Kant on Human Dignity: Autonomy, Humanity, and Human Rights
This paper explores the new frontier within Kantian scholarship which suggests that Kant places so much special importance on the value of rational nature that the supreme principle of morality and the concept of human dignity are both grounded on it. Advocates of this reading argue that the notion of autonomy and dignity should now be considered as the central claim of Kant’s ethics, rather than the universalisation of maxims. Kant’s ...
Is Spinoza’s Ethics Heteronomous in the Kantian Sense of the Term?
The prevailing interpretations of Spinoza’s ethical theory view it as an example of heteronomy in the Kantian sense of the term. I make a case for the claim ... ... heteronomy showing how they refer to will and to ethics. Then I describe a group of interpretations which portray Spinoza’s moral theory as heteronomous. My critique begins by presenting some textual evidence which vividly contradicts some of the boldest ...
Kants Freiheitsargument. Diskussion von Heiko Puls: Sittliches Bewusstsein und Kategorischer Imperativ in Kants Grundlegung: Ein Kommentar zum dritten Abschnitt. Berlin und Boston: De Gruyter, 2016. 318 S.
... Grundlegung? Directory of Open Access Journals. Con-Textos Kantianos, 3, S. 231-252.
15. Prauss, G., 1983. Kant über Freiheit und Autonomie. Frankfurt a. M.: Klostermann.
16. Puls, H., 2016. Sittliches Bewusstsein und Kategorischer Imperativ in Kants Grundlegung: ... ... 2006. The Circle and the Two Standpoints (GMS III, 3). In: C. Horn, D. Schönecker, hg. 2006. Groundwork for the Metaphysics of Morals. Berlin: De Gruyter, pp. 285-300.
18. Schönecker, D., 1999. Kant: Grundlegung III. Die Deduktion des kategorischen Imperativs....
Spiritual foundations of law
This article attempts to elucidate the fundamental connection between law and morals. The authors substantiate the thesis about the spiritual nature of law as a methodological principle of theoretical and practical jurisprudence. The subject content of spiritual foundations of law is demonstrated through the triunity of dignity, autonomy, and mutual respect and trust. Alongside factual and legal aspects,...
This article considers the correlation between the historical Christianity and the pure religion of reason, the figure of the biblical Christ of Nazareth and Kant's interpretation of his personality. The author focuses on the question, whether the Biblical Christ, as a real historical person, is the personification of the idea of the absolute good and moral perfection.
1. Кант И. Религия в пределах только разума // Собр. соч.: в 8 т. М., 1994. Т. 6.
2. Его же. Метафизика нравов // Там же.
3. Его же. Спор факультетов....
The motif of light and the criticism of the autonomous subject in the works of I. Murdoch
The article considers the Heideggerian principle of autonomy as a philosophical principle of self-dependence of Being, and its actualization in Murdoch’s works. The motif of ... ....2016).
9. Murdoch I. An Accidental Man // Ibid.
10. Murdoch I. Henry and Cato // Ibid.
11. Murdoch I. Metaphysics as a Guide to Morals. L., 2003.
12. Murdoch I. The Nice and the Good // Bookos.org : [сайт]. URL:
Moral inscrutability and self-constitution in Kant (translated from the English by V. Belonogova and D. Khizanishvili, edited by V. Chaly)
This article analyses the system of inferences used by Kant in Religion Within the Boundaries of Mere Reason to demonstrate the existence of evil disposition (Gesinnung).... ... work, Kant introduces two innovations in respect of the fundamental project presented in the Groundwork of the Metaphysics of Morals. He emphasises that freedom is not justified and postulates a transcendental structure similar to the unity of transcendental ...
Kants Begriff der Verbindlichkeit und die neuzeitliche Naturrechtslehre
My article is devoted to one of the main concepts of early modern natural law, i. e. the concept of obligation. Starting with Pufendorf's concept of obligation,... ... of obligation of natural law in God's will. Instead he developed a concept which was based on the idea of a free self-binding moral subject. Therefore, Wolff's Philosophy has a great impact on Kant's own moral philosophy and especially on his concept of ...
Feyerabend’s Natural Law Notes and their significance for Kant studies. Preface
Natural Law Notes of Feyerabend is one of the most important sources by the research of ethical and juridical views of Kant. Dating back to 1784 ... ... formed already in the middle of 80’s of 18th century. Therewith we can use this lectures notes for the studies of Kant’s moral philosophy too, because of their closeness to the Foundations of Metaphysics of Morals, what can help us to understand some ...
Revisiting the Maxim-Law Dynamic in the Light of Kant’s Theory of Action
A stable classification of practical principles into mutually exclusive types is foundational to Kant’s moral theory. Yet, other than a few brief hints on the distinction between maxims and laws, he does not provide any elaborate discussion on the classification and the types of practical principles in his works. This has led Onora O’Neill and Lewis Beck ...
Affection of Law: Fichte on the Place and Boundaries of Pure Ethics of the Imperative
In his popular 1806 lectures on religion Fichte considered five possible worldviews in the second of which, “the standpoint of legality”, one can readily recognise the ethics of law of the Stoical and Kantian type. Fichte ... ... to adduce a series of original arguments to show that this position is essentially incapable of delivering a pure and higher moral doctrine. I examine the substance of these critical arguments in the context of his later metaphysics. Fichte maintains ...
God’s Law or Categorical Imperative: on Crusian Issues of Kantian Morality
The ethics of Kant and the ethics of Crusius are strikingly similar. This is manifested in a whole range of principles and concepts. Crusius’ moral teaching hinges on the rigorous moral law which has to be obeyed absolutely, and which makes it different from other prescriptions that are binding only to a relative degree. This is very close to the Kantian distinction between hypothetical and ...
The notion of anthropology in Kant's philosophy
.... Kant und Wissenschaften vom Menschen. Bielefeld, 2009.
23. Wood A. Unsociable Sociability. The Anthropological Basis of Kant’s Ethics // Philosophical Topics. Vol. 19 (1991). P. 325—351.
24. Wenzel U. J. Anthroponomie: Kants Archäologie der Autonomie. B., 1992.
vocation of human being, transcendental idealism, "pragmatic" anthropology, "moral" and "practical" anthropology, lectures on anthropology, motivation, character, right, "fundamental" anthropology, "anthroponomy"
Klemme H. F. (translated from German by A. Yu Shachina and S. V. Shachin)
Lessing’s Hamburg Dramaturgy in the “codes of hope” discourse of the Enlightenment
This article considers Lessing’s theatrical project of establishing a German National theatre aimed at founding a “school of morality” in Hamburg. In the 18th century, Hamburg was considered a stronghold of freedom in the opposition between the two forms of being — the feudal and burgher’s ones — having become a capital of the new system of values. Philosophy and arts ...
Anthropological foundations of John Rawls' political theory
The analysis of Rawls’ anthropological model, underlying his theory of justice, reveals its complex basis: on one hand, it is an attempt ... ... philosophical foundations to “ratonal egoist” of classical utilitarianism (idea of autonomy, ability of self-determination through moral law); on the other hand, the notion of “life plan”, emphasizing rationality of human interests and actions and opening ...
Moral und Dogma: Alois Riehls Neukantianismus im Spannungsfeld zwischen Religion und Politik
The aim is to examine Alois Riehl’s contribution to the “culture war” (Kulturkampf) in the second half of the nineteenth century. We show that he used Kant’s autonomy principle to argue against the idea that religious dogmatism is a fundament of morality. We prove this thesis by focusing on the forgotten historical background, which is important for an understanding of Morals und Dogma. Originally this essay was an expert opinion for the court case of the socialist H. Tauschinski who was accused ...
Anthropological foundations of John Rawls' political theory
The analysis of Rawls’ anthropological model, underlying his theory of justice, reveals its complex basis: on one hand, it is an attempt ... ... philosophical foundations to “rational egoist” of classical utilitarianism (idea of autonomy, ability of self-determination through moral law); on the other hand, the notion of “life plan”, emphasizing rationality of human interests and actions and opening ...
Legal Consciousness at the Early Stage of Personality Development from the Perspective of Russian Neo-Kantian Philosophy of Pedagogy
In this study, I investigate the philosophico-pedagogical concepts developed by German and Russian Neo-Kantians, namely P. Natorp, S. I. Hessen, M. M. Rubinstein. In order to identify the peculiarities of the approaches of the Neo-Kantians to legal consciousness in children, I show that the widely accepted view that Hessen borrowed Natorp’s hierarchical triad of moral development — anomie, heteronomy, and autonomy — lacks a solid ground. Moreover, Natorp generally does not use the concept of anomie to characterise the state of morality and legal consciousness during early childhood, and Rubinstein’s position ...
Unvergängliche Bedeutung des philosophisch-pädagogischen Schaffens Kants
The article is meant for teachers and everyone interested in the problems of upbringing and self-upbringing. The major incentive for all works of the great scientists ... ... педагогических систем. М., 1999.
10. Engel R. Kants Vorlesung über Pädagogik: Die Autonomie des pädagogischen Gedankens auf der Grundlage der transzendentalen Lehre... ... plan of the sensible world: upbringing of the 'citizen of the world', respect to the moral law, ideas: freedom, immortality of the soul and God, good will, duty and unconditional...
Duty and Coercion in Kant’s Republican Cosmopolitanism
This paper argues whether Kant’s cosmopolitanism entails a specific theory of coercion. I will especially tackle Kant’s account of international political order. First, I claim that Kant attributes a ... ... shows that coercion is not an insurmountable condition to fulfill legal obligations, since the cosmopolitan order depends on the moral equality among states, far from involving a hierarchy over governmental structure. Third, I will discuss that the only reason ...
The concept of postulate in Kant's philosophy
Postulates play an important role in Kant’s philosophy. Kant’s understanding of this term differs from the previous tradition. For Kant, postulates are originally subjective propositions necessarily supposed as objective ones. Otherwise, the systematic theoretical cognition and compliance with the moral law become impossible. However, this feature of Kant’s word usage is hardly taken into consideration. That is why Kant is wrongly accused of atheism.
1. Аристотель. Вторая аналитика // Собр. соч.: в 4 т. / под ...
Types of Representational Content in Kant
In this essay, I specify types of representational content that can be attributed to Kant’s account of representation. The more specific aim is to examine ... ... Bowman, P. Guyer and F. Rauscher, edited by P. Guyer. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.
Kant, I., 2005b. The Metaphysics of Morals. In: I. Kant, 2005. Practical Philosophy. Translated and edited by M. J. Gregor. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press,...