Балтийский регион

2013 №3(17)

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Современные проблемы российско-латвийских отношений

DOI
10.5922/2074-9848-2013-3-7
Страницы / Pages
93-106

Аннотация

Современные связи между Россией и Латвией до сих пор находятся под влиянием комплекса взаимных претензий, возникших после распада СССР. Латвия входит в состав ЕС и НАТО, так же как Эстония и Литва, однако контакты с Россией сохраняются на более прагматичном уровне. Тем не менее наличие большого числа разногласий по политическим вопросам зачастую приносит экономические убытки и для Латвии, и для России. Несмотря на то что Латвия является независимым государством более 20 лет, у нее с Россией остаются некоторые нерешенные вопросы. Сейчас взаимоотношения стран зачастую рассматриваются через призму связей ЕС и РФ, но на практике они выпадают из данного контекста. Решение разногласий между Латвией и Россией будет способствовать торговле, которая начинает играть все более важную роль как для одной, так и для другой стороны. Для предотвращения и локализации возникающих конфликтов дипломатам, политикам и экспертам следует понимать ситуацию в области российско-латвийских отношений с учетом национальной специфики,
абстрагируясь от теоретических моделей, основанных на мифологии «единства» трех стран Прибалтики.

Abstract

Current relations between Russia and Latvia are still influenced by a series of mutual claims that appeared after the demise of the USSR. Latvia — as well as Estonia and Lithuania — is both an EU and NATO member state. However, unlike the above mentioned countries, its relations with Russia are developing at a more pragmatic level. Numerous political differences often result in economic losses both for Latvia and Russia. Despite the fact that Latvia has been an independent state for more than 20 years, there are still some unresolved issues in its relations with Russia. Today, relations between the two countries are often viewed through the prism of EU-Russia relations. Nonetheless, they often do not fit this context. Settling differences between Latvia and Russia will contribute to trade relations, which are increasingly important for both parties. In order to prevent and localise emerging conflicts, diplomats, politicians, and experts should interpret Russian-Latvian relations in view of the national features without referring to theoretical models based on the mythological “unity” of the three Baltic States.

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