Tools for evaluating the competitiveness of innovative clusters
Federal programmes to support regional clusters in Russia were introduced several years ago. Today, they need updating and revision. A promising starting point for effective support for hi-tech and innovative clusters may be an evaluation of cluster performance aimed to understand whether ...
Clusters in the institutional perspective: on the theory and methodology of local socioeconomic development
This article addresses the problem of definition and identification of clusters as localized mesoeconomic systems with fuzzy boundaries that stimulate the development of these systems. The author analyses the influence of the inductive approach to the formation of cluster theory and juxtaposes different typologies of clusters ...
Development of International Clusters in the Baltic Sea Region
This article offers a comprehensive definition of international, cross-border, and transnational clusters. The author presents a classification of international clusters of the Baltic Sea states, and identifies cross-border and transnational clusters. The paper considers the features of international clusters in the Baltic Sea region, as well as ...
When and why regional clusters become basic building blocks of modern economy
In this paper, we examine the modern cluster theory and the specific features of regional innovation clusters as complex adaptive systems. Clusters have become a typical pattern of industrial organization in national economies under their transition to innovation-driven model of growth. ...
The potential for expanding inter-cluster cooperation between the ship-building industries of Estonia, Finland, and North-West Russia
The shipbuilding industry clusters in the Eastern Baltic Sea region, i. e. Estonia, Finland and North-West Russia, may benefit significantly from increased mutual cooperation; however, the international networks between the clusters are still poorly developed. The aim of this ...
Equivocality in Delineating the Borders of a Cluster: The Baltic’s Case
... economic system has created a need for a spatially targeted regional policy as a means of boosting national competitiveness. The regional polarisation approach, which seeks to create new and support the existing nodes of a regional economic system — clusters, technopoles, industrial districts, etc., — has gained wide currency in public administration. The heralds of such forms of spatial networking are various institutional, cultural, organizational, technological, social, and cognitive proximities....
Transboundary Clusters in the Coastal Zones of the European Part of Russia: Inventory, Typology, Factors, and Prospects
This article presents an inventory and a typology of the existing and emerging economic clusters in the coastal zone of the European part of Russia. The authors hold that transboundary clustering takes priority in the Baltic coastal region — nine of the 56 clusters identified are located in the Kaliningrad region and another eight in Saint ...
Clusters in the system of economic and innovation development of agriculture in the Rostov Region and the Krasnodar Region
The issue of regional development involves the study of growth drivers in a competitive, innovative and open environment. In these conditions, cluster forms of integration are considered as centers of economic and innovative regional development. The article examines a specialized agro-industrial complex that is developing at the interregional level on the coast of the Azov and Black Seas ...
Cluster policy as a mechanism to increase regional competitiveness
Today, cluster policy is the most efficient tool to improve the competitiveness of territory economies. International practice offers a wide range of cluster policies. This article discusses different approaches to classification of cluster policies and emphasizes ...
Geography of international clusters in the Baltic region
International cluster is a relatively new form of spatial organisation of economy in the globalisation conditions, which has become a frequent phenomenon in European countries, including those of the Baltic region. It requires a comprehensive study of both regional ...
The concept of “network” in the system of basic concepts of regional economic geography
... This article examines the use of the “network” concept in socioeconomic geography through identifying the place of this concept in the system of traditional concepts of this branch of geography: spatial system, territorial production complex, and cluster. The interaction between networks on a certain territory at a certain stage of its development comprises the framework of a region as a complex socioeconomic territorial system. The author examines economic networks as organic systems characterised ...
Clusters as a Form of Spatial Organisation of Economic Activity: Theory and Practical Observations
This article aims at explaining the clustering of economic activity using instruments of new institutional economics, taking into account well-known descriptive characteristics of the cluster, as well as recent developments in research on hybrid institutional agreements, primarily, the ...
The methodology of cluster formation and its testing in the Kaliningrad hotel market
This article considers the method of cluster formation through applying the principles of hierarchical cluster analysis of multidimensional statistical data of factors affecting the competitive advantages of hotel firms and its testing in the Kaliningrad hotel services market. The authors ...
Clustering and branding in the Baltic tourist destination
... overall economic growth as well as social, cultural, educational well-being of each particular country. In this regard the new approaches in the tourism management become significant. Particular attention is paid to the promotion of cross-border tourism clusters that encourage mutual integration of the neighboring countries. Territory branding in this regard gains new perspectives for implementation.
1. Балтийское море в Германии. URL:
The Institutional Architecture of Territorial Innovative Systems: Towards a Spatially Targeted Regional Policy
The uniqueness of a territorial socio-economic system lies in the specific features of spatial networking of economic entities that form clusters of excellence and ensure the competitiveness of the entire system. Identifying the key elements of territorial capital is a global challenge faced by modern regional policy. I analyse the background for, and limits to, the development of a spatially ...
Features of the development of an individual educational trajectory in the framework of cluster approach
This paper is devoted to the problems of contemporary Russian education system and solutions to them. The best way to respond to these challenges is the introduction of cluster approach into the education system. This work analyses the organization of interaction between the agents of educational process in the framework of traditional and cluster approach. It is stressed that cluster approach to organizing the training ...
The cluster modelling of complex forecasting of economic and marketing processes
This article suggests forecasting socioeconomic and marketing processes in the Russian market conditions of a transitional period with the help of cluster modelling, which would significantly increase the objectivity of assessing the identified processes and the impact of research.
1. Воробьев Д. Н. Регулирование асимметрии социально-экономического ...
The Kaliningrad Region as a Potential Coastal Transport Cluster
The coastal regions of Russia, which ensure the country’s major export/import transactions, have potential for developing special forms of spatial organisation of regional transport system – transport clusters. This form of spatial organisation is better adapted (in comparison to a transport complex) to the ever-changing conditions of a competitive market. It suggests that all business entities of the territory interact thus increasing the competitiveness ...
Regional-geographic approach to «tourist-recreational cluster»
The notion of «tourist-recreational cluster» is viewed as a new object of territorial organization of tourism adapted to modern conditions.The elements and features of tourist cluster, its structure, stages of establishment and ways of development are identified. The article also provides ...
Platform Markets: Their Place in the Theory of Mesoeconomic System: Development and a Challenge to Spatial Studies
... platform markets as institutional and technological systems. Platforms create systems of rules and mechanisms that stimulate agents to adopt, maintain, and improve standards disseminated by the most successful platforms. Similarly to economic zones and clusters, platform markets are two-factor mesoeconomic systems. In this article, I consider the differences between two-factor systems and traditional one-factor groupings (agglomerations, industries, and conglomerates). I present a general theoretical ...
Information metabolism and innovation dynamics in the Rostov agglomeration: the role of the coastal factor and economic clustering
... tested through analyzing official regional statistics, as well as the data of the expert survey. The study revealed the intra-system mechanisms to compensate for the reduction of codified knowledge flows in the Rostov agglomeration via the active clustering of innovation sector, accompanied by the dynamics of tacit knowledge and the shrinking of its spatial imbalances. Moreover, the research uncovered the negative side effects of geo-economic trends that threaten the reproduction of innovations ...
Key Directions of Sectoral and Spatial Changes in the Russian Industry
... industrial integration structures using single organizational production modules capable of rational combination and transformation of the elements of national production structure to create competitive transnational production associations, such as clusters and other production forms serving as ‘growth poles’ and becoming elements of the emerging framework for national production. This methodology makes it possible to develop new approaches, methods, and principles for analyzing the transformation ...
Localization of large business in coastal zones as a factor of transboundary clustering (on the example of the European part of Russia)
... also conditioned by the general trend for economic activities, infrastructure and population to get advanced to the sea (some parts of the coast), which serves as one of the significant factors (and indicators) of economic activity, and cross-border clustering. Focusing on the most important seaports (Novorossiysk, Ust-Luga, St. Petersburg, Murmansk, etc.) cross-border activity of large business acquires trans-aquatorial properties and characteristics; clustering, thus, receives additional impulses,...
A transport cluster as a variant of transport complex development
The territory of the Kaliningrad regions offers a solid basis for the development of a strong transport cluster with a potential to integrate into the transport system o the Baltic region and ensure cargo and passenger transit between world economic centres – the Pacific Rim and the European Union. The article offers a characteristic of main means of ...
The cluster approach in tourism development in the Kaliningrad region
... one of the priority areas of economic development. The existing tourism and recreational potential, favorable climatic conditions, and a large number of cultural and historical sites should contribute to the effective development of the region. The cluster approach should become a catalyst for the development of tourism and hospitality industry, which makes it possible to employ a comprehensive approach to the territorial development.
1. Стратегия социально-экономического ...
Factors and features of innovative development of the Republic of Crimea
... Ученые записки Таврического национального университета им. В. И. Вернадского. Сер.: География. 2009. Т. 22 (61), № 2. С. 160—166.
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Developing and managing an intercompany system of continuing education in tourism
This article presents a theoretical framework and methodology for design-ing a self-evolving system of continuing professional training in tourism based on an innovative educational process — active design — using the com¬petence-based and cluster approaches.
1. Новиков А. М. Методология образования. М., 2006.
2. Смирнов Д. В. Образовательный кластер как социокультурная среда до-полнительного ...
The synergy effect of economic metaphor in the interdiscursive space
This article considers the discursive models of developing the synergetic potential of economic metaphors. A cluster model of metaphor synergy is built on the basis of intertextual metaphor, which creates a powerful field of conceptual tension. It is shown that the economic metaphor acts as an instrument of sense production in the interdiscursive space. A study ...
The dynamics of agricultural land use in the North-West of Russia and the Baltic countries
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13. Balland P.-A., Belso-Martínez J. A., Morrison A. The Dynamics of Technical and Business Knowledge Networks in Industrial Clusters: Embeddedness, Status, or Proximity? // Economic Geography. 2015. № 92 (1). P. 35—60. doi: 10.1080/00130095. 2015.1094370.
14. Barca F., Mccann P., Rodríguez-Pose A. The case for regional development intervention: Place-based versus ...
The boundaries of the territorial community
.... Innovation networks and innovative Milieux: A wager for regional development / ed. by D. Maillat, M. Quévit, L. Senn. Neuchâtel, 1993. P. 392.
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The assessment and factors of increase in innovative competitiveness of Latvian regions
... E., Sachs, J. D., McArthur, J. W. 2002, The Global Competitiveness Report 2001—2002. Executive Summary: Competitiveness and Stages of Economic Development, New York, Oxford, Oxford University Press.
3. Boronenko, V. 2009, Identification of actual clusters and the ir roles measurement in the development of regional competitiveness: the case of Latvia, Reģionālais ziņojums. Pētījumu materiāli [Regional Report. Research materials], no. 5, Daugavpils.
4. Rachko, E. 2010, Opit ocenki konkurentosposobnosti ...
Theoretical analysis of fuzzy logic and Q. E. method in economics
... Fuzziness in database management systems: Half a century of developments and future prospects // Fuzzy Sets and Systems. 2015. Vol. 281. P. 300—307. doi:
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Market forms of industrial production organisation as “growth poles” of the economy
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Ontological taxonomy as a means to inventory the elements of the semantic metalanguage of cognitive analysis (based on E. V. Rakhilina’s monograph Cognitive Analysis of Object Names (Semantics and Collocations))
... words and phrases denoting phenomena of reality. Such words and phrases comprise the lexicon of the metalanguage used in the semantic reflection of the author of semantic descriptions. The inventory of the semantic elements follows the alphabetical clustering principle. The ‘ontological taxonomy’ covers clusters, at the apex of which are the denominations of fragments of the world (reality) reflected by the internal aspect of linguistic units. These denominations are expressed by nouns with ...
Innovative security of the region: the problem of the formation of the innovation environment of the Kaliningrad region
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Algorithms of determining of bodies in a 3D irregular point cloud
A technique for recognition of shapes of bodies in a 3D point cloud is de-scribed. At the first step cloud clustering is conducted using the criterion of maximum distance between the points to identify the bodies being determined. Then proceeding to voxel presentation is being done. Existence of a tetrahe-dron with its points in cloud points and size-limited ...
On the international cooperation of North-West Russia in the field of innovations in the Baltic
... oblasti [Open innovation platform — a tool for cooperation between Russia and the European Union in the border area], available at: http://www. finrusinno. ru/kuvat/Tmoipa/lpr%20inno%20esite_rus_esite_web.pdf (accessed 10 September 2012).
6. Final cluster analysis. Identification of cross-border economic clusters in transborder region of St. petersburg, Leningrad region and Ida-Virumaa, 2008, Narva Business Advisory Services Foundation, St. Petersburg Information and Analytical Center, Synergy ...
Innovations in the Baltic Sea Region and Network Cooperation between Russia and the EU
... on the EU countries. The district participates in the development of network innovative structures within the Baltic Sea region. It takes an active part in cross-border cooperation — activities that involve the formation of transborder innovative clusters. There are high expectations associated with the formation of such territorially localised innovative networks, as the Helsinki — Saint Petersburg — Tallinn and Tricity (Gdansk, Gdynia, Sopot) — Kaliningrad — Klaipeda transborder innovative ...
Russia’s Coastal Zone as a Social and Geographic Phenomenon: Conceptualisation and Delimitation
... stresses the inverted coastalisation in Russia at the macro- and meso-levels and identifies its causes. The article defines the coastal zone as a full-scale, continuum-discrete phenomenon with clear crossborder characteristics and increased potential for cluster formation in the economy. Marine cross-border clusters are identified as independent typological units. Characteristics and conditions for their formation and development are described in view of contemporary geoeconomic trends. The author examines ...
Diagnosis and hardware fault simulation of industry
Results of the early establishment of a system fault diagnosis equipment and principle of operation of the hardware simulation tools such faults.
Kalinina E., Nesterov S., Tolstel’ O.
early diagnosis, fuzzy inference, fuzzy clustering, industrial controllers, mnemonic process technology
Geo-demographic typology of municipalities of the Kaliningrad region
... research in Russia, the US and Europe. It was concluded that despite the differences in purpose and nature of this kind of research, the geo-demographic classification remains the primary methodology in the analysis of geodemographic situation. The cluster analysis is applied to study territorial differentiation of geo-demographic development of the Kaliningrad region.
1. Sleight P. Targeting customers: How to use geodemographic and lifestyle data in your business. Henley-on-Thames, 2004.
Territorial community local spaces
... approach to studying the formation and transformation of a territorial community. There are different types of proximities within the territorial community: geographic, formative, dominant interaction and development proximities among others. Using clusters as an example the author proves that the formation of unique characteristics of various forms of spatial networking is defined by the essential features of the territorial community underlying them.
1. Балтийский регион как ...
Implementation persistent scatterers interferometry in MATLAB environment on a high performance computer cluster
The features of the method implementation Persistent Scatterers Interferometry in MATLAB environment on a high performance computer cluster are considered. The process and results of interferometric processing of multi-time measurements made by radar ALOS/PALSAR in 2007—2011 is described. For processing software package developed used high-precision evaluation of the displacement ...
Key Strategies of Development of Research Tools and Methods for Marine Spatial Planning
... candidate of economic sciences, Moscow, Sovet po izucheniju proizvoditel'nyh sil (SOPS).
2. Baturova, G. V. 2011, Regional'nye morehozjajstvennye klastery kak osnova social'no-jekonomicheskogo razvitija primorskih territorij [Regional marine economic clusters as a basis of socio-economic development of coastal areas]. In: Zhyharevych, B. S. (ed.). Strategicheskoe planirovanie v regionah i gorodah Rossii. Doklady uchastnikov IX Obshherossijskogo foruma «Strategicheskoe planirovanie v regionah i gorodah ...
Tourism in Border Regions: Theoretical Aspects of a Geographical Study
... (In Russ)
5. Kovalev, Yu. P. 2011, The tourist and recreational potential and development of tourism in the Russian-Belarusian border zone, Regional'nye issledovaniya [Regional studies], no. 4, p. 133—143.
6. Korneevets, V., Semenova, L. 2013, The cluster approach in tourism development in the Kaliningrad region, Vestnik Immanuel Kant Baltic Federal University, no. 9, p. 153—159. (In Russ)
7. Kropinova, Е.G, Mitrofanov, А. V. 2011, The regional tourist cluster as tourism and recreation ...
Kaliningrad region: coastal position as a geographical factor of economic development
... региона // Балтийский регион. 2017. Т. 9, № 2. С. 7—27.
30. Druzhinin A. G., Fedorov G. M., Gontar N. V. et al. Typology of coastal zones in the European Part of Russia: Modern Particularities within the Trend of Cross-Border Clustering // Journal of Applied Economic Sciences. 2017. Vol. 12, iss. 5 (51). P. 1451—1460.
31. Kivikari U. A Growth Triangle as an Application of the Northern Dimension Policy in the Baltic Sea Region // Russian-Europe Centre for Economic Policy....
Monotowns: A Quantitative Analysis
The authors propose an empirical analysis of the current situation in monotowns. The study questions the perceived seriousness of the ‘monotown problem’ as well as the actual challenges it presents. The authors use a cluster analysis to divide monotowns into groups for further structural comparison. The structural differences in the available databases limit the possibilities of empirical analysis. Hence, alternative approaches are required. The authors consider possible ...
The role of International trade in improving the competitiveness of Saint Petersburg
... Management for Nations. Cities and regions, London, 128 p.
2. Avraham, E., Ketter, E. 2007, Media Strategies for marketing place in crisis improving the image of cities, countries and tourism destinations, Oxford, 231 p.
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Modern understanding of ‘geoeconomic position’ and the Saint Petersburg agglomeration
... polarization, which creates additional prerequisites for the inversion of the Russian economic space — ‘Russia of the physical space’ and ‘the economic space of Russia’. The study uses traditional methodology of economic geography (the territorial, cluster, and spatial approaches) and the geoeconomic approach developed by the authors. The article also addresses recent findings in regional economy and spatial studies. It is aimed at the development of the geoeconomic paradigm in the framework of ...
Work-life balance during the Covid-19 outbreak: the case of Latvia
... The psychological impact of quarantine and how to reduce it: Rapid review of the evidence // The Lancet. 2020. № 10227 (395). P. 912—920.
10. Chan J. F. W., Yuan S., Kok K. H. et al. A familial cluster of pneumonia associated with the 2019 novel coronavirus indicating person-to-person transmission: A study of a family cluster // The Lancet. Vol. 395, № 10223. P. 514—523.
11. Pummerer L., ...