The historical and geographical evolution of the enclavity of the Kaliningrad region
... neighbouring states and the mainland. The author reviews cases of evolutional development of enclavity and peaceful and military methods of eliminating enclave formations. Actions towards the solution of political and socioeconomic problems taken in East Prussia are compared to those taken in the Kaliningrad region. The author emphasizes the need to solve the problems of the only Russian exclave region in view of the experience of its historical “predecessors”.
1. Vinogradova, M. V. 2007, Osobennosti ...
The formation of the image of East Prussia by Soviet military propaganda and its use in the post-war period
On the basis of war-time sources, this article reconstructs the image of East Prussia created by Soviet propaganda and considers the context of its formation. The author demonstrates the use of this image over post-war decades. Propaganda discourse is interpreted as a practice of cultural assimilation of East Prussia.
A ‘divided history’: the politics of memory on the territory of the former East Prussia in the light of current discussions
... affecting legislation, historiography, and political science. This article aims to present key approaches to studying the politics of memory and employ them to the analysis of the politics of memory on the territory of the former German province of East Prussia. The author shows different research perspectives on the key concepts of memory studies. Some researchers identify the notion of the ‘politics of memory’ with that of the ‘politics of history’, while others distinguish between them. The ...
Polish National Minority in East Prussia in Context of German-Polish Relations (1918-1939)
The influence of German-Polish relations on the status of the Polish national minority in East Prussia in 1918—1939 is considered in the article.
The “Polish question” in Soviet-German relations in the second half of the 1920s (based on the materials of the USSR consulate in Königsberg)
... “Polish question”, which largely affected the nature of bilateral relations. The consulate documents indicate that Soviet diplomacy aspired to exploit the differences between Poland and Germany over a wide range of issues (the geopolitical situation of East Prussia, the position of national minorities, the problem of transit through the Polish corridor, the status of the Free city of Danzig, etc.). Soviet consuls carefully observed political life in Königsberg and the province. On the one hand, they paid ...
The condition of cultural heritage sites in the Kaliningrad region
This article analyses the condition of settlements, manors (Landschlösser), castles, churches of East Prussia on the territory of today’s Kaliningrad region. It is shown that almost all historical sites of this type are either ruined or close to this condition. The author stresses the need to take urgent measures to preserves such sites or organise ...
On the establishment and early activity of the Soviet consulate in Königsberg (1923—1925)
This article analyses the reasons behind the restoration of diplomatic relations between Russia and Germany after World War I, as well as the fundamental differences in the performance of Russian imperial and Soviet consular missions in East Prussia. On the basis of the earlier unknown documents from the Central Russian archives and the Political archive of the Ministry of Foreign Affairs of Germany, the author describes the establishment of the Soviet Consulate in Königsberg in 1923 and ...
East Prussia Between the French ‘Hammer’ and the Russian ‘Anvil’: The Napoleonic Era
In this article, we consider the historical aspects of the 1807—1813 situation in East Prussia and describe current Russian and international historiography of the 1813—1814 Foreign Campaign of the Russian Army and of the Russian-Prussian alliance against Napoleonic France. We conclude that East Prussia played a central role in the political,...
The monuments of late Romanticism in the architecture of East Prussia
This article considers the architecture of the second third of the 19th century in Eastern Prussia, belonging to the period of German Romanticism. The author focuses on the reasons behind the development of this trend and the role of the King of Eastern Prussia, Frederick William IV, and the architect, F.-A. Stüler, in the history and architecture ...
Historical and linguistic analysis of the Kaliningrad regional oronimics
The article distinguishes the specificity of the renaming of different land forms. The renaming was carried out after the former East Prussia had become part of the Soviet Union. The article has a special focus on describing minor errors, comparison of the original oronyms with the new ones, and eliciting the ways of coordination between them.
1. Петешова О. В. Способы ...
On the possibility to adopt the historical practice of applying technologies for land fertility increase in Eastern Prussia at agricultural enterprises of the Kaliningrad region
... practical application of ideas and principles of progressive agriculture consistent with a more general area of organic agriculture. Special attention is paid to the modern agricultural practice in the territory of the Kaliningrad region — former East Prussia — and the possibilities to use the methods for increasing land fertility that were intensively employed by Prussians.
1. Seidelmann, F. R. 2003, Melioracija pochv [Amelioration of soil], Moscow, Izd-vo MGU, 448 p.
2. Kostyashov, Yu. V. 2010,...
Military commandant's offices of the 3rd Belorussian front in East Prussia (October 1944 —May 1945)
... годы Великой Отечественной войны. 1941—1945. СПб., 2005. С. 290—313.
. Ф. УВК г. Калининграда. Оп. 954489. Д. 1.
front, grouping, instruction, commandant’s office, East Prussia, operation,
authorities, management, states, settlements.
The urban development in East Prussia in the interwar period
This article considers the features of urban restoration in East Prussia after World War I. In a difficult economic situation, the system of restoration works was clearly structured. In the interbellum, the public development policy for the province was formulated in accordance with the contemporary urban development ...
Reflections on the history of the Kaliningrad region
... Kaliningradskoi oblasti [The Big Encyclopedic Dictionary of the Kaliningrad Region] / ed. by V. N. Maslov. Kaliningrad.
2. Gal'tsov, V. I., Yusupov, V. S., Kulakov, V. I. et al., 1996. Vostochnaya Prussiya. S drevneishikh vremen do kontsa vtoroi mirovoi voiny [East Prussia. From ancient times to the end of the Second World War]. Kaliningrad.
3. Kretinin, G. V., 2007. Istoriya Zapadnoi Rossii. Kaliningradskaya oblast': Uchebnometodicheskoe posobie dlya uchitelei obshcheobrazovatel'nykh shkol. 6—7 klassy [History ...
Seaside Resorts of East Prussia through Lenses of Photogra¬phers from End of 19th Century to Beginning of World War II
Lexikon der Stadt Königsberg Pr. und Umgebung. West Germany, 1985.
Königsberg lebt weiter. Zieven, 1954.
East Prussia, photography, seaside resorts, F. Krauskopf.
Preaching activity of Ludwig Ernst Borowski, a Königsberg pastor, during the Napoleonic wars (1806—1816)
... idiosyncrasies of his literary style are emphasized. The main themes and subjects of pastor Borowski's sermons are vcarefully examined. The author emphasizes the significance of Borowski's personality for the intellectual and political life of Königsberg and East Prussia at the beginning of the 19th century.
1. Кретинин Г. В., Брюшинкин В. Н., Гальцов В. И. Очерки истории Восточной Пруссии. Калининград, 2002.
2. Allgemeine Literatur-Zeitung ...
Russian workers in Eastern Prussia in the end of the 19th-beginning of the 20th century
This article analyses the position of labour migrants from Russia in East Prussia in the end of the 19th – the beginning of the 20th century. The author considers legal and economic assistance provided by the Ministry of Foreign Affairs of the Russian Empire to its citizens on the basis of recently discovered reports of Russian ...
August 1914: the tragedy of the 72nd infantry division in East Prussia
... examines the course and outcome of the operations of the 1st Russian Army during the second stage of the East Prussian offensive in August 1914. The author used the example of an infantry division to analyse its combat operations in the battles in East Prussia and its disbandment following the operation. The failure of the Russian invasion to Germany at the beginning of the First World War led to the disbandment of two divisions that could not withstand the severity of the defeat. The injustice ...
Max Egremont. Forgotten Land. Journeys among the Ghosts of East Prussia. London : Picador, 2011. 368 pp.
International conference “Contacts and Cultural Transfer in the Historical Region of East Prussia (1700—2000)”
«The appropriation of spaces in East Prussia» international research workshop
On the employment status of Andrei Bolotov in Königsberg
... originating from Bolotov’s memoirs, the Königsberg pages of which were written more than 30 years after the events described. Bolotov’s memoirs are compared with his correspondence of the time and the archival materials of the Russian administration of East Prussia during the Seven Years’ War. It is concluded that Bolotov’s status was ambivalent. Although serving as a translator at the governor’s office, he never had an official rank. The study makes it possible to clarify the role that Bolotov had ...
On the periodisation of the battle for East Prussia in 1944—1945
Ход боевых действий // Восточно-Прусская операция Красной Армии 1945 г. М., 1946.
history, Kaliningrad region, war, operation, phases of war, offensive, East Prussia, Pillau, spit, Frische Nehrung, strait
Andrzej Sakson. From Klaipeda to Olsztyn. Modern residents of former East Prussia: county of Klaipeda, Kaliningrad region, Warmia and Masuria. Instytut Zachodni w Poznaniu, 2011, 828 pp.
The historical framework of the loss of pedigree livestock and sorted seeds in former East Prussia and the problem of its restoration in the Kaliningrad region
... Marktbetrachtung der Ostpreußischen Zeitung Königsberg Pr. Königsberg Pr. [ca. 1930].
31. Rostafiński J. Zagadnienie hodowli zwiezrąt domowych Prus Polskich i okręgu gdańskiego // Produkcja hodowlana ziem odzyskanych. Warszawa, 1949.
Sologubov A. M.
East Prussia, Poland, Kaliningrad Region, cattle breeding, plant science, artificial selection.
On the toponymic purism in North-East Prussia in the first half of the 20th century
... обращения: 16.07.2013).
6. Карты Пруссии после переименования 1938 года. URL: http://www.posselt-landkarten.de (дата обращения: 16.07.2013).
renaming, toponym, purism, Germanisation, East Prussia, National socialism.
Migrant as homo scientis: the epistemological aspect of reclamation of the Kaliningrad region
This article reconstructs the situation of total ignorance that the Soviet settlers faced when reclaiming the alien cultural space of former East Prussia. The author analyzes the settlers' cognitive activity of cultural assimilation of new territories, which became an everyday routine and vital necessity.
1. А ну-ка, подумай! // Калининградский комсомолец (далее ...
Königsberg Cathedral and Kant’s tomb in Soviet Kaliningrad
... and restoration of both objects. The history of the Cathedral and Kant's grave is examined in the context of politics of memory pursued by the regional authorities. Changes in the attitudes towards the German historical and cultural heritage of former East Prussia are traced. The supplement contains 16 documents from the State Archive of the Kaliningrad region, 14 of which are published for the first time.
1. Klemesheva, M. A. 2000, O sud'be Korolevskogo zamka [The fate of the Royal Castle], Kaliningradskie ...
Military sovkhozes of the Red Army in former East Prussia in 1945—1946
... ЦК и Совета Министров РСФСР о неотложных мерах помощи Калининградской области и другим вопросам.
food, agriculture, military sovkhozes, population, former East Prussia
The renaming campaign in Warmia and Masuria after World War II
... renaming campaign are analysed. It is concluded that these processes were quite dissimilar in Poland and the USSR, which is explained by different historical pasts and different approaches to solving the problem of ‘appropriating’ the space of former East Prussia by the authorities and communities of the Masurian district of the Olsztyn voivodeship in Poland and the Kaliningrad region in the RSFSR.
1. Бродерзен П. «Позови меня тихо по имени…»: Кампания переименований ...
Baroque music: the aesthetic and social ideals
... the evolution of aesthetic ideals of baroque as the reflection of changes that took place in social consciousness. The author formulates the content standards of aesthetic ideal of baroque music and focuses on the history of spread of baroque music in East Prussia in the 17th century.
Галилей: наука и искусство. У истоков классической науки. М., 1968.
Культура Италии в эпоху Возрождения....
A Königsberg society of friends without Kant
... bringing together both nobility and aristocracy and ordinary curious citizens. The reasons behind this phenomenon were the geographical, geopolitical, and cultural and historical position of Königsberg — a large provincial trade and cultural centre of East Prussia. The focus of the article is the historical and documentary analysis of the group ‘portrait’ of the participants of Königsberg meetings described in the novel Lebensläufe nach aufsteigender Linie by Theodor Gottlieb von Hippel, who served ...
Changes in the cultural landscape of the Kaliningrad region’s periphery in the 19th/20th centuries
... Vestnik Moskovskogo universiteta. Serija 5. Geografija [Bulletin of Moscow University. Series 5. Geography], no. 5, p. 16—20.
14. Klimenko, N. A., Levchenkov, А. В. 2010, Territorial'naja organizacija Vostochnoj Prussii [Territorial organization of East Prussia], Vestnik Immanuel Kant Baltic Federal University, no. 1, p. 119—125.
15. Kovalev, S. А. 1963, Sel'skoe rasselenie [Rural resettlement], Moscow, 372 p.
16. Kostyashov, Yu. V. 2009, Baltika, Sekretnaja istorija Kaliningradskoj oblasti. Ocherki ...
Eduard Bschoff’s murals in Insterburg's Stadthalle (1936—1939)
... Insterburger Brief. 1988. № 11—12.
11. Torner H. Ein Hotel erlebt Weltgeschichte // Insterburger Brief. 1963. № 1—2.
12. Davidson M. G. Kunst in Deutschland 1933—1945. Malerei. Tübingen, 1991. Bd. 1.2—2.2.
Vlasov V. I
Eduard Bischoff, East Prussia, Insterburg, monumental painting, Chernyakhovsk.
Tourist excursions and the formation of historical memory of Kaliningraders in 1964—1975
... certain pages of local history, which were included in thematic excursions for residents and guests of the region. In their excursions, tourist guides of that period paid a particular attention to the victorious military operations of the Red Army in East Prussia in 1945. During their tourist trips to Russian cities and the Baltic republics, Kaliningraders learned the history of the revolutionary movement there, the history of Second World War, and visited landmarks of different epochs.
1. Государственный ...
The effect of railway network evolution on the Kaliningrad region’s landscape environment
... illustrated encyclopedic guide], 2005, Kaliningrad, 800 p.
10. Kretinin, G. V. 2002, Avgust chetyrnadcatogo [August fourteenth]. In: Kretinin, G. V., Bryushinkin, V. N., Galtsov,V. I. et al. Ocherki istorii Vostochnoj Prussii [Essays on the history of East Prussia], Kaliningrad, 536 pс.
11. Luhmanov, D. N. 2001, Jevoljucija sel'skogo rasselenija v pervoj polovine HH veka [Evolution of the rural settlement in the first half of the twentieth century]. In: Gorod i derevnja v Evropejskoj Rossii: sto let peremen ...
Review: to the collection Kaliningrad Archives: Materials and Research: a collection of articles / Ed. V. Maslov. Kaliningrad: IKBFU Publishing, 2017. Issue 14.
... Пруссии на территории Калининградской области / Музей «Фридландские ворота»; авт.-сост. И. В. Кожевникова. Калининград, 2012.
Kaliningrad region, East Prussia, Kaliningrad archives
Geopolitical transformation of the Kaliningrad oblast of the Russian Federation
After the World War II, the part of East Prussia taken by the Soviet Union was transformed into a gigantic Soviet military base. It performed the functions of the outpost in the West on the one hand; and on the other hand, of the barrier which helped the USSR to ensure the dependence of the ...
Regional politics of memory in Poland’s Warmia and Masuria
A contribution to memory studies, this work focuses on Poland’s Warmian-Masurian voivodeship. Before the war, this territory and the neighbouring Kaliningrad region of Russia comprised the German province of East Prussia. In this article, we strive to identify the essence, mechanisms, key stages, and regional features of the politics of memory from 1945 to the present. To this end, we analyse the legal regulations, the authorities’ decisions, statistics, and ...
Battlefield memories of the youth in Yu. N. Ivanov’s oeuvre: The novel In a besieged ci
... and Assumptions]. Moscow.
6. Ivanov, Yu. N., 2006. Tantsy v krematorii [Dances in the crematorium]. Kaliningrad.
7. Peretyaka, N. P., 2016. Prichaly Yuriya Ivanova [Berths of Yuri Ivanov]. Moscow.
8. Lasch, O., 1976. So fiel Königsberg. Stuttgart.
East Prussia, assault of Koenigsberg, Yu. N. Ivanov, study of local lore
Novikov A. S.
Königsberg’s urbal elites: Between the tradition and innovation (1815—1914)
... prussien, 1865—1920 // Actes de la recherche en sciences sociales. 2003. Vol. 4, № 149.
11. Wagner P. Bauern, Junker und Beamte: lokale Herrschaft und Partizipation im Ostelbien des 19. Jahrhunderts. Göttingen, 2005.
Königsberg, East Prussia, urban elites
Redeployment of the 3rd Belorussian front troops on the eve of the Samland Offensive of 1945
8. Строков А. А. Вооруженные силы и военное искусство в Первой мировой войне. М., 1974.
9. Федотов В. С. Полк продолжает бой. М., 1978.
East Prussia, military operations, annihilate enemy, mission, redeployment
On the formation of historical memory in the Kaliningrad region (1945-1960)
... выявленных в Калининградской области от 24 февраля 1950 г. // ГАКО. Ф. 297. Оп. 7. Д. 221.
10. Schmidtke M. Königsberg in Preussen: Personen und Ereignisse 1255—1945 im Bild. Husum, 1997.
East Prussia, Kaliningrad region, monuments, historical memory
On the establishment of state borders and delimitation of marine areas of the Russian Federation in the Kaliningrad region zone
... the Russian marine area in the Kaliningrad region zone. The Polish border was established by the Soviet-Polish border agreement of 1945. It was of astronomical nature and did not take into account the earlier administrative and economic structure of East Prussia. Since 1993, representatives of the Kaliningrad region participated in the negotiation on the Russian-Lithuanian border. This border replicated the Lithuanian-German border of 1928 and was of orographic nature. The termination of negotiation on ...
Workers’ settlements in the Kaliningrad region and their subsequent renaming in 1946—1947
Part of East Prussia was ceded to the Soviet Union after the defeat of Nazi Germany. As a result, the local toponymy changed completely. The author analyses the documents from the State Archive of the Russian Federation, the Russian State Archives of Socio- Political ...
Festung Königsberg in 1945: The garrison and its population. A reply to G. V. Kretinin’s remarks
... Preussische Zeitung.
20. Wieck M. Königsberg Zeugnis vom Untergang einer Stadt. Augsburg, 1998.
21. Wieck M. A childhood under Hitler and Stalin, Memoirs of a “certified” Jew. Madison, 2003.
Willems B. (translated from the English by I. O. Dementyev)
East Prussia, civilians, memory distortion, siege of Königsberg
Simon Dach in the history of Königsberg University
This article considers the literary career of the famous East Prussian poet Simon Dach in connection with the history of Koenigsberg University. With the support of the ruling house of the Electorate of Branderburg and Prussia, Dach managed to obtain the position of a professor of poetry at the university, with which both his work and life are closely connected. One of Dach’s university works is the poetic composition “Prussiarchus” dedicated to the centenary ...
Chapters of the institutional economic history of Königsberg/Kaliningrad
This article consists of a series of short essays dedicated to a certain period of the 'popular' socioeconomic history (with a particular focus on the institutional development problems) of the former East Prussia from Antiquity to present days. The authors tackle the issues of the economic history of amber, the role of the Hansa League in the development of medieval trade, the QWERTY-effects in the rail gauge standards, and the peculiarities of the development ...
Implicit memory, or Once again on German civilians in Königsberg during the fortress siege in February — April 1945
... сотен батарей. М., 1974.
16. Lasch O. So fiel Königsberg. Kampf und Untergang von Ostpreußens Hauptstadt. München, 1958.
17. Thorwald J. Die groβe Flucht. Es began an der Weichsel. Das Ende an der Elbe. Stuttgart, 1950.
East Prussia, civilian population, siege Königsberg, military command
A triumph and tragedy of two generals
This article explores the contentious issue of the role of Russian generals in the Gumbinnen battle of 1914 and the operations of Russian army in East Prussia in 1914—1915. The relations of Generals Pavel Rennenkampf and Nikolai Yepanchin are analysed in the context of the military activities of Russian troops at the initial stage of the First World War.
1. Залесский К. А. Поход ...