Is Spinoza’s Ethics Heteronomous in the Kantian Sense of the Term?
The prevailing interpretations of Spinoza’s ethical theory view it as an example of heteronomy in the Kantian sense of the term. I make a case for the claim ... ... interpretations. In the course of the argument I discuss Kant’s concepts of autonomy and heteronomy showing how they refer to will and to ethics. Then I describe a group of interpretations which portray Spinoza’s moral theory as heteronomous. My critique ...
Kants Freiheitsargument. Diskussion von Heiko Puls: Sittliches Bewusstsein und Kategorischer Imperativ in Kants Grundlegung: Ein Kommentar zum dritten Abschnitt. Berlin und Boston: De Gruyter, 2016. 318 S.
... Kommentar zum dritten Abschnitt, presents an attempt to show that, in the Groundwork of the Metaphysics of Morals, Kant’s argumentation for the objective value of the... ... that our consciousness of the moral law is the ratio cognoscendi of our freedom of will. Accordingly, there is no conclusion from a kind of non-moral consciousness of... ... Vernunft. 3. Aufl. München: Wilhelm Fink.
2. Bittner, R., 1986. Moralisches Gebot und Autonomie. Freiburg & München: Alber.
3. Brandt, R., 1988. Der Zirkel im dritten Abschnitt...
Local government reforms in Estonia: institutional context, intentions and outcomes
The local government reforms of 1989 and 1993 were intended to establish a dual pattern of central-local relations in Estonia. The choice of this model was ... ... institutionalization logic followed after the 1993 reform. It is concluded that the local elites retaining their old value patterns will downplay the effect of the 2017 reform.
Gribanova, G. I., Sootla, G., Kersten, K.
local government, reforms, dual model,...
Kants Begriff der Verbindlichkeit und die neuzeitliche Naturrechtslehre
My article is devoted to one of the main concepts of early modern natural law, i. e. the concept of obligation. Starting with Pufendorf's concept of obligation, it will be demonstrated that the natural law is grounded on the will of God. In contrast, the concept of obligation in Christian Wolff's Philosophia practica universalis has no need to found the validity of obligation of natural law in God's will. Instead ...
The role of J.-J. Rousseau's and I. Kant's teachings on will in the development of S. Hessen's philosophical and legal conception
This article provides a brief description of Sergey Hessen’s philosophy of law in connection with J. J. Rousseau’s idea of «common will» and Kant’s «autonomy of will».
1. Гессен С. И. Философия наказания // Логос. М.: Тип. Т-ва А. А. Левенсон, 1912—1913. Кн. 1, 2. С. 183—232.
2. Гессен С. И. Политические ...
Feyerabend’s Natural Law Notes and their significance for Kant studies. Preface
Natural Law Notes of Feyerabend is one of the most important sources by the research of ethical and juridical views of Kant. Dating back to 1784 ... ... but also actually want do it? As in his published writings Kant concludes in the Introduction of Natural Law Notes that human will itself can not be in complete agreement with the moral law, because objective motive (that is the moral law alone) for this ...
Duty and Coercion in Kant’s Republican Cosmopolitanism
This paper argues whether Kant’s cosmopolitanism entails a specific theory of coercion. I will especially tackle Kant’s account of international political order. First, I claim that Kant attributes a systematic role to the cosmopolitan right, what justifies considering this part of the doctrine of law as a necessary rational conclusion of ...
Moral inscrutability and self-constitution in Kant (translated from the English by V. Belonogova and D. Khizanishvili, edited by V. Chaly)
This article analyses the system of inferences used by Kant in Religion Within the Boundaries of Mere Reason to demonstrate the existence of evil disposition (Gesinnung).... ... Schizophrenia of Modern Ethical Theories. The Journal of Philosophy, 73(14), pp. 453—66.26. Stolzenberg, J., 2009. The pure ‘I will’ Must be Able to Accompany all of my Desires. In: The Problem of a Deduction of the Categories of Freedom in Kant’s Critique ...
The concept of postulate in Kant's philosophy
Postulates play an important role in Kant’s philosophy. Kant’s understanding of this term differs from the previous tradition. For Kant, postulates are originally subjective propositions necessarily supposed ... ... axiom, hypothesis, principle, fundamental principle, maxim, highest good, existence of God, immortality of soul, autonomy of will, faith
Kryshtop L. E.
Unvergängliche Bedeutung des philosophisch-pädagogischen Schaffens Kants
The article is meant for teachers and everyone interested in the problems of upbringing and self-upbringing. The major incentive for all works of the great scientists ... ... педагогических систем. М., 1999.
10. Engel R. Kants Vorlesung über Pädagogik: Die Autonomie des pädagogischen Gedankens auf der Grundlage der transzendentalen Lehre... ... world', respect to the moral law, ideas: freedom, immortality of the soul and God, good will, duty and unconditional human worth, the sensitive as preparation for morality...
Around the “social pedagogy” of Paul Natorp: Vladimir Dinze in the debates on national upbringing. Part 1
Many scholars and practitioners in the sphere of the public education and upbringing in Russia addressed themselves to the philosophical-pedagogical ideas of German philosopher ... ... of the world culture. The letters of Russian scholars V. Dinze and A. Grombach to P. Natorp and one letter of Natorp to Dinze will be published as a supplement to the article. These letters show not only the process of the translation of “Social Pedagogy” ...
Revisiting the Maxim-Law Dynamic in the Light of Kant’s Theory of Action
A stable classification of practical principles into mutually exclusive types is foundational to Kant’s moral theory. Yet, other than a few brief hints ... ... Oxford University Press.
Morrison, I., 2005. On Kantian Maxims: A Reconciliation of the Incorporation Thesis and Weakness of the Will. History of Philosophy Quarterly, 22(1), pp. 73-89.
O’Neill, O., 1975. Acting of Principle: An Essay on Kantian Ethics....
The Problem of the Relationship between Apperception, Self-Consciousness and Consciousness in Kant’s Critical Philosophy
Kant does not provide clear-cut definitions of apperception, consciousness, and self-consciousness and everywhere uses these terms as synonyms, which creates the problem ... ... edited by P. Guyer and A. Wood. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.
Kant, I., 2004. Prolegomena to any Future Metaphysics that Will Be Able to Come Forward as Science. Translated and edited by G. Hatfield. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.
Types of Representational Content in Kant
In this essay, I specify types of representational content that can be attributed to Kant’s account of representation. The more specific aim is to examine ... ... and P. Heath. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, pp. 281-336.
Kant, I., 2002b. Prolegomena to Any Future Metaphysics That Will Be Able to Come Forward as Science. Translated by G. Hatfield. In: I. Kant, 2002. Theoretical Philosophy after 1781. Edited ...