Kant, Gödel, and the problem of synthetic a priori judgements
Debates over Kant’s famous postulate about the existence of synthetic a priori judgements in mathematics, formulated in the Critique of Pure Reason, have been raging for over two centuries. On the one hand, it was fiercely criticised by neo-positivists in the early 20th century. On the other hand, Kant’s ideas on constructive ...
Neo-Kantian and phenomenological axiology in N. N. Alekseev’s philosophy of law
... for understanding features of social phenomena. The article considers the context of Windelband’s philosophy in Alekseev’s interpretation of the role of the rule in philosophy of law. It is shown that Alekseev employs the distinction between the a priori and empirical, suggested by the theory of values, in his philosophy. Values are identified as a basis for the development of law and morals in Alekseev’s philosophy. Comparing reality and values makes it possible to see how Alekseev combines ...
Kantian motives in logic and philosophy of science. Idea of Unity of a priory and empirical knowledge
Kant insisted on the inherent unity of a priori and empirical elements of cognition. To what extent further progress of philosophy and exact sciences confirmed (or modified) original Kant ideas? I'm inclined to judge that apriorism in its modest version do not contradict to modest type of empiricism....
Kantian motives in logic and philosophy of science. The idea of unity of a priory and empirical elements of cognition
Kant insisted on the inherent unity of a priori and empirical elements of cognition. To what extent further progress of philosophy and exact sciences confirmed (or modified) original Kant ideas? I'm inclined to judge that apriorism in its modest version does not contradict a modest type of empiricism....
Apriorität und autochthone Ideen der Kultur
The paper notes that the deduction of the a priori cognitive forms conducted by I. Kant was continued by E. Cassirer and М. Heidegger, who showed that the basis of a priori lies in certain ways of being of the man. Developing this approach to the interpretation of the basis a priori, the author ...
I. Kant’s and E. Husserl’s practical philosophy
This article focuses on the problem of reconciling a priori and empirical dimensions of freedom, will, and action as the crucial point for understanding the relationship between theoretical and practical reason in Kant’s and Husserl’s practical philosophy. Relying on the explanation of the relationship ...
Darwinism as the Missing Link in Kant’s Critical Philosophy
... no theoretical link at his disposal which would offer a more solid scientific grounding for his entire system. I believe that Darwinism is such a link which bolsters the central but ungrounded thesis of the Critique of Pure Reason on the existence of a priori synthetic judgments. The synthesis of Darwinism and critical philosophy dictates, however, a substantial restructuring of the latter since some of its key elements prove to be weak in the light of modern studies and need to be revised or even reversed....
Edmund Husserl’s phenomenology and a cognitive-semantic interpretation of Kant’s transcendentalism
..., whose referent is the thing in itself in the subjective and objective modes. The article considers two variants of the cognitive-semantic interpretation. The first one is based on Kant’s famous question as to how synthetic judgments are possible a priori. The variant defines the objective thing in itself as an empirical object that affects our sensibility. The second variant is based on the question ‘On what ground rests the relation of what we call representation in us to the object?’, as ...
How transcendental are Kant’s principles of public law?
... The author compares different interpretations of these principles by Russian and international researchers. The article strives to answer the question as to what type of ‘public’ is meant by these principles, whether these principles can serve as a priori criteria for selecting maxims, how efficient these principles are as empirical criteria for establishing legitimacy, and whether they can be characterized as ‘transcendental’. Kant’s discourse on publicity — a result of strenuous efforts ...
Kant, Radical Agnosticism, and Methodological Eliminativism about Things-in-Themselves
... to find a resolution of them. However, the author sharply disagrees with the statement that no such resolution can be found. Indeed, he believes that such a resolution has been found. Kantian Radical Agnosticism (KRA) says that ‘we can and do know a priori that we cannot know either the nature of things in themselves or whether things in themselves exist or do not exist’. Kantian Methodological Eliminativism (KME) about things in themselves says that for the purposes of the theory of real (i. e....
Kantian Motives in Neuroscience
.... Moscow: Kanon+ ROOI “Reabilitatsiya”, 2019, 288 pp.
Bazhanov, V. A., 2019. Brain — Culture — Society: Kantian Programme in Cognitive Science. Moscow: Kanon+ ROOI “Reabilitatsiya”. (In Rus.)
Lorenz, K., 1982. Kant’s Doctrine of the a priori in the Light of Contemporary Biology. In: H. C. Plotkin, ed. 1982. Learning, Development, and Culture. Chichester: Wiley, pp. 121-143.
Andrei B. Makarov
Deduction of Freedom vs Deduction of Experience in Kant’s Metaphysics
... Kant orients the methodological movement of deductions in opposite directions. Theoretical deduction proceeds from pure forms of sensible intuition to concepts of understanding and thence to fundamental principles. Practical deduction proceeds from a priori principles to the concepts of the metaphysics of morals and thence to moral feelings. Fourth, deduction in the theoretical sphere forbids speculative reason to go beyond experience. Practical deduction has pointed to the intelligible world and ...
A transcendental analysis of mathematics: The constructive nature of mathematics
... significance. This article aims to explicate Kant’s understanding (resp. justification) of the abstract nature of mathematical knowledge (cognition) as the “construction of concepts in intuition” (see: “to construct a concept means to exhibit a priori the intuition corresponding to it”; [CPR, A 713/В 741], which is “thoroughly grounded on definitions, axioms, and demonstrations” [CPR, A 726/В 754]. Unlike specific ‘physical’ objects, mathematical objects are of abstract nature and ...
The Notion of Free Will in Sergey Hessen’s Conception of Culture
... of Kant’s Philosophy in Russia. Kantian Journal, 4(35), pp. 103-105. (In Russ.)
Crowe, B., 2010. Faith and Value: Heinrich Rickert’s Theory of Religion. Journal of the History of Ideas, 4(41), pp. 617-636.
Dmitrieva, N. A., 2013. The Concept of A priori in German and Russian Neo-Kantianism. Mnogoobrazie apriori. Materialy mezhdunarodnoy konferentsii na filosofskom fakultete RGGU 19-20 Aprelya 2012 [The Variety of A Priori. Proceedings of the International Conference in the Faculty of Philosophy ...
The Concepts of “Appearance” and “Phenomenon” in Transcendental Philosophy (Kant, Husserl, Fink)
... pre-Socratic treatment of being and, fourth, the formation of a distinct phenomenological idiom. I come to the conclusion that the metaphysical-ontological method of phenomenological analysis of appearance proposed by Fink affords a new insight into the a priori principle and the nature of Kant’s “thing in itself” and proposes a new grounding of Husserl’s thesis which questions Kant’s agnosticism.
Burkhanov, R. A., 2016. Thing in itself and a Phenomenon, Noumenon and Phenomenon, Transcendental,...
A transcendental analysis of mathematics: The abstract nature of mathematical knowledge
... significance. This article aims to explicate Kant’s understanding (resp. justification) of the abstract nature of mathematical knowledge (cognition) as the “construction of concepts in intuition” (see: “to construct a concept means to exhibit a priori the intuition corresponding to it”; [CPR, A713/В 741], which is “thoroughly grounded on definitions, axioms, and demonstrations” [CPR, A726/В 754]. Mathematical objects, unlike specific ‘physical’ objects, are of abstract nature (a-obj¬ects ...
Psychology of dreams about the future
This article focuses on the particularities of prophetic dreams, namely, the a priori awareness of the prophetic nature of the dream and its semantics, possible individuality of image semantics, deformation of the temporal sequence of the dream and related event, rootedness in the emotional, and the genetic ability to have prophetic ...
Kantian Transcendentalism in Contemporary Philosophical Discussions. Report of the “Transcendental Turn in Contemporary Philosophy-3” International Workshop
... Contemporary Philosophy-3: Nature (Specificities) of Transcendental Philosophy” (Moscow, April 19-21, 2018). Moscow: Foundation for Humanities. (In Rus.)
transcendentalism, Kant, transcendental phenomenology, Neo-Kantianism, phenomenon, thing in itself, a priori
Anna A. Shiyan, Nadezhda F. Derzhavina, Sergey L. Katrechko
Systematicity of the Critique of Pure Reason and Kant’s system (IV)
... system of criticism. In the context of traditional epistemological theories, it was an entirely new instalment supplementing these theories and understanding knowledge as a continuous process undergoing scientific revolutions. Constructing synthetic a priori judgements requires leaving the extant knowledge for the realm of possible experience, where reason is faced with antinomies. The author provides a critical examination of Karl Jaspers’ ideas about the cognising abilities of transcendental dialectical ...
Über den Vorgänger des Pudels Ponto, und nebenbei des Katers Murr, oder Über den natürlichen und übernatürlichen Kantianismus
... городе Вальядолиде за воротами Поединка, а собак этих обычно называют — собаки Маудеса // Соч. М., 2002.
12. Шиллер Фр. Валленштейн. М., 1981.
human nature, a priori synthetic propositions, ethics, humanlikeness, legal act, moral act, reason
Kalinnikow L. A.
Problems of analytic and synthetic propositions in the history of logic
... Sessemann. Leipzig u. Berlin. 1927 // The Journal of Philosophy. 1927.Vol. 24. Р. 665—667.
17. Lewis C. I. An Analysis of Knowledge and Valuation. Illinois, 1946.
Pushkarsky A. G.
history of logic, image of logic, analytic and synthetic propositions, a priori synthetic judgements, N. O. Lossky’s concept of logic, intuitionism, conceptual
pragmatism, W. V. O. Quine’s philosophy of logic.
Raum- und Zeitkonzeption bei Kant
... письма. М., 1980.
10. Кант И. О педагогике // Кант И. Сочинения в 8 т. М.: Чоро, 1994. Т. 8. С. 399—462.
11. Vancourt R. Kant, sa vie, son œuvre. Paris, 1967.
"Kritische Philosophie", Raum, Zeit, a priori sensorische Kontemplation, empirische Realität, Materie, Phänomen, die transzendentale Idealität der Zeit, die Grundlagen des Geistes
Oiserman T. I.
Kant, neokantians, and phenomenologists of reflection and reduction
... русского языка / под ред. Н. Ф. Татьянченко. М., 2005.
16. Kern I. Husserl und Kant: eine Untersuchung über Husserls Verhältnis zu Kant und zum Neukantianismus. Den Haag, 1964.
transcendental, phenomenology, method, a priori, form, reflection, reduction
Kucherenko A. V.
Time in Sergey Trubetskoy’s and Boris Chicherin’s metaphysical concepts: A discussion on Kant
... place against the backdrop of an impending change in science and philosophy — the transition from the classical to neo-classical paradigm. This transition encouraged philosophers to revise the traditional approaches (Kant’s teaching of time as an a priori form of sensibility, the post-Kantian idea of time as a manifestation of the absolute spirit, and the empiricist concept of time as an ordered flow of events), on the one hand, and to seek new criteria for the philosophical understanding of time,...
‘Genuine criticism’: An unknown reception of Kant’s philosophy in early works of Schopenhauer
... faculty of supersensible cognition a ‘better consciousness’. Fourthly, Schopenhauer’s alteration of Kant’s epistemology related to the need to com lete the system of ‘genuine criticism’, since the inclusion of a ‘better consciousness’ into a priori cognitive faculties justified its ‘metaphysical’ character. Fifthly, the first edition of Schopenhauer’s doctoral dissertation adhered to Kant’s concept of noumenal freedom, whereas the metaphysics of a ‘better consciousness’ was associated ...
Immanuel Kant and the problem of communicative constructivism
... phenomenon, the author uses the methodology that was symbolically described by Kant as the Copernican turn. Wilhelm von Humboldt was one of the first to apply and develop Kant’s method in the theory and philosophy of language. He assumed that language had a priori roots and that it was energeia rather than ergon. The active theory of language (social communication) was further developed in the 20th century within the concept of language symbolism, namely, Ernst Cassirer’s system of symbolic forms. It suggests ...
Intellektuelle Anschauung und philosophische Schwärmerei. Kant und die Aufklärung des philosophierenden Subjekts
... for his project of enlightenment — it is the ‘death of all philosophy’ (“Tod aller Philosophie”).
1. Christ, K. 1988, Jacobi und Mendelssohn. Eine Analyse des Spinozastreits, Würzburg.
2. Cramer, K. 1985, Nicht-reine synthetische Urteile a priori. Ein Problem der Transzendentalphilosophie Immanuel Kants, Heidelberg.
3. Dörflinger, B. 1988, Die Realität des Schönen in Kants Theorie rein ästhetischer Urteilskraft. Zur Gegenstandsbedeutung formaler und subjektiver Ästhetik, Bonn.
On the role of religion in N. N. Alekseev’s axiological model of law
... rationalistic tradition of Rene Descartes). The crucial significant in his concept of law is got neo-kantian axiology of Wilhelm Windelband and Heinrich Rickert. Following to neo-kantian thinkers Alexeev indicates, that genesis of culture is measured because a priori values are exist. Therefore individual is not a creator of these values per se. Value became the basis of Alexeev’s philosophy of law. Furthermore he elaborated axiological model of law onto religious foundation. Religion — is a tool for initiating ...
The metaphysics of science
... metaphysics of self-consciousness and the doctrine of practical reason, freedom, identity, and dignity of a human being as a personality. It should also embrace the idea of world history and universal civil meaning of philosophy. Recognition of relative a priori determination of human knowledge and behaviour in a broad context of empiricism and relativism (development theory) has no bearing on Kant’s theory. Absolute apriorism as understood in mathematics and physics is an instance of Kant’s universal ...
Analytic philosophy, its history, and Kant
... <br />5. Makeeva, L. B. 2011, Jazyk, ontologija i realizm [Language, ontology and realism], Moscow. <br />6. Chaly, V. A. 2010, Piter Stroson ob analiticheskom, sinteticheskom i apriornom [Peter Strawson on the analytical, synthetic and a priori], Ratio.ru, no. 3. <br />7. Cohen, J. L. 1986, The dialogue of reason: an analysis of analytical philosophy, Oxford. <br />8. Glock, H.-J. 2008, What is analytic philosophy? Cambridge. <br />9. Dummett, M. 1993, Origins of ...
Reception of Kant’s Epistemological Ideas in Fyodor Golubinsky’s Metaphysics
... their doctrines of the categories of understanding. I come to the conclusion that Golubinsky borrowed some propositions of Kant’s theory of space and time, specifically, the procedure of identifying forms of sensibility — space and time — their a priori character, their being part of sensible intuitions and, finally, their definition as essential properties of sense perception. Golubinsky, unlike Kant, considers space and time to be objective. In his doctrine of the categories of understanding ...
Duty and Coercion in Kant’s Republican Cosmopolitanism
... Macdonald T., Ronzoni M. (ed.), Global Political Justice, New York, pp. 53—71.
21. Ronzoni, M. 2009, The Global Order: A Case of Background Injustice? in: Philosophy & Public Affairs 37/3, pp. 229—256.
22. Sánchez Madrid, 2013, Private property and a priori general united will in Kant’s Rechtslehre. Some troubles with Kant’s alleged foundation of liberalism, in: Studia Kantiana 15, pp. 103—120.
23. Sánchez Madrid, N. 2014. Has social justice legitimacy in Kant’s theory of right? The empirical ...
Types of Representational Content in Kant
... the Capacity to Judge. Sensibility and Discursivity in the Transcendental Analytic of the Critique of Pure Reason. Translated by C. T. Wolfe. Princeton: Princeton University Press.
Marshall, C., 2014. Does Kant Demand Explanations for All Synthetic A Priori Claims? Journal of the History of Philosophy, 52(3), pp. 549-576.
Martin, M., 2003. Perception, Concepts, and Memory. In: Y. H. Gunther, ed. 2003. Essays on Nonconceptual Content. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, pp. 237-250.