Method of processing of the ionospheric signals pulse
Интерференционные методы радиозондирования ионосферы. М., 1982.
Bessonov V., Pakhotin V., Molostova S., Chugainov A.
an ionosphere, distribution of radio-waves, the theory of is optimum
the reception, a method of the maximum credibility, difference the equation.
An mathematical simulation of ionosphere with due regard for its three-dimensional irregularity
... approximate solution of a three-dimensional equation of ions diffusion with mixed derivatives and divergence first derivatives are considered. The task is reduced to a chain of three two-dimensional parabolic equations on base of the summary approximation method. Difference operators are constructed, and an analysis of its properties, test calculations and an estimate of a mixed derivatives role are carried out.
Самарский А. А.
Теория разностных схем. М., 1977.
Revisiting Schleiermacher’s On the Different Methods of Translating: On the Foundations of Translation Relativity Theory
... theory of translation with its empiric version. However, a different approach is also possible. The outlines of the theory of translational and traductological relativity can be derived from the ideas first voiced by Schleiermacher in his lecture On the different methods of translation (1813), from Quineʼs theory of indeterminacy of translation, and from Benjaminʼs concept of untranslatability. From a multi-disciplinary perspective, this heterogeneity is viewed as a benefit. Instead of a universal typology, ...
The open method of coordination as a new form of governance: features, characteristics, prospects of application
... European Union // European Law Journal. Vol. 8
and mapping OMC in different policy areas. New modes of governance. Integrated project. Project no. CITI-CT-2004-506392. Priority 7 — citizens ... ... Working Group 4a: Involving experts in the process of national policy convergence. 2001. June
The open method of coordination as a ‘two-level game’. Policy and politics. Vol. 36:2. 2008. January.
Representation of methods for solving subtasks of different types from the decomposition of a diagnostic problem
The paper is dedicated to modelling of the meaningful and relatively stable visual-figurative and verbal-sign representation of the real problems in medical diagnostics. In the paper, we introduce concepts «a task» and «a method». In addition, here we introduce the method and model for the formation of schemes-images of methods for solving tasks from decomposition of a diagnostic problem. All concepts are interpreted in terms of the language of the description of relations ...
Characteristics of traumatic fragmentation of the body and personal identifi-cation in cases of mass casualties as a result of manmade emergencies
Practical material is used to analyze the frequency of applying different personal identification methods in the cases of traumatic body fragmentation in different manmade emergencies. The authors estimate the identification efficiency of dental characteristics depending on the damaging factor in different manmade emergencies. It is shown that the ...
Cyclic version of “ – ” iterative method. Estimations of speed of algorithm convergence
Differences methods of the approximate solution of the two-dimensional equation of ions diffusion with the mixed derivatives and the first derivatives of a divergent look are considered. Test calculations on a modeling task with the known analytical decision are ...
Computing experiment for simulating altitude-latitude distributions of ionospheric parameters
A mixed derivatives influence in during three-dimensional simulation of ionosphere by difference methods is considered.
Ишанов С. А., Клевцур С. В.
Математическое моделирование ионосферы с учетом ее трехмерной неоднородности // Вестник Российского ...
The ‘hybrid model’ of Norway’s ethnic policy in its northern counties: a key to stable interethnic relations
... method (the role of political institutions), and the secondary analysis of sociological data. We also rely on qualitative methods, namely, the collection, analysis, and interpretation of data on ethnic diasporas living in the North of Norway. As a ... ... Kingdom of Norway has a unified approach to national ethnic policy, which rests on self-confessed multiculturalism. However, different ethnic political models are applied in the case of certain ethnic groups. Today, against the background of declared ...
Comparison of the methods of total antioxidant activity analysis
Five varieties of apples from the Baltic region were studied by means of two different analytical methods. The results of experiment demonstrate that the values of total antioxidant activity obtained through spectrophotometric and amperometric methods are comparable. The authors determined the relation between the total content of ascorbic acid and ...
Modeling of Wave Processes in High Speed Impacts with Smoothed Particle Hydrodynamics Method
Concerned issues are related to the modeling of high speed impact with different variants of the smoothed particle hydrodynamics method and applying this method to the solution of problems of mechanics of the deformed solid body.Results of solution of the problem of disintegration of discontinuity were obtained and comparative analysis was performed.
Monagan J. J.
An introduction ...
Social Facilitation: the Kaliningrad Region and Russian Mainland Regions
... motivation for social
activity in youth, and a narrow range of ideas about possible areas of personal activities in the current conditions. Gender differences are identified in the level and structure of competence. The authors believe that certain differences in competence components identified through mathematical methods are determined by the geographical characteristics of the Kaliningrad region — its exclave nature, a relatively small territory, and proximity to the EU countries. It is stressed that the regional conditions affecting motivation, forms and areas ...
Mapping Poetic Bilingualism in Europe: Language Contacts and Cultural Transfers
... speak and write freely in two or more languages and intentionally create either variants of the same text in two languages or different poems in two separate languages. The author outlines a geographical map, locating areas where multilingual poetic production ... ... Lingvistika i semiotika kul'turnykh transferov: metody, printsipy, tekhnologii [Linguistics and semiotics of cultural transfers: methods, principles, technologies]. Moscow, p. 255—307.
2. Alekseev, M. P., ed., 1981. Mnogoyazychie i literaturnoe tvorchestvo ...
Diagnostic criteria for splenomegaly (review)
... results can be rather contradictory. The aim of the research is to provide a critical analysis of a varity of instruments. The article offers a good review of a varity of papers and methodologies on this topic in the RSCI and PubMed databases. There are different methods for determining splenomegaly in children and adults. Most researchers note relationship between the size and volume of the spleen with the height of patients and the lack of connection with the patient’s weight and body mass index. Historically,...
The multivalue method for solving differential equations with fractional derivatives
... математической биологии. М., 2003.
Нахушев А. М.
Дробное исчисление и его применение. М., 2003.
Blagovidov V. V., Lobanov A. I.
differential equations, fractal derivity, multivalue method, stability and convergence of the
Social and cultural determinants in the perception of environmental risks: Douglas grid group analysis
... established that there are socially determined forms of communication regarding overcoming environmental risks, for instance, word of mouth and appeals to government institutions (villagers) and street protests (city residents). There are also differences in the choice of effective methods of risk communication, depending on the respondent’s cultural type. Hierarchs prefer communication in social networks; egalitarians tend to organize petitions and appeal to the authorities; the fatalists do not express their own opinion; individuals ...
Non-contact method for measuring the specific electrical resistance of liquid metals in the high temperature range
The article offers a new, non-contact method of measuring the specific electrical resistance of liquid metals in the high-temperature range, which is exceptionally simple. The essence of the method is the measurement of the electromotive force induced by a high-frequency electromagnetic field in two circuits of different diameters placed coaxially in the middle of a cylindrical sample, which is a thin-walled ampoule filled with some low-melting metal. The authors substantiate the feasibility of a contactless method for measuring the specific electric conductivity ...
Lexical explicators of the modality of necessity in the Old and New Testament (the Synodal translation into Russian)
... analysis of modal meanings of objective-subjective and objective necessity expressed through relevant lexemes. Another objective is to assess the influence of the meanings of necessity on the semantic orientation of the biblical texts manifested in the difference between the precepts of the Old and New Testament. I employ the field approach and use both universal research methods and the methods and techniques of the functional-semantic, etymological, and contextual analysis, etc. The main finding of this study is that the semantic content of lexical modifiers of the modality of necessity in the New Testament differs from ...
Mathematical modeling of parameters price discrimination by the method of classification trees
Paper discusses possibilities of parameters price discrimination modeling on base of the method of classification trees based on the algorithm of Gini feature selection, by analyzing market behavior of dominant firms ... ... on branching tree classification determine the characteristics of the "price corridor" that dominated firm use for different groups of consumers, even in conditions of slight variations.
1. Алешников С. И., Болтнев Ю. Ф....
Georges Gurvitch and Sergey Hessen on the Possibility of Forming Social Unity
... Gurvitch and 2) solidarity according to Hessen. Analysis of the dispute between Gurvitch and Hessen brings out not only the differences in the interpretation of social unity but also the fundamental problems with the conceptions of social law.
Duguit, L., 1921. Objective Law. II. Columbia Law Review, 21(1), pp. 17-34.
Durkheim, E., 1982. The Rules of Sociological Method. In: E. Durkheim, 1982. The Rules of Sociological Method: And Selected Texts on Sociology and its Method. New York, London ...
Evaluating and Measuring the Security of Russia’s Border Regions: Theory and Practice
... assessing economic security and to introduce economic and mathematical calculations into the relevant measurement algorithm at its different stages. We use our findings in providing a rationale for the central principles and procedures for creating a comprehensive ... ... western border regions.
Voloshenko E. V., Voloshenko K. Yu.
economic security, border region, types, measures, evaluation methods, sectoral model, Kaliningrad region
On some aspects of psychological assistance on Instagram
..., feedback is provided in the accounts of both groups. The Mann-Whitney U-test was used to assess differences in the indicators of these groups. The quality and scale of psychological care provided by professional psychologists and parapsychologists differed significantly. The research considered strengths and weaknesses of the implemented psychological assistance. It is noted that when organizing psychological assistance in Instagram, the following methods of psychotherapy and psychological counseling are most widely used: cognitive behavioral psychotherapy, body-oriented therapy, Gestalt therapy, NLP, family system therapy, art therapy, some psychologists practice certain hypnosis techniques,...
Linguistics and dream interpretation in C. G. Jung’s works: The discovery of the method
This article examines the mechanisms of dream interpretation used by C. G. Jung. It is shown that they differ in depth. The surface level of linguistic consciousness is the focus of paronomasic connections between words in dream ... ... these conditions, of special importance is the interpretation of symbols. These mechanisms serve as the basis for C. G. Jung’s method of dream interpretation.
1. Кубрякова Е. С. Парадигмы научного знания в лингвистике ...
Social assumptions about the future of participants of the World Youth Festival — 2017
... socio-psychological research of assumptions about the future of participants of the World Youth Festival (2017). The authors used the method of associations, which allowed them to reveal structural elements of reality in the future, in 10 years time, as it is ... ... gender-specific assumptions about the future. The analysis of international data made it possible to identify some culture-specific differences. In particular, there are significant differences in the assumptions about the future of young people belonging to ...
Challenges of the methodological approaches to the measurement and the evaluation of liver size
... modalities and techniques used by the ultrasound specialist. Ultrasound liver size measurement has not become a routine procedure since a reliable and reproducible ultrasound method has not been established so far. The article describes the results of different methods of liver size measurement and as well as variations in the normal size depending on the age of the patient and his/her body type.
1. Бузина А. М. Линейные размеры правой и левой долей печени в ...
Development of technology for publishing very large spatial data volumes using open source systems
The technology of large spatial data volumes pre-processing and publication using different methods to optimize access to the raw data to achieve optimal performance mapping system based on the open source software. The methods for optimizing very large scale spatial data across different scales of data generalization and publication of fragmented ...
Numerical modelling of mechanical factors of cranial-cerebral injury using grid-characteristic method
Some results of numerical modelling of mechanical factors of cranial-cerebral injury caused be percussive stress are described. The usage of grid-characteristic method on unstructured grid is discussed. The authors intro-duce some mechanical-mathematical models of brain teguments and provide results obtained using different models.
Белоцерковский О. М.
Численное моделирование в механике сплошных сред. М., 1994.
Новацкий В. К.
Теория упругости. М., 1975.
Conceptualisation of transfer and translation in modern linguistics
... operations or procedures each linguistic paradigm identifies as priority ones. The understanding of translation corresponds to different cognitive operations — shared knowledge is important for structuralism, perspectivisation is relevant to cross-cultural ... ... cognitive study of language], 26, pp. 29—32.<br>
3. Dmitrieva, E., 2011. The theory of cultural transfer and the comparative method in humanitarian studies: opposition or continuity? Voprosy literatury [Questions of literature], Available at: <a href="
Implications of J. L. Holland’s theory: applicability of RIASEC structure and assessment to English language teachers of the Kaliningrad region
...., Tracey T. J.G., Hubert L. Methods for evaluating vocational interest structural hypotheses // Journal of Vocational Behavior. 1992. № 40. P. 239—259.
27. Rounds J. Vocational interests: Evaluating structural hypotheses // Assessing individual differences in human behavior: new concepts, methods, and findings. Palo Alto ; CA, 1995. P. 177—232.
28. Savickas M. L., Nota L., Rossier J. et al. Life designing: a paradigm for career construction in the 21st century // The Journal of Vocational Behavior. 2009. № 24.P. 23—27.
29. Stead ...
Clusters in the institutional perspective: on the theory and methodology of local socioeconomic development
... 2004, Principial'nye razlichija v koncepcii promyshlennyh klasterov i territorial'no-proizvodstvennyh kompleksov [The principal differences in the concept of industrial clusters and territorial production complexes], Vestnik Moskovskogo Universiteta. Ser.... .... 2―11.
16. Brachert, M., Titze, M., Kubis, A. 2011, Identifying industrial clusters fr om a multidimensional perspective: Methodical aspects with an application to Germany, Papers in Regional Science, Vol. 90, no. 2, p. 419―439.
17. Boschma, R. 2005,...
Sensory fatigue as a functional condition in people with disability
... fatigue, triggers causing this condition, switch-on mechanisms, the development of this condition in people with disabilities of different nosological groups, its symptoms and consequences. Sensory fatigue is a condition, which in itself is not a disease ... ... health, it can be considered as a symptom of a health disorder. The review of literature on sensory fatigue allows us to identify methods for the study of its qualitative and quantitative characteristics, as well as to develop psychological and pedagogical ...
Conceptual characteristics of procedural units of thinking
This article develops a theory of the structure of operational and functional components of the thinking process: the problems of analysing procedural units of thinking are formulated; the content of the “method of thinking” and “technique of thinking” concepts are given a precise definition. The author analyses the content and relational characteristics of procedural units of different types.
1. Гальперин П. Я. Психология как объективная наука. М. ; Воронеж, 1998.
2. Шилков Ю. М. Гносеологические основы мыслительной деятельности....
Social standards of motherhood and childhood in the world and Russia
... system of social standards of modern society and to assess the system of social norms and norms in the Russian Federation at the moment. The methods of analysis of the system of support of motherhood and childhood in Russia were used, as well as the method of comparative characteristic of the system of support of motherhood and childhood in different countries of the world according to different criteria. The study revealed that one of the priority national projects in the Russian Federation is the Demography project, which includes many programs to support mothers and children at both ...
The development of personal information safety of schoolchildren
This article deals with the issue of ensuring personal information safety of schoolchildren as well as different approaches to defining the notion of ‘information safety’. The author emphasizes the need for applying the vitagenetic educational methods in order to develop the personal information safety of schoolchildren.
С., Вербицкая Н.
«Витагенное» образование как научно-педагогическая категория ...
Demographic Ranking of the Baltic Sea States
The relevance of the study lies in the acute need to modernise the tools for a more accurate and comparable reflection of the demographic reality of spatial objects of different scales. This article aims to test the methods of “demographic rankings” developed by Yermakov and Shmakov. The method is based on the principles of indirect standardisation of the major demographic coefficients relative to the age structure.The article describes the first attempt to apply ...
Kant’s aesthetic theory in the light of H. G. Gadamer’s hermeneutic project
... This article is an attempt to establish the connection between the two systems. Special attention is paid to the fundamental differences between the theories and their common principles. Unlike Gadamer, Kant focuses on general aesthetic categories and ... ... and cognition are considered. Kant distinguishes between aesthetic judgment and cognition, whereas Gadamer defines art as a method of cognition, an event that can become genuine under the condition of maximum of understanding. The author analyses the ...
Physical foundations of liver elastography
... Radiology. 2011. Vol. 258 (2). P. 610—617. doi: 10.1148/radiol.10100319
Fujimoto K., Kato M., Kudo M. et al. Novel image analysis method using ultrasound elastography for noninvasive evaluation of hepatic fibrosis in patients with chronic hepatitis C // ... ....1016/ j.transproceed.2004.12.183.
S. M., Unger J. K., Malinowski M. et al. Liver volume measurement: reason of the difference between in vivo CT-volumetry and intraoperative ex vivo determination and how to cope it // Eur J Med Res. 2010. ...
Age-related characteristics of English, American, and Russian compliments
... compliments by people of different age identities from English, American and Russian cultures. Language is not the same across different age groups, which necessitates a thorough examination of age-related parameters in language and the identification of ... ... linguistic research — social semiotics — lends an urgency to such a study. To achieve the goal of the research, I employ the methods of contextual analysis and semantic and pragmatic interpretation. The qualitative calculations ensure the relevance of ...
The Concepts of “Appearance” and “Phenomenon” in Transcendental Philosophy (Kant, Husserl, Fink)
... Husserl. According to Fink, appearing is the foundation of the fact that what exists is and that appearing is being. Fink takes a different approach to the meanings of appearance as opposing the thing in itself which possesses true but unknowable being (Kant) ... ... and, fourth, the formation of a distinct phenomenological idiom. I come to the conclusion that the metaphysical-ontological method of phenomenological analysis of appearance proposed by Fink affords a new insight into the a priori principle and the nature ...
The maintenance of guaiazulene in the essence of common yarrow growing on different soils
The method of gas chromatography-spectrometry was used for the qualitative and quantitative identification of the composition of essential oil obtained from common yarrow growing in different soils in the climatic zone of the Kaliningrad region. The authors established that, depending on the type of soil, the content of сhamazulene and other components in essential oil can vary across a wide oncentration range.
1. Атлас ареалов ...
The functioning of the vladyka lexeme in the Ostromir Gospels of 1056—1057
... matching Greek lexemes were selected, and the effect of semantic inconsistencies on the formation of the idea of the ruler in the consciousness of Slavs. The study employs the methods of etymological, lexicographical, lexical-semantic analysis, as well as methods of modern comparative studies. The author identifies the integral and differential significance contained in the semantics of the paired Church Slavonic and Greek lexemes. This helps to determine the effect of the identified semantic differences on the variations in the Christian perception of God by ancient Greeks and Slavs, as regards the differentiation between the functions of God the Father and Jesus Christ. The author examines to what degree the semantic differences affected ...
On the concept of normative evaluation of cost-effectiveness of GLONASS application in coastal regions
... to perform a calculation for various fields of satellite information application at a regional level prove the existing approaches to be inefficient due to the difficulties in obtaining initial data. To this effect, the authors developed a normative methodical approach to the calculation of the effect of integrated GLONASS application. This approach is meant to fill the existing gap and makes it possible to evaluate the economic benefit of an integrated GLONASS application for different fields.
1. Portnov, V. P., Nagiyeva, Ye. I., Fominov, N. F. 1988, Metodicheskie voprosy opredelenija social'no-jekonomicheskoj jeffektivnosti primenenija kosmicheskoj tehniki narodnohozjajstvennogo naznachenija v interesah regional'nogo razvitija ...
Тhe legal state over time: the nature and the main approaches to the definition
The article focuses on different approaches to the definition of the legal state nature that has existed over time. The research is aimed at identifying ... ... counterbalance to the state monopoly on power and governance. The cope of research methodology is very wide, including the dialectic method of cognition, the methods of analysis and synthesis, and formally logical, historical legal and comparative legal methods....
A surprising tale of long-periodic spin oscillations in the synthetic antiferromagnets: some exact solutions
... take place after a switch in the direction of an external magnetic field. In particular, we demonstrate that in order to understand the aforementioned phenomenon it is essential to first properly model the collisions between the magnetic domains of different spin orientations ( and ). The resulting model comprised of a system of nonlinear differential equations is closely examined, after which we propose a simple analytical method of construction of its exact solutions. This method is shown to generate an infinite family of solutions associated with the degenerate hypergeometric functions, parameterized by a natural number N. One of those solutions with N = 2 produces ...
Normal range of liver stiffness measurement in healthy people
... with ultrasound-based scores of experienced radiologists, Child-Pugh scores and liver function tests // Ultrasound Med. Biol. 2010. Vol. 36 (10). P. 1637—1643. doi: 10.1016/j.ultrasmedbio.2010.07.016.
37. Toshima T., Shirabe K., Takeishi K. et al. New method for assessing liver fibrosis based on acoustic radiation force impulse: a special reference to the difference between right and left liver // J. Gastroenterol Hepatol. 2011. Vol. 46 (5). P. 705—711. doi: 10.1007/s00535-010-0365-7.
38. Rifai K., Cornberg J., Mederacke I. et al. Clinical feasibility of liver elastography by acoustic radiation force ...
A model of mid-scale irregularities of the low-latitude Earth ionosphere : evaluations of a non-linear correction method for the Z-scheme
... solution of the cross convection-diffusion equations within models of the Rayleigh — Taylor instability in the equatorial region of the Earth ionosphere is considered. For test problems the experimental value of the approximation order of the offered method of non-linear correction of the finite-differential scheme for different types of limiters is received numerically.
1. Гайдуков В. Ю., Кащенко Н. М., Мациевский С. В. и др. Запуск экваториальных пузырей путем модификации E-слоя // ...
Identifying Key Stakeholder Groups for Implementing a Place Branding Policy in Saint Petersburg
... understanding of the interests of stakeholder groups. It is essential to realize that each region is unique in its own way. Territories differ in the structure of stakeholders, their influence on regional development, and the range of leverages over regional decision-makers.... ... precise definition of key groups of stakeholders in Saint Petersburg place branding, and to identify them. The authors employ the method of theoretical and empirical typology of a territory’s stakeholders within a theoretical framework proposed by E. Freeman,...
Demographic Situation and Demographic Security in the Regions of Russia’s Western Borderlands
... problems of ensuring replacement fertility, regulating migrations, and overcoming a skewed age and sex structure. I provide a detailed definition of the notion of demographic security and a list of indicators for evaluating it. I stress typological differences in the demographic situation across Russia’s western borderlands to ensure a differentiated approach to providing regional demographic security. In this study, I use economic- statistical methods, a comparative analysis, and an empirical typology of regions based on the above indicators. In terms of theory, the findings obtained can contribute to a more detailed definition of demographic security and a better methodology of regional population ...
The concept of “network” in the system of basic concepts of regional economic geography
... 2004, Principial'nye razlichija v koncepcii promyshlennyh klasterov i territorial'no-proizvodstvennyh kompleksov [Fundamental differences in the concept of industrial clusters and clustering], Vestnik Moskovskogo Universiteta. Serija 5. Geografija [Bulletin ... ... Saushkin, Yu. G. 1973, Jekonomicheskaja geografija: istorija, teorija, metody, praktika [Economic Geography: History, Theory, methods, practices], Moscow.
16. Sidorov, V. P., Shamaeva, N. P. 2011, Klastery i territorial'no-proizvodstvennye kompleksy ...