The economy of Russian Baltic regions: development level and dynamics, structure and international trade partners
... the region , , , , often emphasising possible conflicts that may arise from Kaliningrad’s exclave position .
This study aims to explore the level, structure and dynamics of the economy of Russia’s three Baltic regions and their international trade relations in 1990—2021. Possible solutions are proposed to the problems caused by external factors.
The study spans the period from 1996 to 2021, with a focus on the last eight years. It uses official statistics from Rosstat and Russia’s ...
Trade Liberalisation and its Impact on Regional Development: Theoretical and Experimental Studies
The existing theoretical and empirical literature focusing on interconnections between international trade, trade liberalisation, and economic development provides ample evidence pertaining to nations and industries. However, another dimension of trade liberalisation — the assessment of the level of national or regional development — needs further ...
Competitive effects of low trade barriers: evaluations for the Kaliningrad region
International trade is an important factor affecting competition in domestic markets. Considering the vastness of Russian territory, one can expect the pro-competitive effect to vary from region to region. This analysis tests the hypothesis that the unique geographical ...
The openness of the Russian economy: tendencies and international comparison
... 2010—2011. 2010. World Economic Forum.[online] Available at: <http://www3.weforum. org/docs/WEF_GlobalCompetitivenessReport_2010—11.pdf> (Accessed 17 February 2011).
9. The World Tariff Profiles. 2010. World Trade Organization and International Trade Centre UNCTAD/WTO. [online] Available at: <http://www. wto. org/english/res_e/booksp_e/ tariff_profiles10_e. pdf> (Accessed 17 February 2011).
economy's openness level,...
Foreign economic activity of Saint Petersburg, the Leningrad Region, and the Republic of Karelia: problems and opportunities for development
... interregional cooperation in adjacent areas. Specifically, we focus our attention on the cluster of regions formed by the city of St. Petersburg, the Leningrad region and the Republic of Karelia. All three areas face a number of challenges when it comes to international trade: challenges that are shared and that require strategic coordinated solutions from regional decisionmakers. One of such solutions, for example, could require pooling of competitive advantages of these areas. The analysis of strategic documents of ...