The Baltic Region

2021 Vol. 13 №1

Back to the list Download the article

Innovation performance of Russia’s Northwestern regions: a comparative evaluation



Innovative activities underpin the economic development and competitiveness of Russian regions. This article seeks to compare the innovation performance of Russia’s north-western regions, which are among the most progressive in the country, and their available resource. A review of the literature suggests that most Russian publications combine systems of composite indices with econometric and statistical approaches to evaluate regional innovation performance. The same methods are employed in this study. Comparative analysis indicates significant differences between the regions in both available resource and innovation advancements. Juxtaposing composite resource availability indices and innovation performance aided in devising a typology of regions and analysing changes in the position in a composite evaluation matrix. The findings demonstrate that Saint Petersburg and the Leningrad region comfortably outperform the other northwestern regions in innovation. Regression and correlation analysis reveals that innovation performance depends crucially on earlier achievements and currently available resources. The Novgorod region, however, is making headway without a marked change in the level of resources. Thus, it is important to transfer innovations designed in resource-rich regions to their less well-off counterparts to achieve positive synergy throughout northwest Russia.


1. Hodos, D. V., Parshukov, D. V., Zelezinskij, A. L. 2018, Innovative development of regions: models of analysis and assessment of prospects, Innovacionnoe razvitie jekonomiki [Innovative development of the economy], no. 2 (44), p. 79—88 (In Russ.).

2. Kochkin, T. N. 2020, Differentiation of regions of the Northwestern Federal District by investment and innovation ratings, Nauchnyj jelektronnyj zhurnal Meridian [Scientific electronic journal Meridian], no. 4 (38), p. 276—278 (In Russ.).

3. Ilina, I. E., Zharova, E. N., Agamirova, E. V., Kamenskiy, A. S. 2018, Innovative Development of the Regions of Russia, Innovative development of regions, Regionologija [Russian Journal of Regional Studies = REGIONOLOGY], no. 26, no. 2 (103), p. 230—255. doi:

4. Markina, Ju. V. 2013, Features of innovative development at the regional level, Modern Problems of Science and Education. Surgery, no. 3, p. 307.

5. Zimovets, A. V. 2009, Mezoinnovacionnye riski kak faktor razvitija regiona [Meso-innovative risks as a factor in the development of the region], Taganrog (In Russ.).

6. Tret’yakova, E. A. 2016, Indicators of innovative development of the Russian economy: problems of forecasting, JeKO [ECO], no. 12, p. 155—164. doi: (In Russ.).

7. Treshchevskii, D. Ju. 2011, Assessment of the innovative development of Russian regions based on grouping according to normalized statistical indicators, FJeS: Finansy. Jekonomika [FES: Finance. Economy], no. 4. p. 30—34 (In Russ.).

8. Vertakova, Ju. V., Grechenyuk, O. N., Grechenyuk, A. V. 2016, Comprehensive assessment of the innovative development of the Kursk region, Izvestiya Yugo-Zapadnogo gosudarstvennogo universiteta. Seriya: Ekonomika. Sotsiologiya. Menedzhment [Proceedings of South-West State University. Series Economy. Sociology. Management], no. 3 (20), р. 60—72 (In Russ.).

9. Plotnikova, T. N., Konyakhina, T. B., Solomonova, E. B. 2015, Indicative assessment of the region’s innovative susceptibility, Fundamental’noe stremlenie [Fundamental aspiration], vol. 12, no. 1, p. 181—186 (In Russ.).

10. Ter-Grigoryants, A. A., Ushvitskiy, M. L. 2013, Methodical approaches to assessment of innovative development of the region, Regional Economics: Theory and Practice, no. 10, p. 49—56.

11. Khalid, U., Zhiying, L. 2015, Innovation Index Framework to Measure the Innovation Capacity and Efficiency of SAARC Countries, European Journal of Social Sciences, vol. 46, no. 3, p. 325—338.

12. Janoskova, K., Kral, P. 2019, An In-Depth Analysis of the Summary Innovation Index in the V4 Countries, Journal of Competitiveness, vol. 11, no. 2, p.68—83. doi:

13. Holgersson, T., Kekezi, O. 2018, Towards a multivariate innovation index, Economics of Innovation and New Technology, vol. 27, no. 3, p. 254—272. doi:

14. Meyer, D.F., Jongh, J. De, Meyer, N. 2016, The formulation of a composite regional development index, International journal of business and management studies, vol. 8, no. 1, p. 100—116.

15. Majerováa, I. 2018, Regional development and its measurement in Visegrad Group countries, DETUROPE, no. 10 (2), p. 17—37.

16. Gohberg, L. M. (ed.) 2020, Rejting innovacionnogo razvitija sub’ektov Rossijskoj Federacii. [Rating of innovative development of constituent entities of the Russian Federation], Moscow. (In Russ.).

17. Lapaev, S. P. 2011, Assessment of the level of innovative development of regions based on creativity, Vestnik Orenburgskogo gosudarstvennogo universiteta [VESTNIK OSU], no. 8 (127), p. 52—57 (In Russ.).

18. Shhipkov, D. O., Barzykina, G. A. 2016, Innovative development of Russian regions: assessment methodology and current state. In: Aktual’nye problemy buhgalterskogo ucheta, analiza i audita, Materials of the VIII Intern. youth scientific-practical. Conference, 28—29 April 2016, Kursk, p. 458—466 (In Russ.).

19. Mirolyubova, T. V., Sukhanova, P. A. 2016, Indikativnaja ocenka regional’noj innovacionnoj sistemy s uchetom klasternogo podhoda [Indicative assessment of the regional innovation system, taking into account the cluster approach], Perm (In Russ.).

20. Nizhegorodcev, R. M., Gorid’ko, N. P. 2014, Innovative Factors of Economic Growth in Russian Regions: Cluster Analysis. In: Trudy XII Vserossiiskogo soveshchaniya po problemam upravleniya VSPU–2014 [Proceedings of the XII All-Russian meeting on problems of management VSPU–2014], 16—19 June 2014, Moscow, p. 6088—6093 (In Russ.).

21. Kookueva, V., Tsertseil, Y. 2018, Clustering as a basis for an innovative development strategy, European Research Studies Journal, no. 21, p. 818—830. doi:

22. Klóska, R. 2018, Proinnovative regional development in Poland as a criterion for cluster analysis, Ekonomiczne Problemy Usług, no. 129, p. 143—151. doi:

23. Cui, D., Yu, Yu., Song, Zh. 2011, Cluster Analysis of Regional Economic Development in Hebei Province. In: Results of the 2011 International Conference on Engineering Education and Management, no. 1, p. 35—40. doi:

24. Shchur, R., Plets, I., Mykytiuk, O. 2017, Cluster analysis ukrainian regional distribution by level of innovation, The actual problems of regional economy development, no. 1 (13), p. 112—121. doi:

25. Mamaeva, Z. M. 2012, Evaluation of innovative development of the regions: econometric approach, Vestnik Nizhegorodskogo un-ta im. N. I. Lobachevskogo [Vestnik of Lobachevsky University of Nizhni Novgorod], no. 2 (2), p. 202—208 (In Russ.)

26. Klóska, R. 2015, Statistical Analysis of Regional Development in Poland Zeszyty Naukowe Uniwersytetu Szczecińskiego, Problemy Zarządzania, Finansów i Marketingu, no. 40., p. 9—22. doi:—01.

27. Rosljakova, N. A. 2018, Using the DEA methodology to assess the prospects for innovative development in the North-West. In: Mnogofaktornye vyzovy i riski v uslovijah realizacii strate-gii nauchno-tehnologicheskogo i jekonomicheskogo razvitija makroregiona “Severo-Zapad”, Materials of the All-Russian scientific-practical Conference, 23—24 October 2018, p. 67—73 (In Russ.).

28. Namazi, M., Mohammadi, E. 2018, Natural resource dependence and economic growth: A TOPSIS/DEA analysis of innovation efficiency, Resources Policy, no. 59, p. 544—552. doi:

29. Stanković, J., Veselinović, I., Stojković, N. 2020, DEA Assessment of Socio-economic Development of European Countries, Management: Journal of Sustainable Business and Management Solutions in Emerging Economies. doi:

30. Yang, Z. 2013, Empirical analysis of regional development level based on DEA model, International Journal of Applied Mathematics and Statistics, no. 51, p. 272—280.

31. Anderson, H., Gyamfi, S., Stejskal, J. 2019, Efficiency of intellectual capital generation: a DEA analysis of selected EU regions. In: Mezinárodní kolokvium o regionálních vědách, Velké Bílovice, p. 177—184. doi:

32. Noskov, A. A. 2019, Primenenie processnogo podhoda k ocenke innova-cionnogo razvitija regionov s uchetom vlijanija nauchno-innovacionnoj dejatel’nosti vuzov [Application of the process approach to assessing the innovative development of regions, taking into account the impact of scientific and innovative activities of universities], Perm, p. 25—26 (In Russ.).

33. Kurochkin, A.V., Godunova, E.A. 2019, Factors of the effectiveness of the innovative development of the region in the context of digitalization (on the example of the Novgorod region), Voprosy innovacionnoj jekonomiki [Russian journal of innovation economics], vol. 9, no. 3, p. 865—874. doi: (In Russ.).

34. Mikhailova, A. A. 2017, Innovative security of the region: the problem of the formation of the innovation environment of the Kaliningrad region, Vestnik Baltijskogo federal’nogo universiteta im. I. Kanta. Ser.: Estestvennye i medicinskie nauki [Vestnik IKBFU. Natural and Medical sciences], no.4, p. 19—38 (In Russ.).

35. Noskov, A. A., Tretyakova, E. A. 2017, Assessment of the impact of scientific and innovative activities of universities on the level of innovative development of regions, Drukerovskij vestnik [Drucker’s bulletin], no. 6 (20), p. 163—182. doi:—182 (In Russ.).