Spatial differentiation of rural territories in the Kaliningrad region: implications for socio-economic policies
... not at the parents’ place of residence but at the municipality’s urban centre. This may explain the extremely low proportion of children aged from 0 to 15 years in some urban districts within the immediate suburban zone.
Distribution of men and women in the rural areas of the Kaliningrad region
by aggregated age groups, % of the total, as of 1 January 2022
and urban districts*
Immediate suburban zone
Bagrationovsk urban district
Migration distances in Russia: a demographic profile of migrants
... occurred within very short distances not exceeding 50 km, while 43.5 % took place within 100 km of the previous place of residence. Calculating the average migration distance allowed us to identify two peaks: one at the ages of 22—23, present only for men, and another at the ages of 50—70. In all other cases, there were no sex-specific differences in migration distances. Migrants who obtained permanent registration at their new place of residence tended to cover greater distances compared to those ...
Efficiency analysis of seaports in Russia’s Baltic basin: performance evaluation
This research presents a comprehensive analysis of the performance efficiency of Russia’s Baltic seaports, taking into account various economic indicators and addressing investment planning and management issues. Special attention is given to the sustainable development goals and objectives of the seaports, considering their significance in transport and logistics systems. The primary objective of this work is to develop a system approach for conducting multi-criteria studies on seaport performance...
Mental lexicon and language consciousness: similaritiea and discrapencies in research methodology
The article discusses the similarities and differences between the research methodology of the mental lexicon and language consciousness. Most studies of language consciousness do not differ in any significant way from studies of the mental lexicon, and this is not recognized or is hushed up by their authors. The problem of their differentiation is connected with the definition of language consciousness. The author of the article defines it as a psycholinguistic concept that shows how the internal...
Feelings, emotions, sensations: On the representativeness of mental states in the Russian language
This article is devoted to the lexis of the Russian language denoting mental states. The study of the words and their functions rests on the psychological interpretation and classification of mental states. The author describes how a person’s mental life is expressed as a system of interacting and interdependent mental states in the language picture of the world. The semantics and history of the words chuvstvo, etmotsiya, and oschuschenie are investigated. It is concluded that the words chuvstvo...
Comparison of heart rate parameters in students with different achievements in rest and conditions of short-term mental stress
Frequency and variability of heart rate served as instruments to assess the stress resistance of two groups of students with different average academic performance in different periods of the educational process: at the beginning and at the end of the autumn semester. Mental stress always statistically significantly increased the heart rate in both groups of students, but significantly decreased heart rate variability only in the group of students with better academic performance at the end of...
Immaturity and the objective of a true reform in ways of thinking. Part I.
The originality of Kant’s answer to the question of the Enlightenment in a 1784 article consisted not in addressing the words of Horace, which was commonplace in Germany of the time, but in linking it to the revised legal notion of immaturity, which is now interpreted from the philosophical and theological perspective and has become one of key philosophical notions. However, Kant’s view is fraught with certain complications: firstly, it is dominated by negative characteristics; secondly, unlimited...
Action-thoughts and the genesis of time in linguistic semiosis
The genesis of time is explained in the spirit of constructivism combined with the activity approach to cognition. The cardinal temporal categories of present, past, and future are discussed in terms of action-thoughts understood as elementary units of activity whose structure is determined by linguistic semiosis. Husserl’s tripartite model of the phenomenology of time (prime perception, retention, protention) is applied to the analysis of the subject’s experience of his actions. It is demonstrated...
The birth of premature children and the causes of disability of the child population in the kaliningrad region
The purpose of this work is to study the frequency of birth of premature babies and disability in children and the need to accompany premature babies by a pediatric neuropsychologist in the Kaliningrad region. The disabled children in the Kaliningrad were registered from 2016 to 2020 through statistical reports of the birth rate of premature babies. Against the background of a decrease in the overall birth rate, there is no trend towards a decrease in the birth of premature babies, the disability...
Analysis of contextual mental health factors in adolescent girls and women of fertile age
The aim of the article is to analyze the level and frequency of the psychopathology prevalence (stress-related disorders) in adolescent girls and women of fertile age and to identify the relationship with contextual factors that adversely affect health.
The research found that the most important contextual factors affecting psychological health and the prevalence of psychopathologies in adolescent girls and women of fertile age are family environment, the lack of supportive intrafamily relationships...
The influence of the transport factor on the investment competitiveness of coastal regions in the European part of Russia.
Given the combination of the basic territorial growth factors, the coastal regions of the European part of Russia, where large urbanized spaces have already been developed or are being developed, are of the greatest potential compared to other regions of the country. It makes perfect sense to set up large economic centers capable of harnessing the benefits of agglomeration and seaside factors in such regions. A tool to improve the level of economic development and investment attractiveness of...
East on the “mental map” of 18th century English essayists: The imagological aspect
This article attempts to identify the dominant oriental hetero-images of the eighteenth-century English essays. It deals with the imagological structures of the oriental essay, by means of which the author outlines the main oriental constructs on the Englishmen’s «mental map» as artistic methods of opening up the literary space of the era.
1. Duprat A., Picherot É. Récits d'orient dans les littératures d'Europe: XVIe-XVIIe siècles. P., 2008.
2. Makdisi S. Literature, national identity...
Population and settlement of the Kaliningrad region at the beginning of 2023
The article focuses on the dynamics of the Kaliningrad region population in 1947—2023 and the dynamics components in 1990—2022 in comparison with the national average (based on the official statistics). The authors reveal some territorial features of the demographic processes, such as the development of settlement polarization and suburbanization, as well as the fundamental geodemographic differences between the near suburban zone of Kaliningrad and less urbanized eastern municipalities. It...
Kant’s Concept of Enlightenment and Its Alternatives
The modern popularity of the Kantian definition of enlightenment often leads to a distorted notion that his understanding of enlightenment was dominant already during his lifetime, expressing the quintessence of all-European Enlightenment. This turns our attention away from entire layers of philosophical thought, since the Kantian definition of enlightenment in the late eighteenth century was neither the only one nor the preeminent one. The study of alternatives represented in the German philosophy...
The sea factor in the federal regulation of Russia’s spatial development: post-Soviet experience and current priorities
Current geoeconomic and geopolitical transformations project on Russian society and its spatial organisation, highlighting the problems of spatial socioeconomic development and its governmental regulation. This article examines the theoretical and applied aspects of the incorporation into the national regional policy of the sea factor, understood as a combination of location and resources, which is determined by a country’s jurisdiction over coasts and waters, its maritime activities and coastalisation...
The CPSU and the CPC: comparative aspects of the historical and cultural approach
The comparison of the ideas and activities of the CPC and the party that formally ended its activities in Russia under the name of the CPSU is relevant for analyzing the prospects of the socialist, communist way of development. At the same time, in our opinion, it is important to consider the cultural, historical, and cultural aspects of such a comparison. The methodology of the research is connected in this case precisely to the historical description of the main stages of development, the nature...
The population of the Kaliningrad region and the digital economy: a sociological analysis
Since 2019, the Kaliningrad region has been running a regional digital transformation programme as part of the national initiative The Digital Economy of the Russian Federation. The programme seeks to improve the quality of life by creating information infrastructure and streamlining public administration. The regional Ministry of Digital Development has already presented an interim report on its implementation focused, however, mainly on the economic performance.
The study aims at conducting...
Environmental awareness of urban and rural residents
The article presents the results of the sociological analysis of environmental awareness of the residents of a regional centre (the case of Kaliningrad) and a settlement (the case of Nivenskoye, the Kaliningrad region). The study is relevant for the federal authorities since environmental problems have become a frequent ...
The facets of German mentality and the search for a national identity in Germany’s sociocultural context at the turn of the century
This article studies the works of Russian and international scholars to examine German mentality in the transitional period of the reunification of Germany. Another objective is to analyze the search for a new national identity at the turn of the century in the sociocultural context. To this end, the authors conduct a diachronic analysis of the national literary consciousness. The article identifies the psychological, sociocultural, political, and ideological causes of ambivalence in the reception...
European court of human rights’ judgments in the legal system of the Federal Republic of Germany
The article evaluates the achievements of Russia’s pre-revolutionary civil law as the basis for the civil law of today. The basic elements of the Russian system of civil law are unique in their character. The authors argue that there is a certain correlation between the legal position of the state in the prerevolutionary Russia and Russia of today. The article ends with a conclusion It is necessary to develop a new conception of the participation of the state in civil relations.
1. Haß S....
The “living” word in the light of modern cognitive studies (Dedicated to the anniversary of Alexandra Zalevskaya)
This article considers the key provisions relating to the nature and structure of the word in human mental space. The author distinguishes between the word as an asset of an individual (the “living” word) and the word as found in a dictionary. It is concluded that there is a dramatic difference between the mental lexicon and a dictionary as a lexico¬graphic unit.
1. Анохин К. В. Когнитом: в поисках общей теории когнитивной науки // Шестая...
‘Learned helplessness’ in older preschool children with arrested mental development
This article presents the results of a pilot study into learned helplessness in preschool children with arrested mental development. The authors describe the testing of methods for studying a child’s behavior models and identify key characteristics of older preschool children with AMD, typical of learned helplessness. The features of emotional, cognitive, conative, and motivational deficiencies in preschool children with AMD are considered.
1. Батурин Н. А. Ситуативная и...
Associative-semantic network principle of human mental thesaurus organization
Present paper is an endeavor to analyze the outcomes of the celebrated experiment Violin, expressing the structure of associative-semantic links in human brain. Based upon evidence gained from objective neurophysiological methods, certain dictionary articles of the Associative Thesaurus of the Russian Language have thus been analyzed. A comparative analysis of behavioral experiments is offered based on which associative dictionaries have been compiled-alongside with objective experiments of the data...
On the mathematical modeling of the space of mental images
This article stresses the need to use a mathematical model of the space of mental images in psychology, medicine, and other sciences. The author identifies the relation between such space and the space-time of physics. The article shows opportunities for structuring the space and introducing different types of metrics within it.
1. Брагина Н. Н., Доброхотова Т. А. Функциональные асимметрии человека.2-е изд., перераб. и доп. М...
The principles of the concept analysis of the "male" and "female" in Russian linguistic mentality
This article offers the theoretical grounds and methods of semantic analysis of “male” and “female” categories developed on the basis of linguistic data. The author draws examples from the Russian language to demonstrate gender semantic models in Russian linguistic mentality, e. g. the general understandding of the “male” and the “female”, the content properties of these principles, etc.
. Пропозиция // Лингвистический...
Problems of children's lie-telling in mental development of a child
This article addresses the analysis of the theoretical positions on the problem of mentality. It presents the data of empirical research on one of children’s mental development characteristics - children's lie-telling, conducted on the basis of a modified version of experimental methodology. The respondents of the study were five-six year old children.
Проблема речи и мышления в учении Ж. Пиаже. Критическое исследование...
The Visegrad Group and the Baltic Assembly: coalitions within the EU as seen through Russian foreign policy
Today Russia has difficulty doing business-as-usual with EU states. It seems that the countries of the Visegrad Group (V4) and the Baltic Assembly/Baltic Council of Ministers (BA/BСM) have contributed substantially to this state of affairs. Overall, the tensions between Russia and the EU are building up – another tendency that did not arise on the Russian initiative. This article aims to address the question of whether Russia should establish direct relations with the V4 and the BA/BCM as tools...
Population change and the settlement system transformation in Poland, as revealed by the 2021 census
... 2011 population
Compiled from: Population change — Demographic balance and crude rates at the national level, 2022, Eurostat, URL:
The number of men (17.9 million in 2021, 18.4 million in 2011) and women (19.1 million in 2021, 19.6 million in 2011) both decreased by approximately 0.5 million (the approximation is the result of the rounding). Thus, we can assume that the main reason for the decrease ...
Small towns of Latvia: disparities in regional and urban development
The article reports on the results of an economic and sociological study conducted by the Institute of Sociology of the Russian Academy of Sciences in collaboration with Daugavpils University (Latvia) in 2020—2021. The study aimed to identify the reasons for the disparity in the development of small towns in Latvia. A comprehensive approach was taken to integrate the results of territorial, spatial and socio-economic analyses. By employing the methodology of indexing and ranking large-scale empirical...
Modern features of the development of a comfortable urban space in small towns of the Kaliningrad region
Given the issue of balanced socio-economic development of the entire territory of the Kaliningrad region, an important task is to improve the quality of life in small towns in the region, as they serve as supporting elements for the regional settlement frame. Attracting federal and extrabudgetary funds could be seen as an effective tool in the context of a local budget deficit. To date, improving the quality of urban spaces has been possible due to participation in the all-Russian competition...