August 1914: the tragedy of the 72nd infantry division in East Prussia
The article examines the course and outcome of the operations of the 1st Russian Army during the second stage of the East Prussian offensive in August 1914. The author used the example of an infantry division to analyse its combat operations in the battles in East Prussia and its disbandment following the operation. The failure of the Russian invasion to Germany ...
The historical and geographical evolution of the enclavity of the Kaliningrad region
... neighbouring states and the mainland. The author reviews cases of evolutional development of enclavity and peaceful and military methods of eliminating enclave formations. Actions towards the solution of political and socioeconomic problems taken in East Prussia are compared to those taken in the Kaliningrad region. The author emphasizes the need to solve the problems of the only Russian exclave region in view of the experience of its historical “predecessors”.
1. Vinogradova, M. V. 2007, Osobennosti ...
A ‘divided history’: the politics of memory on the territory of the former East Prussia in the light of current discussions
... affecting legislation, historiography, and political science. This article aims to present key approaches to studying the politics of memory and employ them to the analysis of the politics of memory on the territory of the former German province of East Prussia. The author shows different research perspectives on the key concepts of memory studies. Some researchers identify the notion of the ‘politics of memory’ with that of the ‘politics of history’, while others distinguish between them....
Seaside Resorts of East Prussia through Lenses of Photogra¬phers from End of 19th Century to Beginning of World War II
The article analyses the development of photography in the 19—20th centuries, the themes of East Prussian resort photos, as well as the professional activity and biographical facts about German photographers.
Zeigen Fotografien Geschichte? //
Fotogeschichte: Beiträge zur Geschichte und Ästhetik der Fotografie....
The formation of the image of East Prussia by Soviet military propaganda and its use in the post-war period
On the basis of war-time sources, this article reconstructs the image of East Prussia created by Soviet propaganda and considers the context of its formation. The author demonstrates the use of this image over post-war decades. Propaganda discourse is interpreted as a practice of cultural assimilation of East Prussia.
Eurasian Future of Russia: Alternating Integration and Disintegration Cycles
... of steps: a significant strengthening of the Eastern vector in the development of Russia, the formation of the Moscow-Beijing-New Delhi triangle (Evgeny Primakov's idea) as well as providing access of energy-intensive and water-intensive goods from East Siberia by railway to the Chinese and Indian markets. Russia has expressed its interest in the construction of a railway from China to India. It will allow Russia to reduce transportation costs and use a potentially heavy transit traffic for the ...
Polish National Minority in East Prussia in Context of German-Polish Relations (1918-1939)
The influence of German-Polish relations on the status of the Polish national minority in East Prussia in 1918—1939 is considered in the article.
The “Polish question” in Soviet-German relations in the second half of the 1920s (based on the materials of the USSR consulate in Königsberg)
... “Polish question”, which largely affected the nature of bilateral relations. The consulate documents indicate that Soviet diplomacy aspired to exploit the differences between Poland and Germany over a wide range of issues (the geopolitical situation of East Prussia, the position of national minorities, the problem of transit through the Polish corridor, the status of the Free city of Danzig, etc.). Soviet consuls carefully observed political life in Königsberg and the province. On the one hand, they ...
The condition of cultural heritage sites in the Kaliningrad region
This article analyses the condition of settlements, manors (Landschlösser), castles, churches of East Prussia on the territory of today’s Kaliningrad region. It is shown that almost all historical sites of this type are either ruined or close to this condition. The author stresses the need to take urgent measures to preserves such sites or organise ...
Miracle-working plants: Slavic parallels
This article presents an ethnolinguistic study. The magic properties of certain herbs – as seen in the cultural traditions of South, East, and West Slavs – are described in a comparative aspect. The author also examines different herbs that exhibit similar features. It is concluded that the magic properties of herbs are determined by their connection to the chthonic kingdom and the ...
Reflections on the history of the Kaliningrad region
... author examines whether it is reasonable to draw on international experience in patriotic education. The subject ‘History of West Russia: The Kaliningrad Region’ was taken off the school timetable. The article stresses the need to teach a course on East Prussian history and proposes to treat it as the regional aspect of universal history.
1. Adamov, B. N., Bespalov, V. A., Gal'tsov, V. I. et al., 2011. Bol'shoi entsiklopedicheskii slovar' Kaliningradskoi oblasti [The Big Encyclopedic Dictionary ...
On the establishment and early activity of the Soviet consulate in Königsberg (1923—1925)
This article analyses the reasons behind the restoration of diplomatic relations between Russia and Germany after World War I, as well as the fundamental differences in the performance of Russian imperial and Soviet consular missions in East Prussia. On the basis of the earlier unknown documents from the Central Russian archives and the Political archive of the Ministry of Foreign Affairs of Germany, the author describes the establishment of the Soviet Consulate in Königsberg in 1923 ...
East Prussia Between the French ‘Hammer’ and the Russian ‘Anvil’: The Napoleonic Era
In this article, we consider the historical aspects of the 1807—1813 situation in East Prussia and describe current Russian and international historiography of the 1813—1814 Foreign Campaign of the Russian Army and of the Russian-Prussian alliance against Napoleonic France. We conclude that East Prussia played a central role in the ...
On the periodisation of the battle for East Prussia in 1944—1945
This article considers the problematic issue of the prehistory of the Kaliningrad region. The author analyses different approaches to the periodisation of the East Prussian offensive, delimits the periods of its stages and determines the date of the termination of the operation.
истории Восточной Пруссии. Калининград, 2002.
The "thrust toward the East" in the Soviet historical discourse
This article analyses the "thrust toward the East" concept in the Soviet historical discourse. The author identifies the bases of this concept underlying its theoretical framework.
Алексеев Л. В.
Полоцкая земля в
вв. М., 1966.
Historical and linguistic analysis of the Kaliningrad regional oronimics
The article distinguishes the specificity of the renaming of different land forms. The renaming was carried out after the former East Prussia had become part of the Soviet Union. The article has a special focus on describing minor errors, comparison of the original oronyms with the new ones, and eliciting the ways of coordination between them.
1. Петешова О. В. Способы ...
On the possibility to adopt the historical practice of applying technologies for land fertility increase in Eastern Prussia at agricultural enterprises of the Kaliningrad region
This article considers the features of East Prussian land use system, whose crucial component was technologies for land fertility increase. A special package of measures in the framework of melioration and irrigation activities accounted for the high productivity of agriculture in this territory ...
The urban development in East Prussia in the interwar period
This article considers the features of urban restoration in East Prussia after World War I. In a difficult economic situation, the system of restoration works was clearly structured. In the interbellum, the public development policy for the province was formulated in accordance with the contemporary urban development ...
The historical framework of the loss of pedigree livestock and sorted seeds in former East Prussia and the problem of its restoration in the Kaliningrad region
The author focuses on the historical events of the late war period and the first post-war years, which resulted in the loss of the pedigree livestock and sorted seeds created by East Prussian stock-breeders and plant-breeders. The article describes the variety of breeding conditions of the first years in the Kaliningrad region.
1. Агроуказания по плодоводству для колхозов и совхозов ...
Rural areas of Eastern Germany: modern challenges
... development of eastern territories seemed to have picked up its pace. Yet the main problems those territories are facing today hatched already in the mid-1990s. In our study we address the problems and challenges that hinder sustainable development of East German rural areas. We analyse agricultural statistics and describe the structure of agricultural enterprises, land-use, and other critical dimensions of agriculture. We discuss pros and cons of modern rural areas spatial planning policy and take ...
Max Egremont. Forgotten Land. Journeys among the Ghosts of East Prussia. London : Picador, 2011. 368 pp.
International conference “Contacts and Cultural Transfer in the Historical Region of East Prussia (1700—2000)”
«The appropriation of spaces in East Prussia» international research workshop
On the employment status of Andrei Bolotov in Königsberg
... originating from Bolotov’s memoirs, the Königsberg pages of which were written more than 30 years after the events described. Bolotov’s memoirs are compared with his correspondence of the time and the archival materials of the Russian administration of East Prussia during the Seven Years’ War. It is concluded that Bolotov’s status was ambivalent. Although serving as a translator at the governor’s office, he never had an official rank. The study makes it possible to clarify the role that Bolotov ...
The species structure of bottom-dwelling fish communities of the South East Baltic according to the trawl survey data
An analysis of the species structure of the demersal fish communities of the South East Baltic was carried out based on of annual international bottom trawl surveys. The species composition of bycatch was identified and its contribution to the biodiversity of the water area assessed. The catchy structure was analyzed based on the species ...
Military commandant's offices of the 3rd Belorussian front in East Prussia (October 1944 —May 1945)
... годы Великой Отечественной войны. 1941—1945. СПб., 2005. С. 290—313.
. Ф. УВК г. Калининграда. Оп. 954489. Д. 1.
front, grouping, instruction, commandant’s office, East Prussia, operation,
authorities, management, states, settlements.
Geopolitical transformation of the Kaliningrad oblast of the Russian Federation
After the World War II, the part of East Prussia taken by the Soviet Union was transformed into a gigantic Soviet military base. It performed the functions of the outpost in the West on the one hand; and on the other hand, of the barrier which helped the USSR to ensure the dependence of ...
Eduard Bschoff’s murals in Insterburg's Stadthalle (1936—1939)
The article gives an overview of German fine arts of the late 1930s as exemplified by the murals painted by a professor of the Königsberg Academy of Arts Eduard Bischoff in the East Prussian town of Insterburg. The themese of monumental paintings created a national socialism are considered in the context of the neo-classical style of the architectural style of adjacent buildings. Special attention is paid to describing and interpreting ...
Andrzej Sakson. From Klaipeda to Olsztyn. Modern residents of former East Prussia: county of Klaipeda, Kaliningrad region, Warmia and Masuria. Instytut Zachodni w Poznaniu, 2011, 828 pp.
On the causes of the extinction of black saxaul in the East Karakum and its impacts on the ecology and the economy of the desert
The cause of the extinction of the Black saxaul in the East Karakum is established on the basis of the analysis of literature and experimental data collected over the last 100 years.
Водно-тепловой режим растительных сообществ Восточных ...
Preaching activity of Ludwig Ernst Borowski, a Königsberg pastor, during the Napoleonic wars (1806—1816)
... idiosyncrasies of his literary style are emphasized. The main themes and subjects of pastor Borowski's sermons are vcarefully examined. The author emphasizes the significance of Borowski's personality for the intellectual and political life of Königsberg and East Prussia at the beginning of the 19th century.
1. Кретинин Г. В., Брюшинкин В. Н., Гальцов В. И. Очерки истории Восточной Пруссии. Калининград, 2002.
2. Allgemeine Literatur-Zeitung ...
Russian workers in Eastern Prussia in the end of the 19th-beginning of the 20th century
This article analyses the position of labour migrants from Russia in East Prussia in the end of the 19th – the beginning of the 20th century. The author considers legal and economic assistance provided by the Ministry of Foreign Affairs of the Russian Empire to its citizens on the basis of recently discovered reports ...
Natural Increase in the Baltic South and South-West
... characterised by a low stationary phase of the demographic transition model (DTM). The situation proves to be unfavourable in the Polish regions under consideration and highly unfavourable in the remaining area.
1. Ágh A. Processes of democratization in the East Central European and Balkan states: sovereignty-related conflicts in the context of Europeanization // Communist and Post-Communist Studies. 1999. Vol. 32. P. 263—279.
2. Anisiewicz R. Changes in fertility and nuptiality in the post-soviet part ...
Migrant as homo scientis: the epistemological aspect of reclamation of the Kaliningrad region
This article reconstructs the situation of total ignorance that the Soviet settlers faced when reclaiming the alien cultural space of former East Prussia. The author analyzes the settlers' cognitive activity of cultural assimilation of new territories, which became an everyday routine and vital necessity.
1. А ну-ка, подумай! // Калининградский комсомолец ...
Königsberg Cathedral and Kant’s tomb in Soviet Kaliningrad
... and restoration of both objects. The history of the Cathedral and Kant's grave is examined in the context of politics of memory pursued by the regional authorities. Changes in the attitudes towards the German historical and cultural heritage of former East Prussia are traced. The supplement contains 16 documents from the State Archive of the Kaliningrad region, 14 of which are published for the first time.
1. Klemesheva, M. A. 2000, O sud'be Korolevskogo zamka [The fate of the Royal Castle], Kaliningradskie ...
A major principle of Indo-European poetry or arbitrary etymologising? A review of modern international publications on anagrams in the cultures of Ancient East and Antiquity
... jeux de langage dans l’Antiquité romaine // Bulletin de l’Association Guillaume Budé. 2001. Vol. 1, № 3. Р. 317—334.
21. Wunderli P. Ferdinand de Saussure und die Anagramme. Tübingen, 1972.
text, poetry, anagram, paronomasia, Ancient East, Antiquity, Indo-European language
Military sovkhozes of the Red Army in former East Prussia in 1945—1946
... ЦК и Совета Министров РСФСР о неотложных мерах помощи Калининградской области и другим вопросам.
food, agriculture, military sovkhozes, population, former East Prussia
The ‘border’ concept in ‘Das Provisorium’ by W. Hilbig
... пристанище: роман. СПб., 2004.
Истина и откровение. Пролегомены к критике Откровения. СПб., 1996.
Potemina M. S.
concept, boundary, freedom, creative work, West, East.
The project "Greater Eurasia" among the factors of development of the exclave of the Kaliningrad region
... and the West diminished chances of implementing this type of strategy. However, the Greater Eurasia project opens up new perspectives for the Kaliningrad region. The new development strategy presupposes the development of the region as a link of the East — West transport corridor. The implementation of this strategy can be facilitated by the strengthening of foreign economic ties with the East of Eurasia and the restoration of relations with the EU countries on a new basis.
1. Агафонов ...
The fifth wave of the European Union enlargement: pro et contra
This article analyses the principal complex of economic and political motivations of the states of Central and Eastern Europe and the EU members related to the EU enlargement towards the East. Special attention is paid to the discussion on the reasonableness of the EU enlargement and the positions of certain EU members.
1. Borchardt K.-D. 1994, Azbuka prava Evropejskogo soobwestva [ABCs of European Community], Мoscow.
2. Butorina, О....
The renaming campaign in Warmia and Masuria after World War II
... renaming campaign are analysed. It is concluded that these processes were quite dissimilar in Poland and the USSR, which is explained by different historical pasts and different approaches to solving the problem of ‘appropriating’ the space of former East Prussia by the authorities and communities of the Masurian district of the Olsztyn voivodeship in Poland and the Kaliningrad region in the RSFSR.
1. Бродерзен П. «Позови меня тихо по имени…»: Кампания ...
Baroque music: the aesthetic and social ideals
... the evolution of aesthetic ideals of baroque as the reflection of changes that took place in social consciousness. The author formulates the content standards of aesthetic ideal of baroque music and focuses on the history of spread of baroque music in East Prussia in the 17th century.
Галилей: наука и искусство. У истоков классической науки. М., 1968.
Культура Италии в эпоху ...
The Notion of Free Will in Sergey Hessen’s Conception of Culture
... 94-102. (In Russ.)
Eco, U., 2002. Migration, Tolerance and Intolerance. In: U. Eco, 2002. Five Moral Pieces. Translated by A. McEwen. New York & San Diego & London: Houghton Mifflin Harcourt, pp. 89-111.
Hans, N., 1950. Sergius Hessen. The Slavonic and East European Review, 72(29), pp. 296-298.
Hardtwig, W., 2009. Macht, Emotion und Geselligkeit. Studien zur Soziabilität in Deutschland 1500-1900. Stuttgart: Franz Steiner.
Hessen, S. I., 1909. Herzen. In: R. Kroner, N. Bubnoff, G. Mehlis, S. Hessen,...
A Königsberg society of friends without Kant
... bringing together both nobility and aristocracy and ordinary curious citizens. The reasons behind this phenomenon were the geographical, geopolitical, and cultural and historical position of Königsberg — a large provincial trade and cultural centre of East Prussia. The focus of the article is the historical and documentary analysis of the group ‘portrait’ of the participants of Königsberg meetings described in the novel Lebensläufe nach aufsteigender Linie by Theodor Gottlieb von Hippel, who ...
Changes in the cultural landscape of the Kaliningrad region’s periphery in the 19th/20th centuries
... Vestnik Moskovskogo universiteta. Serija 5. Geografija [Bulletin of Moscow University. Series 5. Geography], no. 5, p. 16—20.
14. Klimenko, N. A., Levchenkov, А. В. 2010, Territorial'naja organizacija Vostochnoj Prussii [Territorial organization of East Prussia], Vestnik Immanuel Kant Baltic Federal University, no. 1, p. 119—125.
15. Kovalev, S. А. 1963, Sel'skoe rasselenie [Rural resettlement], Moscow, 372 p.
16. Kostyashov, Yu. V. 2009, Baltika, Sekretnaja istorija Kaliningradskoj oblasti....
Introducing Sectoral Models into Regional Management: An Assessment of Regulatory Impacts on the Economy
..., A., Tsygankov, D. 2013, The emerging field of evaluation and the
growth of the evaluation profession: The russian experience, Canadian Journal of Program Evaluation, Vol. 28 (3), p. 87—102.
33. Kwon, T., Ryou, J-W. 2015, Global Value Chains of East Asia: Trade in Value Added and Vertical Specialization, Asian Economic Journal, Vol. 29, no. 2, p. 121—143.
34. Lenzen, M., Moran, D., Kanemoto, K. 2013, Building Eora: a Global Multi-Region Input-Output Database At High Country and Sector Resolution,...
Foreign nationals on the Boards of Directors of Russia’s Ten Largest Non-Financial Companies Investing Overseas
... Country (directional principle), Central Bank of Russia, available at:
7. Liuhto, K. T., Majuri, S. S. 2014, Outward Foreign Direct Investment from Russia: A Literature Review, Journal of East Business, Vol. 20, no. 4. P. 198—224.
8. Tepavcevic S. The motives of Russian state-owned companies for outward foreign direct investment and its impact on state-company cooperation: observations concerning the energy sector // Transnational Corporations....
Gas infrastructure development in the countries of East Baltic as a way to increase energy security
In the context of regional gas infrastructure development this paper considers the issue of energy security of the countries of East Baltic, which depend heavily on a single energy supplier — Russia. In recent years, the countries of the region have announced several LNG terminal construction projects. The European Union will provide political and financial support to only one ...
Motivations of Russian firms to invest abroad: how do sanctions affect Russia’s outward foreign direct investment?
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26. Jemberga, S., Springe, I. 2015, Latvia Torn Between Money and Fear of Russia, Eurasianet, 19.02.2015, available at: http://www.eurasianet....
The Baltic economic model: some results of the 1990—2015 transformations
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