A ‘divided history’: the politics of memory on the territory of the former East Prussia in the light of current discussions
... affecting legislation, historiography, and political science. This article aims to present key approaches to studying the politics of memory and employ them to the analysis of the politics of memory on the territory of the former German province of East Prussia. The author shows different research perspectives on the key concepts of memory studies. Some researchers identify the notion of the ‘politics of memory’ with that of the ‘politics of history’, while others distinguish between them. The ...
East Prussia Between the French ‘Hammer’ and the Russian ‘Anvil’: The Napoleonic Era
In this article, we consider the historical aspects of the 1807—1813 situation in East Prussia and describe current Russian and international historiography of the 1813—1814 Foreign Campaign of the Russian Army and of the Russian-Prussian alliance against Napoleonic France. We conclude that East Prussia played a central role in the political,...
The formation of the image of East Prussia by Soviet military propaganda and its use in the post-war period
On the basis of war-time sources, this article reconstructs the image of East Prussia created by Soviet propaganda and considers the context of its formation. The author demonstrates the use of this image over post-war decades. Propaganda discourse is interpreted as a practice of cultural assimilation of East Prussia.
The monuments of late Romanticism in the architecture of East Prussia
This article considers the architecture of the second third of the 19th century in Eastern Prussia, belonging to the period of German Romanticism. The author focuses on the reasons behind the development of this trend and the role of the King of Eastern Prussia, Frederick William IV, and the architect, F.-A. Stüler, in the history and architecture ...
Historical Prussia in the mirror of confessional relations
This article develops the concept of historical process being determnined by cultural phenomena. The cultural aspect examined by the author is religious beliefs. It is shown that Prussia constituted a region of intersection between ancient Prussian paganism rooted in the proto-Indo-European era and Roman Catholic Church and Orthodoxy. The interaction of these forms of ideology is used to explain the history of Prussia.
1. Батыр ...
On the establishment and early activity of the Soviet consulate in Königsberg (1923—1925)
This article analyses the reasons behind the restoration of diplomatic relations between Russia and Germany after World War I, as well as the fundamental differences in the performance of Russian imperial and Soviet consular missions in East Prussia. On the basis of the earlier unknown documents from the Central Russian archives and the Political archive of the Ministry of Foreign Affairs of Germany, the author describes the establishment of the Soviet Consulate in Königsberg in 1923 and ...
Equipment of Prussian lieges in the State of Teutonic Order in the second half of the XIIIth — XIV centuries (on written sources)
The key aspect of incorporation of Prussians, who inhabited the South-East of Baltic region, into the social system of the State of Teutonic Order in the second half of the XIIIth—XIVth centuries was the distribution among them of land estates in exchange of military service and/or taxes. The military duties of Prussians involving defense of lands and participating in the campaigns against political rivals of Order raised the issue of the composition of their weapons which indicated either preserving...
On the employment status of Andrei Bolotov in Königsberg
... from Bolotov’s memoirs, the Königsberg pages of which were written more than 30 years after the events described. Bolotov’s memoirs are compared with his correspondence of the time and the archival materials of the Russian administration of East Prussia during the Seven Years’ War. It is concluded that Bolotov’s status was ambivalent. Although serving as a translator at the governor’s office, he never had an official rank. The study makes it possible to clarify the role that Bolotov had ...
Preaching activity of Ludwig Ernst Borowski, a Königsberg pastor, during the Napoleonic wars (1806—1816)
... of his literary style are emphasized. The main themes and subjects of pastor Borowski's sermons are vcarefully examined. The author emphasizes the significance of Borowski's personality for the intellectual and political life of Königsberg and East Prussia at the beginning of the 19th century.
1. Кретинин Г. В., Брюшинкин В. Н., Гальцов В. И. Очерки истории Восточной Пруссии. Калининград, 2002.
2. Allgemeine Literatur-Zeitung ...
Reflections on the history of the Kaliningrad region
... oblasti [The Big Encyclopedic Dictionary of the Kaliningrad Region] / ed. by V. N. Maslov. Kaliningrad.
2. Gal'tsov, V. I., Yusupov, V. S., Kulakov, V. I. et al., 1996. Vostochnaya Prussiya. S drevneishikh vremen do kontsa vtoroi mirovoi voiny [East Prussia. From ancient times to the end of the Second World War]. Kaliningrad.
3. Kretinin, G. V., 2007. Istoriya Zapadnoi Rossii. Kaliningradskaya oblast': Uchebnometodicheskoe posobie dlya uchitelei obshcheobrazovatel'nykh shkol. 6—7 klassy [History ...
The Neuchâtel Crisis of 1856—1857 and the British position
This article focuses on the reasons behind and the diplomatic aspects of the Neuchâtel crisis in Prussian-Swiss relations. The Neuchâtel crisis arose in the end of 1856 as a result of the Prussian territorial claims and interference in Swiss home affairs. The author examines the diplomacy of the leading European powers – mainly England – aimed to resolve the Neuchâtel crisis.
1. Российский государственный архив Военно-морского флота. Ф. Канцелярия...
The urban development in East Prussia in the interwar period
This article considers the features of urban restoration in East Prussia after World War I. In a difficult economic situation, the system of restoration works was clearly structured. In the interbellum, the public development policy for the province was formulated in accordance with the contemporary urban development ...
Polish National Minority in East Prussia in Context of German-Polish Relations (1918-1939)
The influence of German-Polish relations on the status of the Polish national minority in East Prussia in 1918—1939 is considered in the article.
Military commandant's offices of the 3rd Belorussian front in East Prussia (October 1944 —May 1945)
This article considers the issues of establishment and activity of commandant’s offices of the Third Belorussian front on the territory of Prussia at the closing stage of World War II.
Еще раз о военных комендатурах Кёнигсбергского особого военного округа в 1945—1946 годах // Вестник ...
Russian workers in Eastern Prussia in the end of the 19th-beginning of the 20th century
This article analyses the position of labour migrants from Russia in East Prussia in the end of the 19th – the beginning of the 20th century. The author considers legal and economic assistance provided by the Ministry of Foreign Affairs of the Russian Empire to its citizens on the basis of recently discovered reports of Russian ...
Hyperbole, the comical, and grotesque in Yu. Buida’s collection of short stories The Prussian Bride
The connection between grotesque and myth is shown in the context of Yu. Buida’s collection of short stories The Prussian Bride. The author identifies the thematic areas of the intersection between grotesque, hyperbole, and the comical and analyses the linguistic means of their representation.
1. Агеев А. Черная бабочка сновидений // Знамя. 1999. № 7.
2. Бахтин М. М. Творчество Франсуа Рабле и народная культура...
August 1914: the tragedy of the 72nd infantry division in East Prussia
... examines the course and outcome of the operations of the 1st Russian Army during the second stage of the East Prussian offensive in August 1914. The author used the example of an infantry division to analyse its combat operations in the battles in East Prussia and its disbandment following the operation. The failure of the Russian invasion to Germany at the beginning of the First World War led to the disbandment of two divisions that could not withstand the severity of the defeat. The injustice ...
Historical and linguistic analysis of the Kaliningrad regional oronimics
The article distinguishes the specificity of the renaming of different land forms. The renaming was carried out after the former East Prussia had become part of the Soviet Union. The article has a special focus on describing minor errors, comparison of the original oronyms with the new ones, and eliciting the ways of coordination between them.
1. Петешова О. В. Способы ...
The renaming campaign in Warmia and Masuria after World War II
... campaign are analysed. It is concluded that these processes were quite dissimilar in Poland and the USSR, which is explained by different historical pasts and different approaches to solving the problem of ‘appropriating’ the space of former East Prussia by the authorities and communities of the Masurian district of the Olsztyn voivodeship in Poland and the Kaliningrad region in the RSFSR.
1. Бродерзен П. «Позови меня тихо по имени…»: Кампания переименований ...
Military sovkhozes of the Red Army in former East Prussia in 1945—1946
... Совета Министров РСФСР о неотложных мерах помощи Калининградской области и другим вопросам.
food, agriculture, military sovkhozes, population, former East Prussia
On the toponymic purism in North-East Prussia in the first half of the 20th century
... обращения: 16.07.2013).
6. Карты Пруссии после переименования 1938 года. URL: http://www.posselt-landkarten.de (дата обращения: 16.07.2013).
renaming, toponym, purism, Germanisation, East Prussia, National socialism.
Migrant as homo scientis: the epistemological aspect of reclamation of the Kaliningrad region
This article reconstructs the situation of total ignorance that the Soviet settlers faced when reclaiming the alien cultural space of former East Prussia. The author analyzes the settlers' cognitive activity of cultural assimilation of new territories, which became an everyday routine and vital necessity.
1. А ну-ка, подумай! // Калининградский комсомолец (далее ...
Simon Dach in the history of Königsberg University
This article considers the literary career of the famous East Prussian poet Simon Dach in connection with the history of Koenigsberg University. With the support of the ruling house of the Electorate of Branderburg and Prussia, Dach managed to obtain the position of a professor of poetry at the university, with which both his work and life are closely connected. One of Dach’s university works is the poetic composition “Prussiarchus” dedicated to the centenary ...
The historical framework of the loss of pedigree livestock and sorted seeds in former East Prussia and the problem of its restoration in the Kaliningrad region
... Ostpreußischen Zeitung Königsberg Pr. Königsberg Pr. [ca. 1930].
31. Rostafiński J. Zagadnienie hodowli zwiezrąt domowych Prus Polskich i okręgu gdańskiego // Produkcja hodowlana ziem odzyskanych. Warszawa, 1949.
Sologubov A. M.
East Prussia, Poland, Kaliningrad Region, cattle breeding, plant science, artificial selection.
Seaside Resorts of East Prussia through Lenses of Photogra¬phers from End of 19th Century to Beginning of World War II
Lexikon der Stadt Königsberg Pr. und Umgebung. West Germany, 1985.
Königsberg lebt weiter. Zieven, 1954.
East Prussia, photography, seaside resorts, F. Krauskopf.
A Königsberg society of friends without Kant
... together both nobility and aristocracy and ordinary curious citizens. The reasons behind this phenomenon were the geographical, geopolitical, and cultural and historical position of Königsberg — a large provincial trade and cultural centre of East Prussia. The focus of the article is the historical and documentary analysis of the group ‘portrait’ of the participants of Königsberg meetings described in the novel Lebensläufe nach aufsteigender Linie by Theodor Gottlieb von Hippel, who served ...
The multi-language coding and anagrammatic foundations of the “Venice text” in Yu. Buida’s short story “All the floating by”
This article examines the use of a multi-language anagrammatic code in Yu. Buida’s works. The authors identify the anagrammatic foundations of the “Venice text” in the shorty story “All the floating by” from the collection The Prussian Bride. It is shown that the core of the system is the anagrammatic variation of the words Венеция / невеста и море / amor / mors. The matrimonial and funeral semantics of the night boat rides of the female character along the Pregolya is...
The condition of cultural heritage sites in the Kaliningrad region
This article analyses the condition of settlements, manors (Landschlösser), castles, churches of East Prussia on the territory of today’s Kaliningrad region. It is shown that almost all historical sites of this type are either ruined or close to this condition. The author stresses the need to take urgent measures to preserves such sites or organise ...
On the periodisation of the battle for East Prussia in 1944—1945
Ход боевых действий // Восточно-Прусская операция Красной Армии 1945 г. М., 1946.
history, Kaliningrad region, war, operation, phases of war, offensive, East Prussia, Pillau, spit, Frische Nehrung, strait
Konstantin Skryabin in Königsberg: forgotten pages of the biography
... for preserving the memory of Skryabin in the contemporary Kaliningrad region. The author analyses a curious statement in historiography concerning the issue of the establishment of a plate in memory of Skryabin.
Dementev I. O.
East Prussia, helminthology, Königsberg, University of Königsberg, Konstantin Skryabin
Attempts to reform the financial system of the German Empire in the early XX century
... Reforms of the German financiers of that time have been the issue to study by Russian or foreign scientists. This article is concerned with the task of examination of these reforms taking place in 1904 and 1906.
German Empire, Prussia, financial reform, B. v. Bülow
Origins and historical background of German federalism
... article, the author attempts at illuminating the historical origins of German federalism that developed at the end of the 19th century during the formation of the North German Union and the German Empire in 1871.
Maksimov I. P.
German Empire, Prussia, Federalism, Unitarism, O. von Bismarck