays on Principles of Morality and Natural Religion. Natural Law and Enlightenment Classics. Indianapolis: Liberty Fund.
Hume, D., 1960. A Treatise of Human Nature. Reprinted from the original edition in 3 volumes and edited, with an Analytical Index, by L. A. Selby-Bigge. Oxford: Clarendon...
“Russian Lithuania,” as seen by N. Ustryalov
This article analyses Nikolai Ustryalov’s concept of “Russian Lithuania,” which presents the history of medieval Lithuanian as part of the Russian past. The author examines the career of S. S. Uvarov – Minister of National Enlightenment in the 1830 – 1840s, as well as other factors behind the official narrative about the “Russian character” of the Grand Duchy of Lithuania. The paper stresses the significance of Ustryalov’s concepts in the Russian historiography in the first half of 19th century....
The image of N. M. Karamzin in Russian poetry
There are virtually no specialized studies into the creation of poetic image of N. Karamzin in late 18th — early 19th centuries in Russian literature; though it is the expressiveness and imagery of poetry which can have a great impact on the myths in public consciousness. The present study is based on the texts published in the following collections of poems: “Epigrams and Satire: from the history of literary feud of the 19th century” (Epigramma i satira: iz istorii literaturnoy bor’by XIX veka....
The politics of memory in Klaipėda at the turn of 1940—1950s (based on the materials of the Sovetskaya Klaipeda newspaper)
Based on the materials of the Sovetskaya Klaipeda newspaper, this article explores manifestations of the politics of memory pursued in Klaipėda and the whole West Lithuania region during the second half of the 1940s—the first half of the 1950s. The author identifies the main institutions responsible for creating a specific image of the past in Lithuanian society during late Stalinism. Based on newspaper articles, the author demonstrates the coexistence of various figures of memory, which were earlier...
Anthroponyms as the markers of cultural memory in epic texts
The author explores the relationship of the notions ‘collective memory’ and ‘cultural memory. Anthroponyms represented in the brothers Grimm’s sagas are analysed as exponents of cultural memory. The main focus is on the functions of anthroponyms in the semantic structure of the sagas texts.
1. Алефиренко Н. Ф., Голованёва М. А., Озерова Е. Г., Чумак-Жунь И. И. Текст и дискурс : учеб. пособие для магистрантов. М., 2012.
2. Бондарева Л. М. Типологические признаки ретроспективного дискурса как гетерогенного...
Crimea in the legacy of B. D. Grekov, fellow of the Academy of Sciences
Crimea holds a very special place in the biography of B. D. Grekov (1882—1953), an outstanding Russian historian and a fellow of the Soviet Academy of Sciences. Crimea was his long-standing research interest and a place of work and leisure. Some of his years spent in Crimea were very productive, and others were hard and lean. This article presents archive materials and other publications to analyse the stages and episodes of the scholar’s life and oeuvre in Crimea.
1. Office of the Federal Security...
N. M. Karamzin: On the History of Using the Koenigsberg Archives in his Work on the History of the Russian State
Writing his History of the Russian State N. M. Karamzin used the Russian chronicles, embassy documents, and diplomatic correspondence. He was among the first historians to turn to foreign sources, and to that end had to obtain copies of the documents shedding light on the relations between the Moscow State and the Teutonic Order in the first quarter of the 16th century. In the following years and up to the present time, however, both Russian and German researchers have been paying little attention...
The European idea in Central Europe and Scandinavia as a part of the security and peaceful co-existence policy in the framework of the postwar planning
This article is dedicated to the development of European unity in Central Europe and Scandinavia as a mechanism of collective security and intergovernmental cooperation development. The cultural and historical features of Central Europe and Scandinavia emphasize the need for a comparative study into the European idea. This article considers the tendencies and factors which affected the development of the European idea in the framework of the post-war planning. This research sets out to compare and...
Reviews in historical and literary publications: the case of Historical Herald (the beginning of the XX century)
This article focuses on reviews published in the “Istoricheskij Vestnik” at the beginning of 20th century. The reviews of this journal performed some functions unusual for a journal — the didactic, educational etc. The study compared the critique in the “Istoricheskij Vestnik” with other scholarly historical journals.
1. Б-я. [Рецензия] // Исторический вестник. 1916. Т. 143, № 1. С. 281—282. Рец. на кн.: Материалы для Гангутской операции. Вып. 1—3. Пг., 1914—1915. 1293 с.
2. Бочков Д. [Рецензия]...
Between profession and public engagement: Evolution of the public history movement in America
This article examines the origins and development of the public history movement in America. Special attention is paid to analysing ideas and approaches dominant at different stages of its development and identifying factors behind changes in major trends. It is shown that pubic history has undergone significant transformations abandoning the idea of professionalising non-academic history for that of collaborative structuring of the past by historians and the general public.
1. Махов А. С. Рой...
The Notion of Free Will in Sergey Hessen’s Conception of Culture
Sergey Hessen builds his philosophy of culture on Heinrich Rickert’s theory of values. Like Rickert, he believes that the individual plays a key role in the formation of culture. The individual exercises freedom only in creative activity and the degree to which he fulfils his creative potential depends not only on the cultural context in which it happens, but also on the regulation of the opportunities for self-actualisation in any given society. Accordingly, Hessen defines society as the sphere...
The effect of railway network evolution on the Kaliningrad region’s landscape environment
This article addresses methodology of modern landscape studies from the perspective of natural and man-made components of a territory. Railway infrastructure is not only an important system-building element of economic and settlement patterns; it also affects cultural landscapes. The study of cartographic materials and historiography made it possible to identify the main stages of the development of the Kaliningrad railway network in terms of its territorial scope and to describe causes of the observed...
The restoration of the political independence of Lithuania in the late 1980s-early 1990s: a historiographical review
This article presents a historiographical review of the restoration of Lithuanian independence in the 1980s-early 1990s and the establishment of Lithuania-Russian interstate relations in the early post-Soviet years. The topic of the article serves as a context for the analysis of the sources and general trends characteristic of Russian and foreign historians.
1. Бразаускас А. Пять лет президента. События, воспоминания, мысли. М., 2002.
2. Бусыгина И. Россия и страны Балтии: формирование новых взаимоотношений...
Changes in the cultural landscape of the Kaliningrad region’s periphery in the 19th/20th centuries
This article considers the development of cultural landscapes on the agricultural periphery of the Kaliningrad region. These territories are analysed in view of historical, geographical, social, economic, and political factors. Owing to its history, the Kaliningrad region boasts a unique combination of cultural landscape elements. Thus, the genesis and development conditions of the region’s cultural landscape are important aspects for the identification of its components — settlement pattern, settlement...
The Name of Prophet Abraham in the Old Russian Literature of XI—XIII centuries
The spread of Christianity in Russia contributed to the development of writing and had a direct impact on the thematic, genre, figurative features of spiritual, and later secular literature. In this article, we consider the image of Abraham, one of the Biblical forefathers, along with Isaac, Jacob and Joseph, who are central to Old Testament. The author analyzes the mentioning of his name in various contexts of ancient Russian literature of the 11th-13th centuries — the Tale of Bygone Years, the...