The concepts of enclave and exclave and their use in the political and geographical characteristic of the Kaliningrad region
... and introduced. The author offers a new classification of contemporary and historical enclaves and exclaves. The article identifies the specific features of the Kaliningrad region in comparison to other enclave territories. The difference between the exclavity of the Kaliningrad region in the Soviet and post-Soviet periods is emphasised. The author shows the evolution of the use of concepts of enclave and exclave for describing the fe atures of the Kaliningrad region’s positions from the perspective of the mother and surrounding ...
Russian Exclave on the Baltic Sea: Evolution of Exclavity and Ways to Overcome It
индексы растут, а зарплаты — нет //
. [Электронный ресурс].
/9113 (дата обращения
exclavity, the Kaliningrad region, disconnection of the exclave, economic development of the exclave, Kaliningrad identity, overcoming disadvantages of the exclave position
The historical and geographical evolution of the enclavity of the Kaliningrad region
... eliminating enclave formations. Actions towards the solution of political and socioeconomic problems taken in East Prussia are compared to those taken in the Kaliningrad region. The author emphasizes the need to solve the problems of the only Russian exclave region in view of the experience of its historical “predecessors”.
1. Vinogradova, M. V. 2007, Osobennosti social'no-jekonomicheskogo razvitija Vostochnoj Prussii v 1933—1939 [Features of the socio-economic development of East Prussia in 1933—1939],...
Exclavity as a challenge and a resource for foreign positioning of the Kaliningrad region
... paradoxically, the situation can open up opportunities for increasing the coherence of the narrow, purely peripheral interests of the Russian exclave and the regions of neighboring countries, primarily Lithuania and Poland.
Tarasov I. N.
Kaliningrad region, exclave, foreign positioning
Сoastal exclaves among enclosed territories of the world
... country by a foreign state (states) but having access to the sea. A complete list of coastal exclaves in the world as well as their main comparative characteristics is given. Coastal exclaves are compared to other ones in Russian typologies of enclave regions. The author has classified coastal exclaves according to several parameters.
1. Robinson G. W. C. Exclaves // Annals of the Association of American Geographers 1959. Vol. 49, iss. 3. P. 283—295.
2. Melamid A. Enclaves and Exclaves // International Encyclopedia of the Social Sciences....
Kaliningrad and Crimea as Russian exclaves: similarities, differences, and interconnections
... The article describes cooperation between the two territories in production, research, and defense. The author analyses opportunities for Crimea to draw on the experience of the Kaliningrad region gained in the post-Soviet period. It is concluded that exclavity requires a coordinated federal and regional policy aimed at sustainable and secure development of both territories.
1. Аксенов С. Два года спустя // Российская газета. № 57 (6925). 18.03.2016. С. 11.
2. Балтийск: Пиллау — Балтийск....
On the economic security of Russia’s Kaliningrad exclave
... exploitation of regional natural and labour resources are examined along with the region’s prospects as part of the Great Eurasia (Bolshaya Eurasia) project and as an ‘international development corridor’.
Fedorov G. M.
economic security, Kaliningrad region, exclave position, geopolitical factors, economic development
The Kaliningrad Region: Challenges of the Exclave Position and Ways to Offset Them
... border. The study of the state of affairs in tourism, a promising area of regional specialization, demonstrates a dual effect of the exclave position, which can be considered both as a challenge and an opportunity.
Sebentsov A. B., Zotova M. V.
exclave, Kaliningrad region, border region economy, tourism, cross-border cooperation
Commodity flow model for an exclave region: Rent-seeking in the ‘transitional period’ of the special economic zone
This article focuses on a commodity flow model for an exclave region (CFMER). The CFMER development is aimed at identifying aggregate proportions of the exclave’s economy in the transitional period of the special economic zone (SEZ) functioning. The key method of analysis is the comparison of data on the generation ...
The features of the functioning of small enterprises in the conditions of regional exclavity
... conditions of regional exclavity. The author shows that these conditions have both positive and negative impact on small business development. The combination of the specificity of small enterprises as business entities and the distinctive features of exclave regions and the subsequent assessment of the significance and nature of the impact of such traits made it possible to identify and characterize the most important of them.
Бильчак В. С. Дупленко Н. Г.
The innovative aspects of the fishing fleet development in the Russian exclave region
... vozrozhdeniju) [Horizons of marine economic development of the Russian exclave (from stagnation to recovery)], Kaliningrad, RGU im. I. Kanta.
Ivchenko Vladislav, Teplitsky Vladimir
fishing fleet, fishing enterprises, innovative development, marine fisheries, exclave region of Kaliningrad Region
On the programme of research development in the exclave region
This article focuses on the development of research in the exclave region. The authors offer a programme of research development in the Kaliningrad region. The article describes the principal lines of implementation of priorities of modernization and technological upgrade of regional industries.
1. Bil'chak, V. S., ...
Improving Human Resource Training Policy for the Balanced Economic and Demographic Development of the Kaliningrad Region
Balanced economic and demographic development is vital for ensuring the dynamic and proportional development of the regions. However, Russia as a whole and the exclave region of Kaliningrad as its integral part demonstrate significant disproportions between the need for human resources and their availability. This article aims to assess the balance between the components of the regional system of demography, education ...
Geography and economy of the Kaliningrad region: limitations and prospects of development
... August 2013).
30. Rozhkov-Yuryevsky, Yu. D. 2013, Politiko-geograficheskie osobennosti razvitija Kaliningradskoj oblasti kak jeksklavnogo regiona Rossii [Political and geographical features of the development of the Kaliningrad region as a Russian exclave region], PhD Thesis, Kaliningrad, Immanuel Kant Baltic Federal University.
31. Smorodinskaya, N. V. 2001, Kaliningrad v uslovijah ob#edinenija Evropy: vyzov i otvet [Kaliningrad in terms of uniting Europe: challenge and response], Voprosy Economiki,...
The concept of improving the methodology of exclave region's economy management on the basis of investment programming
This article considers the concept of improving the methodology of management of exclave region’s economy on the basis of investment programming. The author suggests a methodological approach to improving investment programming management in order to ensure a sustainable socio-economic situation in the region.
1. Основные положения ...
Socioeconomic typology of Russia’s coastal regions
... of polarized development, Ford Foundation, Urban and Regional Development Advisory Program in Chile.
8. Klemeshev, A., Fedorov, G. 2005, From an isolated exclave – to a “development corridor”. Alternative development strategies of the Russian exclave on the Baltic Sea, Kaliningrad, 194 p.
Fedorov G., Korneevets V.
coastal regions, socioeconomic typology, types of Russia’s coastal regions
Kaliningrad Exclave: Electoral Specificity
27. Туровский Р. Ф. Концептуальная электоральная карта постсоветской России // Полития. 2005/2006. № 4. С. 161—202.
electoral geography, Kaliningrad region, exclave, elections, electoral behavior, political parties, center — periphery
Towards a Stable and Dynamic Economy in the Kaliningrad Region
... ili terra ficta? [Regional institutionalism: terra incognita or terra ficta?], Zhurnal institucional'nyh
issledovanij [Journal of Institutional Research], Vol. 2, no. 2, p. 27—37
3. Gareev, T. R., Yeliseeva N. A. 2014, Commodity flow model for an exclave region: Rent-seeking in the ‘transitional period’ of the special economic zone, Balt.
Reg., no. 1, p. 54—68. DOI: 10.5922/2079-8555-2014-1-5.
4. Gareev, T. R., Zhdanov, V. P., Fedorov, G. M. 2005, Novaja jekonomika Kaliningradskoj oblasti [The ...
Methodological approaches to scientific maintenance of branch: regional aspect
The authors consider peculiarities and methodological approaches to scientific maintenance of a branch taking as an example the agriculture of the Kaliningrad region being the exclave region of Russia.
С., Дупленко Н.
Предпринимательство региона / под ред. В.
С. Бильчака. Калининград, 2008.
Identification of technology transfer in industries developing in the exclave region under the influence of the “coastal factor”
... Балтийский регион. 2015. № 4. URL: https:// cyberleninka.ru/article/n/sotsialno-ekonomicheskaya-tipologizatsiya-primorskih-re gionov-rossii (дата обращения: 19.07.2019).
Azhinov D. G.
coastal factor, technology transfer, industry, exclave, the Kaliningrad region, universities
First results of the import substitution policy in the Kaliningrad region
The aim of this research work is to analyze the results of the import substitution policy of an exclave territory. The objectives of this research include the analysis of the development of agriculture in the exclave region, the evaluation of the food security level, the assessment of import substitution and its influence on the development of agriculture. The subject of this study is the policy of import substitution of the Kaliningrad region. The object of this ...
Foreign direct investment in North-West Russia
This article considers the socioeconomic characteristics of foreign direct investment and identifies the features of investment activities with foreign capital participation in the exclave region. The author analyses the dynamics of foreign direct investment inflow to the regions of North-West Russia and the industries preferred by foreign investors and identifies the position of the Kaliningrad region among the regions of North-West Russia
Managerial competencies required: a comparative analysis of Moscow and the Kaliningrad region
... managerial competencies that are crucial for the adequate and stable functioning of regional administration systems. An analysis of the components of managerial competencies and their factors is carried out to identify their status in the centre of an exclave region (Kaliningrad) and in Moscow. The study draws on the authors’ frame-based methodology (Rospatent No. 2012660535), which makes it possible to obtain objective empirical information on competency factors and their types. Sought-after competencies ...
An economic complexity analysis of the Kaliningrad region: identifying sectoral priorities in the emerging value creation paradigm
... Its application at a subnational level is, however, limited by methodological problems. To analyse economic complexity at a subnational level, a basic methodology and special software were developed within this study. The object of the research is the exclave Kaliningrad region, whose location makes it possible to capture accurate and comprehensive data on international and interregional trade. Based on the EC analysis theory and practice, the study involved the development of methods, algorithms, and software to form ...
Minimising Investment Risks Through Optimising Public-Private Partnership: The Case of the Kaliningrad Region
... in the Kaliningrad region, 2016, available at
(accessed 20.04.2016). (in Russ.)
8. The investment rating 3B1 region, 2016, Rating agency "Expert", available at
(accessed 15.04.2016). (in Russ.)
9. Klemeshev, A. P. 2009, Russian Exclave on the Baltic Sea: Evolution of Exclavity and Ways to Overcome It, Balt. Reg., Vol. 1, no. 2, p. 86—97. DOI: 10.5922/2079-8555-2009-2-11.
10. Klemeshev, A. P. 2007, Exclavity under globalization: Selected works, Kaliningrad, 211 p.
Baltic Studies at the I. Kant State University of Russia
... University, 2003.
Exclavity under globalization.
Klemeshev A., Fedorov G.
From an isolated exclave — to a «development corridor». Alternative development strategies of the Russian exclave on the
state University, 2005
Klemeshev A., Fedorow G.
Kaliningrad — a pilot region for EU —
and the European Union.
: IISS. 2005.
Klemeshev A., Kozlov S., Fedorov G.
The special Region of Russia.
state University, 2004.
Strategic development of a university in the Russian exclave
... scientific and entrepreneurial) ones. The authors discuss prospects of the strategic development of the university in the Russian exclave.
Uchenye bez nauki. Institucional'nyj analiz sfery // Publichnye lekcii na «Polit.... ...
Judanov, A. 2007.
Voprosy ekonomiki, № 2, pp. 85—100.
International Journal of Urban and Regional Research, № 23(2), pp. 365—378.
Cassiolato, J. E., Lastres, H. M., Maciel, M. L.
2003. Systems of ...
Uncertainty as a Factor of Decision Making in the Context of the Exclave Problems of the Kaliningrad Region
The article analyses expert influence on decision making process. The author argues that high uncertainty increases political elite’s attention to experts under the conditions of democratic transit. The case of the Kaliningrad exclave is taken as an example.
Калининградская область: социально-политические и геополитические аспекты общественной трансформации ...
Evaluation of GRP change in the exclave Russian region on the Baltic (1995—2016)
... the post-industrial nature of its economy and are comparable with those of other subjects of the Russian Federation being average in development. A special regional feature is fluctuations in volume and branch structure of the GRP of the Kaliningrad Region, which are more significant than the average for Russia, due to its small size and, most importantly, the exclave geographic location.
1. Бондаренко Н. А. Валовой региональный продукт в оценке экономического развития региона // Ученые заметки ТОГУ. 2017. Т. 8, № ...
Human Resource Efficiency as a Development Factor for the Kaliningrad Economy
... [Balance model of regional development management: challenges and opportunities for specific site conditions], Regional'nye issledovanija [Regional studies], no. 3 (45), p. 126—135.
2. Gareev T. R., Yeliseeva N. A. 2014, Commodity flow model for an exclave region: Rent-seeking in the ‘transitional period’ of the special economic zone, Balt. Reg., no. 1 (19), p. 54—68. DOI: 10.5922/2079-8555-2014-1-5.
3. Gimbitsky K. K., Kuznetsova A. L., Fedorov G. M. The development of Kaliningrad regional economy: ...
The development of Kaliningrad regional economy: A new stage of restructuring
The Kaliningrad region is developing in complicated exclave conditions, which results in insufficient resilience of its economy to external impacts. There is a need for constant monitoring of the economic situation in the region and the adaptation of the regional strategy to changing conditions. This article ...
Geopolitical development potential of the Russian exclusive region: search for key strategy and mechanisms for its implementation in new conditions
... political project // Baltic Region. 2016. Vol. 8, № 1. P. 17—32.
22. Political and Legal Perspectives of the EU Eastern Partnership Policy / ed. by T. Kerikmäe, A. Chochia. Springer, 2016.
Mezhevich N. M., Tarasov I. N.
geopolitics, region, regional economy, exclave, development strategy, cross-border cooperation
The programme approach to the improvement of the physical culture and sports system in the Kaliningrad region
This article focuses on the conceptual bases of the programme for physical culture and sports development in the exclave region of Russia. The author analyses the system of public administration in this field and puts forward proposals to improve the legal framework of its development.
Pelmenyov V. K.
regional development programme, state support, physical culture,...
The Kaliningrad dilemma: a 'development corridor' or a 'double periphery'? The geopolitical factor of the development of the Russian exclave on the Baltic Sea
The Kaliningrad region, being an exclave, needs an updated regional development strategy based on the national strategy of modernisation and innovation-based development and, at the same time, taking into account the geopolitical aspect. It is necessary to proceed with the implementation ...
The project "Greater Eurasia" among the factors of development of the exclave of the Kaliningrad region
... regionalization in the era of globalization. The author employs a wide range of methods — economic-statistical, economic-cartographic and graphoanalytical analysis — and critically reviews a wide body of literature on the problem. It is shown that the exclave position of the Kaliningrad region makes it difficult to justify a long-term strategy of its socio-economic development. Most of the previously developed strategies were based on export and / or import-substitution, proceeding from the advantageous geographical position in the ...
The Balance Model of Regional Development Management in Certain Territorial Conditions: Development and Application
... разработки и проведения мониторинга регионального социально-экономического развития // Известия ИГЭА. 2013. № 1(87). С. 133139.
Voloshenko K., Kuznetsova A.
regional development, forecasting, exclave, balance model
The labour market of Russia’s Kaliningrad exclave amid Covid-19
... serious challenge to the Russian labour market. This article examines the consequences of Covid-19 for Russia’s Kaliningrad exclave and how its territorially isolated and lockdown-affected small labour market responds to drastic changes in employment,... ... Another question is how the immigrant-rich labour market will rebalance the supply-demand equation. Official statistics from the regional government and its subordinate bodies shows that the Kaliningrad regional labour market has been severely battered by ...
The Youth in Kaliningrad, Gdansk and Klaipeda: Geopolitical Vision of the World, Identity and Images of the Other
This work juxtaposes the analysis of the federal discourse on the exclave position of the Kaliningrad region in 1994—2012 based on the screening by the Nezavisimaya gazeta and the results of surveys of students at the Immanuel Kant Baltic Federal University and the Universities of Gdansk and Klaipeda using a similar questionnaire. Students of all three ...
Geopolitical transformation of the Kaliningrad oblast of the Russian Federation
... to the West, although on the Baltic Sea, ashore became isolated from the motherland and turned into an exclave. Gradually the exclave found itself first at the crossroads of different security structures and later — surrounded by one of them. Changes ... ...
2002. R. XXVI, №
3. P. 10—11.
. Relations with Russia; Lithuania’s Promotion of Regional Security /
R. Lopata, Č. Laurinavičius, E. Nekrašas
et al. Lithuania’s Security and Foreign Policy Strategy
On the assessment of cross-border regions' development potential
... v 2010 godu. 2011.In: Territorial'nyj organ federal'noj sluzhby gosudarstvennoj statistiki po Kaliningradskoj oblasti. Kaliningrad.
5. Tinbergen, J. 1956. Economic Policy: Principles and Design, p. 276.
cross-border cooperation, exclave region, Warmian-Masurian Voivodeship, potential, modeling and forecasting of cross-border processes
Formation of monitoring system for food security (at the example of the Kaliningrad region)
The author substantiates that among basic elements of mechanism of food security provision one should consider monitoring and forecasting
of factors defining threats for food security in the exclave region.
ежегодник: статистический сборник. Калининград, 2008.
область в цифрах, 2008: статистический сборник....
Uneven development of administrative-territorial entities as a threat to the economic security of the Kaliningrad region
The author considers topical issues of ensuring the economic security of the Kaliningrad region. The main indicators of economic development that affect the current state of economic security of the exclave region are identified and analyzed.
1. Об утверждении перечней субъектов Российской Федерации в соответствии с положениями пункта 5 статьи 130 Бюджетного ...
The organisational economic aspects of developing the GLONASS system implementation programme in the exclave region of Russia
This article presents the results of a study of the applied research approach to the development of the GLONASS system implementation programme in the Kaliningrad region as a coastal territory.
О концепции эффективного использования ГЛОНАСС в специфичных условиях Калининградской области // Вестник ...
Geographical factors as a principle of strategic planning of municipal entities
... of territory that are prevalent in determining the course of economic development. The results of the research can be used by regional or municipal authorities in assessing the quality of developed strategies, as well as in formulating and improving new ... ... Междунар. конф. местных властей. СПб., 2000.
Pogrebnyakov P. V.
strategic planning, geographical factors, exclavity, sustainable development.
Foreign trade of the Kaliningrad region: major trends
The author exposes major trends of foreign trade development in the Kaliningrad region in new geopolitical situation, basic features of exports and imports in the exclave region.
деятельность предприятий и организаций Калининградской области за 2000—2007 гг.: статистический сборник. Калининград,...
«Special» Socio-economic Regions: Conceptual Approach and Typology
... эксклавности в контексте глобализации. СПб., 2005.
8. Клемешев А.
Российский эксклав: преодоление конфликтогенности. СПб., 2005.
'special', socioeconomic region, enclave/exclave, overseas territory, free/special economic zone, new forms of spatial economic integration, еuroregion, international production cluster.
Prospects for the development of the Kaliningrad region in the Eurasian Economic Union
Given the new geopolitical situation, increasingly more attention is paid to the further development of the Special Economic Zone in the Kaliningrad region within the framework of the Eurasian Economic Union (EEU). The author examines the future of the exclave within the EEU. The article contains an assessment of the EEU’s activity in the context of the sanction policy imposed by certain countries.
1. Информационный портал «Калининград. ru». 2016. URL:
The transnational territorial transport system of the Baltic Region
... Shlihter, S. B. 1995, Geografija transportnyh sistem. Kurs lekcij [The geography of transport systems. A course of lectures], Moscow, ROU; IG RAN.
4. Fedorov, G. M., Zverev, Ju. M. and Korneevets, V. S. 1997, Rossijskij jeksklav na Baltike [The Russian exclave on the Baltic Sea], Kaliningrad, Izd-vo Kaliningr.un-ta, 312 p.
5. Fedorov, G. M., Korneevets, V. S. 1999, Baltijskij region [The Baltic Region], Kaliningrad, Izd-vo Kaliningr. un-ta, 208 p.
6. Mezhevich, N. M. Baltijskij region i Rossija na Baltike: specifika pozicionirovanija
[The Baltic Region and Russia on the Baltic Sea: the specificity of positioning], Tartu Ülikool,...
One Belt - One Road Initiative: A Window of Opportunity for Russia’s Western Border Regions
... Chinese Eurasian integration initiatives creates additional incentives for a positive re-evaluation of the Russian space as a whole and holds special relevance for Russia’s western borderlands. We analyse the possibility of including Russia’s Baltic regions — the infrastructural and economic island of the Kaliningrad exclave among them — into the One Belt — One Road Initiative.
Druzhinin A. G., Dong Y.
geoeconomics, China, Eurasia, transport and logistics corridors, regional development, core-periphery system, Russia’s western borderlands
Large business in the coastal zones of Russia: features and factors of localisation
... national coastal zones are most attractive to Russian large businesses. Special attention is paid here to the Baltic Sea and the exclave of Kaliningrad where both local (Sodruzhestvo and Avtotor) and interregional/transnational companies (United Shipbuilding ... ... the socio-economic development.
Druzhinin A. G.
coastal zone, coastal cities, Russia, large business, maritime complex, regional development, Baltic region