Results: **21**

#### Challenges of the methodological approaches to the measurement and the evaluation of liver size

Liver size varies widely according to age and different body types. Palpation and percussion are standard techniques to measure liver size, but are not accurate enough to detect a small increase. Accurate measurement of the liver by sonography is particularly relevant when a patient is suspected to have hepatitis. According to a number of validated sources, liver length varies greatly depending on the modalities and techniques used by the ultrasound specialist. Ultrasound liver size measurement has...

#### Normalization of basic structural subbundle of distribution in second order differential neighborhood

Norden inner normalization fields of basic structural subbundle of hyperband distribution are constructed in second order differential neighborhood of affine space. It is showed that first order normal (L-virual affine normal, Blashke normal, Trenson normal) corresponding to each of subbundle belongs to the same sheaf in any center A. Sheafs of second order normal of Λ-, L-, H-subbundle correspond to them in the Bompiani–Pantazi bijection. Analytical coincidence features of H -distribution and...

#### Normal generalized affine connection associated with the Grassman-like manifold of centred planes

In projective space a Grassman-like manifold of centred planes is considered. The normal affine connection, associated with the manifold, is set in generalized fibering. Field of the affine connection object defines torsion and curvature tensors contained one elementary and one simple subtensor every. A canonical case of normal generalized affine connection is considered. 1. Белова О. О. Связность в расслоении, ассоциированном с грассманоподобным...

#### Motives behind breaking language **norms** in the English political discourse

This article considers motives behind the breaking of language **norms** in persuasion in the space of English political discourse. The study aims to determine the linguistic factors influencing the development of the semantic content of language anomalies and encouraging the use of the latter in public speech. The ...

#### Modality as a basis of Kant’s philosophical system and its connection to the language structure

... thinking in general and in constructing a philosophical system where functions of consciousness are substantial elements. The system comprises ‘faculties of the mind’, as Kant calls them, namely, evaluation, cognition, and practical activity and **norms**. These forms of activity correlate with the world of possibilities, the actual world, and the world of necessity. Grammatical moods correspond to the modal worlds and the ‘faculties of the mind’. All this means that Kant’s system finds a reflection ...

#### On the concept of normative evaluation of cost-effectiveness of GLONASS application in coastal regions

Russia promotes the application of GLONASS satellite information system in regional economies. In three regions, the system has already been introduced and is widely used, 21 more regions are introducing the system. Experts believe that this process will take from 3 to 5 years. The introduction and integrated use of GLONASS pose a number of organizational and economic problems for regional administrations. One of such problems is the evaluation of economic benefit from GLONASS implementation in the...

#### The response of different plant life forms to natural environment changes

This paper contains test results revealing **norm** and stress reactions of various life-form plants: trees — Betula pendula Roth, Tilia platyphyllos Scop., Pinus sylvetris L; water-plant -Galium palustre L.; grass — Solidago Canadensis; cereal — Secale cereal L. Collection and processing of ...

#### The analysis of modus situations in expressions containing the verb to lack

... utterances with the verb ‘to lack’. These situations are the results of mental activity of the modal subject, implicitly present in the meaning of the verb ‘to lack’. When categorizing a situation, the modal subject evaluates it based on a certain **norm**, standard or prototype, which the situation does not correspond to. Thus, the verb ‘to lack’ conveys the modal subject’s viewpoint or knowledge, realizing its modus potential.
Апресян Ю. Д. Исследования по семантике ...

#### Normalization of the basic structural subbundles of the H(, L)-distribution of affine space

The author pioneers to study a special class of the grouped hyperplane distributions — the H(, L)-distribution of affine space. He introduces Bompiani — Pantazi correspondences associated with the main structural subbundles of the H(, L)-distribution of affine space. Norden’s normalizations of the main structural subbundles in the differential 1st and 2nd order neighbourhoods of H(, L)-distribution are constructed. 1. Попов Ю. И. Скомпонованные гиперплоскостные...

#### A Grouped Hyperplane Distribution of an Affine Space

In this article, I determine the grouped hyperplane distribution of the affine space An (SH-distribution) and prove the relevant existence theorem. I perform internal normalizations of the main structural subbundles of the SH-distribution in first and second-order differential neighbourhoods. Normal and tangent affine connections of the main structural subbundles of the SH-distribution are introduced. 1. Попов Ю. И. О проективно-дифференциальной геометрии...

#### Introduction of connections on a hypersurface ()

The paper introduces internal affine (tangent) and normal (centroprojective) connections on normalized (Norden’s framed) hypersurface n-1() Pn in its various subbundles. Coverages of the corresponding curvature 2 forms and curvature tensors of its connections are given. Popov Yu. I. normalization, bundle, subbundle, affine connection, centrorojective connection (normal connection), curvature 2 form, curvature tensors of connection 18-24

#### The curvature object of the fundamental-group connection of the second-order

The special class of (-framed) hypersurfaces of the projective space Pn — is defined, and its existence theorem is proved. In the differential 3rd order neighbourhood: (a) Norden–Timofeyev's normalization of the hypersurface; (b) two Norden's normalizations of the tangent -subbundle; (c) in each L-plane three one-parameter sheaves of its Norden's 2nd kind normals–are constructed internally invariantly. 1. Лаптев Г. Ф. Дифференциальная геометрия погруженных...

#### About fields of geometrical objects of the H -distribution of the affine space

A creation of geometric objects of the hyperband distribution (H -distribution) of affine space An in the differential 1–3rd orders neighborhoods is continued. As a result a number of new normalization in Norden's sense of the main structural subbundles of this H -distribution are constructed (are found) internally invariantly. 1. Попов Ю. И. Поля геометрических объектов гиперполосного распределения аффинного пространства...

#### About one algorithm of calculation of inverses in finite fields

In work are two algorithms of calculation of inverses in a finite field qn F developed, where q is power of the prime number. They are received by generalisation of algorithm of Wong for a field F2n with use of the main idea for fast algorithm of calculation of inverses in the field 2 F n . 1. Handbook of elliptic and hyperelliptic curve cryptography / Scientific editors, Henry Cohen & Gerhard Frey. Chapman & Hall/CRC, 2006. 2. Handbook of finite Fields / Scientific editors, Gary L. Mullen, Daniel...

#### Genius as a **norm** or the Moravian Church in the life and works of A. A. Fet

... огни. М., 1981.
12. Фет А. А. Ранние годы моей жизни // Фет А. А. Воспоминания. М., 1983.
13. Шопенгауэр А. Мир как воля и представление. М., 1993. Т. 2.
genius as **norm**, genius as understood by I. Kant, Moravian Church, religious education, sobriety of A. A. Fet’s world view, A. A. Fet’s Romanticism, Romanzero as poetical cycle
Kalinnikov L. A.
73-93
10.5922/0207-6918-2013-2-5

#### The concept of paradigm in the theories of R. Merton and T. Kuhn: A comparative analysis

This article analyses Robert Merton’s and Thomas Kuhn’s approaches to the concept of paradigm. Whereas Merton identifies the function of a paradigm in analysing data obtained within a social study, Kuhn considers a paradigm as a key notion at a certain stage of the development of science – that of normal science. It is stressed that, despite differences in approaches, the theories do not contradict but rather complement each other. 1. Mamedov A. K., Rybakova V. V. Scientific problem as a...

#### Social identity in the conditions of cultural diversity: A search or imposition? (the case of the Kaliningrad region)

This article discusses the development of social identity in the modern Russian society in the case of the Kaliningrad region. Based on an analysis of the regional public discourse and the data of surveys and case studies, the author considers the process of promoting and imposing a model of normativity and social identity marked as one characteristic of the “overwhelming majority” of citizens, “traditional” for the Russian society, and morally true, but nevertheless contradicting the actual...

#### Systematicity of the CPR and Kant’s system (III)

... substan tial and empty ones. Substantial noumena correspond to transcendental objects as the material of possible experience, which has become or can become actual, on the one hand. On the other, they correspond to abstract idealisation relations – **norms** and values – that are immanent in the world of phenomena and contribute to the organisation of that world.
1. Kant, I. 1965a, Kritika practicheskogo razuma [Critique of Practical Reason] in: Kant, I. Sobranie sochineniy v 6 t. [Collected works ...

#### Introduction to a theory of regular hyperband distribution of an affine space

Regular hyperband distribution of an affine space (H-distribution) is given and its existence theorem is proved. Conditions of holonomic H-distribution is determined and Bompiani—Pantazi bijection between the first kind normal and the second one for associated with H-distribution H-, Λ- and L-subbundle is introduced. 1. Остиану Н. М. Распределение гиперплоскостных элементов в проективном пространстве // Труды геометрического...

#### The features of the English speech of Russian native speakers: The cognitive aspect

... influence of cognitive factors on the foreign language speech structure. Native Russian speakers tend to copy the native system of morphological and semantic-syntactic patterns in their English speech, which results in deviations from the authentic English **norms**. It is concluded that the foreign speech production regularities and grammatical idioethnism of the English speech of Russian speakers results from the automatic selection of semantic-syntactic means of thought verbalization.
1. Лотман Ю....

#### The bological effects of thermal impact on plants

... global plate motions // Ann. Revs. Earth Plannet. Sci. 1998. Vol. 26.P.615—642.
7. Press F., Siever R. Understanding Earth. N. Y., 2000.
8. Vidyakina S. V., Averina N. G., Rassadina V. V. et al.Opportunities of methods of indication of stress and **norm** reactions of plants // Ekologicheskiy Vestnik. 2008.№ 4. P. 5—15.
9. Шмидт С., Шмидт Х. Реакции растений разных жизненных форм на изменения природной среды // Балтийский ...