Kant’s theoretical philosophy
Kant’s logic and Strawson’s metaphysicsAbstract
This article defines the way of interaction between formal and transcendental logic through introducing ontological considerations based on P. Strawson's descriptive metaphysics. The notions of a particular, a sortal universal, and a feature universal are introduced into the transcendental limitation on the inferences of formal logic.
Kant’s practical philosophy
On the morals-centrism of Kant’s transcendental anthropology and the role of morals in human natureAbstract
This article proves that Kant’s philosophical system is a system of transcendental anthropology, which acts as a method in Kant’s pragmatic anthropology. The essence of transcendental anthropology is the metaphysics of morals. This role of morals manifests itself in the primacy of practical reason over theoretical reason. The humanity owes its development and existence to practical reason. In Kant’s system, morality is the essence of humanity.
The receptions of Kant’s philosophy
Early Kantianism in Russia: J.W. L. Mellmann and J. G. BuhleAbstract
The early reception of Kantianism in Russia took place at Moscow University at the turn of the 18th century and was connected with the endeavours of two graduates of Göttingen University. J. W. L. Mellmann was the first adherent of Kant's critical philosophy in Russia and thus provoked a philosophical-theologicaladministrative conflict, which led to his untimely death. J. G. Buhle taught one of the first courses on Kant's philosophy of the critical period and safely returned to Germany after a 20 year residency in Russia.
On transcendental mysticismAbstract
This article offers a critical analysis of the general idea of “overcoming Kant”, presented by Ye. N. Trubetskoy in the book “The metaphysical assumptions of knowledge” (1917).
Logic and argumentorics
On the author’s speech structure of Kant’s axiological discourseAbstract
The major difference between Kant's axiological and cognitive discourse is that the former contains a greater number of personal pronouns that signify different speech roles of the author. This text is characterised by a more direct expression of the addressee factor, which explains the emergence of the speech acts that are absent in Kant's cognitive texts. Another substantial difference is the explicit imperative modality of this type of Kant's texts.
Kant’s argumentation in the scholion to theorem VI in Nova dilucidatio: a new interpretationAbstract
This article deals with Kant’s objection to the ontological argument in his early work "A New Elucidation of the First Principles of Metaphysical Cognition". The author offers a new interpretation of Kant’s argumentation.
The history of Russian philosophical thought
Fyodor Stepun, “Musaget”, Emilii MedtnerAbstract
This historical-philosophical essay is dedicated to the Russian publicist, chief editor of the Musaget Publishing House Emil Metner and to Fyodor Stepun — the chief editor of the "Logos" magazine — and their contribution to the increasing influence of contemporary German thought on Russian philosophy. Emil Medtner and the Musaget Publishing House championed Neo-Kantianism in Russia.