Poland’s Foreign Policy Mechanisms: Legal Framework and Policy Analysis
This article describes the features of Poland’s foreign policy. Special attention is paid to the foreign policy mandate of the president, government, and minister of foreign affairs and the procedure for devising Poland’s foreign policy strategy. Another focus is the contribution of ...
The history of the integration between Russia’s Kaliningrad region and Poland’s northeastern voivodeships: A programme approach
This article considers the development of integration between Russia’s Kaliningrad region and Poland’s northeastern voivodeships in 1946—2016. The authors set out to identify the main results of Russian-Polish cross-border cooperation in the context of the changing historical and political paradigms in the Baltic region. The authors conduct ...
Local Border Traffic as a Form of Visa Liberalisation and Territorial Development
... cooperation. The authors have conducted a brief historical analysis of this area of relations. The visa “regionalisation” is considered in the context of identifying the key actors of the EU — Russia negotiations: the Kaliningrad region, Germany, Poland, and Lithuania. In their analysis, the authors rely mostly on primary sources: intergovernmental agreements on simplified border traffic, border-crossing statistics for the Kaliningrad region in the framework of the local border traffic, expert ...
The Kaliningrad region in Polish scientific research
..., W., Modzelewski, W. T. 2006. The Polish-Russian Cross-Border Cooperation. Institutional Conditions and Perspectives of Regional Development. In: T. Palmowski, Y. Matviyishyn (red.). Problems of Regional Development in Border Regions of Ukraine and Poland. Lviv.
13. Chełminiak, M., Kotowicz, W., Modzelewski, W. T., Żukowski, A. 2003.Kalendarium kontaktów Polski z Obwodem Kaliningradzkim FR w latach 1991—2003. In: A. Żukowski (red.). Polska wobec Obwodu Kaliningradzkiego Federacji Rosyjskiej....
Foreign lobbying as an instrument of defense cooperation between Poland and the United States
Defence cooperation between Poland and the United States significantly affects the security agenda of Russia, the Baltic region, and Europe as a whole. On the one hand, Poland intends to become a key partner of the US in ensuring European security. On the other hand, it has ambitions ...
The political debate on the change of the Constitution of the Republic of Poland after the parliamentary elections of 2015
In 1997, the Constitution of the Republic of Poland was adopted. Since then, constitutional disputes have continued in Poland. After the 2015 elections, they sharpened. In addition, Polish President Andrzej Duda proposed a change to the Constitution of the Republic of Poland. This initiated a ...
Geography of Electoral Volatility in the Warmia and Mazury Voivodeship of Poland
The authors describe the impact of administrative reforms on the electoral volatility in the Warmia and Mazury voivodeship of Poland. The administrative reforms resulted in the formation of a new territorial organization of power. Using three large administrative units of Poland as an example, the authors analyse the experience of the formation of a geographic region by merging ...
Local border traffic and the development of retail trade in the Kaliningrad region and Polish borderlands
Signing the agreement on local border traffic (LBT) between the Republic of Poland and the Russian Federation was welcomed by experts as an important step towards the future visa-free regime between the European Union and the Russian Federation often discussed in the international dialogue. The three years of LBT mechanism have ...
The structure of political elite networks in the Republic of Poland in 1993—2013
... dynamics of political elites for the purpose of forecasting major trends in the structural transformation of Polish political elites. In the course of the study, biographical data on the presidents, ministers, advisors, and party leaders of the Republic of Poland was collected and processed. The work follows the network analysis paradigm and identifies the dynamics of the key network parameters: distance, density, transitivity, and compactness. The author analyses the dynamics of representation in the structure ...
Intergenerational transmission of poverty: a challenge for Poland
This article argues that urban poverty pockets emerged in Poland in the course of the system transformation towards capitalism. The main poverty drivers were the three overlapping processes: de-industrialization, ‘dewelfarization’ and de-institutionalization of the family accompanied by the devolution of ...
The foreign policy of Poland and the Kaliningrad region in 1989—2012
... (scholarly publications, press articles) sources. The authors also use the system and decision analysis methods. The analysis covers the period after 1989, when the geopolitical changes brought about by the collapse of the Yalta-Potsdam order resulted in Poland redefine the priorities of its foreign policy. One of the most important challenges for the Polish diplomacy after 1989 was the development of economic and political relations with the Russian Federation. Cross-border cooperation between Poland ...
Impact of remigration on the worksphere under Covid-19: the case of Lithuania
... Migrants in Their Home Country’s Labour Market Evidence from Lithuania, Summary of PhD thesis. doi:
2. Haynes, M., Galasińska, A. 2016, Narrating Migrant Workplace Experiences: Social Remittances to Poland as Knowledge of British Workplace Cultures, Central and Eastern European Migration Review, vol. 5, no. 2, p. 41—62. doi:
3. Grabowska, I. 2017, Social Skills, Workplaces and ...
The Polish minority in the Republic of Lithuania: internal and external factors
... are in the two other Baltic States, ethnicity-related conflicts continue to occur, particularly, as regards the relations between the Lithuanian state and the Polish minority, which is the largest in the country. The Polish minority—Lithuania—Poland relations are not the only factor that affects the situation of the Poles in Lithuania. The other important factors are Lithuania and Poland’ EU membership, the relations between Lithuania and Russia, and the Russian minority in Lithuania. ...
Studies into the history of Russian Neo-Kantianism in Poland
The article deals with the jey areas of Russian Neo-Kantianism studies in Poland. Although the number and quality of studies on the history of Russian Neo-Kantianism cannot be equated to those on the history of German Neo-Kantianism, the situation is improving. The authors stress the undeniable progress in Russian Neo-Kantianism ...
The «Lithuania-Poland-Russia» neighbourhood programme in the framework of the formation of the cross-border tourism region in the South-eastern Baltic and the promotion of the sustainable development of the territory
The «Lithuania-Poland-the Kaliningrad region of the Russian Federation» (2004—2006) neighbourhood programme implemented in 2004—2009 and the « Lithuania — Poland — Russia: 2007—2013» programme being drawn up in 2010 identify tourism development as one of priorities, which does not only contribute to the increase in competitive advantages of the participating territories but also facilitates the formation ...
Local border traffic as an efficient tool for developing cross-border cooperation
... mestnogo prigranichnogo peredvizhenija na razvitie transgranichnogo turizma mezhdu Respublikoj Pol'sha i Kaliningradskoj oblast'ju Rossijskoj Federacii [Influence of local border traffic on the development of cross-border tourism between the Republic of Poland and the Kaliningrad region of the Russian Federation], Nauka i turizm: strategija vzaimodejstvija [Science and tourism: cooperation strategy], p. 65—73.
3. Vardomsky, L. B. 2000, Prigranichnyj pojas Rossii: problemy i tendencii razvitija [Border ...
Implementation of the INTERREG program in the Kaliningrad region and neighboring countries: a brief overview
As part of the study, the authors have considered the Interreg Programme as a tool for the cross-border cooperation development. The projects granted from «Russia — Lithuania» Interreg Cross-Border Cooperation (CBC) Programme 2014—2020 and «Poland — Russia» Interreg CBC Programme 2014—2020 have been the research subjects. The authors have identified the most active actors of cross-border cooperation from the Kaliningrad region and the border regions of Lithuania and Poland and have ...
Polish-Russian relations as reflected in the programmes of right-wing political parties in Poland: a quantitative and qualitative analysis
... the political programmes of the right-wing parties as regards their principal features, internal structure, and central postulates. Content analysis shows that relations with Russia are an impor tant element in most political programmes proposed by Poland’s major right-wing political groups. Based on a qualitative analysis, I distinguish between parties that postulate a determined and assertive policy towards Russia, parties committed to a neutral position on Russia, and those that seek the improvement ...
Migration processes on the Recovered territories in Poland in 1945—1950
The migration processes on the so-called Recovered territories, transferred from Germany to Poland after the Second World War, are analyzed in documents and recent research. The author identifies the main migration waves that came in the first post-war years, gives a social description of the main groups of migrants and local Polish-speaking ...
Security in the Baltic region as a Projection of Global Confrontation between Russia and the USA
This article considers the problem of security in the Baltic region, namely, that of Poland and the Baltics. The authors rely on the works of Karl Deutsch, Emanuel Adler, on Michael Barnett’s theory of security communities and Barry Buzan’s regional security complex theory, address Steven Mann’s controlled chaos theory and the ...
The features of heavy metal accumulation in forest mushrooms in the Kaliningrad region
... mushroom: Influence of the degree of maturity // Science of the Total Environment. 2006. N 359. P. 255—266.
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7. Горбунов А. В., Ляпунов С. М., Окина О. И. О накоплении тяжелых ...
Formation of American Foreign Policy towards Poland before and in First Years of Cold War
The article analyses the mechanisms of the development of American foreign policy towards Central and Eastern Europe on the example of Poland.The author considers a number of factors that influenced the process of the foreign policy development.
Мистер «Икс» в
. (неизвестное письмо Джорджа Кеннана) ...
The US ballistic missile defence policy in the Baltic and Nordic regions
... debate: in search of consensus], Voenno-promyshlennyj kurier [Military-Industrial Courier], available at: http://vpk-news.ru/articles/8917 (accessed 12.10.2014).
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3. Konishev V. N., Sergunin A. A. 2014, Voennaja bezopasnost' Arktiki [Military security of the Arctic], Nacional'nye interesy: ...
Eastern Europe. On the centenary of the political project
... mezhdunarodnye otnoshenija [World Economy and International Relations], no. 7, p. 23.
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22. Mezhevich, N. 2014, Borders and Identity in Theory and Practice of the Eastern Baltic Region, Baltic Region,...
Geography and economy of the Kaliningrad region: limitations and prospects of development
With its exclave status, the Kaliningrad region has been drawing attention of many researchers in different fields. Yet the prospects for cooperation between the region and neighbouring communities in Poland and Lithuania, which once constituted an integrated social, economic and political space, remain unclear. Media analysts and scholars alike tend to view the Kaliningrad region as “double periphery”, since it is excluded from major modernisation ...
Gas infrastructure development in the countries of East Baltic as a way to increase energy security
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25. Lietuvos Dujos, akcionerom kotoroj javljaetsja «Gazprom», vvelo gazokompressornuju stanciju v Janjunaj [Lietuvos Dujos, which ...
The Vilnius issue in international relations: the historiography of the problem
... the Suwałki Agreement. The author pays special attention to the positions of western powers, the decision of the Conference of Ambassadors on March 15, 1923, and the mediation of the League of Nations in the territorial dispute between Lithuania and Poland. The article considers the existing historiographical concepts and evaluations of the role of the Soviet diplomacy in the Vilnius issue. The author identifies new trends in the contemporary historiography of the Vilnius problem.
1. Senn, A. E....
The transition process and institutions: on the issue of the standard of living in the countries of Central and Eastern Europe — members of the European Union
... 2015, Spatial Diversification of Living Standards in the Former Communist Countries of Central and Eastern Europe and the Balkans, Comparative Economic Research, vol. 18, no. 4, p. 123—138.
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Regional politics of memory in Poland’s Warmia and Masuria
A contribution to memory studies, this work focuses on Poland’s Warmian-Masurian voivodeship. Before the war, this territory and the neighbouring Kaliningrad region of Russia comprised the German province of East Prussia. In this article, we strive to identify the essence, mechanisms, key stages, and regional ...
Macroalgae Suggested for Inclusion in the New Edition of the Red List of the Kaliningrad region
... Škaloud P., Rindi F., Boedeker C., Leliaert F. Süßwasserflora von Mitteleuropa. Freshwater flora of central Europe. Bd. 13. Chlorophyta: Ulvophyceae (Krienitz L. ed.). Berlin, 2018.
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Cross-Border Tourist Routes: The Potential of Russia’s North- West
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The intensity of population movements through the Russian- Polish border after the suspension of the local border traffic mechanism: 2016 outcomes
The mechanism of the local (or small) the cross-border movement is a form of cross-border cooperation. On the border between the Russian Federation and the Republic of Poland this mechanism worked from 2012 to 2016, and provided for a significant intensification of mutual border-crossing. In this case the suspension of the local border traffic regime on the Polish side, as well as the regime itself, caused a mixed reaction ...
Energy security in the scientific and institutional discourse in Russia and Poland: problems and solutions
This article examines fundamental and applied approaches to energy security. The authors explore differences and similarities in the views of scientists and politicians on the issue and analyse energy security policies pursued in Poland and Russia (the Kaliningrad region). On this basis, the authors propose rational principles for solving the problem of energy security in the region.
1. Ергин Д. Добыча: Всемирная история борьбы за нефть,...
On the nature of gmina courts in the Kingdom of Poland
This article focuses on the problem of the nature of gmina courts in the Kingdom of Poland, which is of fundamental significance for identifying their role in the judicial system of the Russian Empire. Based on an analysis of historical and legal facts and documents, it is concluded that, from the 15th through the 19th centuries, the ...
On the development of the parliamentarianism institution in Poland
This article is devoted to the important issue of development of parliamentarianism in post-authoritarian countries through the case of Poland. Having passed several stages of constitutional changes and political crises caused by the situation of political infighting, the Polish political system has reached sustainability, which ensures its effective functioning.
1. Керимов А....
Poland in “The Ballad about Eternal Flame” by Alexander Galich
“The Ballad about Eternal Flame” (1968) was a remake of an earlier “Song about Hard Currency” (1966). Both songs are connected with Poland, though their titles do not immediately imply it. This article analyses the sources of the 'Polish' theme in the songs.
. Облака плывут, облака: песни, стихотворения / сост. ...
The comparative characteristics of Blackbird nest materials from natural and anthropogenic landscapes of the Kaliningrad region
... Европы (на примере Калининграда): автореф. дис. … канд. биол. наук. М
Breeding ecology of the Blackbird
studied in the primaeval
I. Breeding numbers, distribution and nest sites // Acta ornithologica. 1993. №
27 (2). P. 131—157.
Breeding ecology of the Blackbird
in the primaeval
Poland). Part 2....
The Baltic Sea region and increasing international tension
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Lithuania's Lonely Leadership 2.0.
... reasons of failure of the first leadership attempt in 2004—2008 are analyzed, as are the reasons behind the revival of the concept in 2010 and onwards. While the overall economy seems to be on the mend and the relationships with the adjacent countries (Poland, mostly) are improving, Lithuanian leadership, argues the author, is still very much a subcontract one: it follows the model of “export democracy”, has a narrow agenda and is implicitly geared towards curtailing the influence of its eastern ...
Major infrastructure projects and the foreign policy of the Baltic states in 2010—2014
... Visagino atominės elektrinės projektas [Visaginas Nuclear Power Plant Project], 2013, available at: http://www.vae.lt/ (accessed 11.08.2013).
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Cooperation between Russia and the EU in the field of innovative development of tourism: the case of the Lithuania — Poland — Russia cross-border cooperation programme
... Ovchinnikova, G. N. 2006, Innovacii v social'no-kul'turnom servise i turizme [Innovations in social and cultural services and tourism], Ufa, Ufa State Academy of Economics and Service.
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Electric energy cooperation in the Baltic Sea region and the role of Russia in it
... the Baltic States. The author analyses Russia’s role in the electric energy market and focuses on a possible increase of the country’s energy market share following the construction of the Baltic NPP and the export of generated electric energy to Poland, Lithuania, Germany, and Sweden. The author concludes that the prospects of Russia’s energy export to the Baltic Sea region will be determined not only by technological, economic and market factors, but rather by the general state of relations ...
Transborder corporate integration in the Baltic Sea Region
... sotrudnichestvu [The EU and Russia: From direct investment to investment cooperation], Moscow, Nauka.
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registracionnaja palata pri Ministerstve justicii Rossijskoj Federacii [Bulletin of the FBI SRC with the Russian Ministry of Justice], no. 5, p. 20—30.
Modernisation of education and research in Russia, Poland and Lithuania: a comparative analysis
This article compares the dynamics, content and character of education system modernization in Russia, Poland, and Lithuania. It is shown that the education systems of Russia, Poland, and Lithuania differ substantially in the secondary and higher education structure, sources of financing, and strategic development directions.
1. Prognoz nauchno-tehnologicheskogo ...
On the ideological distance between relevant candidates for the presidency of the Republic of Poland in 2010
This article presents an analytical review of the programmes of the registered candidates for the position of the President of Poland in the presidential campaign of 2010. The article mainly focuses on the relevant players and the formation of centers of influence in the electoral campaign.
Postanowienie Marszałka Sejmu z dnia 21 kwietnia 2010 r. o zarządzeniu ...
Czesław Miłosz’s “Theological treatise” in the context of Fyodor Dostoevsky’s religious worldview
... Cz., 2010—2011. Rosja. Widzenia transoceaniczne [Russia. Transoceanic vision], 1-2. Warsaw (in Pol.).
Miłosz, Cz., 2011. Introduction. Tygodnik Powszechny [Universal weekly], 11-12 (60-61), p. 9 (in Pol.).
Mnich, R., 2012. Dmitry Chizhevsky and Poland. Studia Rossica XXII: Polska Rosja: dialog kultur [Studia Rossica XXII. Poland — Russia: dialogue of cultures]. Warsaw, pp. 311—320. (in Russ.).
Rogalev, A. F., 2013. Svidrigajlov i Svidrigajlo: literary character and Lithuanian prince. Voprosy ...
Innovation performance of Russia’s Northwestern regions: a comparative evaluation
... Kookueva, V., Tsertseil, Y. 2018, Clustering as a basis for an innovative development strategy, European Research Studies Journal, no. 21, p. 818—830. doi:
22. Klóska, R. 2018, Proinnovative regional development in Poland as a criterion for cluster analysis, Ekonomiczne Problemy Usług, no. 129, p. 143—151. doi:
23. Cui, D., Yu, Yu., Song, Zh. 2011, Cluster Analysis of Regional Economic Development in Hebei Province....
A witness for the prosecution. Stanislav Dubel's testimony at the trial of Rudolf Hess
... 184.108.40.206/86967365 // ITS Digital Archive, Arolsen Archives.
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11. Finder G., Prusin A. Justice behind the Iron Curtain: Nazis on Trial in Communist Poland. Toronto, 2018.
12. Harding T. Hanns and Rudolf: the true story of the German Jew who tracked down and caught the Kommandant of Auschwitz. N. Y., 2013.
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14. Langbein H. People ...
Eхperience of the Baile-Felix tourist system (Romania) for the protection and promotion of the grey seal as a brand on the Hel Peninsular (Poland)
... the two tourist destinations. We explored the degree of knowledge and the awareness of their value in the local mentality.
Wendt, J. A., Buhaș, R., Herman, G. V.
nature reserve, thermal water, grey seal, tourist system, Baltic region, Romania, Poland