Russian Population Ethnic Structure: Trends and Transformations
Based on the census data from 1989, 2002 and 2010, the article analyzes the evolution of the ethnic structure of the population of the post-Soviet Russia from the territorial perspective. The stability of the ethnic structure of the “Russian mega nucleus” and indigenization of the national regions are considered in view of the differences ...
The ‘hybrid model’ of Norway’s ethnic policy in its northern counties: a key to stable interethnic relations
... political and legal model currently used by Norway in its Northern counties. This work is a part of comprehensive research supported by the Russian Science Foundation. Our study aims to provide a historical perspective to the model of Norway’s national ethnic policy in the Northern counties by identifying the operational capabilities and assessing the efficiency of these models amid increasing migration flows and changes in the country’s socio-economic environment. The methods we use in this multidisciplinary ...
Party system nationalization in Estonia
This article explores the Estonian ‘integration’ project, which was launched in the early 1990s to bridge the differences between ethnic Estonians and ethnic Russians by assimilating the latter with the former. Since the project will soon turn thirty, it is timely to ask whether it has been a success. This article employs Grigorii Golosov’s index of political party nationalization ...
Ethnic identity of students as a determinant of their understanding of other cultural groups
The article highlights the problem of interaction between representatives of different cultures, which is influenced by their social representations and ethnic identity. The aim of the work was to analyze the content of students' social ideas about members of other cultures in the context of ethnic identity. In this paper, the authors rely on the theory of social representations and the concept of ethnic ...
The transformation of ethnic identity in the condition of post-Soviet development of the independent states
This article considers the problem of ethnic identity as a polymodal one and analyses certain social, historical, and psychological aspects of its context. Language is one of the major differentiating features in terms of ethnicity. In some historical situations, ethnic identity is determined ...
The political elite recruitment in the Baltic: the role of the ethnic factor
The role of the ethnic factor in political processes in Lithuania, Latvia, and Estonia has been rather significant since these countries’ independence. The author investigates the assumption that after the completion of major Eurointegration procedures, the ethnic ...
Estonia’s party system today: electoral turbulence and changes in ethno-regional patterns
A well-developed party system has emerged in Estonia over the decades of independence. There are, however, distinct geographical patterns of voting. A number of new political parties have appeared in the country; the regional and ethnic patterns of voting (the latter matter much in Estonia) have changed dramatically. This study aims to analyse the recent changes in the Estonian party system as well as the causes of these changes and the effect of the ethnic and geographical factors ...
The Baltic Finnish Peoples Divided by State and Administrative Borders: Territorial Development of the Karelians, Vepsians, and Setos
Ethnocultural diversity of the Russian Federation is not only an important component of its historical heritage but also a significant resource for development. However, a number of ethnic groups are on the brink of extinction. The aim of this study is to investigate the impact of changes in state and administrative borders on the territorial and demographic development of small ethnic groups. The article analyses the case of three ...
The Chinese Diaspora in the EU Countries
This article is a further contribution to the discourse of ethnic ‘diffusion’ in European countries. The debate started on the pages of the Baltic Region journal by three authors — Yu. N. Gladky, I. Yu. Gladky, and K. Yu. Eidemiller . We assume that Europe has been a major centre of attraction for immigrants ...
The ethnopolitical movement as a vehicle for nationalism institutionalisation in modern Latvia
This article investigates the Popular Front of Latvia, a public ethnopolitical movement that substantially contributed to the independence of the modern Republic of Latvia. The study aims to identify how much the movement influenced the development of ethnic nationalism, which has become essential to statehood and the identification of politics. It continues to reinforce group inequality in this multiethnic country. The article describes the background and main landmarks of the movement. Content analysis ...
The Evolution of Settlement Areas of Ingrian Finns in Northwest Russia in the Second Half of the 20th Century
... nation-wide censuses conducted between 1959 and 2010 in the Soviet Union and in the Russian Federation, as well as on the contemporary data of the Estonian Department of Statistics, the author of this article studies the spatial aspects of the dynamics of the ethnic area of Ingrian Finns within their main settlement area. This is done through utilizing ethnicity-related statistical data of the district at the lowest level of administrative division. The author emphasises a significant increase in the rates ...
Borders and Identity in Theory and Practice of the Eastern Baltic Region
At the present stage of social development in Europe and Russia, studies analyzing and evaluating ethnic and national borders are of increasing relevance. Over the last three decades, the state borders in the Baltic region have been stable, which is not the case in Europe in general. The author believes that the key reason behind the current crisis ...
The Polish minority in the Republic of Lithuania: internal and external factors
The ethnic makeup of the population significantly affects the domestic policy of any state, and its relations with neighbouring countries. Although interactions with ethnic minorities are not as urgent a problem in Lithuania as they are in the two other Baltic ...
Key conceptual trends in the study of nationalism
... Солдатова Г. У. Психология межэтнической напряженности. М., 1998.
10. Тишков В. А. О феномене этничности // Этнографическое обозрение. 1977. № 3.
11. Brass P. Ethnic groups and the state. L., 1985.
12. Esman M. Ethnic conflict in the Western World. Ithaca, 1977.
13. Gellner E. Thought and Change. L., 1964.
14. Hobsbawm E., Ranger T. The Invention of Tradition. Cambridge, 1983.
15. Isaacs H. The Idols of the ...
Prosocial cooperation as a factor of mitigating ethnic tension
This article presents the results of a study into the connection between the youth’s attitudes to migrants and prosocial cooperation competence, as well as the development experience and prosocial cooperation competence as a factor mitigating ethnic tension. It is shown that the development of prosocial cooperation competence is most efficient in the course of the activity (behavior) in the condition of its effectiveness.
1. Миграционное движение населения Калининградской ...
Changes in the ethnic composition of the population of North- West Russia in the 18th -19th centuries
... of traditional ones. The article considers the use of the time slicing method in the historical geography of Russia’s North-West. The temporal scope of the study is the early 18th — late 19th century. The article describes changes in the selected ethnic groups in North-West Russia (Ozernaya oblast’) and in some other provinces.
1. Вампилова Л. Б., Манаков А. Г. Районирование России: историко-географический подход // Псковский ...
Current demographical processes in the Penza region
This article analyses the basic ethnic groups of the Penza region and identifies the demographic processes taking place within each group. The author comes to a conclusion that these processes are determined by the features of the historical development and socioeconomic standing of ...
A Critique of Latvian Integration
... Pretestība sabiedrības integrācijai: cēloņi un sekas. Rīga, 2007.
8. Brands-Kehris I. Citizenship, Participation and Representation // How integrated is Latvian society? Rīga, 2010.
9. Clark H. Using Language. Cambridge, 1996.
10. Diatchkova S. Ethnic Democracy in Latvia // The Fate of ethnic democracy in post-communist Europe. Budapest, 2005.
11. Dribins L. Sabiedrības integrācijas tendences un prettendences Latvijā un Igaunijā // Sabiedrības integrācijas tendences un prettendences, ...
Russians in Latvia: Peculiarities of Socio-cultural Adaptation and Identity
The author identifies trends and variations of the socio-cultural identity and integration of Russians in Latvia. According to the author, since the middle 1990s, two trends have been recognized - first, the “ingrowing” of ethnic Russians into the life of independent Latvia, and second, forming their new identity. The article presents a number of factors hampering the integration of ethnic Russians into Latvian society. Variations and options of socio-cultural identity ...
Integration of Ethnic Groups and Regions into United Political and Legal Space: Characterising ‘Empire’ Scientific Category
The «empire» category is determined in legal science by historical and political characteristics and based on multi-structural public traditions. Imperial administration strengthens the asymmetrical status of ethnic groups and regions in their relation to the centre. Their integration dynamics is preconditioned, first and foremost, by geopolitical and geo-economic factors. The author provides his own vision of the characteristics of imperial statehood.
Migration and Ethnic Issues
The ethnic aspects of demographic development
The ethnic aspects of demographic processes in the Baltic region states
This article focuses on the problems pertaining to the regionalisation of geo-demographic situation in the Baltic region. Particular attention is paid to the influence of ethnic factors on the parameters and trends of demographic processes. The author comes to a conclusion about the achievement of demographic homeostasis in most ethnos-nations in the Baltic region.
1. The EU Baltic Sea Region Strategy Towards a Sustainable,...
Language means of creating an image of a Muslim woman in internet sports discourse
... society, the hijab in sports discourse is a lingo-cultural marker of emancipation and overcoming gender asymmetry. For Muslim women athletes, the hijab becomes a means of demonstrating their cultural identity and a way to prove the value of their own ethnic and religious traditions.
Strelchuk E. N., Shakak Kh. H. M.
a Muslim woman, ethnic stereotype, linguo-cultural stereotypes, Internet sports discourse, the hijab
Modern geopolitical research in Russia
... are an indispensable part of geopolitical research, which we identified using the object-subject criteria reflecting the effect that properties of territories have on the policies of states located within them. This relates to marine geopolitics, ethnic geopolitics, geoeconomics, ecopolitics, political geoconflict studies, and mediageopolitics. We consider geopolitics and ethnic geopolitics to be priority areas of geographical and geopolitical studies. Geography plays a major role in ...
The ethnocultural identification of the Belarusian population in the Russian publications of the late 18th — early 19th centuries
... ethnocultural markers (denomination, language) of the residents of Belarusian lands during the partitions of Poland on the basis of works by S. Plescheev, H. F. Hackmann, L. M. Maksimovich, V. M. Severgin, and other scholars. The urban population was ethnically identified as Polish, whereas the rural peasant one as predominantly Lithuanian.
1. Вуглік І. Р. Этнаніміка беларусаў XVII—XVIII ст.: экзаэтнонімы // Весці БДПУ. 2009. Сер. 2. Гісторыя....
Foreign culture images and the civilisation/barbarianism opposition in Evelyn Waugh’s Decline and Fall
The author examines Evelyn Waugh's novel Decline and Fall from the imagological point of view. The author identifies and analyses ethnic stereotypes reflected in the images of members of ‘other’ peoples and races. The article stresses that the novel’s system of cultural images of ‘others’ should be analysed in connection with the heterostereotypes of English culture and ...
The elimination of Latvian khutors in Bashkiria in the Soviet era: the reasons, conditions and consequences
This article focuses on the eradication of Latvian khutors in Bashkiria as a result of the state plan for total collectivization. The author arrives at a conclusion that it resulted in the elimination of conditions for ethnicity development.
1. Архивный отдел администрации Иглинского района Республики Башкортостан. Похозяйственная книга колхоза Баложи за 1940—1942 гг....
Migration and the Transformation of Multiethnic Population Structure in the Kaliningrad Region of the Post-Soviet Era
... migration processes and their influence on the transformation of multiethnic population structure in the Kaliningrad region. The author uses official statistics (current statistics and census data), as well as interviews with the representatives of ethnic cultural associations as information sources. Special attention is paid to the migration features associated with different ethnic groups. The author identifies major reasons behind the incoming and outgoing movement of population. In the post-Soviet ...
Impact of remigration on the worksphere under Covid-19: the case of Lithuania
... UCL Press.
5. Levitt, P. 1998, Social Remittances: Migration Driven Local-Level Forms of Cultural Diffusion, International Migration Review, vol. 32, no. 4, p. 926—948.
6. Levitt, P., Lamba-Nieves, D. 2011, Social Remittances Revisited, Journal of Ethnic and Migration Studies, vol. 37, no. 1, p. 1—22. doi:
7. Johnson, B., Sedaca, S. 2004, Diasporas, Émigrés and Development: Economic Linkages and Programmatic Responses. In: A Special Study of the ...
The value fundamentals of the “we image” in Russian culture through the prism of mother-child communication
... of interactions in the mother-child dyads, a number of maternal communication techniques are identified, which are proven to be teleonomic using a cognitive discursive analysis. Using these techniques, mothers create value fundamentals of the Russian ethnic picture of the world in the cognitive experience of a child. The article examines verbal and non-verbal means of implementing such techniques and characterises the developed value fundamentals.
1. Аркадьев П. М., Крейдлин Г....
Concept “colour” (white): based on Russian and German proverbs
The article deals with symbolic and axiological conceptual characteristics of the white colour in Russian proverbs. The author shows the ethnic relevance of this colour term. Russian proverbs are compared to German folk set expressions.
Семантическая структура слова
// Вопросы семантики. Вып....
Sootechestvenniki (compatriots) in the 19th century: semantic profile based on the data of the National Corpus of the Russian language
... Russian ‘otechestvo’ (fatherland, understood as one’s place of origin) and the French ‘compatriot’. This merger resulted in the formation of two new prototypical meanings: one is civic, collective and elevated, and the other gravitates to ethnicity since it is used to refer to Russians. With the strengthening of state institutions in Russia, the first meaning was bound to dominate and it did at the beginning of the 19th century. However, one should speak not about the synthesis, but rather ...
Imagology as a Part of Compartive Literary Studies
... Pageaux, H. Dyserinck and paying particular attention to the modern approach presented by J. Leerssen, a well-known representative of Western imagological school. The author analyzes the main ideas of Leerssen's updated conception “Imagology: on using ethnicity to make sense of the world” published in 2016: the thesis about interdisciplinary nature of images, the threefold procedure of an ethnotype's analysis, "frame/trigger" approach, irony and meta-images. The author describes some aspects ...
Geography of European Migration
... potential or the level of its socio-economic development. The links between the place of origin and destination are often more complex than it might initially seem. The authors stress the importance of a differentiated immigration policy taking into account ethnic and cultural features of host societies.
1. Anohin, A. A., Zhitin, D. V. 2013, Geografiya naseleniya s osnovami demografii [Geography of the population with the basics of demography], St. Petersburg, 307 p. P. 151.
2. Bolohov, I. I. 2015, Globalizaciya ...
Work-life balance during the Covid-19 outbreak: the case of Latvia
.... The influence of social and economic ties to the spread of COVID-19 in Europe // SocArXiv. 2020.
4. Raifman M. A., Raifman J. R. Disparities in the population at risk of severe illness from COVID-19 by race/ethnicity and income // American Journal of Preventive Medicine. 2020. Vol. 59, № 1. P. 137—139.
5. Verhagen M. D., Brazel D. M., Dowd J. B. et al. Mapping hospital demand: demographics, spatial variation,...
The development of international contact culture as a value aspect of educational reality
... науч.-практ. конф. Казань, 2000.
и классики в социальном и гуманитарном знании. М., 2009.
Bulynin A. M., Bragina A. D.
value, international contact culture, ethnoculture, ethnic tolerance, value approach, development,
Territorial structure of the denominational space of the South-East Baltic
... space, which includes three denominational shields and contact zones between them. From a practical viewpoint, these components suggest a new variant of the territorial differentiation of the Baltic region. This variant has only limited relevance to ethnic and socioeconomic zoning.
Manakov, A. G., Dementiev, V. S.
denominational space, North-West Russia, Baltic States, Belarus
The experience of the application of regional approach to the governance of the Caucasian region of the Russian Empire in the beginning of the 19th century
The management of Kavkaz was the interaction of administration and local community of region in XVIII century. The author characterizes Kavkaz as being original in regards to the ethnic attitude towards the state’s territory, to the degree of the center keeping the properties of the governmental-regional and local legal systems separate. Particular emphasis is given to the legislative consolidation of changes in these phenomena....
The historical and national sources of the development of the modern Polish-Lithuanian conflict
... «Междуморья»: Кто работает на Варшаву?.. URL:http://politico.ua/blogpost32104 (дата обращения: 24.05.2012).
Kretinin G. V., Fedorov G. M.
Poland, Lithuania, union, Polonization, conflict, Vilnius issue, ethnic minorities, relations, bilingualism.
Historical Prussia in the mirror of confessional relations
... Православные святыни Вильнюса. Страницы истории. Вильнюс, 2003.
16. Штрокорад А. Русь и Литва. Рюриковичи против Гедиминовичей. М.,2004.
history of culture, religion, ethnic group, paganism, Christianity, Prussia, Lithuania.
The ethno-political discourse of regional identity in former Yugoslavia: The Bosnian syndrome
....bosnia.org. uk/bosrep/report_format.cfm?articleid=3167&reportid=173 (дата обращения: 15.09.2013).
10. Haagen W. W. The Balkan’s lethal nationalism // Foreign affairs. 1999. № 4.
Berendeev M., Dyushkova A.
regional identity, Balkans, ethnic policy, Yugoslav peoples, national origin, Bosnian conflict
Russian soft power in the Baltic States through the lens of research: traditions, competition, confrontation
... political views of a significant part of the Baltic States’ ruling class, it is becoming the target of counteraction. At the same time, Russian high and mass culture and, partly, educational services are in demand from both Baltic Russian speakers and ethnic Lithuanians, Latvians, and Estonians. Our analysis shows that the views of Baltic researchers that Russian soft power is politics-driven and foreign to the region are exaggerated and biased. In its turn, Russian soft power in the Baltics retains ...
Sociocultural potential for the development of Russia’s ethnocultural centres
... и областей СССР //Советская этнография. 1976. № 2. С. 33—42.
14. Krugman P. Increasing Returns and Economic Geography // Journal of Political Economy. 1991. Vol. 99, № 3. P. 483—499.
Trifonova Z. A.
city, ethnicity, urbanisation, identity, centrality, potential, resource
The Estonian diaspora in South-West Russia in the 1920—30s: migration results
... agraarne ümberasumisliikumine Eestis kuni 1863. aastani. Tallinn.
13. Võime, L. 1980. Tee uude ellu: Eesti asunduste ajaloost Kaukaasia Musta mere rannikul XIX saj. 2. poolest kuni 1929. Tallinn.
Russian Estonians, North West of Russia, ethnic settling
The transformation of the Baltic countries’ political elites: general and specific features
... political elites have undergone very similar transformations since the 1990s. At the time, Baltic elites asserted continuity with pre-war Latvia, Lithuania, and Estonia and detachment from the Soviet past. The 1990s elite struggle for power led to sharp ethnic, linguistic and political divides in Baltic societies. These rifts limit competition between power groups and reduce the ability of political systems to renew themselves. Having reached the ‘back to the West’ goal, Baltic elites replaced it ...
Ideology of English monolingualism as the basis of the US language policy
compuserve. com/homepages/JWCRAWFORD/anatomy.htm (дата обращения:
4. Donahue T. American Language Policy and Compensatory Opinion // Power and Inequality in Language Education. Cambridge, 1995.
5. Epstein N. Language, Ethnicity, and the Schools: Policy Alternatives for Bilingual Education. Washington, 1977.
6. Kloss H. Language Rights of Immigrant Groups // International Migration Review. 1971. № 5. P. 250—268.
7. Tatalovich R. Nativism Reborn? The Official ...
The development of nationalist identities in the Baltics: The Latvian aspect
This article discusses the development of post-Soviet nationalist identity in Latvia under the influence of nationalist neo-Nazi organizations and persuasion. The ethnic component occupies a central place in today's political identification in Latvia. It is proved that major political groups and parties recognize and proclaim nationalist principles regardless of their basic ideology.
1. Parming T. Nationalism ...
Sensitivity to cultural differences in students with different cross-cultural experience
... Russian and international approaches to studying the phenomena. The author presents the results of an empirical study into the in-tercultural sensitivity of students with different experiences of interacting with representatives of other cultures and ethnic groups. It is shown that a higher intercultural sensitivity is characteristic of students with a more than 10 years’ experience in cross-cultural interactions. Moreover, there are differences in the correlation of intercultural sensitivity components ...
Geo-demographic typology of municipalities of the Kaliningrad region
... Burgess E., McKenzie R. The city: Suggestions for investigation of human behavior in the urban environment. Chicago, 1925.
4. Shevky E., Williams M. The social areas of Los Angeles. Berkeley, 1949.
5. Harris R., Johnston R., Burgess S. Neighborhoods, Ethnicity and School Choice: Developing a Statistical Framework for Geodemographic Analysis // Popul Res Policy Rev. 2007. № 26. Р. 553—579.
6. Федоров Г. М. Об актуальных направлениях геодемографических ...