The methodological bases of comparative evaluation of sci¬entific and technological potential of Russia and the EU: regional and international aspects
... procedural and resultant components. The author gives a more accurate definition of the scientific and technological potential through identifying its resources and orientation towards transforming abilities. On the basis of the existing methods of comparative analysis used in Russia and abroad, the author proposes a methodology for evaluating scientific and technological potential in the context of regional and international comparison. The integral index is calculated on the basis of a customised information ...
Interaction of comparative structures and their elements in modern russian prose
... Slavnikova, Sokolov, Sorokin, and Stepnova. The authors employed the methods of description, comparison and the structural-semantic analysis and also took into account the semantic field organisation of lexical units. The article distinguishes between formal ... ... formal interaction is the reversibility of tropes. Semantic interaction is based on the semantic coordination of elements of comparative constructions based on predicate-actant relations or involves a combination of metaphors and similes in the text ...
Modern marketing practices: a preliminary comparative analysis of studies in developed and developing countries
This paper proposes a scheme for a preliminary comparative analysis of results obtained in studying different countries that participated in the “Contemporary marketing practices” project and outlines further patterns of crosscountry comparisons.
1. Berry L. L. Relationship Marketing. In Emerging Perspectives ...
Socio-spatial differentiation in transition: a preliminary comparative analysis of post-soviet St Petersburg and Riga
... light on the complex patterns of urban socio-spatial differentiation and its post-Soviet dynamics. Growing regional socio-economic imbalances observed in the former socialist states are lending new urgency to this area of research. This study employs a comparative approach to investigate post-1991 socio-spatial trans-formations in St Petersburg and Riga — the two largest post-Soviet urban centres in the Baltic Sea region. An important result of the research is a methodology for multi-lev-a el analysis of changes in the urban environment of post-socialist cities. Data from post-1991 national censuses and population registers are used to calculate measures of social well-being in urban districts as well as to identify territorial imbalances....
Cultural types and the perception of current environmental risks by local communities of the Baltic Sea region
... (according to Mary Douglas’s grid/group model). The space of categorical variables obtained through multiple correspondence analysis (MCA) aids in clustering the cases (respondents) as well as in testing theoretical assumptions for compliance with the ... ... attitudes, their perception of environmental risks, and the performance of environmental agencies are explored. An evaluation of the comparative efficiency of different ways and means of risk communication with the identified groups is made. It is concluded that ...
Social media interfaces as a representation of cultural meanings
... from the countries with different cultural values and social expectations. My focus was on the principal categories of identification and virtual self-presentation. These are gender, sexuality, marital status, attitudes, and personal preferences. The comparative analysis of interfaces was carried out from the perspective of a change in the linguistic projection (which happens when the user switches from Russian to English and vice versa). I detected significant differences in all the categories analysed. I conclude ...
The Concept of Soul: A Comparative Study of the Russian and the Armenian Pictures of the World
... reality in the brain through comparing two linguistic pictures of the world. It is known that a concept contains important cultural information, harbouring its concrete meaning in a linguistic unit. The study — a combination of cultural linguistic and comparative analysis of the concept — suggests that certain Russian idioms containing the concept ‘soul’ have equivalents in the Armenian language. However, in most Armenian equivalents, the ‘soul’ component is replaced by the ‘heart’ mythologeme. In ...
Innovation performance of Russia’s Northwestern regions: a comparative evaluation
... available resource. A review of the literature suggests that most Russian publications combine systems of composite indices with econometric and statistical approaches to evaluate regional innovation performance. The same methods are employed in this study. Comparative analysis indicates significant differences between the regions in both available resource and innovation advancements. Juxtaposing composite resource availability indices and innovation performance aided in devising a typology of regions and analysing ...
Comparative analysis of the epistemological language in translation
The article presents a comparative analysis of the translation of basic epistemological terms and attempts to analyse cognitive factors underlying the construction of meaning in the translation process. Apart from linguistic expertise, the translation of philosophical texts requires ...
Implementation of the INTERREG program in the Kaliningrad region and neighboring countries: a brief overview
... region of the Russian Federation. The authors relied on the methodology based on a desk research analysis (literature review, the previous authors research and reports regarding the implementation of the CBC programmes) as well as a quantitative analysis and qualitative research methodology (interviews conducted with the project executors). Projects beneficiaries on the Lithuanian-Polish borderland in 2020 were also interviewed and it helped to compare the implementation procedures of the projects co-financed by the Interreg Programme: the projects on the Lithuanian-Polish borderland with the projects of the CBC programmes «Poland — Russia» и «Lithuania — Russia». The study also referred ...
A comparative analysis of health behaviour factors in children in the conditions of family education: Russian and American cases
his article presents a comparative analysis of the factors of family education influencing children’s health behavior and life expectancy. The work is based on two empirical studies conducted in the U.S. (Utah) and the Russian Federation (Kaliningrad region), as well as the Republic ...
Phraseological potential of the somatism сердце / cœur / Herz in the Russian, French and German languages
The article offers a comparative analysis of phraseological units with the component cердце / cœur / Herz in the Russian, French and German languages. As a result, not only the similarity of semantic attraction in the idioms of the languages of unrelated families is revealed,...
Linguistic and cultural focus of specialised technical translation in the steel industry (Russian, English, and German languages)
... processes, aspects of regulation and standardization, interference and borrowing from other cultures and issues of accent and dialect in speech communication with non-native speakers. The illustrative and novel nature of the research proceeds from a comparative analysis of the empirical material of three languages: Russian, English, and German. The study relies on observation, analysis, synthesis, generalization, content analysis, as well as the comparative method allow expanding the scope of research on the ...
The imperative as an expressive means of impact in Russian and English advertisements
The article is devoted to the function of imperative constructions as the means of impact in Russian and English social advertisements. It also deals with comparative analysis of imperative in the Russian and English languages and their cultural differences.
1. Вежбицкая А. В. Сопоставление культур через посредство лексики и прагматики. М., 2001.
Trade Liberalisation and its Impact on Regional Development: Theoretical and Experimental Studies
... economic core: domestic transport costs, Journal of Economic Geography, Vol. 9, no. 4, p. 559—581.
38. Rauch, J. E. 1991, Comparative advantage, geographic advantage and the volume of trade, The Economic Journal, no. 101(408), p. 1230—1244.
39. ... ... 109—136.
40. Rodríguez-Pose, A., Ezcurra, R. 2010, Does decentralization matter for regional disparities? A cross-country analysis, Journal of Economic Geography, no. 10, p. 619—644.
41. Rodríguez-Pose, A., Gill, N. 2006, How does trade affect regional ...
Discretionary powers of judges in the countries of the continental law system: A comparative analysis
This article analyses the features of judicial discretion in the continental law system. The author conducts a comparative analysis of the discretionary powers of judges in Northern, Western, and Southern Europe and describes the specifics of judicial discretion in the continental legal system
1. Гегель Г. В. Ф. Философия права. М., 1990.
2. Головко ...
The European idea in Central Europe and Scandinavia as a part of the security and peaceful co-existence policy in the framework of the postwar planning
... neighbouring states could be considered a step towards a more universal organisation, which would not mean the isolation of Scandinavia and Central Europe from the rest of the world. The theoretical and practical significance of this work lies in the comparative approach to the analysis of the phenomena which have been considered individually in the framework of historiography. It is the major contribution of the article to the research on history of ideas and European diplomacy. Moreover, the subject of research is immediately ...
Imagology as a Part of Compartive Literary Studies
The author explores the genesis and evolution of imagology as a field of comparative literary studies abroad, considering ideas of G. M. Carré, M. F. Guyard, A. Dima, D. H. Pageaux, H. Dyserinck and ... ... the world” published in 2016: the thesis about interdisciplinary nature of images, the threefold procedure of an ethnotype's analysis, "frame/trigger" approach, irony and meta-images. The author describes some aspects of imagological studies ...
Historical development of the Pomor North Lexicography: a comparative analysis of the three translation dictionaries
... French navigator Jean Sauvage in 1586, the “Small Russian- Norwegian dictionary” written in 1907 by polar captain Alexander Kuchin and the “English-Russian Maritime Dictionary” of the Soviet sailor Fedor Shchepetov from Arkhangelsk. A detailed comparative analysis of these sources permits to illustrate different periods of the lexicographical activity in the Pomor North. The three dictionaries were compiled by the people who had got involved in translation and intercultural communication through their ...
Comparative analysis of students’ collective consciousness in the Russia-EU and Russia-China border regions: mathematical modelling
... Europe and Asia makes the comparison of the western and eastern border regions of Russia particularly important from the geopolitical point of view. The authors employ the principles of an emerging scientific direction, border regional studies, for a comparative analysis of the collective consciousness of students from two border regions located on the Russia-European Union and Russia-China borders. The authors present the results of the survey they conducted in the Immanuel Kant Baltic Federal University (Kaliningrad) ...
The social and pedagogical determinants of inclusive education: A comparative analysis of Western and Russian ideas
In the conditions of the modern sociocultural reality, inclusive education is one of the most relevant forms of education for all children, including nontypical ones. This study aims at conducting a comparative analysis of the conceptual framework of the social and pedagogical determinants of inclusive education. The article describes the author’s understanding of the concept of non-typical children and compares different interpretations of key factors of ...
Innovations in the Baltic Sea Region and Network Cooperation between Russia and the EU
... Moscow, Rosstat, 990 p.
18. Simayeva, I. N., Kuznetsova, T.Yu., Korotkevich, M. I. 2011, Modernizacija obrazovanija i nauki v Rossii, Pol'she i Litve: sravnitel'nyj analiz [The education and research modernisation in Russia, Poland, and Lithuania: a comparative analysis], Balt. reg., no. 2, p. 95—101. doi: 10.5922/2079-8555-2011-2-9.
19. Rossijskij statisticheskij ezhegodnik, 2012 [Statistical Yearbook, 2012], Moscow, Federal'naja sluzhba gosudarstvennoj statistiki, p. 324—325, available at: http://www.gks....
The danish parliament as an actor of Denmark’s foreign policy towards the EU and Russia: a comparative analysis, 2005—2019
... foreign policy towards the EU and Russia. The concentric circles model is employed to assess the level of the Danish Parliament’s participation in the foreign policy of the Kingdom of Denmark in different regions of the world. The study conducts a comparative analysis of the evidence of the Parliament’s influence on Denmark’s relations with the EU, the EFTA, and Russia. The findings lead one to conclude that the Danish Parliament’s participation in the country’s foreign policy towards EU bodies is ...
European and Eurasian integration: similarities and differences
... mechanisms and instruments. The research comes to the conclusion on the possibility of adopting the European Union integration experience for the further integration processes in the Eurasian integration process. The primary tool for research is the comparative analysis. It is noted that the economic integration of countries in the post-Soviet space follows the path of the European Union in terms of adopting the organization principles. However, despite some similarities, integration associations have significant ...
An early edition of Andrey Bolotov’s memoirs (from the archives and manuscripts section of the State Historical Museum)
... analysis of this manuscript and compares it with the text of memoirs published by Mikhail Semevsky, — the most complete printed edition of The Life and Adventures of Andrei Bolotov. The stages of Bolotov’s work on the manuscript are considered; a comparative analysis of lexical units, stylistic preferences, and the content of the manuscript is carried out. The results obtained suggest that the undated manuscript is the earliest version of the memoirs, supposedly written in the late 1770s.
A revision of the syllabus (The model of “eternal return” in A. Platonov’s short stories)
... Платонова: проблемы творчества. М., 1994. Вып. 1.
8. Яблоков Е. А. Нерегулируемые перекрестки: о Платонове, Булгакове и многих других. М., 2005.
Platonov, comparative analysis, Nietzsche, Übermensch, “eternal return.”
New stage in the development of political science in Russia
... Transparency, Political Analysis, Vol. 22, no. 4, p. 413—434.
14. Mahoney, J., Thelen, K. 2015, Advances in Comparative-Historical Analysis, Cambridge University Press.
15. Shames, S. L., Wise, T. 2017, Gender, Diversity, and Methods in Political Science: ... .... Gaman-Golutvina, O. 2007, Political Elites in the Commonwealth of Independent States: Recruitment and Rotation Tendencies, Comparative Sociology, Vol. 6, no. 1—2. Doi: https://doi.org/10.1163/156913307X208140.
17. Gaman-Golutvina, O. 2008, The Changing ...
A comparative analysis of the development of intercultural sensitivity in university students under the conditions of multicultural environment
This article presents a study into intercultural sensitivity on the basis of a student sample. The author conducted a comparative analysis of the development of intercultural sensitivity in students of two faculties. Special attention is paid to the need to introduce the ethnocultural component into university training programmes.
толковый социологический ...
Evolution of the special question in English (based on examples from the Gospel of John)
... contexts are compared according to a number of parameters. The author structures his research in the following way: 1) definition of the special question as a type and the description of the types of special questions; 2) a brief description of the compared versions of the Gospel; 3) an inventory of question words for each version of the Gospel and a brief etymological description of each lexeme; 4) the analysis of the word order in examples taken from the three versions; 5) the analysis of the ratio of synthetic and analytical means in the construction of special questions and the study of other indicators of language dynamics and evolution; 6) observations ...
International research cooperation in the Baltic region: a scientometric analysis
... of research cooperation in the Baltic Sea region.
1. Batorshina, I. A., Kuznetsova, T. Yu. 2012, Nacional'nye innovacionnye sistemy stran Baltijskogo makroregiona: sravnitel'nyj analiz [National innovation systems of the Baltic Sea macro-region: a comparative analysis], Issledovaniâ Baltijskogo regiona, no. 1 (9), p. 30—39.
2. Volodkin, А. 2006, Baltic Regionalism Emergence, Journal of International Law and International Relations, no. 2, available at: http://evolutio. info/content/view/1013/176/; http://en....
The conceptual profiles of the oeuvre of M. Bulgakov, V. Nabokov, A. Platonov and M. Sholokhov (according to the data of the comparative analysis of frequent vocabulary)
The following article offers a methodology combining the quantitative and ideographic methods of text analysis. The contexts of frequent vocabulary help build up the "conceptual profiles" of M. Bulgakov, V. Nabokov, A. Platonov, and M.Sholokhov, which reflect the individual correlation of denotative spheres in the oeuvre of each author.
The transition process and institutions: on the issue of the standard of living in the countries of Central and Eastern Europe — members of the European Union
... of the transition period, Moscow, URSS (In Russ.).
59. Puzanov, A. S., Kosareva, N. B., Polidi, T. D., Tumanov, A. A. 2012, Analysis of changes in housing availability and opportunities for housing improvement in the period of transition to a market ... ... M., McMichael, M., Shipworth, D., Shipworth, M., Durand-Daubin, M., Summerfield, A. 2013, Heating patterns in English homes: Comparing results from a national survey against common model assumptions, Building and Environment, December, no. 70, p. 298—305....
Geography of European Migration
... immigration between Australia and Germany: The role of immigration policy, Comparative Population Studies, Vol. 40, no. 4, p. 437—465.
26. Weber, H. 2015, National and regional proportion of immigrants and perceived threat of immigration: A three-level analysis in Western Europe, International Journal of Comparative Sociology, Vol. 56, no. 2, p. 116—140.
Zhitin D. V., Krasnov A. I., Shendrik A. V.
immigration, emigration, Europe, migration flow, immigration policy, migration ties
Conceptualisation of transfer and translation in modern linguistics
... eds., 2014. Sravnitel'no o sravnitel'nom literaturovedenii: transnatsional'naya istoriya komparativizma [Comparatively about comparative literary criticism: the transnational history of comparativism]. Moscow.<br>
18. Eko, U., 1998. Otsutstvuyushchaya ... ... Transfer. Farnham.<br>
32. Eisenberg, Ch., 2005. Cultural transfer as a historical process: Research questions, steps of analysis, methods. In: J. Schlaeger, ed. REAL: Yearbook of Research in English and American Literature: Metamorphosis — Structures ...
The ‘hybrid model’ of Norway’s ethnic policy in its northern counties: a key to stable interethnic relations
... ethno-political processes), the systemic method (ethic policy in the framework of target-based programme management), the comparative law method (a comparison of national legal systems and international contractual standards), the value and norm-driven ... ... policy viewed through the prism of public good), institutional method (the role of political institutions), and the secondary analysis of sociological data. We also rely on qualitative methods, namely, the collection, analysis, and interpretation of data ...
Monotowns: A New Take on the Old Problem
... tool for strategic development of the municipality], Problemnyj analiz i gosudarstvenno-upravlencheskoe proektirovanie [Problem analysis and public management design], no. 4, p. 55—61.
27. Fedotova, N. Е. 2009, Teoreticheskie aspekty sovmestimosti gipotezy ... ... information package, available at: http:// www.pris.bc.ca/tumbler/tumbler.html (accessed 08.12.2014).
38. Dignard, L. A. 1989, A comparative approach to the study of community and work in Canadian mining and forestry towns, a thesis submitted to the faculty ...
Supranational party system of the EU
... the EU from an intergovernmental association to a (con)federation has not completed yet.
1. Grechishnikova, E. V. 2011, Pravovoi status Evropeiskogo parlamenta: sravnitelno- pravovoi analiz [Legal status of the deputy of the European Parliament: comparative legal analysis], Vestnik Omskogo universiteta [Herald of Omsk University], no 4, p. 44—63.
2. Dyuverje, M. 2000, Politicheskie partii [Political parties], Moscow.
3. Zhukovskiy, I. I. 2010, Stanovlenie partijnoj sustemy Respubliki Polsha [The formation ...
Innovation Capacity of Russia and the Baltics: a Comparative Approach
This article considers the possibility of Russian integration into a common research, technological, and innovative space of the Baltic region. The author presents the results of a comparative analysis of innovative development in Russia and the Baltic Sea countries based on the calculation of an integral research and technological potential index for the Russian Federation, the Northwestern Federal District of Russia, Sweden, Denmark, Finland,...
Geography of Electoral Volatility in the Warmia and Mazury Voivodeship of Poland
... formation of the region has been going on in such a manner that differences in the electoral preferences and political behaviour of the urban population (the regional metropolis) and the periphery remain unchanged. Having performed the index analysis and a comparative analysis of the electoral data, the authors conclude that the consistency of administrative decisions on the formation of the region and the electoral performance have been weakening over time. During the initial phase, the electoral volatility was mainly ...
The regional approach in the policy of the Russian Federation towards the Republic of Estonia
... D. A. Regional'nyj podhod v formirovanii vneshnej politiki i prinjatii vneshnepoliticheskih reshenij: sravnitel'nyj analiz rossijskogo i amerikanskogo opyta [The regional approach in the formulation of foreign policy and foreign policy decisions: a comparative analysis of Russian and American experience], 2011, Saint Petersburg, Levsha, 400 p.
5. Blondel, J. 1992, Politicheskoe liderstvo: pust' k vseobemljushhemu analizu [Political Leadership: Towards a General Analysis], Mosocow, Rossijskaja akademija upravlenija ...
The theory of peripheral capitalism: on the applicability of the Latin American model to the Baltic States. An attempt at an inter-disciplinary analysis
... modernisation and transformation in a regional context. The second objective is to adjust the theory of peripheral capitalism to smaller states. To study the features of the transformation of economic and political systems in the Baltics, this article conducts comparative analysis. Systemic analysis and the principles of theoretical and empirical analysis are used as well. Building on this work, the study identifies the deficiencies of the theoretical and methodological potential of transition studies. These include claims ...
Management of Trans-boundary Water Resources: Comparing Russian and American Experiences
This article is based on a comparative analysis of Russia and US’s experience of participation in international cooperation in the field of trans-boundary water management. The author showcases the work of Russian-Estonian Commission for Protection and Rational Use of Trans-Boundary Waters ...
Legal regime for church property in Russia and the Baltic states
In this article, we carry out a comparative analysis of the legal regimes for church property in the Baltic States and in Russia after the demise of the USSR,. We stress the significance of this problem for the newly established relations between the state and the religious organisations, for the ...
Clusters in the institutional perspective: on the theory and methodology of local socioeconomic development
... Multidimensional Scaling to Evaluate and Structure Technology Clusters, Journal Of The American Society For Information Science And Technology, no. 57(11), p. 1451―1460.
45. Yang, G., Stough, R., Haynes, K. 2008, Spatial and functional clustering: a comparative analysis of the Baltimore and Washington DC metropolitan regions in the US. In: Handbook of Research on Innovation and Clusters: Cases and Policies, Edward Elgar, p. 343―358.
clusters, mesoeconomics, mesoeconomic system, regional development
Party system nationalization in Estonia
... understand whether the ‘integration’ project has helped to narrow the ideological divide between ethnic Estonians and ethnic Russians. In other words, the study asks whether ethnic Estonians and ethnic Russians vote for the same political parties in comparable proportions or there are ‘Estonian’ and ‘Russian’ parties in the country. The analysis of the outcomes of four local and four parliamentary elections that took place in Estonia in 2005—2019 shows that by the mid-2000s Estonia achieved a considerable level of political party system nationalization at both national and local levels....
Kant’s Perpetual Peace Project and the Project of the European Union
... treatise and of the current structure of the EU, the author arrives to the conclusion that the two projects can suitably be compared. However, such comparison requires viewing the EU as an intermediate stage in the establishment of global peace union. The comparative analysis of Kant’s theory and the European project, the EU in its current form suits Kant’s definition of a federation of sovereign states, united for the purpose of securing peace, and in some respects went even further. The process of European integration ...
The Development of International Tourism in Lithuania: a Comparative Analysis of Regional Aspects
... North-east Poland, Southern Finland, and partially Belarus. Therefore, Lithuania plays an important role in the integration of the tourist infrastructure of the Kaliningrad region into the tourist system of the Baltics. This study aims to conduct a comparative analysis of the processes relating to the development of international tourism in Lithuania in the context of the Baltic States. We also carry out the comparison of regional competitive factors and trace the patterns for further development of international ...
Inclusive education in Russia and the Baltic countries: a comparative analysis
... examine the current state and prospects of inclusive education for learners with special needs and disabilities in the countries of the Baltic region (Poland, Sweden, Germany, Denmark, Latvia, Lithuania, Estonia, Norway, and Russia). We present a SWOT analysis of the development of inclusive education in different countries and analyse its strengths and weaknesses, risks, threats, and challenges from a political, economic, and technological perspective. In our analysis, we dissociate the issue of inclusive ...
Expansion of the arsenal of physical research methods of liquid dielectric examples exotic types of vegetable oils
... relationship of the current response with heating of oil samples with their fatty acid composition.
Description of the research methodology: for the analysis of samples of vegetable oils (pumpkin, walnuts, black cumin), the method of electret-thermal analysis, that is widely used in condensed matter physics, was applied. When this method is implemented, during the heating of samples, a current response to the physicochemical changes occurring in them is recorded, which is compared with the fatty acid oils composition.
The main results, conclusions of the research work: based on the existence of a non-zero current response, a hypothesis is put forward that thermally stimulated and accompanied by the flow of current ...
The Development of a Criminalistics Theory in Russia and the United States: A Comparative Analysis
Drawing on a comparative analysis of current research and academic literature published in Russia and the United States, I describe the stages of the development of forensic science in the two countries. I analyse the structure and major areas of modern criminalistics. Special ...